The year 580 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Empire, it was known as year 174 Ab urbe condita . The denomination 580 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Millennium: 1st millennium BC
580 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar580 BC
Ab urbe condita174
Ancient Egypt eraXXVI dynasty, 85
- PharaohApries, 10
Ancient Greek era50th Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar4171
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−1172
Berber calendar371
Buddhist calendar−35
Burmese calendar−1217
Byzantine calendar4929–4930
Chinese calendar庚辰年 (Metal Dragon)
2117 or 2057
    — to —
辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
2118 or 2058
Coptic calendar−863 – −862
Discordian calendar587
Ethiopian calendar−587 – −586
Hebrew calendar3181–3182
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−523 – −522
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2521–2522
Holocene calendar9421
Iranian calendar1201 BP – 1200 BP
Islamic calendar1238 BH – 1237 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar1754
Minguo calendar2491 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−2047
Thai solar calendar−37 – −36
Tibetan calendar阳金龙年
(male Iron-Dragon)
−453 or −834 or −1606
    — to —
(female Iron-Snake)
−452 or −833 or −1605


  • Gorgon Medusa, detail of sculpture from the west pediment of the Temple of Artemis, Korkyra, is made (approximate date). It is now at the Archaeological Museum of Corfu.
  • Standing Youth (Kouros) is made (approximate date). It is now at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
  • Cambyses I succeeds his father Cyrus I as king of Anshan and head of the Achaemenid Dynasty.