6th century BC

The 6th century BC started the first day of 600 BC and ended the last day of 501 BC.

Millennium: 1st millennium BC
State leaders:
Categories: BirthsDeaths

In Western Asia, the first half of this century was dominated by the Neo-Babylonian Empire, which had risen to power late in the previous century after successfully rebelling against Assyrian rule. The Kingdom of Judah came to an end in 586 BC when Babylonian forces under Nebuchadnezzar II captured Jerusalem, and removed most of its population to their own lands. Babylonian rule was ended in the 540s by Cyrus, who founded the Persian Empire in its stead. The Persian Empire continued to expand and grew into the greatest empire the world had known at the time.

In Iron Age Europe, the Celtic expansion was in progress. China was in the Spring and Autumn period.

The world in the 6th century BCEdit

Map of the Eastern Hemisphere in 600 BC, the beginning of the sixth century BC.
Map of the Eastern Hemisphere in 500 BC, the end of the sixth century BC.


590s BCEdit

Monument 1, an Olmec colossal head at La Venta

580s BCEdit

An engraving on an eye stone of onyx with an inscription of Nebuchadnezzar II
Medieval image of Thales

570s BCEdit

560s BCEdit

Croesus on the pyre, Attic red-figure amphora

550s BCEdit

540s BCEdit

530s BCEdit

520s BCEdit

510s BCEdit

Image of Laozi

500s BCEdit

Inventions, discoveries, introductionsEdit

Sovereign StatesEdit

See: List of sovereign states in the 6th century BC.


  1. ^ "History of the SUDAN". www.historyworld.net. 2007. Archived from the original on 14 July 2007. Retrieved 3 August 2007.
  2. ^ Daniel 10:4 Bible Online