Open main menu

Segovia (Congress of Deputies constituency)

Segovia is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects four deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Segovia. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Segovia
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Segovia).png
Location of Segovia within Spain
ProvinceSegovia
Autonomous communityCastile and León
Population157,570 (2016)
Electorate120,823 (2016)
Major settlementsSegovia
Current constituency
Created1977
Seats3
Member(s)
  •      PSOE (1)
  •      PP (1)
  •      Cs (1)

Contents

Electoral systemEdit

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts in the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, the Constitution requires for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprises all nationals over eighteen and in full enjoyment of their political rights. The only exception was in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in full enjoyment of their political and civil rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[3] 348 seats are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method may result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude.[4] Each provincial constituency is entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with the remaining 248 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations. Ceuta and Melilla are allocated the two remaining seats, which are elected using plurality voting.[2][5][6][7]

The electoral law provides that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors are allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors are required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they are seeking election—0.1 percent and, at least, the signature of 500 electors, until 1985—. Also since 2011, parties, federations or coalitions who have not obtained a mandate in either House of Parliament at the preceding election are required to secure the signature of at least 0.1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they are seeking election. Electors are barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election are required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[5][7]

DeputiesEdit

Deputies for Segovia 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
1 2
1st 1979
1 2
2nd 1982
1 2
3rd 1986
1 1 1
4th 1989
1 2
5th 1993
1 2
6th 1996
1 2
7th 2000
1 2
8th 2004
1 2
9th 2008
1 2
10th 2011
1 2
11th 2015
1 2
12th 2016
1 2
13th 2019
1 1 1

ElectionsEdit

2019 general electionEdit

Summary of the 28 April 2019 Congress of Deputies election results in Segovia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 25,978 28.18 +6.70 1 ±0
People's Party (PP) 24,806 26.91 –18.47 1 –1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs) 18,397 19.96 +4.60 1 +1
Vox (Vox) 11,429 12.40 +12.09 0 ±0
United We Can (PodemosIUeQuo) 8,879 9.63 –5.55 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 607 0.66 –0.03 0 ±0
Centered (centrados) 458 0.50 New 0 ±0
Act (PACT) 275 0.30 New 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen GroupPCASTC (Recortes Cero–GV–PCAS–TC) 182 0.20 –0.03 0 ±0
Spanish Communist Workers' Party (PCOE) 181 0.20 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 129 0.14 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Workers of Spain (PCTE) 90 0.10 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 773 0.84 +0.15
Total 92,184 3 ±0
Valid votes 92,184 98.42 –0.31
Invalid votes 1,483 1.58 +0.31
Votes cast / turnout 93,667 80.53 +6.32
Abstentions
Registered voters 119,610
Sources[8]

2016 general electionEdit

Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Segovia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 40,172 45.38 +5.98 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 19,014 21.48 –0.05 1 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 13,595 15.36 –1.70 0 ±0
United We Can (PodemosIUeQuoSegoviemos)1 13,440 15.18 –3.20 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 612 0.69 +0.13 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 352 0.40 –0.99 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 277 0.31 New 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 202 0.23 –0.02 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 129 0.15 –0.09 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 117 0.13 –0.08 0 ±0
Blank ballots 615 0.69 –0.29
Total 88,525 3 ±0
Valid votes 88,525 98.73 +0.13
Invalid votes 1,137 1.27 –0.13
Votes cast / turnout 89,662 74.21 –2.49
Abstentions 31,161 25.79 +2.49
Registered voters 120,823
Sources[9]

2015 general electionEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Segovia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 36,182 39.40 –17.01 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 19,769 21.53 –5.26 1 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 15,665 17.06 New 0 ±0
We Can (Podemos) 13,144 14.31 New 0 ±0
United LeftPopular Unity in Common–Segoviemos (IU–UPeC–Segoviemos) 3,742 4.07 –1.59 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 1,274 1.39 –5.25 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 517 0.56 +0.18 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 227 0.25 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 223 0.24 –0.03 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 190 0.21 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 903 0.98 –0.62
Total 91,836 3 ±0
Valid votes 91,836 98.60 +0.49
Invalid votes 1,303 1.40 –0.49
Votes cast / turnout 93,139 76.70 +0.36
Abstentions 28,301 23.30 –0.36
Registered voters 121,440
Sources[10]

