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Teruel (Congress of Deputies constituency)

Teruel is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects three deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Teruel. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Teruel
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Teruel).png
Location of Teruel within Spain
ProvinceTeruel
Autonomous communityAragon
Population138,932 (2016)
Electorate109,380 (2016)
Major settlementsTeruel
Current constituency
Created1977
Seats3
Member(s)
  •      PP (2)
  •      PSOE (1)

Contents

Electoral systemEdit

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts in the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, the Constitution requires for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprises all nationals over eighteen and in full enjoyment of their political rights. The only exception was in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in full enjoyment of their political and civil rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[3] 348 seats are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method may result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude.[4] Each provincial constituency is entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with the remaining 248 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations. Ceuta and Melilla are allocated the two remaining seats, which are elected using plurality voting.[2][5][6][7]

The electoral law provides that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors are allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors are required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they are seeking election—0.1 percent and, at least, the signature of 500 electors, until 1985—. Also since 2011, parties, federations or coalitions who have not obtained a mandate in either House of Parliament at the preceding election are required to secure the signature of at least 0.1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they are seeking election. Electors are barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election are required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[5][7]

DeputiesEdit

Deputies for Teruel 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
1 2
1st 1979
1 2
2nd 1982
2 1
3rd 1986
2 1
4th 1989
2 1
5th 1993
2 1
6th 1996
1 2
7th 2000
1 2
8th 2004
2 1
9th 2008
2 1
10th 2011
1 2
11th 2015
1 2
12th 2016
1 2
13th 2019
1 1 1

ElectionsEdit

2019 general electionEdit

Summary of the 28 April 2019 Congress of Deputies election results in Teruel
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 25,500 32.74 +6.41 1 ±0
People's Party (PP) 18,521 23.78 –17.48 1 –1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs) 15,378 19.74 +6.56 1 +1
Vox (Vox) 8,305 10.66 New 0 ±0
United We Can (PodemosIUeQuo) 8,236 10.57 –6.19 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 448 0.58 +0.04 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 271 0.35 +0.02 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 109 0.14 –0.03 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 89 0.11 +0.02 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 73 0.09 New 0 ±0
Puyalón (PYLN) 65 0.08 New 0 ±0
Death to the System (+MAS+) 46 0.06 New 0 ±0
Union of Everyone (UdT) 28 0.04 –0.02 0 ±0
Blank ballots 825 1.06 +0.12
Total 77,894 3 ±0
Valid votes 77,894 98.30 –0.37
Invalid votes 1,344 1.70 +0.37
Votes cast / turnout 79,238 77.00 +7.58
Abstentions
Registered voters 107,734
Sources[8]

2016 general electionEdit

Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Teruel
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's PartyAragonese Party (PP–PAR) 30,913 41.26 +4.86 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 19,724 26.33 +0.67 1 ±0
United We Can in Aragon (PodemosIUeQuo)1 12,558 16.76 –3.57 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 9,871 13.18 –1.53 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 402 0.54 +0.06 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 245 0.33 –0.07 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 160 0.21 New 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 125 0.17 –0.01 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 71 0.09 –0.03 0 ±0
Social Aragonese Movement (MAS) 62 0.08 New 0 ±0
Union of Everyone (UdT) 48 0.06 New 0 ±0
Independents for Aragon (i) 39 0.05 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 704 0.94 –0.20
Total 74,922 3 ±0
Valid votes 74,922 98.67 +0.04
Invalid votes 1,010 1.33 –0.04
Votes cast / turnout 75,932 69.42 –2.21
Abstentions 33,448 30.58 +2.21
Registered voters 109,380
Sources[9]

2015 general electionEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Teruel
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's PartyAragonese Party (PP–PAR) 28,282 36.40 –15.38 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 19,938 25.66 –7.26 1 ±0
We Can (Podemos) 11,895 15.31 New 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 11,427 14.71 New 0 ±0
United LeftAragonese UnionPopular Unity in Common (IU–CHA–UPeC) 3,897 5.02 –2.88 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 456 0.59 –2.85 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 375 0.48 +0.14 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 313 0.40 –0.20 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 139 0.18 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 97 0.12 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 883 1.14 –1.05
Total 77,702 3 ±0
Valid votes 77,702 98.63 +0.78
Invalid votes 1,082 1.37 –0.78
Votes cast / turnout 78,784 71.63 +1.35
Abstentions 31,200 28.37 –1.35
Registered voters 109,984
Sources[10]

2011 general electionEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Teruel
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's PartyAragonese Party (PP–PAR)1 39,993 51.78 +3.59 2 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 25,426 32.92 –11.58 1 –1
Aragonese UnionUnited Left: Plural Left (CHA–IU)2 6,103 7.90 +2.94 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 2,656 3.44 +2.99 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 466 0.60 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 260 0.34 +0.23 0 ±0
Pirate Party (Pirata) 218 0.28 New 0 ±0
Socialists for Teruel (SxT) 169 0.22 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 151 0.20 +0.17 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 93 0.12 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,694 2.19 +1.10
Total 77,229 3 ±0
Valid votes 77,229 97.85 –1.39
Invalid votes 1,700 2.15 +1.39
Votes cast / turnout 78,929 70.28 –6.29
Abstentions 33,372 29.72 +6.29
Registered voters 112,301
Sources[11]

