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Year 388 (CCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Augustus without colleague (or, less frequently, year 1141 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 388 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
|Ab urbe condita||1141|
|Balinese saka calendar||309–310|
|Chinese calendar||丁亥年 (Fire Pig)|
3084 or 3024
— to —
戊子年 (Earth Rat)
3085 or 3025
|- Vikram Samvat||444–445|
|- Shaka Samvat||309–310|
|- Kali Yuga||3488–3489|
|Iranian calendar||234 BP – 233 BP|
|Islamic calendar||241 BH – 240 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1524 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||699/700 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||930–931|
514 or 133 or −639
— to —
515 or 134 or −638
- Battle of the Save: Emperor Theodosius I defeats Magnus Maximus near Emona (modern Slovenia). Theodosius is in command of an army including Goths, Huns and Alans. Valentinian II, now 17, is restored as Roman Emperor.
- August 28 – Magnus Maximus surrenders at Aquileia and is executed. Theodosius I devotes himself to gluttony and voluptuous living. Maximus' son Flavius Victor is executed at Trier by Valentinian's magister militum Arbogast.
- King Shapur III dies after a reign in which he has partitioned Armenia with the Roman Empire. He is succeeded by his son Bahram IV, who becomes the twelfth Sassanid king of Persia.
- Emperor Chandragupta II, ruler of the Gupta Empire, begins a war against the Shaka Dynasty in West India.
- Paternus becomes bishop of the Episcopal see of Braga (Portugal).
- Isaac, age 50, is named Catholicos (spiritual head) of the Armenian Apostolic Church.
- Jerome moves to Palestine, where he spends the rest of his life as a hermit near Bethlehem.
- A group of Christians storms the synagogue of the city Callinicum (Syria), at the Euphrates.
- August 28 – Magnus Maximus, Western Roman Emperor
- Flavius Victor, son of Magnus Maximus and co-emperor (Augustus)
- Qifu Guoren, ruler of the Xianbei state Western Qin
- Shapur III, king of the Sassanid Empire (Persia)
- Themistius, statesman, rhetorician and philosopher (b. 317)
- Xie Xuan, general of the Jin Dynasty (b. 343)
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