HCL Technologies Limited, doing business as HCLTech (formerly Hindustan Computers Pvt. Limited), is an Indian multinational information technology (IT) consulting company headquartered in Noida. Founded by Shiv Nadar, it was spun out in 1991 when HCL entered into the software services business. The company has offices in 52 countries and over 225,944 employees.[7]

HCLTech
FormerlyHindustan Computers Private Limited
Company typePublic
ISININE860A01027
IndustryInformation technology
Consulting
Outsourcing
Founded11 August 1976; 47 years ago (1976-08-11)[1]
FounderShiv Nadar
Headquarters,
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Products
ServicesSoftware[4]
RevenueIncrease 102,814 crore (US$13 billion)[5] (2023)
Increase 19,488 crore (US$2.4 billion)[5] (2023)
Increase 16,146 crore (US$2.0 billion)[5] (2023)
Total assetsIncrease93,411 crore (US$12 billion)[5] (2023)
Total equityIncrease 65,398 crore (US$8.2 billion)[5] (2023)
OwnerShiv Nadar (60.77%)
Number of employees
225,944 (2023)[2]
ParentHCL Group
Websitewww.hcltech.com
Footnotes / references
[6]

History edit

Formation and early years edit

In 1976, a group of eight engineers, all former employees of Delhi Cloth & General Mills, led by Shiv Nadar, started a company that would make personal computers.[8][9] Initially floated as Microcomp Limited, Nadar and his team (which also included Arjun Malhotra, Ajai Chowdhry, D.S. Puri, Yogesh Vaidya and Subhash Arora) started selling teledigital calculators to gather capital for their main product. On 11 August 1976, the company was renamed Hindustan Computers Limited (HCL).[10] The company originally was focused on hardware but, via HCL Technologies, software and services became a main focus.[11][12]

HCL Technologies began as the R&D Division of HCL Enterprise,[13] a company which was a contributor to the development and growth of the IT and computer industry in India. HCL Enterprise developed an indigenous microcomputer in 1978,[14] and a networking OS and client-server architecture in 1983.[15] On 12 November 1991, HCL Technologies was spun off as a separate unit to provide software services.[16] Later subsidiaries included HCL Infosystems and HCL Healthcare.

On 12 November 1991, a company called HCL Overseas Limited was incorporated as a provider of technology development services.[17] It received the certificate of commencement of business on 10 February 1992 after which it began its operations. Two years later, in July 1994, the company name was changed to HCL Consulting Limited.[18] On 6 October 1999, the company was renamed 'HCL Technologies Limited' for "a better reflection of its activities."[17]

Between 1991 and 1999, the company expanded its software development capacities to US, European and APAC markets.[17]

IPO and subsequent expansion edit

 
HCL became Manchester United's digital technology partner in 2015.

The company went public on 10 November 1999, with an issue of 142 crore (14.2 million) shares, valued at ₹4 each.[19] During 2000, the company set up an offshore development centre in Chennai, India, for KLA-Tencor Corporation.[19]

In 2002, it acquired Gulf Computers Inc.[19]

In February 2014, HCL launched HCL Healthcare.[20] HCL TalentCare is the fourth and latest venture of HCL Corporation.[21]

In July 2018, US-based Actian was acquired by HCL and Sumeru Equity Partners for $330 million.[22][23]

In 2019, HCL Technologies acquired a select few products of IBM. HCL took the full ownership of research and development, sales, marketing, delivery, and support for AppScan, BigFix, Commerce, Connections, Digital Experience (Portal and Content Manager), Notes Domino, and Unica.[24] Furthermore, in 2021, the company reached $10 billion in revenue.[25]

In 2022, HCL Technologies rebranded as HCLTech.[26] [27]

Acquisitions and partnerships edit

Acquisitions edit

Number Acquisition date Company Business Country References
1 20 February 2008 Capital Stream Inc. Business process automation United States [28]
2 16 July 2008 Liberata Financial Service Business process outsourcing United Kingdom [29]
3 25 August 2008 Control Point Solutions, Inc. Telecommunications service United States [30]
4 15 December 2008 Axon Group Plc. SAP Consulting United Kingdom [31]
5 16 July 2009 UCS Group's Enterprise Solutions SAP Practice SAP South Africa [32]
6 1 April 2016 Part of Volvo IT Information technology Sweden [33]
7 19 October 2015 Concept to Silicon Systems (C2SiS) Semiconductors India [34]
8 29 October 2015 PowerObjects CRM Consulting United States [35]
9 2016 Geometric Ltd PLM & Engineering Services India [36][37]
10 17 January 2017 Butler America Aerospace Engineering & Design United States [38]
11 25 April 2017 Urban Fulfillment Services, LLC Business Process Outsourcing United States [39]
12 5 September 2017 ETL Factory Limited (Datawave) Automation United Kingdom [40]
13 27 June 2018 H&D International Group IT and engineering services provider Germany [41][42]
14 9 September 2019 Sankalp Semiconductor Technology design services firm India [43]
15 14 January 2022 Starschema Data services company Hungary/United States [44]
16 9 May 2022 Confinale AG digital banking and wealth management consulting specialist Zug Switzerland [45]
17 13 July 2023 ASAP Group automotive engineering services provider INGOLSTADT, Germany

