Ellesmere Port (//) is a town and port in Cheshire, England, part of the Cheshire West and Chester local authority, 6 miles (9.7 km) north of Chester and 11 miles (18 km) south of Liverpool. The town had a population of 55,715 in 2011.
|Population||55,715 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||170 mi (270 km) SE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||ELLESMERE PORT|
|Postcode district||CH65, CH66|
|EU Parliament||North West England|
The town was originally established on the River Mersey at the entrance to the Ellesmere Canal. As well as a service sector economy, it has retained large industries including Stanlow oil refinery, a chemical works and the Vauxhall Motors car factory. There are also a number of tourist attractions including the National Waterways Museum, the Blue Planet Aquarium and Cheshire Oaks Designer Outlet.
The town of Ellesmere Port was founded at the outlet of the never completed Ellesmere Canal. The canal now renamed was designed and engineered by William Jessop and Thomas Telford as part of a project to connect the rivers Severn, Mersey and Dee. The canal was intended to be completed in sections. In 1795 the section between the River Mersey at Netherpool and the River Dee at Chester was opened. However the canal was not finished as first intended; it never reached the River Severn. Upon reevaluation it was decided that the costs to complete the project were not projected to be repaid because of a decrease in expected commercial traffic. There had been a loss of competitive advantage caused by steam engine-related economic advances (nationally, regionally and locally) during the first decade of canal construction. During or before the construction of the canal the village of Netherpool changed its name to the Port of Ellesmere, and by the early 19th century, to Ellesmere Port.
Settlements had existed in the area since the writing of the Domesday Book in the 11th century, which mentions Great Sutton, Little Sutton, Pool (now Overpool) and Hooton. The first houses in Ellesmere Port itself, however, grew up around the docks and the first main street was Dock Street, which now houses the National Waterways Museum. Station Road, which connected the docks with the village of Whitby, also gradually developed and as more shops were needed, some of the houses became retail premises. As the expanding industrial areas growing up around the canal and its docks attracted more workers to the area, the town itself continued to expand. Whitby was a township in the ancient parishes of Eastham and Stoak, Wirral hundred, which became a civil parish in 1866. It included the hamlets of Ellesmere Port and Whitbyheath. To enhance the economic growth of the area, the Netherpool, Overpool and Whitby civil parishes were abolished on 1 April 1911 to become parts of the new civil parish of Ellesmere Port.
By the mid-20th century, thanks to the opening of the Manchester Ship Canal in 1894 and the Stanlow Oil Refinery in the 1920s, Ellesmere Port had expanded so that it now incorporated the villages of Great and Little Sutton, Hooton, Whitby, Overpool and Rivacre as suburbs. The town centre itself had moved from the Station Road/Dock Street area, to an area that had once been home to a stud farm (indeed, the former Ellesmere Port and Neston Borough Council officially referred to the town centre as Stud Farm for housing allocation purposes) around the crossroads of Sutton Way/Stanney Lane and Whitby Road.
In the 20th century, a number of new housing estates were developed, many of them on the sites of former farms such as Hope Farm and Grange Farm. Many estates consisted of both council housing and privately owned houses and flats.
Ellesmere Port, in more recent times has had an influx of Liverpool immigrants. Thus demand for housing increased with the opening of the Vauxhall Motors car plant in 1962. Opened as a components supplier to the Luton plant, passenger car production began in 1964 with the Vauxhall Viva. The plant is now Vauxhall's only car factory in Britain, since the end of passenger car production at the Luton plant in 2004 (where commercial vehicles are still made). Ellesmere Port currently produces the Vauxhall Astra model on two shifts, employing 2,500 people.
In the mid-1980s, the Port Arcades, a covered shopping mall was built in the town centre. By the 1990s, it was the retail sector rather than the industrial that was attracting workers and their families to the town. This was boosted with the building of the Cheshire Oaks outlet village and the Coliseum shopping park, which also included a multiplex cinema; prior to this since the closure of the cinema in Station Road, Little Sutton (King's cinema) and the Queen's cinema adjacent to Ellesmere Port railway station in the 1960s the town's only cinema had been a single screen in the EPIC Leisure Centre.
