Results breakdown of the 2015 Spanish general election (Congress)

This is the results breakdown of the Congress of Deputies election held in Spain on 20 December 2015. The following tables show detailed results in each of the country's 17 autonomous communities and in the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla, as well as a summary of constituency results.[1]

Spain Main: 2015 Spanish general election
20 December 2015 2016 →
2015 Spanish election - Simple.svg
SpainVoteChartCongress2015.png
Party
Votes
%
Seats
PP 7,236,965 28.7% 123
PSOE 5,545,315 22.0% 90
Podemos 5,212,711 20.7% 69
C's 3,514,528 13.9% 40
IU–UPeC 926,783 3.7% 2
ERC–CatSí 604,285 2.4% 9
DiL 567,253 2.2% 8
EAJ/PNV 302,316 1.2% 6
EH Bildu 219,125 0.9% 2
Others 1,082,032 4.3% 1
Total
25,211,313 100.0% 350

Electoral systemEdit

348 members of the Congress of Deputies were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method might result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude.[2] Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the provinces of Spain. Each constituency was entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with the remaining 248 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations. Ceuta and Melilla were allocated the two remaining seats, which were elected using plurality voting. Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen and in full enjoyment of their political rights.[3] Additionally, Spaniards abroad were required to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[4]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, parties, federations or coalitions who had not obtained a mandate in either House of Parliament at the preceding election were required to secure the signature of at least 0.1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they sought election, whereas groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of 1 percent of electors. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[5][6][7][8]

NationwideEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP)1 7,236,965 28.71 –16.33 123 –64
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 5,545,315 22.00 –6.76 90 –20
We CanIn CommonCommitmentEn Masse (Podemos) 5,212,711 20.68 New 69 +65
We Can (Podemos)2 3,198,584 12.69 New 42 +42
In Common We Can (En Comú)3 929,880 3.69 +2.54 12 +9
It is time (PodemosCompromís)4 673,549 2.67 +2.16 9 +8
En Masse (PodemosAnovaEU)5 410,698 1.63 +1.31 6 +6
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 3,514,528 13.94 New 40 +40
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC)6 926,783 3.68 –1.81 2 –6
Republican Left–Catalonia Yes (ERC–CatSí) 604,285 2.40 +1.34 9 +6
Republican Left–Catalonia Yes (ERC–CatSí) 601,782 2.39 +1.36 9 +6
Valencian Country Now (Ara PV)7 2,503 0.01 –0.02 0 ±0
Democracy and Freedom (DiL)8 567,253 2.25 –1.92 8 –8
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 302,316 1.20 –0.13 6 +1
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 220,369 0.87 +0.45 0 ±0
Basque Country Unite (EH Bildu)9 219,125 0.87 –0.50 2 –5
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 155,153 0.62 –4.08 0 –5
Canarian Coalition–Canarian Nationalist Party (CCaPNC)10 81,917 0.32 –0.27 1 –1
We–Galician Candidacy (Nós)11 70,863 0.28 –0.48 0 –2
Democratic Union of Catalonia (unio.cat) 65,388 0.26 New 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 58,114 0.23 New 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 48,675 0.19 New 0 ±0
More for the Balearic Islands (Més)12 33,877 0.13 ±0.00 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 31,179 0.12 +0.01 0 ±0
Yes to the Future (GBai) 30,642 0.12 –0.05 0 –1
El Pi–Proposal for the Isles (El Pi) 12,910 0.05 New 0 ±0
Citizens of Democratic Centre (CCD) 10,827 0.04 +0.04 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 10,084 0.04 –0.36 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 7,495 0.03 +0.02 0 ±0
For the Left–The Greens (X Izda) 7,314 0.03 New 0 ±0
We Are Valencian (SOMVAL) 6,103 0.02 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 4,586 0.02 –0.09 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 4,400 0.02 –0.01 0 ±0
The Eco-pacifist Greens (Centro Moderado) 3,278 0.01 New 0 ±0
Land Party (PT) 3,026 0.01 New 0 ±0
Canaries Decides (LVUPALTER)13 2,883 0.01 +0.01 0 ±0
Libertarian Party (P–LIB) 2,854 0.01 ±0.00 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 2,846 0.01 –0.03 0 ±0
United ExtremaduraExtremadurans (EU–eX) 2,021 0.01 New 0 ±0
Spanish Communist Workers' Party (PCOE) 1,909 0.01 New 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 1,704 0.01 ±0.00 0 ±0
Feminist Initiative (IFem) 1,604 0.01 New 0 ±0
Regionalist Party of the Leonese Country (PREPAL) 1,419 0.01 ±0.00 0 ±0
In Positive (En Positiu) 1,276 0.01 New 0 ±0
United Free Citizens (CILUS) 1,189 0.00 New 0 ±0
Grouped Rural Citizens (CRA) 1,032 0.00 New 0 ±0
Navarrese Freedom (Ln) 1,026 0.00 New 0 ±0
Forward Valencians (Avant) 1,003 0.00 New 0 ±0
Málaga for Yes (mlgXSÍ) 934 0.00 New 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFyV) 714 0.00 ±0.00 0 ±0
Andalusians of Jaén United (AJU) 711 0.00 New 0 ±0
Independents for Aragon (i) 676 0.00 New 0 ±0
Democratic Forum (FDEE) 456 0.00 New 0 ±0
To Solution (Soluciona) 409 0.00 New 0 ±0
Social Justice, Citizen Participation (JS,PC) 406 0.00 New 0 ±0
Death to the System (+MAS+) 313 0.00 ±0.00 0 ±0
Liberal Party of the Right (PLD) 205 0.00 New 0 ±0
Welcome (Ongi Etorri) 110 0.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 188,132 0.75 –0.62
Total 25,211,313 350 ±0
Valid votes 25,211,313 99.11 +0.40
Invalid votes 227,219 0.89 –0.40
Votes cast / turnout 25,438,532 69.67 +0.73
Abstentions 11,073,316 30.33 –0.73
Registered voters 36,511,848
Sources[9][10]

