Chamber of Deputies (Romania)

  (Redirected from Chamber of Deputies of Romania)

The Chamber of Deputies (Romanian: Camera Deputaților) is the lower house in Romania's bicameral parliament. It has 330 seats to which deputies are elected by direct popular vote using party-list proportional representation[2] to serve four-year terms. Additionally, the organisation of each national minority is entitled to a seat in the Chamber (under the limitation that a national minority is to be represented by one organisation only).

Chamber of Deputies

Camera Deputaților
9th Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Founded1862
Leadership
Ludovic Orban, PNL
since 22 December 2020
Structure
Seats330
Romania Chamber of Deputies 2020.svg
Political groups
Government (113)
  •   PNL (93)
  •   UDMR (20)

Confidence and supply (18)

Opposition (199)

Committees
24
  • – Committee for Economic Policy, Reform, and Privatisation (Romanian: Comisia pentru politică economică, reformă și privatizare);
    – Committee for Budget, Finance and Banks (Romanian: Comisia pentru buget, finanțe și bănci);
    – Committee for Industries and Services (Romanian: Comisia pentru industrii și servicii);
    – Committee for Transport and Infrastructure (Romanian: Comisia pentru transporturi și infrastructură);
    – Committee for Agriculture, Forestry, Food Industry and Specific Services (Romanian: Comisia pentru agricultură, silvicultură, industrie alimentară și servicii specifice);
    – Committee for Human Rights, Cults and National Minorities Issues (Romanian: Comisia pentru drepturile omului, culte și problemele minorităților naționale);
    – Committee for Public Administration and Territorial Planning (Romanian: Comisia pentru administrație publică și amenajarea teritoriului);
    – Committee for the Environment and Ecological Balance (Romanian: Comisia pentru mediu și echilibru ecologic);
    – Committee for Labour and Social Protection (Romanian: Comisia pentru muncă și protecţie socială);
    – Committee for Health and Family (Romanian: Comisia pentru sănătate și familie);
    – Committee for Teaching (Romanian: Comisia pentru învățământ);
    – Committee for Culture, Arts, Mass Information Means (Romanian: Comisia pentru cultură, arte, mijloace de informare în masă);
    – Committee for Legal Matters, Discipline and Immunities (Romanian: Comisia juridică, de disciplină și imunități);
    – Committee for Defence, Public Order and National Security (Romanian: Comisia pentru apărare, ordine publică și siguranță națională);
    – Committee for Foreign Policy (Romanian: Comisia pentru politică externă);
    – Committee for the Investigation of Abuses, Corrupt Practices and for Petitions (Romanian: Comisia pentru cercetarea abuzurilor, corupției și pentru petiții);
    – Committee for Standing Orders (Romanian: Comisia pentru regulament);
    – Committee for Information Technology and Communications (Romanian: Comisia pentru tehnologia informației și comunicațiilor);
    – Committee on Equal Opportunities for Women and Men (Romanian: Comisia pentru egalitatea de șanse pentru femei și bărbați);
    – Committee for the Romanian Communities from Outside the Borders of the Country (Romanian: Comisia pentru comunitățile de români din afara granițelor țării);
    – Committee for European Affairs (Romanian: Comisia pentru afaceri europene);
    – Committee for Constitutionality (Romanian: Comisia pentru constituționalitate);
    – Committee for Science and Technology (Romanian: Comisia pentru știință și tehnologie);
    – Committee for Youth and Sport (Romanian: Comisia pentru tineret și sport);
Elections
1992–2008, since 2016: Closed list, D'Hondt method
2008–2016: nominal vote, Mixed member proportional representation
Last election
6 December 2020
Next election
6 December 2024
Meeting place
Palace of the Parliament, Bucharest
Website
cdep.ro

Leadership and structureEdit

Standing BureauEdit

The (Romanian: Biroul Permanent) is the body elected by the deputies that rules the Chamber. Its president is the President of the Chamber, who is elected for a whole legislature (usually four years). All the other members are elected at the beginning of each parliamentary session.