Since 1974 Ellesmere Port has been an unparished area when the civil parish of Ellesmere Port was abolished and all its functions were assumed by the new district of Ellesmere Port and Neston. The district was abolished in 2009, and the town no longer has its own council.
The town continues to grow, and more housing estates and shops are being built. The industrial sector is still a major employer in the town although in recent years, a number of factories have been closed and jobs lost. Marks & Spencer have built (September 2012) what is being claimed to be their largest store apart from Marble Arch on a site opposite to the Coliseum shopping park.
Ellesmere Port was nearly included into the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, in Merseyside, when that was formed on 1 April 1974. It was removed from the proposals before the Local Government Act 1972 had its first reading, and instead remained in Cheshire as part of the borough of Ellesmere Port and Neston.
Plans were announced which proposed combining the borough of Ellesmere Port and Neston with the Chester and Vale Royal districts to form a new "West Cheshire" unitary authority. The new unitary authority came into being on 1 April 2009 as Cheshire West and Chester. The Conservatives won control of this council in shadow elections in May 2008, winning a majority of seats in the Ellesmere Port area for the first time.
The following are the most recent mayors of Ellesmere Port:
|Gareth Anderson||May 2010||May 2011||Ledsham & Manor||Little Sutton|
|Angela Claydon||May 2011||May 2012||St Pauls||Great Sutton|
|Patricia Merrick||May 2012||May 2013||Rossmore||Hapsford|
|Bob Crompton||May 2013||May 2014||Whitby||Chester|
|Brian Jones||May 2014||May 2015||Whitby|
|Lynn Clare||May 2015||May 2016||Ellesmere Port Town|
|Peter Rooney||May 2016||Present||Ledsham & Manor||Ellesmere Port|
The main religion of Ellesmere Port is Christianity with 70% of the population. 10.2% have no religion. 6.9% are unspecified. 0.8% are Muslim and 0.1% are Buddhist.
- Blue Planet Aquarium, largest aquarium in the UK 1998–1999
- Cheshire Oaks Designer Outlet, largest outlet village in the UK 1995–present, largest outlet village in Europe 1995–1998. It is the location of the UK's largest artificial Christmas tree, 90 feet (27 m) tall and 32 feet (9.8 m) wide.
- The Coliseum Retail Park, retail outlet located next to Cheshire Oaks Outlet
- Ellesmere Port Sports Village a £15 million sports village opened in late 2015
- Marks & Spencer, second largest store in the UK
- National Waterways Museum, largest canal boat collection in the world
- Stanlow Oil Refinery, second largest industrial space in the UK
- Whitby Hall, listed Victorian building in Whitby Park and home of Action Transport Theatre company
Ellesmere Port is located in the county of Cheshire. Its suburbs include Overpool (north west of the town centre) and Rossmore (north east of the town centre).
Parks and green spacesEdit
- Whitby Park
- Rivacre Valley Local Nature Reserve
- Stanney Woods Nature Reserve
There is a bus station in the town centre with frequent services to Chester, Liverpool, Runcorn, Elton, Helsby, Frodsham, Birkenhead and Neston. There are also services to Mold, North Wales operated by Stagecoach. Occasional National Express coaches serve the bus station. Most services are operated by Stagecoach Merseyside & South Lancashire with one service operated by Helms of Eastham and another by Arrowebrook Coaches.
Ellesmere Port railway station has a half-hourly electric train service to Chester and Liverpool. The railway was electrified by British Rail with the Merseyrail connecting stations in Birkenhead and Liverpool with Hooton and Chester. There is also an infrequent service to Warrington.
The Manchester Ship Canal joins the Mersey estuary north-west of Ellesmere Port at Eastham, but the town is also the northern terminus of the Shropshire Union Canal (which used to exchange goods with seagoing boats at what is now the National Waterways Museum).