SummaryEdit

ConstituenciesEdit

Summary of constituency results in the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election
Constituency PP PSOE Podemos C's IUUPeC ERC DiL PNV EH Bildu CCa–PNC
% S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S
A Coruña 35.5 3 20.4 2 26.3 2 9.9 1
Álava 18.8 1 14.1 1 27.0 1 5.9 3.8 15.8 1 11.8
Albacete 36.8 2 28.2 1 14.0 14.6 1 4.0
Alicante 32.8 4 20.8 3 22.3 3 17.1 2 3.7 0.1
Almería 38.0 2 28.9 2 12.8 1 14.4 1 3.5
Asturias 30.1 3 23.3 2 21.3 2 13.6 1 8.4
Ávila 46.1 2 19.9 1 11.7 15.7 3.8
Badajoz 34.5 2 37.2 3 11.9 1 11.4 3.1
Balearic Islands 29.1 3 18.3 2 23.1 2 14.8 1 2.4
Barcelona 11.3 4 16.3 5 26.9 9 13.5 4 14.5 5 13.2 4
Biscay 11.4 1 13.0 1 26.1 2 3.8 2.8 27.9 3 12.5 1
Burgos 38.0 2 20.7 1 17.1 1 15.6 4.7
Cáceres 35.3 2 34.0 2 13.9 11.4 2.9
Cádiz 27.7 3 28.0 3 20.2 2 14.7 1 6.0
Cantabria 36.9 2 22.4 1 17.9 1 15.2 1 4.4
Castellón 31.8 2 21.5 1 24.1 1 15.6 1 3.1 0.1
Ceuta 44.9 1 23.1 14.1 13.3 1.3
Ciudad Real 38.4 3 31.1 2 12.5 12.3 3.3
Córdoba 30.4 2 32.0 2 14.7 1 11.9 1 8.1
Cuenca 41.9 2 30.6 1 11.7 10.8 3.0
Gipuzkoa 8.7 13.3 1 25.3 2 3.8 2.8 23.5 2 20.9 1
Girona 8.5 12.7 1 16.3 1 9.8 23.5 2 25.0 2
Granada 31.1 3 31.0 2 16.4 1 13.9 1 5.1
Guadalajara 34.8 1 22.5 1 17.5 18.1 1 4.1
Huelva 28.7 2 36.9 2 15.2 1 11.9 4.5
Huesca 32.5 1 24.7 1 18.0 1 16.2 5.3
Jaén 31.5 2 38.3 3 12.6 10.7 4.3
La Rioja 38.3 2 23.7 1 15.8 1 15.1 4.2
Las Palmas 28.2 3 22.4 2 26.5 2 12.3 1 3.0 4.2
León 35.6 2 25.4 1 17.6 1 13.0 1 4.8
Lleida 11.3 12.4 1 15.4 1 9.0 22.3 1 24.3 1
Lugo 42.5 2 24.0 1 19.2 1 7.6
Madrid 33.4 13 17.8 6 20.9 8 18.8 7 5.3 2
Málaga 28.9 4 26.9 3 17.1 2 17.1 2 6.8
Melilla 43.9 1 24.6 11.4 15.5 1.3
Murcia 40.4 5 20.3 2 15.2 1 17.7 2 3.1
Navarre 28.9 2 15.5 1 23.0 2 7.1 4.1 9.9
Ourense 44.9 2 23.2 1 17.8 1 7.9
Palencia 40.3 2 24.5 1 13.5 14.2 4.5
Pontevedra 34.5 3 20.8 2 27.9 2 9.0
Salamanca 42.7 2 21.8 1 12.3 16.8 1 3.3
Santa Cruz de Tenerife 28.9 2 21.5 2 19.9 1 10.5 1 3.3 12.6 1
Segovia 39.4 2 21.5 1 14.3 17.1 4.1
Seville 25.2 3 33.9 5 19.0 2 13.0 2 5.7
Soria 38.6 1 23.8 1 16.1 15.2 3.5
Tarragona 12.2 1 15.8 1 20.6 1 14.2 1 17.5 1 15.3 1
Teruel 36.4 2 25.7 1 15.3 14.7 5.0
Toledo 38.8 2 27.8 2 13.6 1 13.8 1 3.5
Valencia 30.2 5 18.8 3 27.1 5 15.1 2 4.7 0.1
Valladolid 36.9 2 21.6 1 15.3 1 17.1 1 5.5
Zamora 42.6 2 23.0 1 14.0 12.9 4.9
Zaragoza 30.3 3 22.3 2 19.2 1 17.8 1 6.5
Total 28.7 123 22.0 90 20.7 69 13.9 40 3.7 2 2.4 9 2.2 8 1.2 6 0.9 2 0.3 1

