The 340s decade ran from January 1, 340, to December 31, 349.

Events

340

By place

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Roman Empire
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  • Constantinople, capital of Emperor Constantius II, becomes the largest city in the world, taking the lead from Rome, capital of his brother Constans I.[1]
  • Constantine II, emperor of the western part of the Roman Empire (Britain, Gaul, the Rhine provinces and Iberia), crosses the Alps and attacks the army of his brother Constans I, emperor of the central part of the Roman Empire (Upper Danube, Italy and middle Africa). They clash at Aquileia in northern Italy. Constantine is killed in a skirmish by an ambush of Constans' troops.
  • Constans is left sole ruler of the Western part of the Roman Empire, with his other brother, Constantius II, emperor of the Eastern portion.

By topic

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Religion
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341

By place

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Roman Empire
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  • Emperor Constans I bans pagan sacrifices and magic rituals, under penalty of death.[2]
  • Constans I begins a successful campaign against the Franks.[2]
India
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By topic

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Religion
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342

By place

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Roman Empire
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Asia
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By topic

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Religion
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343

By place

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Roman Empire
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By topic

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Religion
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  • Pope Julius I tries to unite the Western bishops against Arianism by convoking the Council of Serdika (later Sofia), which acknowledges the pope's supreme authority and grants him the right to judge cases involving the legal possession of episcopal sees, but only Western and Egyptian bishops attend, and Arianism remains strong.

344

By place

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Roman Empire
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Asia
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By topic

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Art
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  • The making of a detail of Admonitions of the Imperial Instructress to Court Ladies (attributed to Gu Kaizhi and being from the Six Dynasties period) begins (approximate year) and is completed in 406. It is now kept at the British Museum, London.
Religion
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345

By place

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India
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Italy
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346

By place

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Asia
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By topic

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Religion
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347

By place

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China
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By topic

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Religion
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348

By place

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Europe
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Asia
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349

By place

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Asia
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Significant people

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Births

340

341

342

343

344

345

346

347

348

349

Deaths

340

341

342

343

344

345

 
Saint Shemon Bar Sabbae
 
Saint Narnus

346

347

348

 
Saint Pachomius the Great
 
Saint Spyridon

349

References

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  1. ^ "Geography at about.com". Archived from the original on August 18, 2016. Retrieved March 1, 2006.
  2. ^ a b Hunt, David (1998). "The successors of Constantine". In Averil Cameron & Peter Garnsey (eds.). The Cambridge Ancient History XIII: The Late Empire, A.D. 337–425. Cambridge University Press. pp. 6-7. ISBN 0-521-30200-5.
  3. ^ a b Tej Ram Sharma (1989). A Political History of the Imperial Guptas: From Gupta to Skandagupta. Concept. pp. 71–73. ISBN 978-81-7022-251-4.
  4. ^ "Henry Wace: Dictionary of Christian Biography and Literature to the End of the Sixth Century A.D., with an Account of the Principal Sects and Heresies. - Christian Classics Ethereal Library". www.ccel.org. Retrieved 2024-06-09.
  5. ^ "Council of Antioch | Description, History, & Facts | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 2024-06-09.
  6. ^ "CHURCH FATHERS: Synod of Antioch in Encaeniis (A.D. 341)". www.newadvent.org. Retrieved 2024-06-09.
  7. ^ Butler, Alban. The Lives of the Saints, Vol. VI, (1886)
  8. ^ Butler, Alban (1821). The lives of the fathers, martyrs, and other principal saints. pp. 229–230. Retrieved 10 June 2024.
  9. ^ Harrower, Michael J.; Dumitru, Ioana A.; Perlingieri, Cinzia; Nathan, Smiti; Zerue, Kifle; Lamont, Jessica L.; Bausi, Alessandro; Swerida, Jennifer L.; Bongers, Jacob L.; Woldekiros, Helina S.; Poolman, Laurel A.; Pohl, Christie M.; Brandt, Steven A.; Peterson, Elizabeth A. (2019). "Beta Samati: discovery and excavation of an Aksumite town". Antiquity. 93 (372): 1536. doi:10.15184/aqy.2019.84. ISSN 0003-598X.
  10. ^ a b Moore, Dale H. (1939). "Christianity in Ethiopia". Church History. 5 (3): 272. doi:10.2307/3160789. ISSN 1755-2613 – via JSTOR.
  11. ^ Adejumobi, Saheed A. (2007). The history of Ethiopia. Westport, CN: Greenwood Press. p. 171. ISBN 978-0-313-32273-0.
  12. ^ Norwich, John Julius (1989) Byzantium: The Early Centuries, Guild Publishing, p. 81n
  13. ^ a b "List of Rulers of Korea". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  14. ^ "Thomas Christians | History & Tradition | Britannica". www.britannica.com. 2024-05-02. Retrieved 2024-05-30.
  15. ^ Robinson, Rowena (2003-10-09). Christians of India. SAGE. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-7619-9822-8.
  16. ^ Neill, Stephen (1984). A History of Christianity in India: The Beginnings to AD 1707. Cambridge University Press. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-521-54885-4.
  17. ^ Kapur; Kamlesh (2010). History Of Ancient India (portraits Of A Nation), 1/e. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. p. 536. ISBN 978-81-207-4910-8.
  18. ^ Fiorio, Maria Teresa. Le Chiese di Milano. Milano, Mondadori Electa, 2006. ISBN 8837037635
  19. ^ "List of Rulers of Korea". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  20. ^ al, Philip Schaff et. Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers: Series II/Volume II/Socrates/Book II.
  21. ^ Fang Xuanling inter al., eds. 晉書 (Book of Jin), 648. Beijing: Zhonghua Publishing, 1974. 10 vols.
  22. ^ "Quintus Aurelius Memmius Eusebius Symmachus | Roman Statesman, Consul & Orator | Britannica". www.britannica.com. 2024-04-10. Retrieved 2024-05-30.
  23. ^   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Asterius". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 792.
  24. ^ Adamek, P. (11 September 2012). "A good son is sad if he hears the name of his father: the tabooing of names in China as a way of implementing social values". Leiden University: Scholarly Publications. p. 145. Retrieved 9 June 2024.
  25. ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Eusebius of Nicomedia". www.newadvent.org. Retrieved 2024-06-09.
  26. ^ Wells, Matthew (18 July 2013). "Self as Historical Artifact: Ge Hong and Early Chinese Autobiographical Writing". Early Medieval China. 2003 (1): 71–103. doi:10.1179/152991003788138465. ISSN 1529-9104.
  27. ^ "Venerable Paul of Thebes". www.oca.org. Retrieved 2024-06-09.
  28. ^ Butler, Alban (1798). The Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints. Edinburgh: J. Moir. p. 264. Retrieved 9 June 2024.
  29. ^ "St Nicholas: Top 10 facts about Father Christmas". Express.co.uk. 6 December 2017. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  30. ^ Meinwald, Constance C. "Plato". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved February 24, 2024.