Speedway racing operated at the stadium in Thornton Road in the mid to late 1970s and in the 1980s; since March 2013, the stadium has been back in use for greyhound racing. Ellesmere Port Gunners raced in the lower tier Leagues. The Gunners' best season was their last, 1985, when they won the National League championship. Sadly, the campaign was marred by a career-ending injury sustained by inspirational captain Joe Owen. Owen was hurt in a track crash at Birmingham. Ellesmere Port Town F.C. was once of town's main football team before the founding of Vauxhall Motors F.C. in 1963. Ellesmere Port Town F.C. was founded in 1948 and folded in 1973. The club's main achievements were playing in the Northern Premier League (The 7th tier in the English Football Pyramid) and reaching the F.A. Cup First Round in the 1971-1972 season, losing 3-0 to Boston United. Vauxhall Motors F.C. are the local football team.
In 2012 Ellesmere Port played host to the Paralympic Flame as part of the Paralympic Torch Relay celebrations. West Cheshire Colleges campus in Ellesmere Port was one of the drop off points for the flame as well as the EPIC leisure centre and the David Lloyd Leisure Centre. Events included sporting demonstrations and the parade of the Paralympic flame.
Construction began in January 2014 for the new multimillion-pound Sports Village in Stanney Grange which initially was to incorporate an Olympic sized swimming venue (now smaller), tennis courts, football pitches and other sport halls, and will be the new home of Cheshire Phoenix, the local professional British Basketball League team from the start of the 2015/16 BBL Championship season. The village is situated on site of the old Stanney High School by Cheshire Oaks, the Coliseum and M&S.
The following people are natives of Ellesmere Port, or have lived there for a period of time.
- Norman Sailes (1920 in Ellesmere Port – 2012) a Fleet Air Arm pilot in WWII, awarded the Distinguished Service Cross
- Arthur Goddard (born 1921) was in charge of the Land Rovers engineering development from 1947 to 1957, went to the Little Sutton Primary School
- Charles Bronson (born 1952) also known as Charles Salvador, is an English criminal and "most violent prisoner in Britain" lived in Ellesmere Port in his early teens
- Hardeep Singh Kohli (born 1969) is a British presenter of Sikh heritage and TV presenter and personality. He lived briefly in the Little Sutton area.
- Sir Herbert Williams, 1st Baronet (1884 in Hooton – 1954) Conservative MP for Reading 1924 to 1929, for Croydon South 1932 to 1945 and for Croydon East 1950 to 1954
- John Prescott (born 1938) ex-Deputy Prime Minister attended the Grange Secondary Modern School in 1948.
- Andrew Miller (born 1949) former Labour MP for Ellesmere Port and Neston from 1992 to 2015.
- Beverley Hughes (born 1950 in Ellesmere Port) Labour MP for Stretford and Urmston and former government minister
- Creative Arts
Adam Phillips (born 1989) is an award winning broadcast journalist who rose to fame when he won "Interview of the Year" category at the 2017 IRN Awards.
- Edgar Foxall (1906 in Ellesmere Port – 1990) was an English poet whose work features in one of the Penguin poetry anthologies, Poetry of the Thirties (1964).
- Lillian Beckwith (1916-2004) author, born and grew up in Ellesmere Port the daughter of a grocer as chronicled in her book About My Father's Business
- Russ Abbot (born 1947) an English musician, comedian and actor, he grew up in the town's Wolverham district.
- Mike Singleton (1951–2012) an English teacher in Ellesmere Port, then a British video game designer
- Ian Prowse (born 1964) singer, songwriter formerly of Pele and Amsterdam grew up in Little Sutton
- Stevie Riks (born 1967 in Ellesmere Port) an English comedian and impressionist, comedy writer, voice-over artist and multi-instrumentalist musician.
- Rita Cullis (born c.1970 in Ellesmere Port) operatic soprano 
- Stove King (born 1974 in Ellesmere Port) an English musician, formerly the bassist for the rock band Mansun
- Lee Latchford Evans (born 1975) an English singer, dancer, stage actor, kickboxer and personal trainer, member of pop group Steps grew up here.