RegionsEdit

Summary of regional results in the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election
Region PP PSOE Podemos C's IUUPeC ERC DiL PNV EH Bildu CCa–PNC
% S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S
Andalusia 29.1 21 31.5 22 16.9 10 13.8 8 5.8
Aragon 31.3 6 23.0 4 18.6 2 17.2 1 6.2
Asturias 30.1 3 23.3 2 21.3 2 13.6 1 8.4
Balearic Islands 29.1 3 18.3 2 23.1 2 14.8 1 2.4
Basque Country 11.6 2 13.2 3 26.0 5 4.1 2.9 24.7 6 15.1 2
Canary Islands 28.5 5 22.0 4 23.3 3 11.4 2 3.1 8.2 1
Cantabria 36.9 2 22.4 1 17.9 1 15.2 1 4.4
Castile and León 39.1 17 22.5 9 15.1 3 15.4 3 4.6
Castilla–La Mancha 38.1 10 28.4 7 13.7 1 13.8 3 3.6
Catalonia 11.1 5 15.7 8 24.7 12 13.0 5 16.0 9 15.1 8
Ceuta 44.9 1 23.1 14.1 13.3 1.3
Extremadura 34.8 4 36.0 5 12.7 1 11.4 3.0
Galicia 37.1 10 21.3 6 25.0 6 9.1 1
La Rioja 38.3 2 23.7 1 15.8 1 15.1 4.2
Madrid 33.4 13 17.8 6 20.9 8 18.8 7 5.3 2
Melilla 43.9 1 24.6 11.4 15.5 1.3
Murcia 40.4 5 20.3 2 15.2 1 17.7 2 3.1
Navarre 28.9 2 15.5 1 23.0 2 7.1 4.1 9.9
Valencian Community 31.3 11 19.8 7 25.1 9 15.8 5 4.2 0.1
Total 28.7 123 22.0 90 20.7 69 13.9 40 3.7 2 2.4 9 2.2 8 1.2 6 0.9 2 0.3 1

