Abarth & C. S.p.A. is an Italian racing car and road car maker founded by Italo-Austrian Carlo Abarth in 1949. Its logo is a shield with a stylized scorpion on a yellow and red background. Abarth & C. S.p.A. is a fully owned subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A. (formerly Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A.), the subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (formerly of Fiat S.p.A.) controlling its European automotive production activities.
|Società per Azioni|
|Founded||31 March 1949|
|Owner||Fiat Chrysler Automobiles|
1949: Abarth & C.Edit
Carlo Abarth was sporting director of the Cisitalia factory racing team starting in 1947. 1948 saw the financial downfall of Cisitalia, spurred by the investments needed to put the 202 coupé into production. The following year the manufacturer folded, and founder Piero Dusio flew to Argentina. Carlo Abarth, funded by Armando Scagliarini,[a] took over Cisitalia's assets and on 31 March 1949 Abarth & C. was founded in Bologna. Carlo's astrological sign, Scorpio, was chosen as the company logo. From the Cisitalia liquidation Abarth obtained five 204 sports cars (two complete Spiders and three unfinished), a D46 single seater and various spares. The 204s were immediately rechristened Abarth 204 A. Abarth built and raced sports cars developed from the last Cisitalia cars. In addition to Guido Scagliarini, the «Squadra Abarth» racing team lined up celebrated drivers such as Tazio Nuvolari, Franco Cortese and Piero Taruffi. Notably Tazio Nuvolari made his last appearance in racing at the wheel of an Abarth 204 A, winning its class in the Palermo–Monte Pellegrino hillclimb on 10 April 1950. Alongside racing, the company's main activity was producing and selling accessories and performance parts for Fiat, Lancia, Cisitalia and Simca cars, like inlet manifolds and silencers.
In the 1960s, Abarth was successful in hillclimbing and sports car racing, mainly in classes from 850cc to 2000cc, competing with Porsche 904 and Ferrari Dino. Hans Herrmann was a factory driver from 1962 until 1965, winning the 500 km Nürburgring in 1963 with Teddy Pilette.
Abarth promised Johann Abt that he could race a factory car for free if he won all the races he entered.[when?] Abt almost succeeded: of the 30 races he entered, Abt won 29 and finished second once.[when?] Abt later founded Abt Sportsline.
Abarth produced high-performance exhaust pipes, diversifying into tuning kits for road vehicles, mainly for Fiat. A racing exhaust was produced for the 1950s Lambretta models "D" and "LD". Original Abarth LD exhausts are now valuable collectors items. Reproductions are available which carry the Abarth name, how Fiat feels about this is not known. Lambretta even held several 125cc Motorcycle land speed records during the 1950s thanks partly to the exhaust that Abarth developed for them.
1971: Fiat takeoverEdit
Carlo sold Abarth to Fiat on 31 July 1971. The acquisition was only made public by Fiat with a press release on 15 October. As Fiat was not interested in the Reparto Corse racing operations, these were taken over by Enzo Osella. Osella obtained cars, spares, technicians and drivers (amongst them Arturo Merzario), and continued the racing activity founding the Osella racing team. Thus ended for Abarth the days of sport prototype and hill climb racing.
Under Fiat ownership, Abarth became the Fiat Group's racing department, managed by engine designer Aurelio Lampredi. Abarth prepared Fiat's rally cars, including the Fiat 124 Abarth Rally and 131 Abarth. In December 1977, in advance of the 1978 racing season, the beforehand competing Abarth and Squadra Corse Lancia factory racing operations were merged by Fiat into a single entity named EASA (Ente per l'Attività Sportiva Automobilistica, Organization for Car Sports Racing Activities). Cesare Fiorio (previously in charge of the Lancia rally team) was appointed director, while Daniele Audetto was sporting director; the EASA headquarters were set up in Abarth's Corso Marche (Turin) offices. The combined racing department developed the Lancia Beta Montecarlo Turbo Group 5 racing car (1980 and 1981 World Sportscar Championship winner) and the Lancia Rally 037 Group B rally car (which won for Lancia the 1983 World Manufacturers' Championship).
On 1 October 1981, Abarth & C. ceased to exist and was replaced by Fiat Auto Gestione Sportiva, a division of the parent company specialized in the management of racing programmes that would remain in operation through to the end of 1999, when it changed to Fiat Auto Corse S.p.A.
Some commercial models built by Fiat or its subsidiaries Lancia and Autobianchi were co-branded Abarth, including the Autobianchi A112 Abarth, a popular "boy racer" because it was lightweight and inexpensive.
In the 1980s, Abarth name was mainly used to mark performance cars, such as the Fiat Ritmo Abarth 125/130 TC.
In 2000s, Fiat used the Abarth brand to designate a trim/model level, as in the Fiat Stilo Abarth.
2007: Rebirth of Abarth & C. S.p.a.Edit
On 1 February 2007 Abarth was re-established as an independent unit with the launch of the current company, Abarth & C. S.p.a., controlled 100% by Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A., the subsidiary of Fiat S.p.A. dealing with the production and selling of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles. The first model launched was the Abarth Grande Punto and the Abarth Grande Punto S2000. The brand is based in the Officine 83, part of the old Mirafiori engineering plant. The CEO is Harald Wester.
