Anaxandridas II (Greek: Ἀναξανδρίδας) was an Agiad king of Sparta between 560 BC and 520 BC, father of Leonidas I and grandfather of Pleistarchus. He was succeeded by Cleomenes I.

Anaxandridas II
King of Sparta
Reignc. 560 BC - c. 520 BC
PredecessorLeon of Sparta
SuccessorCleomenes I
Diedc. 520 BC
IssueCleomenes I
Dorieus
Leonidas I
Cleombrotus
DynastyAgiad
FatherLeon of Sparta

BiographyEdit

At the time when Croesus sent his embassy to form an alliance with "the mightiest of the Greeks" (about 554 BC), the war with Tegea, which in the late reigns went against them, had now been decided in the Spartans' favour, under Anaxandridas and Ariston. They also had main carriage of the suppression of the tyrannies, and with it the establishment of Spartan hegemony.

With the reign of Anaxandridas and Ariston commences the period of certain dates, the chronology of their predecessors being doubtful and the accounts in many ways suspicious.

FamilyEdit

Anaxandridas II was a son of Leon of Sparta.

Anaxandridas's wife was deemed barren. As he would not divorce her, the ephors made Anaxandridas II take a second wife. By her Anaxandridas II had Cleomenes I, and after this, by his first wife he had three sons; Dorieus (father of Euryanas), famous Leonidas I, and Cleombrotus.

Anaxandridas II was succeeded by his son from his second marriage, Cleomenes I.


 
 
 
 
 
 
Eurycratides
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Leon of Sparta
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First wife
 
Anaxandridas II
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Second wife
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dorieus
 
Leonidas I
 
Cleombrotus (regent)
 
 
Cleomenes I

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "Anaxandridas II". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.

External linksEdit

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Leon
King of Sparta
560 - 520 BC
Succeeded by
Cleomenes I