- Pele (active 1990 to 1996) were an English indie rock band, formed in Ellesmere Port
- Hooton Tennis Club (formed 2013) a four-piece indie-rock band including James Madden and Callum McFadden who grew up in the area.
- Sam Chedgzoy (1889 in Ellesmere Port – 1967) footballer, played 279 times for Everton between 1910-1926.
- Joe Mercer OBE (1914 in Ellesmere Port – 1990) England football international and manager, led Manchester City to the 1968 First Division championship, won the FA Cup (1969), League Cup (1970) and European Cup Winners' Cup (1970).
- Stan Cullis (1916 in Ellesmere Port - 2001) former Wolverhampton Wanderers player and manager, he played football for Cambridge Road School and Ellesmere Port Boys.
- Michael Ainsworth (1922 in Hooton – 1978) an English cricketer who played his county cricket for Worcestershire
- Dave Hickson (1929–2013) footballer who played for Everton, Liverpool and Tranmere Rovers, he also worked as an ambassador for Everton
- Ralph Gubbins (1932 in Ellesmere Port – 2011) an English professional footballer who made nearly 250 pro appearances
- Tony Coleman (born 1945 in Ellesmere Port) an English former footballer who made 250 pro appearances
- Mick Wright (born 1946 in Ellesmere Port) an English former professional footballer who made 282 appearances for Aston Villa
- Geoff Davies (born 1947 in Ellesmere Port) is an English former professional footballer who made 305 pro appearances
- Graham Turner (born 1947 in Ellesmere Port) is current Shrewsbury Town and former Wolverhampton Wanderers and Aston Villa manager
- Ian Bowyer ((born 1951 in Little Sutton) footballer, with Manchester City and Nottingham Forest, 608 caps
- Paul Jones (born 1953 in Ellesmere Port) a former professional footballer who played 445 games for Bolton Wanderers
- Barry Siddall (born 1954 in Ellesmere Port) an English former professional goalkeeper, with 614 appearances
- Neil Whatmore (born 1955 in Ellesmere Port) an English former footballer who made 449 pro appearances
- Colin Woodthorpe (born 1969) footballer grew up in the town, attended Stanney Comprehensive School, 928 appearances for Chester City, Norwich, Aberdeen and Bury.
- Rob Jones (born 1971) former footballer for Liverpool and England, 260 caps, grew up in the town.
- Anastasia Dobromyslova (born 1984) former Women's World Professional Darts Champion lives in the town.
- Johannah Leedham (born 1987 in Ellesmere Port) Team GB women's basketball captain for London 2012
- Paul Butler (born 1988 in Ellesmere Port) an English professional Bantamweight boxer and a former IBF Bantamweight champion
- Doug Ellis business entrepreneur and Aston Villa chairman.
- "Coordinate Distance Calculator". boulter.com. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
- "Place: [Nether and Over] Pool". Open Domesday. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
- Harrison, Henry (1898). The place-names of the Liverpool district; or, the history and meaning of the local and river names of south-west Lancashire and of Wirral. Elliot Stock. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
- "Chershire Historic Towns Survey, Ellesmere Port, Archaeological Assessment" (PDF). Cheshire County Council. 2003. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
- "Whitby". GenUKI. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
- "Ellesmere Port car factory- Vauxhall, Opel". Factorytour.co.uk. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
- "Future of local government in Cheshire". Ellesmere Port & Neston Borough Council. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 27 July 2007.
- Andrew, James (11 November 2012). "Britain's largest Christmas tree goes up in Cheshire". Mail Online. Associated Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
- "Cheshire Oaks bosses plan huge Christmas event". The Chester Standard. NWN Media Ltd. 24 October 2012. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
- "Whitby Hall, home to Action Transport Theatre". Action Transport Theatre. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
- "Ellesmere Port welcomes Paralympic flame". Chesterfirst. NWN Media. 30 August 2012. Archived from the original on 19 April 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- "Biography". Rita Cullis. Retrieved 31 March 2010.