2011 general electionEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Segovia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 52,173 56.41 +2.98 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 24,780 26.79 –12.26 1 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 6,889 7.45 +5.82 0 ±0
United Left of Castile and León: Plural Left (IUCyL) 5,237 5.66 +3.00 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 981 1.06 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 353 0.38 +0.24 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 247 0.27 +0.20 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 237 0.26 +0.16 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 115 0.12 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,477 1.60 +0.31
Total 92,489 3 ±0
Valid votes 92,489 98.11 –1.07
Invalid votes 1,780 1.89 +1.07
Votes cast / turnout 94,269 76.34 –4.77
Abstentions 29,212 23.66 +4.77
Registered voters 123,481
Sources[11]

2008 general electionEdit

Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Segovia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 53,399 53.43 +0.98 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 39,023 39.05 –0.89 1 ±0
United Left–Alternative (IU) 2,657 2.66 –0.81 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 1,631 1.63 New 0 ±0
The Greens (LV) 560 0.56 New 0 ±0
Commoners' Land (TC) 329 0.33 –0.13 0 ±0
Anti-Bullfighting Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 140 0.14 New 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 99 0.10 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 98 0.10 New 0 ±0
Alternative in Blank (ABLA) 97 0.10 New 0 ±0
Social Democratic Party (PSD) 94 0.09 New 0 ±0
Citizens for Blank Votes (CenB) 89 0.09 –0.34 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 87 0.09 +0.04 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Castilian People (PCPC–PCPE) 78 0.08 –0.01 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 67 0.07 ±0.00 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFyV) 42 0.04 New 0 ±0
Centrist Party (PCTR) 34 0.03 New 0 ±0
Authentic Phalanx (FA) 29 0.03 ±0.00 0 ±0
Spanish Alternative (AES) 25 0.03 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 22 0.02 –0.10 0 ±0
Spanish Front (Frente) 20 0.02 New 0 ±0
Spain 2000 (E–2000) 16 0.02 New 0 ±0
Carlist Traditionalist Communion (CTC) 9 0.01 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,292 1.29 –0.89
Total 99,937 3 ±0
Valid votes 99,937 99.18 +0.16
Invalid votes 822 0.82 –0.16
Votes cast / turnout 100,759 81.11 ±0.00
Abstentions 23,467 18.89 ±0.00
Registered voters 124,226
Sources[12]

2004 general electionEdit

Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Segovia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 52,500 52.45 –5.03 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 39,976 39.94 +9.09 1 ±0
United Left (IU) 3,470 3.47 –1.71 0 ±0
Commoners' Land–Castilian Nationalist Party (TC–PNC) 464 0.46 –0.19 0 ±0
Citizens for Blank Votes (CenB) 433 0.43 New 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 241 0.24 –1.25 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFyV) 191 0.19 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 119 0.12 +0.04 0 ±0
Republican Left (IR) 104 0.10 New 0 ±0
Spanish Democratic Party (PADE) 95 0.09 –0.06 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Castilian People (PCPC–PCPE) 89 0.09 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 67 0.07 New 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 49 0.05 New 0 ±0
The Phalanx (FE) 48 0.05 –0.09 0 ±0
Authentic Phalanx (FA) 34 0.03 New 0 ±0
Republican Social Movement (MSR) 33 0.03 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,183 2.18 –0.17
Total 100,096 3 ±0
Valid votes 100,096 99.02 +0.12
Invalid votes 995 0.98 –0.12
Votes cast / turnout 101,091 81.11 +5.50
Abstentions 23,547 18.89 –5.50
Registered voters 124,638
Sources[13]

2000 general electionEdit

Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Segovia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 54,367 57.48 +2.72 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 29,178 30.85 –1.39 1 ±0
United Left (IU) 4,898 5.18 –3.72 0 ±0
Centrist Union–Democratic and Social Centre (UC–CDS) 1,407 1.49 +0.49 0 ±0
The Greens–Green Group (LV–GV) 1,143 1.21 +0.36 0 ±0
Commoners' Land–Castilian Nationalist Party (TC–PNC) 613 0.65 +0.40 0 ±0
Regionalist Unity of Castile and León (URCL) 236 0.25 +0.10 0 ±0
Spanish Democratic Party (PADE) 145 0.15 New 0 ±0
The Phalanx (FE) 128 0.14 New 0 ±0
Natural Law Party (PLN) 87 0.09 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 75 0.08 –0.01 0 ±0
Spain 2000 Platform (ES2000) 55 0.06 New 0 ±0
Carlist Party (PC) 29 0.03 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,223 2.35 +0.82
Total 94,584 3 ±0
Valid votes 94,584 98.90 –0.34
Invalid votes 1,050 1.10 +0.34
Votes cast / turnout 95,634 75.61 –4.63
Abstentions 30,850 24.39 +4.63
Registered voters 126,484
Sources[14]

