(Redirected from Deputy (legislator))

A legislator (also known as a deputy or lawmaker) is a person who writes and passes laws, especially someone who is a member of a legislature. Legislators are often elected by the people of the state.[1] Legislatures may be supra-national (for example, the European Parliament), national (for example, the United States Congress), or local (for example, local authorities).


The political theory of the separation of powers requires legislators to be independent individuals from the members of the executive and the judiciary. Certain political systems adhere to this principle, others do not. In the United Kingdom, for example, the executive is formed almost exclusively from legislators (members of Parliament) although the judiciary is mostly independent (until reforms in 2005, the lord chancellor uniquely was a legislator, a member of the executive - indeed, the Cabinet - and a judge, while until 2009 the Lords of Appeal in Ordinary were both judges and legislators as members of the House of Lords, though by convention they did not vote in the House until retirement).

In continental European jurisprudence and legal discussion, "the legislator" (le législateur) is the abstract entity that has produced the laws. When there is room for interpretation, the intent of the legislator will be questioned, and the court is directed to rule in the direction it judges to best fit the legislative intent, which can be difficult in the case of conflicting laws or constitutional provisions.


The local term for a legislator is usually a derivation of the local term for the relevant legislature. Typical examples include

By countryEdit

This is an incomplete list of terms for a national legislator:

Country Title Legislature
  Algeria نواب (Député) People's National Assembly
  Argentina Diputado Nacional Chamber of Deputies
Diputado provincial Several provincial Chambers of Deputies
  Belarus Дэпутат (deputat) House of Representatives
  Belgium Provincial executive member: Gedeputeerde (Dutch) / Député (French) / Deputierter (German) Deputation / Provincial College (provincial executive body)
In French, député is sometimes also used to denote a member of parliament. Chamber of Representatives or a regional parliament
  Bolivia Diputado/Diputada Chamber of Deputies
  Brazil Deputado estadual Legislative Assemblies
Deputado federal Chamber of Deputies
  Bulgaria Депутат (Deputat) National Assembly
  Canada Senator,[2] Sénateur Senate of Canada
Member of Parliament (MP)[3] / Député House of Commons of Canada
  Chile Diputado/Diputada Chamber of Deputies
  China Deputy (人大代表) National People's Congress
  Colombia Diputado/Diputada Departamental Assemblies
  Costa Rica Diputado/Diputada Legislative Assembly
  Denmark Folketingsmedlem Folketinget
  Dominican Republic Diputado/Diputada Chamber of Deputies of the Dominican Republic
  Ecuador Asambleísta (before 2007, diputado) National Assembly
  El Salvador Diputado/Diputada Legislative Assembly
  France Député/Députée National Assembly
Sénateur/Sénatrice Senate
  Guatemala Diputado/Diputada Congress of the Republic
  Guernsey People's Deputy States of Guernsey
  Haiti Député[4] Chamber of Deputies
  Honduras Diputado/Diputada National Congress
  India Member of Parliament Lok Sabha
  Iran مجلس شورای اسلامی Islamic Consultative Assembly
  Ireland Senators / Seanadóirí Seanad Éireann
Teachta Dála (TD) Dáil Éireann
  Italy Deputato Chamber of Deputies
  Jersey Deputy States Assembly
  Kazakhstan Депутат (deputat) Mäjilis
  Latvia Deputāts Saeima
  Lebanon Député/النواب (Nuwwab, or deputy) Parliament
  Luxembourg Deputéierten / Député Chamber of Deputies
  Mexico Diputado/Diputada Chamber of Deputies
  Netherlands Gedeputeerde Provincial executive (European Netherlands)
Eilandgedeputeerde Bestuurscollege (Caribbean Netherlands)
  Nicaragua Diputado/Diputada National Assembly
  North Korea Deputy (대의원; taeŭiwŏn)[5][6] Supreme People's Assembly
  Panama Diputado/Diputada National Assembly
  Paraguay Diputado/Diputada Chamber of Deputies
  Portugal Deputado Assembly of the Republic
  Romania Deputat Chamber of Deputies
  Russia Депутат (deputat) State Duma and regional legislative bodies
  Somalia Deputy Federal Parliament
  Spain Diputado/Diputada Congress of Deputies
  Thailand Senator (วุฒิสมาชิก; ส.ว.) Senate
Member of the H.R. (สมาชิกสภาผู้แทนราษฎร; ส.ส.) House of Representatives
  Ukraine People's Deputy of Ukraine (Депутат) Verkhovna Rada
  United Kingdom Lords Spiritual and Lords Temporal House of Lords
Member of Parliament (M.P.) House of Commons
  United States of America Senator Senate
Representative; Congressperson House of Representatives
  Uruguay Diputado/Diputada Chamber of Representatives
  Venezuela Diputado/Diputada National Assembly

Substitute legislatorEdit

Some legislatures provide each legislator with an official "substitute legislator" who deputises for the legislator in the legislature if the elected representative is unavailable. Venezuela, for example, provides for substitute legislators (diputado suplente) to be elected under Article 186 of its 1999 constitution.[7] Ecuador, Panama, and the U.S. state of Idaho also have substitute legislators.[8]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Little, T.H.; Ogle, D.B. (2006). The Legislative Branch of State Government: People, Process, and Politics. ABC-CLIO's about state government. ABC-CLIO. p. 4. ISBN 978-1-85109-761-6. Retrieved June 26, 2019.
  2. ^ Parliament of Canada: Senate: Senators.
  3. ^ Parliament of Canada: Guide to the Canadian House of Commons: The Role of a Member of Parliament.
  4. ^ "Chambre des députés". Le Parlement haitien. Archived from the original on Aug 31, 2018.
  5. ^ "Socialist Constitution". Chapter IV, Section 1, Article 89. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  6. ^ 사회주의헌법 (in Korean). 제6장, 제1절, 제89조. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  7. ^ "Asamblea Nacional Constituyente". Tribunal Supremo de Justicia. Archived from the original on 2014-04-17. Retrieved 2014-04-12.
  8. ^ Russell, Betsy (16 March 2014). "Idaho's substitute law unique". Spokesman Review. Retrieved 16 October 2022.

External linksEdit