Autonomous communitiesEdit

AndalusiaEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Andalusia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 1,402,393 31.50 –5.10 22 –3
People's Party (PP) 1,294,293 29.08 –16.49 21 –12
We Can (Podemos) 752,367 16.90 New 10 +10
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 613,447 13.78 New 8 +8
United Left/Greens–Assembly for AndalusiaPopular Unity (IULV–CA–UPeC) 257,019 5.77 –2.50 0 –2
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 40,879 0.92 +0.74 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 23,179 0.52 –4.25 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 9,005 0.20 New 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 5,676 0.13 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 5,368 0.12 –0.01 0 ±0
Spanish Communist Workers' Party (PCOE) 1,909 0.04 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 1,826 0.04 ±0.00 0 ±0
Libertarian Party (P–LIB) 1,364 0.03 New 0 ±0
United Free Citizens (CILUS) 1,189 0.03 New 0 ±0
Málaga for Yes (mlgXSÍ) 934 0.02 New 0 ±0
Andalusians of Jaén United (AJU) 711 0.02 New 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 631 0.01 –0.25 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 621 0.01 –0.06 0 ±0
To Solution (Soluciona) 409 0.01 New 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 356 0.01 –0.01 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 198 0.00 –0.04 0 ±0
Blank ballots 37,729 0.85 –0.37
Total 4,451,503 61 +1
Valid votes 4,451,503 99.06 +0.09
Invalid votes 42,319 0.94 –0.09
Votes cast / turnout 4,493,822 69.08 +0.18
Abstentions 2,011,444 30.92 –0.18
Registered voters 6,505,266
Sources[11][10]

AragonEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Aragon
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's PartyAragonese Party (PP–PAR) 229,691 31.31 –16.39 6 –2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 169,057 23.05 –8.47 4 ±0
We Can (Podemos) 136,434 18.60 New 2 +2
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 126,346 17.22 New 1 +1
United LeftAragonese UnionPopular Unity in Common (IU–CHA–UPeC) 45,199 6.16 –4.37 0 –1
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 5,803 0.79 –4.98 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 5,224 0.71 +0.23 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 3,834 0.52 +0.08 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 1,849 0.25 New 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 1,476 0.20 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 1,199 0.16 –0.04 0 ±0
Independents for Aragon (i) 676 0.09 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 6,791 0.93 –1.11
Total 733,579 13 ±0
Valid votes 733,579 99.17 +0.74
Invalid votes 6,128 0.83 –0.74
Votes cast / turnout 739,707 72.58 +1.59
Abstentions 279,428 27.42 –1.59
Registered voters 1,019,135
Sources[12][10]

AsturiasEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Asturias
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's PartyForum (PP–Foro)1 187,568 30.11 –19.97 3 –1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 145,113 23.29 –6.05 2 –1
We Can (Podemos) 132,984 21.35 New 2 +2
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 84,464 13.56 New 1 +1
United LeftPopular Unity in CommonAsturian Left (IU–UPeC–IAS) 52,583 8.44 –4.80 0 –1
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 4,555 0.73 +0.39 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 3,855 0.62 –3.29 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 1,869 0.30 –0.10 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 1,715 0.28 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 1,240 0.20 +0.01 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 1,038 0.17 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 392 0.06 +0.02 0 ±0
Blank ballots 5,591 0.90 –0.43
Total 622,967 8 ±0
Valid votes 622,967 99.17 +0.14
Invalid votes 5,233 0.83 –0.14
Votes cast / turnout 628,200 63.77 –0.80
Abstentions 356,887 36.23 +0.80
Registered voters 985,087
Sources[13][10]

Balearic IslandsEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in the Balearic Islands
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 140,640 29.06 –20.53 3 –2
We Can (Podemos) 111,628 23.07 New 2 +2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 88,635 18.31 –10.56 2 –1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 71,551 14.78 New 1 +1
More for the Balearic Islands (Més)1 33,877 7.00 –0.17 0 ±0
El Pi–Proposal for the Isles (El Pi) 12,910 2.67 New 0 ±0
United LeftBalearic Popular Unity (IU–UPB) 11,451 2.37 –2.57 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 5,114 1.06 +0.23 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 2,276 0.47 –3.76 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 1,177 0.24 New 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFyV) 714 0.15 –0.02 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,997 0.83 –0.98
Total 483,970 8 ±0
Valid votes 483,970 99.04 +0.66
Invalid votes 4,696 0.96 –0.66
Votes cast / turnout 488,666 63.35 +2.39
Abstentions 282,715 36.65 –2.39
Registered voters 771,381
Sources[14][10]