1996 general electionEdit

Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Segovia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 54,188 54.76 +6.76 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 31,903 32.24 –0.05 1 ±0
United Left of Castile and León (IUCL) 8,808 8.90 +1.49 0 ±0
Centrist Union (UC) 990 1.00 –8.00 0 ±0
The Greens–Green Group (LV–GV) 840 0.85 New 0 ±0
Commoners' Land–Castilian Nationalist Party (TC–PNC) 249 0.25 +0.10 0 ±0
Regionalist Unity of Castile and León (URCL) 144 0.15 ±0.00 0 ±0
Authentic Spanish Phalanx (FEA) 98 0.10 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 90 0.09 ±0.00 0 ±0
Workers' Revolutionary Party (PRT) 84 0.08 New 0 ±0
Republican Coalition (CR) 56 0.06 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,514 1.53 +0.23
Total 98,964 3 ±0
Valid votes 98,964 99.24 +0.18
Invalid votes 762 0.76 –0.18
Votes cast / turnout 99,726 80.24 +0.89
Abstentions 24,565 19.76 –0.89
Registered voters 124,291
Sources[15]

1993 general electionEdit

Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Segovia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 46,001 48.00 +8.12 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 30,945 32.29 +1.61 1 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 8,628 9.00 –7.49 0 ±0
United Left of Castile and León (IU) 7,104 7.41 +0.28 0 ±0
The Greens (LV) 854 0.89 –0.01 0 ±0
The Ecologists (LE) 347 0.36 –0.72 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos GroupEuropean Democratic Alliance (ARM–ADE) 237 0.25 –0.44 0 ±0
Commoners' Land–Castilian Nationalist Party (TC–PNC) 141 0.15 New 0 ±0
Regionalist Unity of Castile and León (URCL) 140 0.15 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 86 0.09 –0.22 0 ±0
Natural Law Party (PLN) 73 0.08 New 0 ±0
Party of El Bierzo (PB) 28 0.03 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 0 0.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,249 1.30 –0.09
Total 95,833 3 ±0
Valid votes 95,833 99.06 +0.45
Invalid votes 912 0.94 –0.45
Votes cast / turnout 96,745 79.35 +3.60
Abstentions 25,183 20.65 –3.60
Registered voters 121,928
Sources[16]

1989 general electionEdit

Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Segovia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP)1 35,705 39.88 +3.52 2 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 27,468 30.68 –1.71 1 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 14,764 16.49 –6.99 0 –1
United Left (IU) 6,387 7.13 +4.67 0 ±0
The Ecologist Greens (LVE) 967 1.08 New 0 ±0
The Greens–Green List (LV–LV) 802 0.90 New 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) 616 0.69 New 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 518 0.58 –0.02 0 ±0
Workers' Party of Spain–Communist Unity (PTE–UC)2 283 0.32 –0.50 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 278 0.31 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 163 0.18 New 0 ±0
Alliance for the Republic (AxR)3 137 0.15 –0.06 0 ±0
Centrist Unity–Democratic Spanish Party (PED) 110 0.12 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 109 0.12 –0.09 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,230 1.37 +0.09
Total 89,537 3 ±0
Valid votes 89,537 98.61 +1.18
Invalid votes 1,261 1.39 –1.18
Votes cast / turnout 90,798 75.75 –3.44
Abstentions 29,070 24.25 +3.44
Registered voters 119,868
Sources[17]

1986 general electionEdit

Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Segovia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 32,785 36.36 –1.95 1 –1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 29,204 32.39 –4.72 1 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 21,170 23.48 +15.96 1 +1
United Left (IU)2 2,218 2.46 +1.00 0 ±0
Democratic Reformist Party (PRD) 1,126 1.25 New 0 ±0
Communists' Unity Board (MUC) 736 0.82 New 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 542 0.60 –0.56 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 266 0.30 +0.15 0 ±0
Christian Spanish Party (PAEC) 254 0.28 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 188 0.21 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI) 186 0.21 New 0 ±0
Party of the Communists of Catalonia (PCC) 179 0.20 New 0 ±0
Republican Popular Unity (UPR) 155 0.17 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,152 1.28 +0.29
Total 90,161 3 ±0
Valid votes 90,161 97.43 –0.34
Invalid votes 2,379 2.57 +0.34
Votes cast / turnout 92,540 79.19 –5.16
Abstentions 24,314 20.81 +5.16
Registered voters 116,854
Sources[18]

