Democratic Coalition (Spain)
Democratic Coalition (Spanish: Coalición Democrática, CD) was a Spanish electoral coalition formed in December 1978 to contest the general election the following year, after the approval of the Constitution.
|Founded||December 16, 1978|
|Merger of||People's Alliance|
Liberal Citizens Action
Progressive Democratic Party
People's Party of Catalonia
|Political position||Centre-right to right-wing|
In the first weeks, the coalition -after its foundation on 16 December 1978- adopted the names Spanish Democratic Confederation (Spanish: Confederación Democrática Española) or Progressive Democratic Confederation (Spanish: Confederación Demócrata Progresista) before changing its name to Democratic Coalition on 9 January 1979.
Alfonso Osorio and José María de Areilza had been ministers in the UCD governments, who resigned at them at different times because of disagreements with President Adolfo Suárez. The presidential candidate of the government was Manuel Fraga.
It won nine seats in the Congress of Deputies, nearly half of its predecessor, People's Alliance, had obtained in the 1977 elections. Given the dismal results, Fraga resigned as leader of the coalition and went solo in front of People's Alliance.
The parliamentary group of Democratic Coalition continued as such until the 1982 general elections. In that year, People's Alliance formed with other parties a broad coalition that would later be known as the People's Coalition.
The coalition brought together at the time of the 1979 election to various center-right parties:
- People's Alliance (AP) of Manuel Fraga Iribarne.
- Liberal Citizens Action (ACL) of José María de Areilza
- Progressive Democratic Party (PDProg) of Alfonso Osorio.
- Spanish Renewal (RE)
- People's Party of Catalonia (PPC) of Luis Montal.
- Environmentalist and Social Change
- Action for Ceuta (APC)
- Association of Basque Independent Democrats (DIV)
- Confederation of Conservative Parties.
9 / 350
3 / 207
- "Hoy se formaliza la Confederación Demócrata Progresista". El País (in Spanish). 16 December 1978. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- "Coalición Democrática, nombre definitivo". ABC (in Spanish). 10 January 1979. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- "Retiradas parciales de CD en Córdoba, Vizcaya y Asturias". El País (in Spanish). 15 March 1979. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- "La retirada de CD en Madrid ya es oficial". El País (in Spanish). 16 March 1979. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- Ministerio del Interior de España. "Partidos políticos con representación parlamentaria" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 March 2016.