The year 556 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Empire, it was known as year 198 Ab urbe condita. The denomination 556 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
556 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar556 BC
DLV BC
Ab urbe condita198
Ancient Egypt eraXXVI dynasty, 109
- PharaohAmasis II, 15
Ancient Greek era56th Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar4195
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−1148
Berber calendar395
Buddhist calendar−11
Burmese calendar−1193
Byzantine calendar4953–4954
Chinese calendar甲辰(Wood Dragon)
2141 or 2081
    — to —
乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
2142 or 2082
Coptic calendar−839 – −838
Discordian calendar611
Ethiopian calendar−563 – −562
Hebrew calendar3205–3206
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−499 – −498
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2545–2546
Holocene calendar9445
Iranian calendar1177 BP – 1176 BP
Islamic calendar1213 BH – 1212 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar1778
Minguo calendar2467 before ROC
民前2467年
Nanakshahi calendar−2023
Thai solar calendar−13 – −12
Tibetan calendar阳木龙年
(male Wood-Dragon)
−429 or −810 or −1582
    — to —
阴木蛇年
(female Wood-Snake)
−428 or −809 or −1581

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