There is one president, and four each of vice presidents, quaestors, and secretaries. The current composition is listed below.

Standing Bureau officers
Position Name Political group Incumbent since
President Ludovic Orban PNL 21 December 2020
Vice-presidents Cristina Prună USR PLUS 21 December 2020
Laurențiu Leoreanu PNL 21 December 2020
Marius Budăi PSD 21 December 2020
Alexandru Rafila PSD 21 December 2020
Secretaries Oana Murariu [ro] USR PLUS 21 December 2020
Cristian Buican PNL 21 December 2020
Vasile-Daniel Suciu PSD 21 December 2020
Ovidiu-Victor Ganț Minorities 21 December 2020
Quaestors George Tuță PNL 21 December 2020
Sereș Deneș UDMR 21 December 2020
Alexandra Presură PSD 21 December 2020
Antonio Andrușceac AUR 21 December 2020

Committees of the ChamberEdit

Standing committees and current leadership are listed below.

Standing Bureau standing committees
Committee President Group Incumbent since
Committee for Economic Policy, Reform, and Privatisation
(Romanian: Comisia pentru politică economică, reformă și privatizare)
Costel Dunava[3] PSD[3] 22 December 2020[3]
Committee for Budget, Finance and Banks
(Romanian: Comisia pentru buget, finanțe și bănci)
Bogdan Huțucă[3] PNL[3] 22 December 2020[3]
Committee for Industries and Services
(Romanian: Comisia pentru industrii și servicii)
Bende Sandor[3] UDMR[3] 22 December 2020[3]
Committee for Transport and Infrastructure
(Romanian: Comisia pentru transporturi și infrastructură)
Ciprian Constantin Șerban[3] PSD[3] 22 December 2020[3]
Committee for Agriculture, Forestry, Food Industry and Specific Services
(Romanian: Comisia pentru agricultură, silvicultură, industrie alimentară și servicii specifice)
Adrian Chesnoiu[3] PSD[3] 22 December 2020[3]
Committee for Human Rights, Cults and National Minorities Issues
(Romanian: Comisia pentru drepturile omului, culte și problemele minorităților naționale)
Iusein Ibram[3] Minorities[3] 22 December 2020[3]
Committee for Public Administration and Territorial Planning
(Romanian: Comisia pentru administrație publică și amenajarea teritoriului)
Simona Bucura Oprescu[3] PSD[3] 22 December 2020[3]
Committee for the Environment and Ecological Balance
(Romanian: Comisia pentru mediu și echilibru ecologic)
George Cătălin Stângă[3] PNL[3] 22 December 2020[3]
Committee for Labour and Social Protection
(Romanian: Comisia pentru muncă și protecţie socială)
Oana Țoiu[3] USR PLUS[3] 22 December 2020[3]
Committee for Health and Family
(Romanian: Comisia pentru sănătate și familie)
Nelu Tătaru[3] PNL[3] 22 December 2020[3]
Committee for Teaching
(Romanian: Comisia pentru învățământ)
Natalia Intotero[3] PSD[3] 22 December 2020[3]
Committee for Culture, Arts, Mass Information Means
(Romanian: Comisia pentru cultură, arte, mijloace de informare în masă)
Iulian Bulai[3] USR PLUS[3] 22 December 2020[3]
Committee for Legal Matters, Discipline and Immunities
(Romanian: Comisia juridică, de disciplină și imunități)
Mihai Badea[3] USR PLUS[3] 22 December 2020[3]
Committee for Defence, Public Order and National Security
(Romanian: Comisia pentru apărare, ordine publică și siguranță națională)
Constantin Șovăială[3] PNL[3] 22 December 2020[3]
Committee for Foreign Policy
(Romanian: Comisia pentru politică externă)
Biro Rozalia[3] UDMR[3] 22 December 2020[3]
Committee for the Investigation of Abuses, Corrupt Practices and for Petitions
(Romanian: Comisia pentru cercetarea abuzurilor, corupției și pentru petiții)
Steluța Cătăniciu[3] PSD[3] 22 December 2020[3]
Committee for Standing Orders
(Romanian: Comisia pentru regulament)
Gheorghe Șimon[3] PSD[3] 22 December 2020[3]
Committee for Information Technology and Communications
(Romanian: Comisia pentru tehnologia informației și comunicațiilor)
Ion Sabin Sărmaș[3] PNL[3] 22 December 2020[3]
Committee on Equal Opportunities for Women and Men
(Romanian: Comisia pentru egalitatea de șanse pentru femei și bărbați)
Dan Tănasă[4] AUR[4] February 2021[4]
Committee for the Romanian Communities from Outside the Borders of the Country
(Romanian: Comisia pentru comunitățile de români din afara granițelor țării)
Gigel Știrbu[3] PNL[3] 22 December 2020[3]
Committee for European Affairs
(Romanian: Comisia pentru afaceri europene)
Ștefan Moșoiu[3] PSD[3] 22 December 2020[3]
Committee for Constitutionality
(Romanian: Comisia pentru constituționalitate)
Ringo Dămureanu[4] AUR[4] February 2021[4]
Committee for Science and Technology
(Romanian: Comisia pentru știință și tehnologie)
Dragos Zisopol[3] Minorities[3] 22 December 2020[3]
Committee for Youth and Sport
(Romanian: Comisia pentru tineret și sport)
Tudor Pop[3] USR PLUS[3] 22 December 2020[3]

