Maryland's 7th congressional district

Maryland's 7th congressional district of the United States House of Representatives encompasses just over half of the city of Baltimore, some sections of Baltimore County, and the majority of Howard County. The district was created following the census of 1790, which gave Maryland one additional representative in the House. It has been drawn as a majority-African American district since 1973. Kweisi Mfume is the current representative, winning a special election on April 28, 2020 to finish the term of Elijah Cummings, who died in October 2019.[3]

Maryland's 7th congressional district
Maryland US Congressional District 7 (since 2013).tif
Maryland's 7th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Kweisi Mfume
DBaltimore
Area294.25 sq mi (762.1 km2)
Distribution
  • 95% urban
  • 4.6% rural
Population (2019)717,158
Median household
income
$63,082[1]
Ethnicity
Occupation
Cook PVID+27[2]

List of members representing the districtEdit

Member Party Years Con-
gress
Electoral history District location
The district was created in 1793
1  
William Hindman
Pro-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
3rd
4th
5th
Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1792.
Re-elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1796.
Lost re-election.
1793–1803
[data unknown/missing]
Federalist March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1799
2  
Joseph H. Nicholson
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1799 –
March 1, 1806
6th
7th
8th
9th
Elected November 29, 1798 to begin member-elect Joshua Seney's term.
Re-elected in 1801.
Re-elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Resigned.
1803–1813
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant March 1, 1806 –
December 3, 1806
9th
3  
Edward Lloyd
Democratic-Republican December 3, 1806 –
March 3, 1809
9th
10th
Elected September 27 and October 4, 1806 to finish Nicholson's term.
Re-elected October 6, 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Retired.
4 John Brown Democratic-Republican March 4, 1809 –
??, 1810
11th Elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Resigned to become Clerk of Court of Queen Anne's County.
Vacant ??, 1810 –
November 29, 1810
5  
Robert Wright
Democratic-Republican November 29, 1810 –
March 3, 1817
11th
12th
13th
14th
Elected to finish Brown's term and to the next term on the same ballot.
Re-elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Retired.
1813–1823
[data unknown/missing]
6 Thomas Culbreth Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1821
15th
16th
Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Lost re-election.
7  
Robert Wright
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
17th Elected in 1820.
Retired.
8 William Hayward Jr. Democratic-Republican (Crawford) March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th Elected in 1822.
Retired.
1823–1833
[data unknown/missing]
9  
John Leeds Kerr
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
19th
20th
Elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
Lost re-election.
10 Richard Spencer Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
21st Elected in 1829.
Lost re-election.
11  
John Leeds Kerr
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
22nd Elected in 1831.
[data unknown/missing]
12  
Francis Thomas
Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
23rd Redistricted from the 4th district.
Redistricted to the 6th district.
1833–1843
[data unknown/missing]
13 Daniel Jenifer Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
24th [data unknown/missing]
Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
25th
26th
14 Augustus R. Sollers Whig March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th [data unknown/missing]
Seat abolished after the 1840 United States Census.
Seat was reinstated after the 1950 United States Census.
15  
Samuel Friedel
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1971
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
[data unknown/missing] 1953–1963
[data unknown/missing]
1963–1973
[data unknown/missing]
16  
Parren Mitchell
Democratic January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 1987
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
Retired to run (unsuccessfully) for Lieutenant Governor of Maryland.
1973–1983
[data unknown/missing]
1983–1993
[data unknown/missing]
17  
Kweisi Mfume
Democratic January 3, 1987 –
February 15, 1996
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
[data unknown/missing]
Resigned to become CEO of the NAACP.
1993–2003
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant February 15, 1996 –
April 16, 1996
104th
18  
Elijah Cummings
Democratic April 16, 1996 –
October 17, 2019
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Elected to finish Mfume's term.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Died.
2003–2013
 
2013–present
 
Vacant October 17, 2019 –
April 28, 2020
116th
117th
19  
Kweisi Mfume
Democratic April 28, 2020 –
present
116th
117th
Elected to finish Cummings's term and seated May 5, 2020.
Re-elected in 2020.

Recent electionsEdit

2012Edit

Maryland's 7th congressional district, 2012[4]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Elijah Cummings (incumbent) 247,770 76.5
Republican Frank C. Mirabile 67,405 20.8
Libertarian Ronald M. Owens-Bey 8,211 2.5
n/a Write-ins 432 0.1
Total votes 323,818 100.0
Democratic hold

2014Edit

Maryland's 7th congressional district, 2014[5]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Elijah Cummings (incumbent) 144,639 69.7
Republican Corrogan R. Vaughn 55,860 27.2
Libertarian Scott Soffen 6,103 3.0
n/a Write-ins 207 0.1
Total votes 206,809 100.0
Democratic hold

2016Edit

Maryland's 7th congressional district, 2016[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Elijah Cummings (incumbent) 238,838 74.9
Republican Corrogan R. Vaughn 69,556 21.8
Green Myles B. Hoenig 9,715 3.0
n/a Write-ins 601 0.2
Republican Wayne T. Newton (write-in) 202 0.1
Total votes 318,912 100.0
Democratic hold

2018Edit

Maryland's 7th congressional district, 2018[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Elijah Cummings (incumbent) 202,345 76.4
Republican Richmond Davis 56,266 21.3
Libertarian David Griggs 5,827 2.2
n/a Write-ins 272 0.1
Total votes 264,710 100.0
Democratic hold

2020 special electionEdit

Maryland's 7th congressional district special election, 2020[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Kweisi Mfume 111,955 73.8%
Republican Kimberly Klacik 38,102 25.1%
Independent Peter James (write-in) 1 0.0%
Independent Other Write-Ins 1,660 1.1%
Total votes 151,718 100.0
Democratic hold

2020Edit

Maryland's 7th congressional district, 2020[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Kweisi Mfume (incumbent) 237,084 71.6
Republican Kimberly Klacik 92,825 28.0
Write-in 1,089 0.3
Total votes 330,998 100.0
Democratic hold

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ Reed, Kai (2020-04-29). "Election results: Kweisi Mfume declared winner of Maryland's 7th District Congress seat". WBAL. Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  4. ^ "Official 2012 Presidential General Election results for Representative in Congress". Maryland State Board of Elections. Retrieved Nov 12, 2012.
  5. ^ Haas, Karen L. (March 9, 2015). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2014". Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  6. ^ "Official 2016 Presidential General Election results for Representative in Congress". Maryland Secretary of State. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  7. ^ Johnson, Cheryl L. (February 28, 2019). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 2018". Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  8. ^ "Official 2020 Special General Election results for Representative in Congress". elections.maryland.gov. State Board of Elections. May 12, 2020. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  9. ^ "Official 2020 Presidential General Election results for Representative in Congress". Maryland State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 14, 2020.

BibliographyEdit

Coordinates: 39°18′N 76°54′W / 39.3°N 76.9°W / 39.3; -76.9