Yamaha XSR900 AbarthEdit
|Abarth 500||Abarth 500C||Abarth 124 Spider||Abarth 695 Biposto|
Cars produced by AbarthEdit
- Fiat-Abarth 500
- Fiat-Abarth 750 
- Fiat-Abarth 1000 TC (Fiat 600 based)
- Fiat-Abarth 850 TC
- Abarth 1100 Scorpione Spider (Boano)
- Abarth 1500 Biposto
- Abarth Simca 2000 – coupé
- Abarth 204A Berlinetta
- Abarth 205A Berlinetta
- Alfa Romeo Abarth 2000 Coupe
- Abarth 207A Spyder
- Abarth 209A Boano Coupe 
- Porsche 356B Carrera GTL Abarth
- Abarth Simca 1300 GT
- Fiat-Abarth OT1000
- Fiat-Abarth OT1600
- Fiat-Abarth OT 2000 Competition Coupé 
- Fiat-Abarth Zagato 750
- Fiat-Abarth 2200
- Fiat-Abarth Allemano 750 Spider
- Fiat-Abarth 2400
- Fiat Abarth 1000 TCR Berlina
- Autobianchi A112 Abarth
- Fiat-Abarth 595 SS
- Fiat-Abarth 695 SS
- Abarth OT 1300
- Abarth Monomille
- Abarth Grand Prix/Scorpione
- Abarth 3000 Prototipo
- Fiat Ritmo 125/130 TC Abarth
- Fiat Abarth 124 Rally
- Fiat 131 Abarth Rally
- Lancia 037
- Lancia Abarth Kappa Coupe Turbo
Cars not produced by Abarth but with Abarth badgesEdit
- Fiat Uno Turbo Mk2 (Abarth)
- Fiat Bravo GT/HGT (Abarth)
- Fiat Bravo Type 198 (Abarth)
- Fiat Stilo (Abarth)
- Fiat Punto (Abarth)
- Fiat Cinquecento Sporting (Abarth)
- Fiat Seicento Sporting (Abarth)
- Fiat 500 (Abarth trim)
- Fiat 124 Spider (Abarth trim)
Cars produced under Abarth & C. S.p.A. (2007–)Edit
- Abarth 500
- Abarth 500 SS
- Assetto Corsa Rally
- 695 Tributo Ferrari
- 695C Edizione Maserati (499 Units)
- Abarth Grande Punto (2007)
- Abarth Grande Punto SS (2007)
- Abarth Punto Evo
- Abarth Punto Supersport (2012–2013)
- Abarth 500C
Cars produced by other manufacturers with involvement from AbarthEdit
- Lancia Delta S4 for Group B – Helped to engineer the engine which utilised a supercharger and turbocharger.
Cars produced under Fiat Corse – N Technology named AbarthEdit
- Father of Cisitalia racing driver Guido Scagliarini
- 2014 Annual Report (PDF), Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, retrieved 13 March 2015
- "Abarth wants 100 dealers in Europe". autonews.com. Retrieved 2008-01-07.
- "Abarth Logo: Design and History". Famouslogos.net. Retrieved 2011-07-28.
- Boscarelli, Lorenzo. Abarth: le corse (PDF). Abarth: l'uomo e le sue auto; Fiorenzuola d'Arda, 9 May 2010. Monografie AISA (in Italian). 90. Associazione Italiana per la Storia dell'Automobile. pp. 3–25.
- Avidano, Renzo. Carlo Abarth - Il compendio di una vita per le auto e le corse (PDF). Abarth: l'uomo e le sue auto; Fiorenzuola d'Arda, 9 May 2010. Monografie AISA (in Italian). 90. Associazione Italiana per la Storia dell'Automobile. pp. 29–32.
- "Karl Abarth, the man and his history". bernimotori.com. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- "Quando venne a Torino per la sua ultima gara". Stampa Sera. 13 August 1953. p. 5. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
- "Le attrattive del Salone". Stampa Sera. 12 April 1951. p. 2. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
- "1952 Abarth 1500 Biposto Coupé". rickcarey.com. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
- "The history of Abarth". abarthcarsuk.com. Retrieved 2014-05-28.
- "125 Model D Racer". racinglambrettas.com. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- "Lambretta World Land Speed Record Scooter". lambrettista.net. 7 October 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- "Porsche 356B Carrera GTL Abarth". porschearchive.com. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- "L'Abarth entra nel gruppo Fiat". La Stampa. 16 October 1971. p. 17. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
- Avidano, Renzo. I rapporti con la Fiat (PDF). Abarth: l'uomo e le sue auto; Fiorenzuola d'Arda, 9 May 2010. Monografie AISA (in Italian). 90. Associazione Italiana per la Storia dell'Automobile. pp. 33–35.
- Fenu, Michele (6 December 1977). "Rally, Fiat e Lancia si uniscono in un nuovo "super-squadrone"". La Stampa. p. 17. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
- Borgomeo, Vincenzo (23 January 2007). "Svolta Fiat: torna l'Abarth e diventa marchio indipendente". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 7 September 2014.
- Abarth's new premises in Turin from duemotori.it (18 Feb 2008)
- "Nominato il nuovo CEO di Abarth" (in Italian).
- "XSR900 Abarth". Yamaha. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
- Biposto, Italian for two-seater
- "The Abarth Monomille". scuderialafortuna.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22.
- Authentic USA-Spec Abarth: 1958 Fiat 750 Retrieved on 2 April 2011
- Abarth 209A Boano Coupe, www.ultimatecarpage.com Retrieved on 15 July 2014
- The Observer's Book of Automobiles, Thirteenth Edition, 1967, page 27