Party compositionEdit

2020–2024Edit

Seats in the Chamber of Deputies of Romania, 2020–2024
Party Election seating Lost Won Present seating
Seats % Seats %
  Social Democratic Party 110 33.33% 5 1 106 32.12%
  National Liberal Party 93 28.18% 1 1 93 28.18%
USR PLUS 55 16.66% 0 0 55 16.66%
Alliance for the Union of Romanians 33 10% 3 0 30 9.39%
  Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania 21 6.36% 1 0 20 6.06%
  Parties of ethnic minorities 18 5.45% 0 0 18 5.45%
  Humanist Power Party 0 4 4 1.21%
  Independents 0 4 4 1.21%
Total 330 100 330 100

2016–2020Edit

Seats in the Chamber of Deputies of Romania, 2016–2020
Party Election seating Lost Won Present seating
Seats % Seats %
  Social Democratic Party 154 46.95% 13 0 141 42.85%
  National Liberal Party 69 21% 3 2 68 20.66%
  Save Romania Union 30 9.15% 2 0 28 8.51%
  Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania 21 6.4% 0 0 21 6.38%
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 20 6.1% 7 4 19 5.77%
  People's Movement Party 18 5.5% 6 0 12 3.64%
  Unaffiliated 2 26 24 7.30%
  Parties of ethnic minorities 17 5.2% 0 0 17 5.16%
Total 329 100 329 100

2012–2016Edit

2008–2012Edit

Seats in the Chamber of Deputies of Romania
Parliamentary Group Election seating Lost Won Present
Seats % Seats %
  Democratic Liberal Party 115 34.43% 29 12 106 31.73%
  Social Democratic Party 114 34.13% 29 2 91 27.24%
  National Liberal Party 65 19.46% 21 6 56 16.76%
  Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania 22 6.58% 2 0 20 5.98%
  Ethnic minorities parties 18 5.39% 2 0 16 4.79%
  National Union for the Progress of Romania 16 16 12 3.59%
  Independents 8 2.39%
  Vacant seats 25
Total 334 100 334 100

2004–2008Edit

In Romania's 2004 legislative election, held on 28 November, no party won an outright majority. The Social Democratic Party (PSD) won the largest number of seats but is currently in opposition because the Justice and Truth Alliance (DA), the Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR), the Romanian Humanist Party (which later became the Conservative Party), and the National Minorities formed a governing coalition, giving it 177 seats in the Chamber of Deputies (47.9% of the total). The Conservative Party (PC) withdrew in December 2006, meaning that the government lost the majority in the Chamber of Deputies.[5] In April 2007 the liberal prime-minister, Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu, dismissed the Democratic Party ministers from the government and formed a minority government with the Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania, marking the end of the Justice and Truth Alliance.[6]

During the 2004–2008 legislature, the president of the Chamber of Deputies was Bogdan Olteanu from the National Liberal Party (PNL), who was elected on 20 March 2006, after the Chamber's former president, Adrian Năstase, was forced by his own party (the Social Democratic Party, PSD) to step down amidst allegations of corruption.

