Stellantis

Stellantis N.V. is a Dutch-domiciled multinational automotive manufacturer, formed in 2021 on the basis of a 50-50 cross-border merger between the Italian-American[7] conglomerate Fiat Chrysler Automobiles and the French PSA Group. It is headquartered in Amsterdam, Netherlands.[8][9] As of May 2021, Stellantis is the sixth-largest automaker worldwide (behind Volkswagen Group, Toyota, the Renault–Nissan–Mitsubishi Alliance, General Motors and Hyundai Motor Group).[10]

Stellantis N.V.
TypePublic (N.V.)
Industry
Predecessors
Founded16 January 2021; 4 months ago (2021-01-16)
Headquarters,
Netherlands
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
ProductsAutomobiles, commercial vehicles, auto parts, production systems
Brands
Owners
Number of employees
300,000[1]
Subsidiaries
Websitewww.stellantis.com
Footnotes / references
[2][3][4][5][6]

The principal activity of Stellantis is the design, development, manufacture and sale of automobiles bearing the Abarth, Alfa Romeo, Chrysler, Citroën, Dodge, DS, Fiat, Fiat Professional, Jeep, Lancia, Maserati, Mopar, Opel, Peugeot, Ram and Vauxhall brands. Stellantis has 300,000 employees, a presence in more than 130 countries with manufacturing facilities in 30 countries.[11]

EtymologyEdit

The name comes from the Latin verb stello.[9] It means "of (he/it that) brights with stars".[12][13][14]

HistoryEdit

In early 2019, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) sought a merger with French automaker Renault, and reached a provisional agreement with the company.[15] However, the behaviour of the French government during negotiations led to the abandonment of the deal; The Economist reported that "for FCA this portended future interference."[16] Nissan also had various concerns of the impact of the proposal on its alliance with Renault.[16]

Subsequently, FCA approached PSA. The merger, officially agreed in December 2019, was to create the world's fourth-largest carmaker by global vehicle sales with expected annual cost savings of €3.7 billion, or approximately $4.22 billion.[9]

On 21 December 2020, the European Commission announced its approval of the merger, while imposing minimal remedies to ensure competition in the sector.[17]

The merger was approved on 4 January 2021 by the shareholders of both FCA and PSA and the deal completed on 16 January 2021. Common shares of the new company began trading on the Milan Stock Exchange (MTA) and Euronext Paris on 18 January 2021 and on the New York Stock Exchange on 19 January 2021, in each case under the ticker symbol "STLA".[18][19][20] As of 24 May 2021, all brands have already been part of the Stellantis group.

The name Stellantis is exclusively used to identify the corporate entity, while group brand names and logos remain unchanged.[9]

The group plans to have 39 electrified vehicle models available by the end of 2021.[21] There are four EV platforms planned to be developed by the end of the decade:[22][23]

In 2021 CEO Carlos Tavares issued a challenge for the group's brands to prove themselves within a 10-year window, in exchange for much-needed investment in new models and technology.[24][25][26][27]

BrandsEdit

As of 2021 the brand portfolio of Stellantis is:[28]

Brand Founded Brand CEO
Jeep 1941 Christian Meunier
Chrysler 1925 Timothy Kuniskis
Dodge 1914
Ram 2010[a] Michael Koval
Fiat 1899 Olivier François
Abarth 1949
Lancia 1906 Luca Napolitano
Alfa Romeo 1910 Jean-Philippe Imparato
Maserati 1914 Davide Grasso
Citroën 1919 Vincent Cobée
Peugeot 1810 Linda Jackson
Opel 1862 Michael Lohscheller
Vauxhall 1857[29]
DS Automobiles 2014[b] Béatrice Foucher
Fiat Professional 2007

OwnershipEdit

Following the 50% FCA and 50% PSA merger, the owners are:[30]

Board of directorsEdit

The executive board of Stellantis is formed by 11 members. Five members come from PSA and leading shareholders (BpiFrance, FFP), while five others come from Fiat Chrysler Automobiles and main shareholder (Exor). The remaining seat goes to Carlos Tavares, CEO of Stellantis and former CEO of PSA.