Basque CountryEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in the Basque Country
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
We Can (Podemos/Ahal Dugu) 317,674 25.98 New 5 +5
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 302,316 24.72 –2.69 6 +1
Basque Country Unite (EH Bildu)1 184,186 15.06 –9.05 2 –4
Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE)) 161,988 13.25 –8.30 3 –1
People's Party (PP) 142,127 11.62 –6.19 2 –1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 50,268 4.11 New 0 ±0
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 36,002 2.94 –0.75 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 8,003 0.65 +0.11 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 4,093 0.33 –1.47 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 2,432 0.20 New 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB/AZ) 1,518 0.12 –0.12 0 ±0
Left–For the Left (Ezkerra) 1,447 0.12 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 589 0.05 +0.01 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 479 0.04 –0.25 0 ±0
Navarrese Freedom (Ln) 450 0.04 New 0 ±0
Social Justice, Citizen Participation (JS,PC) 406 0.03 New 0 ±0
Welcome (Ongi Etorri) 110 0.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 8,669 0.71 –0.43
Total 1,222,757 18 ±0
Valid votes 1,222,757 99.31 +0.35
Invalid votes 8,441 0.69 –0.35
Votes cast / turnout 1,231,198 69.00 +1.66
Abstentions 553,031 31.00 –1.66
Registered voters 1,784,229
Sources[15][10]

Canary IslandsEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in the Canary Islands
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 283,575 28.53 –19.44 5 –4
We Can (Podemos) 231,519 23.29 New 3 +3
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyNew Canaries (PSOE–NCa) 218,413 21.97 –2.88 4 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 113,642 11.43 New 2 +2
Canarian Coalition–Canarian Nationalist Party (CCaPNC)1 81,917 8.24 –7.23 1 –1
Canarian United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IUC–UPeC) 30,978 3.12 –1.19 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 11,888 1.20 +0.67 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 4,681 0.47 –2.17 0 ±0
Canaries Decides (LVUPALTER)2 2,883 0.29 +0.17 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 2,660 0.27 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Canarian People (PCPC) 1,712 0.17 –0.08 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 1,546 0.16 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 616 0.06 –0.23 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 439 0.04 –0.07 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 300 0.03 ±0.00 0 ±0
Blank ballots 7,262 0.73 –0.57
Total 994,031 15 ±0
Valid votes 994,031 98.72 +0.42
Invalid votes 12,900 1.28 –0.42
Votes cast / turnout 1,006,931 60.33 +0.73
Abstentions 661,980 39.67 –0.73
Registered voters 1,668,911
Sources[16][10]

CantabriaEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Cantabria
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 129,216 36.91 –15.26 2 –2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 78,460 22.41 –2.82 1 ±0
We Can (Podemos) 62,569 17.87 New 1 +1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 53,371 15.25 New 1 +1
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 15,488 4.42 +0.83 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 2,943 0.84 +0.49 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 2,875 0.82 –2.77 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 901 0.26 New 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 529 0.15 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 461 0.13 –0.03 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 236 0.07 –0.01 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 173 0.05 –0.03 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,849 0.81 –0.37
Total 350,071 5 ±0
Valid votes 350,071 98.90 +0.04
Invalid votes 3,904 1.10 –0.04
Votes cast / turnout 353,975 70.97 –0.59
Abstentions 144,796 29.03 +0.59
Registered voters 498,771
Sources[17][10]