After the 2004 elections, several deputies from the PSD switched to other parties (including the governing Justice and Truth Alliance) or became independents, with the total number of PSD seats being reduced from 113 to 105. The number of Justice and Truth Alliance (DA) deputies also increased from 112 to 118, making it the largest formation in parliament as of October 2006. This changed again in December 2006, leaving the PSD with 107 seats and the Justice and Truth Alliance (DA) with 101. Since April 2007 the Justice and Truth Alliance (DA) has split leaving the two former members with 51 respectively 50 members. Deputies elected to the European Parliament in the 2007 election resigned, thus reducing the number of deputies to 314 as of 4 December 2007.

A new election was held in 2008. The table below gives the state of play before the 2008 election; parties in bold were part of the governing coalition.[7] That coalition was tacitly supported by the PSD.[8]

Seats in the Chamber of Deputies of Romania, 2004–2008
Party % of seats Seats
  Social Democratic Party 32.31 105
  Democratic Liberal Party 20.62 67
  National Liberal Party 18.15 59
  Greater Romania Party 6.77 22
  Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania 6.77 22
  Conservative Party 5.85 19
  Ethnic minorities parties 5.54 18
  Independents 4.00 13
Total 100 325

2000–2004Edit

Elections to the Chamber of Deputies were held on 26 November 2000, in which the Social Democratic Party of Romania (PSD) won plurality. The governing majority was formed from the PSD and the Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR), which, with 182 members, made up 54.8% of seats. The president of the Chamber of Deputies during this period was Valer Dorneanu, who was elected on 15 December 2000. The distribution of seats was as follows:

Seats in the Chamber of Deputies of Romania, 2000–2004
Party % of seats Seats
  Social Democratic Party 44.93 155
  Greater Romania Party 24.35 84
  Democratic Party 8.99 31
  National Liberal Party 8.70 30
  Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania 7.83 27
  Ethnic minorities parties 5.22 18
Total 100 345

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Ilie, Luiza. "Romania coalition at risk after junior party pulls support for PM". Reuters. Retrieved 2 September 2021.
  2. ^ Filimon, Paul (20 July 2015). "Legea ALEGERILOR PARLAMENTARE pe LISTE, promulgată de Iohannis". România Liberă (in Romanian).
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn Piciu, Dana (22 December 2020). Rotaru, Andreea; Badea, Anda (eds.). "VIDEO Camera Deputaților: PSD deține șefia a 8 comisii, PNL – 6, USR PLUS – 4, UDMR – 2, AUR – 2, minorități – 2" [VIDEO The Chamber of Deputies: PSD owns the leadership of 8 committees, PNL – 6, USR PLUS – 4, UDMR – 2, AUR – 2, minorities – 2]. AGERPRES (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 17 April 2021. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Marinescu, Florin (1 February 2021). "Două personaje controversate din AUR devin șefi de comisii parlamentare: Dan Tănasă la Comisia pentru egalitate de șanse, Ringo Dămureanu la Comisia de constituționalitate" [Two controversial characters from AUR become chiefs of parliamentary committees: Dan Tănasă at the Committee on Equal Opportunities, Ringo Dămureanu at the Committee for Constitutionality]. G4Media.ro (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 1 February 2021. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  5. ^ Guvern minoritar Archived 15 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine (Minority government), Evenimentul Zilei, 4 December 2006
  6. ^ "Romania's prime minister names new Cabinet of minority government", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), 2 April 2007.
  7. ^ source
  8. ^ [1]

External linksEdit