Joseph 'Joe' Mercer OBE (9 August 1914 – 9 August 1990) was an English football player and manager. Mercer, who played as a defender for Everton and Arsenal in his footballing career, also went on to be at the helm of Aston Villa, Manchester City and England as a manager.
|Full name||Joseph Mercer|
|Date of birth||9 August 1914|
|Place of birth||Ellesmere Port, Cheshire, England|
|Date of death||9 August 1990(aged 76)|
|Place of death||England|
|Playing position||Left half|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
Mercer was born in Ellesmere Port, Cheshire, the son of a former Nottingham Forest and Tranmere Rovers footballer, also named Joe. Joe Mercer senior died, following health problems resulting from a gas attack during the Great War, while his son was only 12.
Joe Mercer, a left-half, first played for Ellesmere Port Town. He was a powerful tackler and good at anticipating an opponent's moves. He joined Everton in September 1932 at the age of 18 and claimed a regular first team place in the 1935–36 season. Mercer made 186 appearances for Everton, scoring two goals and a winning a League Championship medal in the 1938–39 season. While playing for Everton he gained five England caps between 1938 and 1939.
Like many players of his generation, Mercer lost out on seven seasons of football due to the Second World War. He became a sergeant-major and played in 26 wartime internationals, many of them as captain. The Everton manager Theo Kelly accused Mercer of not trying in an international against Scotland, but in reality Mercer had sustained a severe cartilage injury. Even after consulting an orthopaedic specialist, the Everton management refused to believe him and Mercer had to pay for the surgery himself. During the war Mercer guested for Chester City, making his debut in a 4–1 win over Halifax Town in September 1942.
Mercer moved in late 1946 for £9,000 (2010: £291,000) to Arsenal, commuting from Liverpool; Theo Kelly brought Mercer's boots to the transfer negotiations to prevent Mercer having a reason to go back to say goodbye to the other players at Everton. He made his Arsenal debut against Bolton Wanderers on 30 November 1946 and soon after joining Arsenal, Mercer became club captain. As captain, he led Arsenal through their period of success in the late 1940s and early 1950s, helping to haul his side from the lower end of the table to win a League Championship title in 1947–48.
Mercer went on to win an FA Cup winner's medal in 1950 and was voted FWA Footballer of the Year the same year. He led Arsenal to Cup final in 1952, which they lost 1–0 to Newcastle United, but the following year bounced back to win his third League title with Arsenal winning the 1952–53 League Championship on goal average. Mercer initially decided to retire in May 1953, but soon recanted and returned to Arsenal for the 1953–54 season. However, he broke his leg in two places after a collision with teammate Joe Wade in a match against Liverpool on 10 April 1954, and finally called time on his footballing career the year after. Mercer played 275 times for Arsenal in all, scoring two goals.
After his playing career ended Mercer spent a little over a year working as a journalist and a grocer. His wife's family had encouraged him to become involved in grocery during his time at Everton and, while still Arsenal's captain, he ran his grocery business from 105–107 Brighton Street, Wallasey.
On 18 August 1955, he returned to football, becoming manager of Sheffield United two days before their first game of the season against Newcastle United. Mercer was appointed to replace manager Reg Freeman who had died during the close season. As a manager, he began inauspiciously and his first season ended in relegation.
The rest of his time as manager was spent in the Second Division and in December 1958, wanting to move to another club, he resigned and moved to Aston Villa who were bottom of the First Division. Although he led them to the FA Cup semi-finals he was relegated to Division Two for a second time. He moulded a talented young side at Villa and his team became known as the 'Mercer Minors'. He led Villa to victory in the inaugural League Cup in 1961 but suffered a stroke in 1964, and was then sacked by the Aston Villa board upon his recovery.
Despite this, his health improved and he went on to enjoy great success as a manager with Manchester City between 1965 and 1971. In his first season at Maine Road, the club won the 1966 Second Division title to regain top-flight status. Two seasons later Mercer led Manchester City to the 1967–68 First Division championship, and went on to win the 1969 FA Cup, the 1970 League Cup, and the 1970 European Cup Winners' Cup.
In 1970–71, Mercer had a dispute with his assistant Malcolm Allison, after the two men became embroiled in Manchester City's takeover battle. Mercer supported the existing board, led by the respected Albert Alexander, while Allison supported the rival group led by Peter Swales after being promised that he would be manager in his own right.