Castile and LeónEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Castile and León
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 590,438 39.10 –16.27 17 –4
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 339,277 22.47 –6.72 9 –2
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 231,979 15.36 New 3 +3
We Can (Podemos) 227,577 15.07 New 3 +3
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 68,816 4.56 –1.08 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 13,096 0.87 –5.25 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 8,533 0.57 +0.21 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 4,053 0.27 New 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 2,526 0.17 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 2,232 0.15 +0.09 0 ±0
Citizens of Democratic Centre (CCD) 1,579 0.10 +0.07 0 ±0
Regionalist Party of the Leonese Country (PREPAL) 1,419 0.09 –0.05 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 1,090 0.07 –0.01 0 ±0
Grouped Rural Citizens (CRA) 1,032 0.07 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 845 0.06 ±0.00 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 703 0.05 +0.01 0 ±0
Feminist Initiative (IFem) 341 0.02 New 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 182 0.01 –0.08 0 ±0
Blank ballots 14,218 0.94 –0.72
Total 1,509,936 32 ±0
Valid votes 1,509,936 98.90 +0.33
Invalid votes 16,790 1.10 –0.33
Votes cast / turnout 1,526,754 71.22 –0.07
Abstentions 616,884 28.78 +0.07
Registered voters 2,143,638
Sources[18][10]

Castilla–La ManchaEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Castilla–La Mancha
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 446,235 38.14 –17.67 10 –4
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 331,856 28.36 –1.98 7 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 161,083 13.77 New 3 +3
We Can (Podemos) 159,726 13.65 New 1 +1
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 41,986 3.59 –2.19 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 8,260 0.71 +0.36 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 6,162 0.53 –4.43 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 3,608 0.31 New 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 1,751 0.15 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 654 0.06 –0.06 0 ±0
Liberal Party of the Right (PLD) 205 0.02 New 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 174 0.01 –0.03 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 75 0.01 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 8,244 0.70 –0.58
Total 1,170,019 21 ±0
Valid votes 1,170,019 98.85 +0.34
Invalid votes 13,552 1.15 –0.34
Votes cast / turnout 1,183,571 75.26 –0.50
Abstentions 389,033 24.74 +0.50
Registered voters 1,572,604
Sources[19][10]

CataloniaEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Catalonia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
In Common We Can (En Comú)1 929,880 24.71 +16.62 12 +9
Republican Left of Catalonia–Catalonia Yes (ERC–CatSí) 601,782 15.99 +8.92 9 +6
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 590,274 15.69 –10.97 8 –6
Democracy and Freedom (DiL)2 567,253 15.08 –14.27 8 –8
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 490,872 13.05 New 5 +5
People's Party (PP) 418,369 11.12 –9.58 5 –6
Democratic Union of Catalonia (unio.cat) 65,388 1.74 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 43,930 1.17 +0.48 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 12,911 0.34 New 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 8,554 0.23 –0.92 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Catalan People (PCPC) 7,116 0.19 +0.15 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 625 0.02 –1.45 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 465 0.01 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 25,440 0.68 –1.17
Total 3,762,859 47 ±0
Valid votes 3,762,859 99.39 +0.97
Invalid votes 23,065 0.61 –0.97
Votes cast / turnout 3,785,924 68.63 +3.47
Abstentions 1,730,532 31.37 –3.47
Registered voters 5,516,456
Sources[20][10]

ExtremaduraEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Extremadura
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 233,251 35.98 –1.21 5 +1
People's Party (PP) 225,564 34.79 –16.39 4 –2
We Can (Podemos) 82,098 12.66 New 1 +1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 73,756 11.38 New 0 ±0
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 19,590 3.02 –2.68 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 3,404 0.53 +0.19 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 2,620 0.40 –3.06 0 ±0
United ExtremaduraExtremadurans (EU–eX) 2,021 0.31 New 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 846 0.13 New 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 518 0.08 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,676 0.72 –0.45
Total 648,344 10 ±0
Valid votes 648,344 98.68 +0.09
Invalid votes 8,651 1.32 –0.09
Votes cast / turnout 656,995 72.17 –1.74
Abstentions 253,289 27.83 +1.74
Registered voters 910,284
Sources[21][10]

GaliciaEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Galicia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 609,623 37.12 –15.41 10 –5
En Masse (PodemosAnovaEU)1 410,698 25.01 +20.28 6 +6
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG–PSOE) 350,220 21.33 –6.48 6 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 148,852 9.06 New 1 +1
We–Galician Candidacy (Nós)2 70,863 4.32 –6.86 0 –2
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 13,523 0.82 +0.37 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 8,456 0.51 –0.70 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 3,829 0.23 New 0 ±0
Communists of Galicia (PCPE–CdG) 3,245 0.20 +0.10 0 ±0
Land Party (PT) 3,026 0.18 New 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 1,246 0.08 New 0 ±0
For the Left–The Greens (X Izda) 873 0.05 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 429 0.03 –0.02 0 ±0
Blank ballots 17,349 1.06 –0.56
Total 1,642,232 23 ±0
Valid votes 1,642,232 98.64 +0.26
Invalid votes 22,719 1.36 –0.26
Votes cast / turnout 1,664,951 61.53 –0.68
Abstentions 1,040,901 38.47 +0.68
Registered voters 2,705,852
Sources[22][10]

La RiojaEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 67,941 38.34 –16.36 2 –1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 41,973 23.69 –7.40 1 ±0
We Can (Podemos) 28,073 15.84 New 1 +1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 26,812 15.13 New 0 ±0
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 7,423 4.19 –0.21 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 1,361 0.77 –5.19 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 1,177 0.66 +0.21 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 362 0.20 –0.36 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 360 0.20 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 229 0.13 –0.09 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,496 0.84 –0.77
Total 177,207 4 ±0
Valid votes 177,207 98.85 +0.43
Invalid votes 2,062 1.15 –0.43
Votes cast / turnout 179,269 72.43 –0.35
Abstentions 68,238 27.57 +0.35
Registered voters 247,507
Sources[23][10]

MadridEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,210,219 33.44 –17.53 13 –6
We Can (Podemos) 756,257 20.90 New 8 +8
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 681,167 18.82 New 7 +7
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 645,645 17.84 –8.21 6 –4
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 190,193 5.26 –2.78 2 –1
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 43,508 1.20 –9.10 0 –4
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 28,322 0.78 +0.39 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 22,643 0.63 New 0 ±0
For the Left–The Greens (X Izda) 4,994 0.14 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 4,579 0.13 New 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 4,037 0.11 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 2,870 0.08 –0.08 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 1,779 0.05 –0.03 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 1,742 0.05 –0.06 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 1,137 0.03 –0.01 0 ±0
Libertarian Party (P–LIB) 1,075 0.03 –0.02 0 ±0
Blank ballots 18,751 0.52 –0.52
Total 3,618,918 36 ±0
Valid votes 3,618,918 99.36 +0.40
Invalid votes 23,209 0.64 –0.40
Votes cast / turnout 3,642,127 74.12 +0.86
Abstentions 1,271,766 25.88 –0.86
Registered voters 4,913,893
Sources[24][10]

MurciaEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Murcia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 293,943 40.40 –23.82 5 –3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 147,883 20.32 –0.67 2 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 128,570 17.67 New 2 +2
We Can (Podemos) 110,601 15.20 New 1 +1
Popular Unity in CommonUnited Left/Greens (UPeC–IU) 22,767 3.13 –2.57 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 6,591 0.91 +0.55 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 5,442 0.75 –5.51 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 3,282 0.45 New 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 1,268 0.17 New 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 1,063 0.15 –0.09 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 1,051 0.14 –0.01 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 330 0.05 New 0 ±0
Death to the System (+MAS+) 313 0.04 –0.07 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,511 0.62 –0.29
Total 727,615 10 ±0
Valid votes 727,615 99.13 +0.06
Invalid votes 6,382 0.87 –0.06
Votes cast / turnout 733,997 71.14 –2.97
Abstentions 297,736 28.86 +2.97
Registered voters 1,031,733
Sources[25][10]

NavarreEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Navarre
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Navarrese People's UnionPeople's Party (UPN–PP) 102,244 28.94 –9.27 2 ±0
We Can (Podemos) 81,216 22.98 New 2 +2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 54,856 15.52 –6.50 1 ±0
Basque Country Unite (EH Bildu) 34,939 9.89 –4.97 0 –1
Yes to the Future (GBai) 30,642 8.67 –4.14 0 –1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 24,969 7.07 New 0 ±0
United LeftAssemblyPopular Unity in Common (IU–B–UPeC) 14,528 4.11 –1.40 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 2,343 0.66 New 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 1,452 0.41 –1.65 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 956 0.27 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 913 0.26 –0.06 0 ±0
Navarrese Freedom (Ln) 576 0.16 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,714 1.05 –0.98
Total 353,348 5 ±0
Valid votes 353,348 99.13 +0.72
Invalid votes 3,114 0.87 –0.72
Votes cast / turnout 356,462 70.93 +2.02
Abstentions 146,058 29.07 –2.02
Registered voters 502,520
Sources[26][10]

