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The Later Zhao (simplified Chinese: 后赵; traditional Chinese: 後趙; pinyin: Hòuzhào; 319–351) was a dynasty of the Sixteen Kingdoms in northern China. It was founded by the Shi family of the Jie ethnicity. The Jie were most likely a Yeniseian people and spoke next to Chinese one of the Yeniseian languages. The Later Zhao was the second in territorial size to the Former Qin dynasty that once unified northern China under Fu Jiān.
Later Zhao (後趙)
|Capital||Xiangguo (319–335, 350–351)|
• Destruction of Former Zhao
• Shi Le's claim of imperial title
• Ran Min's establishment of Ran Wei
|329 est.||2,500,000 km2 (970,000 sq mi)|
|Today part of||China|
When Later Zhao was founded by Shi Le, the capital was at Xiangguo (襄國, in modern Xingtai, Hebei), but in 335 Shi Hu moved the capital to Yecheng (鄴城, in modern Handan, Hebei), where it would remain for the rest of the state's history (except for Shi Zhi's brief attempt to revive the state at Xiangguo).
Rulers of the Later ZhaoEdit
|Temple name||Posthumous name||Personal name||Durations of reign||Era names|
|Gaozu||Ming||Shi Le||319–333||Zhaowang (趙王) 319–328|
Taihe (太和 Tàihé) 328–330
Jianping (建平) 330–333
|–||Shi Hong||333–334||Yanxi (延熙) 334|
|Taizu||Wu||Shi Hu||334–349||Jianwu (建武) 335–349|
Taining (太寧) 349
|–||Shi Jian||349–350||Qinglong (青龍) 350|
|–||Shi Zhi||350–351||Yongning (永寧) 351|
Rulers family treeEdit
|Later Zhao monarchs family tree|
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- Vovin, Alexander. "Did the Xiongnu speak a Yeniseian language?". Central Asiatic Journal 44/1 (2000), pp. 87–104.
- Grousset, Rene (1970). The Empire of the Steppes. Rutgers University Press. pp. 57–58. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9.