The takeover succeeded, and Mercer was shocked to discover that his car parking space and office were removed. This led to Mercer's departure to become manager of Coventry City, whom he managed from 1972 to 1974. During the same time Mercer was also caretaker manager of the England national football team for a brief period in 1974 after Sir Alf Ramsey's resignation. During his time in charge England won the 1974 British Home Championship title which was shared with Scotland. In total Mercer was in charge for seven games, winning three of them, drawing another three and losing one. The FA was so impressed by these performances that questions arose about the possibility of Mercer taking the job on a longer-term basis, with, as an assistant, his Coventry City protege Gordon Milne. Mercer, too, seemed open to persuasion but the FA was working on another plan, putting out feelers to the most successful English club manager available, Leeds United's Don Revie.
After quitting as Coventry City boss, he served as a director of the club from 1975 to his retirement in 1981. He was made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire for services to football in 1976. He suffered with Alzheimer's disease in later life and died, sitting in his favourite armchair, on his 76th birthday in 1990. He was survived by his widow Norah, who remained a keen football follower, and attended Manchester City matches to support City for many years. She died in March 2013 and her funeral was attended by 120-plus mourners, including City legends Mike Summerbee, Tony Book, Colin Bell and Joe Corrigan as well as Sir Bobby Charlton.
He is commemorated by his old club Manchester City with the road Joe Mercer Way at the City of Manchester Stadium being named after him. On the road there are two mosaics by renowned Manchester artist Mark Kennedy of Mercer; one shows his smiling face lifting the League Championship trophy; the other is a version of a famous photograph showing the back of him as he looks out over the Maine Road pitch towards the Kippax Stand. His contribution to City was commemorated in the Kippax tribute still sung at the Etihad Stadium to the tune of Auld Lang Syne: "The Stretford End cried out aloud: 'It's the end of you Sky Blues.' Joe Mercer came. We played the game. We went to Rotherham United, we won 1–0 and we were back into Division One. We've won the League, we've won the Cup, we've been to Europe too. And when we win the League again we'll sing this song to you: City, City, City."
At Maine Road a corporate suite, the Joe Mercer Suite, was officially opened by his widow Norah in 1993. A similar facility named after him exists at Goodison. In 1993 Mercer's official biography, Football With A Smile, was written by Gary James. This book sold out within six months and was revised and re-published early in 2010.
As a playerEdit
As a managerEdit
- Aston Villa
- Manchester City
- First Division: 1967–68
- FA Cup: 1969
- Football League Cup: 1969–70
- European Cup Winners' Cup: 1970
- FA Charity Shield: 1968
- FA Charity Shield runner-up: 1969
- Second Division: 1965–66
Hall of FameEdit
|Sheffield United||August 1955||December 1958||156||64||35||57||41.0|
|Aston Villa||December 1958||July 1964||282||120||63||99||42.6|
|Manchester City||July 1965||June 1971||292||124||82||86||42.5|
|Coventry City||June 1972||May 1974||90||29||22||39||32.2|
- "Joe Mercer Profile". Everton FC.com.
- "Joe Mercer". Arsenal.com.
- Curtis, Simon (30 July 2014). "Joe Mercer's Manchester City legacy". ESPN FC.com. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- Bagchi, Rob (11 October 2012). "The forgotten story of … England under Joe Mercer". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- Gary James (1993). Football With A Smile: The Authorised Biography of Joe Mercer, OBE. p. 16. ISBN 0-9514862-9-2.
- Chas Sumner (1997). On the Borderline: The Official History of Chester City 1885–1997. p. 59. ISBN 1-874427-52-6.
- Corbett, James (2003); p104 Everton:School of Science publ by MacMillan ISBN 0-330-42006-2
- James, Gary (1993). Football With A Smile: The Authorised Biography of Joe Mercer, OBE. p. 65. ISBN 0-9514862-9-2.
- Clayton, David (2002). Everything under the blue moon: the complete book of Manchester City FC – and more!. Edinburgh: Mainstream publishing. ISBN 1-84018-687-9.
- James, Gary (1993). Football With A Smile: The Authorised Biography of Joe Mercer, OBE. pp. 247–266. ISBN 0-9514862-9-2.
- Gary James (1993). Football With A Smile: The Authorised Biography of Joe Mercer, OBE. p. 290. ISBN 0-9514862-9-2.
- "Widow of Manchester City legend Joe Mercer tells the M.E.N. of her delight that the Blues have finally repeated her husband’s title glory". Manchester Evening News. 17 May 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-17.
- "Legends pay respects to Joe’s ‘shining light’". Manchester Evening News. 26 March 2013. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
- Gary James (2008). Manchester – A Football History. pp. 461–462. ISBN 978-0-9558127-0-5.
- "The forgotten story of … England under Joe Mercer". The Guardian. London.
- "JOE MERCER, OBE – FOOTBALL WITH A SMILE". James Ward. Retrieved 26 November 2009.
- "Latest news – Hall of Fame 2009". National Football Museum. Archived from the original on 13 July 2009. Retrieved 8 July 2009.