Open main menu

The People's Coalition (Spanish: Coalición Popular) was a Spanish political coalition comprising national and regional right-wing parties to contest various general, regional and municipal elections between 1983 and 1987.

People's Coalition

Coalición Popular
LeaderManuel Fraga
Founded13 September 1982[a]
2 March 1983
Dissolved19 January 1987
HeadquartersMadrid
IdeologyConservatism
Christian democracy
Political positionCentre-right

Contents

HistoryEdit

The coalition precedents date back to the 1982 general election, when the "People's Coalition" had not yet been formalized and the force was known simply as AP–PDP, using the initials of the political parties that had formed it: the People's Alliance (AP) and the People's Democratic Party (PDP). Both parties joined to contest together the October 1982 general election, for which both of them signed a coalition agreement on 13 September 1982 jointly with regionalist parties Navarrese People's Union (UPN), Regionalist Aragonese Party (PAR) and Valencian Union (UV), as well as with the Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) in the Basque Country.[1][2]

The first time that the term People's Coalition was coined was during the first months of 1983, ahead of the municipal and regional elections of 8 May 1983. Coalition members AP and PDP, as well as the Liberal Union (UL) and regionalists UPN, PAR and UV, formed a coordinating committee of parties on 2 March of that year.[3]

After the 1986 election, the PDP left the coalition to contest the regional and municipal elections of 1987 on its own, with its deputies in the Congress of Deputies leaving the People's Group and joining the Mixed Group on 15 July 1986.[4] After that, in 1988 it was renamed as Christian Democracy, led by Javier Rupérez, and merged into the People's Party (PP) in 1989, like AP, PL and CdG. The pact between AP and PDP was formally scrapped in 21 July 1986, although the agreements for the regional the governments of Cantabria, Galicia and the Balearic Islands lasted until 1989.[5] On 19 January 1987, PL deputies left the People's Group in Congress and moved to the Mixed Group, thus putting an end to the People's Coalition.[6]

Member partiesEdit

Nationwide components:

Regional components:

Electoral performanceEdit

 
Cortes Generales
Election Congress Senate Leader Status in legislature
Vote % Score Seats +/– Seats +/– Status Period
1982[b] 5,548,107 26.4% 2nd
107 / 350
 91[c]
54 / 208
 51[c] Manuel Fraga Opposition 1982–1987
1986 5,247,677 26.0% 2nd
105 / 350
 2
63 / 208
 9

NotesEdit

  1. ^ As the AP–PDP coalition.
  2. ^ The alliance ran under the People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party label for this election.
  3. ^ a b Compared to the combined totals of Democratic Coalition, Navarrese People's Union, Regionalist Aragonese Party and Union of the Democratic Centre in the Basque Country in the 1979 general election.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "AP and PDP firmaron el acuerdo de coalición". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 1982-09-14. Retrieved 2016-03-14.
  2. ^ "El PDP formará un subgrupo dentro del bloque parlamentario de AP". ABC (in Spanish). 1982-09-14. Retrieved 2016-03-14.
  3. ^ "Formado un comité coordinador de los partidos coaligados con AP". El País (in Spanish). 1983-03-03. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  4. ^ "El PDP consuma la ruptura de Coalición Popular al inscribir a sus parlamentarios en el Grupo Mixto". El País (in Spanish). 1986-07-15. Retrieved 2016-03-14.
  5. ^ "Alianza Popular anuncia la ruptura de los pactos políticos y electorales con el PDP de Óscar Alzaga". El País (in Spanish). 1986-07-22. Retrieved 2016-03-14.
  6. ^ "Los parlamentarios del Partido Liberal pedirán mañana su paso al Grupo Mixto". El País (in Spanish). 1987-01-18. Retrieved 2016-10-12.