Valencian CommunityEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in the Valencian Community
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 838,135 31.26 –22.06 11 –9
It is time (PodemosCompromís)1 673,549 25.12 +20.31 9 +8
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 531,489 19.83 –6.92 7 –3
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 424,621 15.84 New 5 +5
United Left of the Valencian CountryPopular Unity in Common (EUPV–UPeC) 111,963 4.18 –2.33 0 –1
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 25,008 0.93 +0.45 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 17,303 0.65 –4.95 0 –1
Citizens of Democratic Centre (CCD) 9,248 0.34 New 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 7,283 0.27 New 0 ±0
We Are Valencian (SOMVAL) 6,103 0.23 New 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 5,011 0.19 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 4,341 0.16 –0.01 0 ±0
The Eco-pacifist Greens (Centro Moderado) 3,278 0.12 New 0 ±0
Valencian Country Now (Ara PV)2 2,503 0.09 –0.20 0 ±0
In Positive (En Positiu) 1,276 0.05 New 0 ±0
Feminist Initiative (IFem) 1,263 0.05 New 0 ±0
Forward Valencians (Avant) 1,003 0.04 New 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 471 0.02 New 0 ±0
Democratic Forum (FDEE) 456 0.02 New 0 ±0
Libertarian Party (P–LIB) 415 0.02 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 16,133 0.60 –0.50
Total 2,680,852 32 –1
Valid votes 2,680,852 99.14 +0.34
Invalid votes 23,170 0.86 –0.34
Votes cast / turnout 2,704,022 74.79 +0.61
Abstentions 911,260 25.21 –0.61
Registered voters 3,615,282
Sources[27][10]

Autonomous citiesEdit

CeutaEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Ceuta
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 14,813 44.86 –21.07 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 7,627 23.10 +2.84 0 ±0
We Can (Podemos) 4,646 14.07 New 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 4,392 13.30 New 0 ±0
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 431 1.31 –0.50 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 358 1.08 +0.50 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 197 0.60 –2.74 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 146 0.44 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 413 1.25 –0.32
Total 33,023 1 ±0
Valid votes 33,023 98.53 +0.01
Invalid votes 493 1.47 –0.01
Votes cast / turnout 33,516 54.36 +1.20
Abstentions 28,144 45.64 –1.20
Registered voters 61,660
Sources[28][10]

MelillaEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 12,331 43.91 –22.80 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 6,905 24.59 –0.73 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 4,366 15.55 New 0 ±0
We Can (Podemos) 3,215 11.45 New 0 ±0
Popular UnityUnited Left (UP–IU) 366 1.30 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 314 1.12 +0.61 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 240 0.85 –2.86 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 46 0.16 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 299 1.06 –0.80
Total 28,082 1 ±0
Valid votes 28,082 98.72 –0.14
Invalid votes 363 1.28 +0.14
Votes cast / turnout 28,445 49.35 –0.08
Abstentions 29,194 50.65 +0.08
Registered voters 57,639
Sources[29][10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "20D/Elecciones Generales 2015" (in Spanish). Público. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  2. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 22 July 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  3. ^ Carreras et al. 1989, pp. 1077.
  4. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  5. ^ "Representation of the people Institutional Act". www.juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  6. ^ "Constitution" (PDF). congreso.es. Congress of Deputies. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
  7. ^ "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  8. ^ "Spanish Constitution of 1978". Act of 29 December 1978. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  9. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. National totals". www.infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "General election 20 December 2015". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Andalusia". www.infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  12. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Aragon". www.infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  13. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Principality of Asturias". www.infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  14. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Balearic Islands". www.infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  15. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Basque Country". www.infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  16. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Canary Islands". www.infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  17. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Cantabria". www.infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  18. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Castile and León". www.infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  19. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Castilla–La Mancha". www.infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  20. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Catalonia". www.infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  21. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Extremadura". www.infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  22. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Galicia". www.infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  23. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. La Rioja". www.infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  24. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Community of Madrid". www.infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  25. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Region of Murcia". www.infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  26. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Foral Community of Navarre". www.infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  27. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Valencian Community". www.infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  28. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Ceuta". www.infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  29. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Melilla". www.infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.

BibliographyEdit