The year 584 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Empire, it was known as year 170 Ab urbe condita . The denomination 584 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
584 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar584 BC
DLXXXIII BC
Ab urbe condita170
Ancient Egypt eraXXVI dynasty, 81
- PharaohApries, 6
Ancient Greek era49th Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar4167
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−1176
Berber calendar367
Buddhist calendar−39
Burmese calendar−1221
Byzantine calendar4925–4926
Chinese calendar丙子(Fire Rat)
2113 or 2053
    — to —
丁丑年 (Fire Ox)
2114 or 2054
Coptic calendar−867 – −866
Discordian calendar583
Ethiopian calendar−591 – −590
Hebrew calendar3177–3178
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−527 – −526
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2517–2518
Holocene calendar9417
Iranian calendar1205 BP – 1204 BP
Islamic calendar1242 BH – 1241 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar1750
Minguo calendar2495 before ROC
民前2495年
Nanakshahi calendar−2051
Thai solar calendar−41 – −40
Tibetan calendar阳火鼠年
(male Fire-Rat)
−457 or −838 or −1610
    — to —
阴火牛年
(female Fire-Ox)
−456 or −837 or −1609

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