Assembly plantsEdit

AfricaEdit

  • Algeria: Oran
  • Morocco: Kenitra (PSA Kenitra plant)
  • Namibia: Walvis Bay, Erongo
  • Nigeria: Kaduna

AsiaEdit

  • China:
    • Wuhan, Hubei (50-50 Joint Venture with Dongfeng)
    • Changsha, Hunan (50-50 Joint Venture with GAC)
    • Chengdu, Sichuan (50-50 Joint Venture with Dongfeng)
    • Guangzhou, Guangdong (50-50 Joint Venture with GAC)
  • India:
    • Ranjangaon, Maharashtra (FCA India)
    • Thiruvallur, Tamil Nadu
  • Iran:
    • Tehran, Joint Venture with Iran Khodro (IKAP)
    • Kashan, Saipa-Citroen (50-50 Joint Venture with SAIPA)
  • Malaysia: Gurun, Kedah
  • Turkey: Bursa (Tofaş)

EuropeEdit

North AmericaEdit

South AmericaEdit

  • Argentina:
  • Brazil:
    • Betim, Minas Gerais
    • Goiana, Pernambuco
    • Porto Real, Rio de Janeiro
  • Venezuela: Valencia, Carabobo

NotesEdit

  1. ^ spun-off from Dodge brand
  2. ^ spun-off from Citroën brand

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Stellantis overview".
  2. ^ "Fiat-Chrysler & Peugeot Agree on Merger to Create 4th-Largest Carmaker". NPR. 19 October 2019. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  3. ^ Beresford, Colin (19 January 2021). "It's Official: Fiat Chrysler and PSA Group Are Now Stellantis". Car and Driver.
  4. ^ "Top jobs for Stellantis: electrification, restructure Europe, compete in China". Detroit News.
  5. ^ "Stellantis Surges in Trading Debut After Fiat-PSA Merger". Bloomberg. 18 January 2021. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  6. ^ "STLA - Stellantis NV Shareholders - CNNMoney.com". money.cnn.com.
  7. ^ Stellantis weighs closing production line at Italy's Melfi plant - union, Reuters, 25 March 2021
  8. ^ "Fiat Chrysler to Be Renamed Stellantis After Merger With PSA". Wall Street Journal. 15 July 2020.
  9. ^ a b c d "Fiat Chrysler and PSA Group rename merged automaker 'Stellantis'". Fox Business. 16 July 2020.
  10. ^ "Stellantis Would Have Been The World's 6th Largest Carmaker In 2020, Not 4th". Carscoops. 5 January 2021. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  11. ^ "Overview". Stellantis. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  12. ^ "stellans, stellantis M - Latin is Simple Online Dictionary". www.latin-is-simple.com. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  13. ^ "stellantis" is the genitive, singular form, male and neutral, of "stellans" - or, also, the present active participe of "stello", in that case still meaning "of (him/that who) brights with stars"
  14. ^ "stello, stellas, stellare A, -, stellatum - Latin is Simple Online Dictionary". www.latin-is-simple.com. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  15. ^ "Fiat Chrysler proposes 50-50 merger with Renault". TechCrunch. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  16. ^ a b "Braking bad: A merger of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles and Renault is no more". The Economist. London. 8 June 2019. Retrieved 16 February 2021. Sources close to FCA say that the government was constantly second-guessing and renegotiating every aspect of the deal. For FCA this portended future interference. When France pointed the finger at Nissan as a roadblock, FCA lost patience.
  17. ^ "Mergers: Commission approves the merger of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V. and Peugeot S.A., subject to conditions" (Press release). European Commission. 21 December 2020.
  18. ^ "Fiat Chrysler and Peugeot shareholders vote to merge, creating world's fourth-largest car maker". NBC News. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  19. ^ Noble, Breana. "Stellantis merger to close on Jan. 16 after PSA, FCA shareholders approve". The Detroit News. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  20. ^ "The merger of FCA and Groupe PSA has been completed" (PDF). Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  21. ^ "Stellantis: Building a world leader in sustainable mobility". Stellantis. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  22. ^ Andrea Malan (18 April 2021). "How Stellantis will speed up its EV transition". Auto News.
  23. ^ Sean Carson (20 April 2021). "Stellantis maps out future EV platforms with up to 497 miles of range". Auto Express.
  24. ^ Michael Taylor (17 May 2021). "Stellantis Gives Its Alfa Romeo, Lancia And DS Brands One Last Chance". Forbes.
  25. ^ "Stellantis to give each of its 14 car brands 10 years of funding - CEO". Reuters. 14 May 2021.
  26. ^ Adrian Padeanu (14 May 2021). "Stellantis will invest in Alfa Romeo and Lancia for the next 10 years". Motor1.com.
  27. ^ Breana Noble (13 May 2021). "Stellantis CEO says brands have 10 years to prove their worth". Detroit News.
  28. ^ "Appointment of the Top Executive Team to steer Stellantis | Stellantis". www.stellantis.com. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  29. ^ "- Vauxhall History". vauxhallhistory.org. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  30. ^ "Stellantis Information on Euronext". Euronext. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  31. ^ a b c "Stellantis Media - FCA North American Manufacturing Operations". media.stellantisnorthamerica.com. Retrieved 24 February 2021.

External linksEdit