Joint ventures edit

In October 2017, IBM struck a "strategic partnership" with HCL that had the latter firm take over development of the IBM Lotus Software's Notes, Domino, Sametime and Verse collaboration tools.[46]

Operations edit

 
A world-map showing the countries where HCLTech has operations.

HCLTech operates in 52 countries,[47] including its headquarters in Noida, India. It has establishments in Australia, China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Israel, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Morocco. In Europe it covers Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia and Romania[48] Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Sweden, Switzerland, Portugal, and United Kingdom. In the Americas, the company has offices in Brazil, Canada, Mexico, Puerto Rico, Guatemala, and United States.

Cary, North Carolina is the base for the American operation and as the Cary Global Delivery Center.[49]

 
Old logo of the company which was used until 2022

Infrastructure Services Division edit

A subsidiary of HCLTech, HCL Infrastructure Services Division (ISD) is an IT services company. Headquartered in Delhi, NCR, India, HCL ISD was instituted in 1993 with the objective to address the demand for cost-effective management of technology infrastructure across geographically dispersed locations. HCL ISD, also known as HCL Comnet Systems and Services Ltd. in India, diversified ito provide enterprise IT infrastructure globally in 1993 winning the first order to establish India's first floorless stock exchange[50][51][52]

United Kingdom and Ireland edit

On 7 September 2005, HCLTech expanded its operations base in County Armagh and Belfast in Northern Ireland. At the 2006 UK Trade and Investment India Business Awards in New Delhi, the then UK Prime Minister Tony Blair announced the expansion, which was aimed at creating more IT and BPO jobs in the area. HCL acquired the Armagh-based AnswerCall Direct earlier in 2005.[53] HCL BPO services in Ireland are carried out through its main delivery centres in Armagh and Belfast.[54] In November 2011, after HCL revealed an expansion plan in County Kilkenny in Ireland, its Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) division in Northern Ireland won a contract for back-office services from the Department of Health. It was aimed at increasing the number of jobs and other employment opportunities in the region.[55]

Sri Lanka edit

HCL announced on 16 June 2020 that it had commenced operations in Sri Lanka.[56] The company plans to create 2,000 jobs in the country within the first 18 months of operations.[57]

HCL Infosystems edit

HCL Enterprise's subsidiary, HCL Infosystems,[58] was formed in 1976 to produce calculators.[59]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Company History – HCL Technologies Ltd". CIOL. Archived from the original on 5 August 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Fast Facts". HCL Technologies. 1 February 2014. Archived from the original on 14 February 2014. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  3. ^ "HCL Tech CEO Anant Gupta quits, C Vijayakumar to succeed – The Economic Times". The Economic Times. 21 October 2016. Archived from the original on 23 October 2016.
  4. ^ YK, R. "HCL Technologies announces close of acquisition of select IBM products". livemint.com. Livemint. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
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  7. ^ "HCL Technologies Ltd" (PDF). CNBC Tv18. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 20 April 2023.
  8. ^ Linda A. Hill; Kent Lineback (2014). Be a Great Boss: The Hill Collection. ISBN 978-1625277824. A classic startup founded in1976 in an Indian garage by Shiv Nadar, HCL Enterprise flourished in the 1980s – "a golden period" for the company.
  9. ^ "HCL". 31 August 2015. Founded in 1976 as one of India's original IT garage startups ...
  10. ^ "The amazing story of the birth of HCL". Archived from the original on 27 March 2008.
  11. ^ Linda A. Hill; Greg Brandeau; Emily Truelove (2014). Collective Genius: The Art and Practice of Leading Innovation. ISBN 978-1422187593. In spite of these changes, HCL Enterprise entered the 1990s determined to retain its focus on hardware.
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  58. ^ sometimes referred to by the name HCL Infosystem
  59. ^ "Envisioning IT in Every Home". CIO India.

External links edit