1982 general electionEdit

Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Segovia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 35,483 38.31 +31.75 2 +2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 34,375 37.11 +14.03 1 ±0
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 9,680 10.45 –48.85 0 –2
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 6,967 7.52 New 0 ±0
Spanish Ruralist Party (PRE) 1,984 2.14 –1.36 0 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 1,348 1.46 –2.68 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 1,074 1.16 New 0 ±0
New Force (FN)2 413 0.45 –0.69 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 142 0.15 New 0 ±0
Communist League–Internationalist Socialist Workers' Coalition (LC (COSI)) 122 0.13 New 0 ±0
Communist Unity Candidacy (CUC) 112 0.12 New 0 ±0
Revolutionary Communist League (LCR) 0 0.00 New 0 ±0
Communist Movement of Castile and León (MC–CL) 0 0.00 –0.64 0 ±0
Blank ballots 919 0.99 +0.31
Total 92,619 3 ±0
Valid votes 92,619 97.77 –1.01
Invalid votes 2,115 2.23 +1.01
Votes cast / turnout 94,734 84.35 +8.66
Abstentions 17,582 15.65 –8.66
Registered voters 112,316
Sources[19]

1979 general electionEdit

Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Segovia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 49,375 59.30 +0.54 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 19,216 23.08 –4.43 1 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 5,458 6.56 –2.10 0 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 3,450 4.14 +1.68 0 ±0
Spanish Ruralist Party (PRE) 2,912 3.50 New 0 ±0
National Union (UN) 948 1.14 New 0 ±0
Communist MovementOrganization of Communist Left (MC–OIC) 532 0.64 New 0 ±0
Party of Labour of Spain (PTE)3 306 0.37 –0.05 0 ±0
Workers' Revolutionary Organization (ORT) 299 0.36 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (Authentic) (FE–JONS(A)) 195 0.23 –0.84 0 ±0
Blank ballots 567 0.68 +0.25
Total 83,258 3 ±0
Valid votes 83,258 98.78 +0.55
Invalid votes 1,028 1.22 –0.55
Votes cast / turnout 84,286 75.69 –11.93
Abstentions 27,074 24.31 +11.93
Registered voters 111,360
Sources[20]

1977 general electionEdit

Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Segovia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 50,270 58.76 n/a 2 n/a
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 18,210 21.28 n/a 1 n/a
People's Alliance (AP) 7,407 8.66 n/a 0 n/a
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 5,330 6.23 n/a 0 n/a
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 2,101 2.46 n/a 0 n/a
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (Authentic) (FE–JONS(A)) 913 1.07 n/a 0 n/a
Socialist Movement (MS) 599 0.70 n/a 0 n/a
Democratic Left Front (FDI) 361 0.42 n/a 0 n/a
Blank ballots 364 0.43 n/a
Total 85,555 3 n/a
Valid votes 85,555 98.23 n/a
Invalid votes 1,542 1.77 n/a
Votes cast / turnout 87,097 87.62 n/a
Abstentions 12,311 12.38 n/a
Registered voters 99,408
Sources[21]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Political Reform Act of 1977". Law No. 1 of 4 January 1977. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Spanish Constitution of 1978". Act of 29 December 1978. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  4. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 22 July 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  5. ^ a b "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  6. ^ "Constitution" (PDF). congreso.es. Congress of Deputies. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  8. ^ "Segovia - Castilla y León - Total nacional - Congreso - Elecciones Generales España 2019". resultados.eleccionesgenerales19.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  9. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 2016. Segovia". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  10. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Segovia". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Segovia". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  12. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2008. Segovia". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  13. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2004. Segovia". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  14. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2000. Segovia". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  15. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 1996. Segovia". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  16. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1993. Segovia". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  17. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. October 1989. Segovia". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  18. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1986. Segovia". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  19. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. October 1982. Segovia". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  20. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 1979. Segovia". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  21. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1977. Segovia". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.

Coordinates: 41°10′N 4°00′W / 41.167°N 4.000°W / 41.167; -4.000