2008 general electionEdit

Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Teruel
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 38,617 44.50 +3.41 2 ±0
People's Party (PP) 34,386 39.62 –1.21 1 ±0
Aragonese Party (PAR) 7,440 8.57 +0.61 0 ±0
United Left (IU) 2,270 2.62 –0.24 0 ±0
Aragonese Union (CHA) 2,029 2.34 –2.73 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 388 0.45 New 0 ±0
The Greens–Green Group (LV–GV) 170 0.20 New 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 113 0.13 New 0 ±0
Anti-Bullfighting Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 93 0.11 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 55 0.06 ±0.00 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 49 0.06 –0.07 0 ±0
Aragon United Citizens Party (pCUA) 43 0.05 New 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 34 0.04 +0.01 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 30 0.03 New 0 ±0
Social Democratic Party–Federation of Independents of Aragon (PSD–FIA) 30 0.03 New 0 ±0
Spanish Alternative (AES) 21 0.02 New 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFyV) 18 0.02 –0.03 0 ±0
Authentic Phalanx (FA) 17 0.02 New 0 ±0
Spain 2000 (E–2000) 16 0.02 New 0 ±0
National Alliance (AN) 13 0.01 New 0 ±0
Centrist Party (PCTR) 10 0.01 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 944 1.09 –0.44
Total 86,786 3 ±0
Valid votes 86,786 99.24 +0.03
Invalid votes 667 0.76 –0.03
Votes cast / turnout 87,453 76.57 +0.21
Abstentions 26,759 23.43 –0.21
Registered voters 114,212
Sources[12]

2004 general electionEdit

Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Teruel
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 36,152 41.09 +7.28 2 +1
People's Party (PP) 35,920 40.83 –7.10 1 –1
Aragonese Party (PAR) 7,000 7.96 –1.88 0 ±0
Aragonese Union (CHA) 4,463 5.07 +1.71 0 ±0
United LeftThe Greens (IU–LV) 2,514 2.86 –0.03 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 110 0.13 New 0 ±0
Citizens for Blank Votes (CenB) 99 0.11 New 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 81 0.09 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 54 0.06 New 0 ±0
Republican Left (IR) 53 0.06 New 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFyV) 47 0.05 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 40 0.05 –0.01 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 30 0.03 New 0 ±0
The Phalanx (FE) 29 0.03 –0.07 0 ±0
Spanish Democratic Party (PADE) 23 0.03 ±0.00 0 ±0
Republican Social Movement (MSR) 18 0.02 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,349 1.53 +0.11
Total 87,982 3 ±0
Valid votes 87,982 99.21 +0.63
Invalid votes 705 0.79 –0.63
Votes cast / turnout 88,687 76.36 +4.17
Abstentions 27,454 23.64 –4.17
Registered voters 116,141
Sources[13]

2000 general electionEdit

Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Teruel
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 40,383 47.93 –1.30 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 28,488 33.81 –7.41 1 ±0
Aragonese Party (PAR) 8,294 9.84 New 0 ±0
Aragonese Union (CHA) 2,831 3.36 +1.52 0 ±0
United Left of Aragon (IU) 2,438 2.89 –3.11 0 ±0
The Greens–Green Group–SOS Nature (LV–GV) 317 0.38 New 0 ±0
The Phalanx (FE) 81 0.10 New 0 ±0
Aragonese Initiative (INAR) 65 0.08 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 51 0.06 New 0 ±0
Natural Law Party (PLN) 36 0.04 New 0 ±0
Spain 2000 Platform (ES2000) 32 0.04 New 0 ±0
Spanish Democratic Party (PADE) 25 0.03 New 0 ±0
Catalan State (EC) 18 0.02 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,193 1.42 +0.16
Total 84,252 3 ±0
Valid votes 84,252 98.58 –0.87
Invalid votes 1,211 1.42 +0.87
Votes cast / turnout 85,463 72.19 –5.30
Abstentions 32,927 27.81 +5.30
Registered voters 118,390
Sources[14]

1996 general electionEdit

Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Teruel
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's PartyAragonese Party (PP–PAR)1 45,207 49.23 –2.24 2 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 37,856 41.22 +0.89 1 –1
United Left of Aragon (IU) 5,506 6.00 +1.57 0 ±0
Aragonese Union (CHA) 1,691 1.84 +1.32 0 ±0
Centrist Union (UC) 227 0.25 –1.57 0 ±0
Workers' Revolutionary Party (PRT) 94 0.10 New 0 ±0
Authentic Spanish Phalanx (FEA) 91 0.10 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,158 1.26 +0.60
Total 91,830 3 ±0
Valid votes 91,830 99.45 +0.11
Invalid votes 504 0.55 –0.11
Votes cast / turnout 92,334 77.49 +1.66
Abstentions 26,826 22.51 –1.66
Registered voters 119,160
Sources[15]

1993 general electionEdit

Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Teruel
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 36,327 40.33 +0.25 2 ±0
People's Party (PP) 34,293 38.07 +5.18 1 ±0
Aragonese Party (PAR) 12,070 13.40 +2.84 0 ±0
United Left of Aragon (IU) 3,990 4.43 +0.18 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 1,644 1.82 –6.87 0 ±0
Aragonese Union (CHA) 465 0.52 +0.28 0 ±0
The Ecologists (LE) 200 0.22 –0.21 0 ±0
The Greens (LV) 193 0.21 –0.14 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group–Independent Party–Social Movement (ARM–PAI–MAS) 86 0.10 –0.49 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 63 0.07 –0.02 0 ±0
Revolutionary Workers' Party (POR) 56 0.06 New 0 ±0
Coalition for a New Socialist Party (CNPS) 54 0.06 New 0 ±0
Natural Law Party (PLN) 46 0.05 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 0 0.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 597 0.66 –0.03
Total 90,084 3 ±0
Valid votes 90,084 99.34 +0.20
Invalid votes 594 0.66 –0.20
Votes cast / turnout 90,678 75.83 +4.90
Abstentions 28,900 24.17 –4.90
Registered voters 119,578
Sources[16]

1989 general electionEdit

Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Teruel
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 33,744 40.08 –1.00 2 ±0
People's Party (PP)1 27,695 32.89 +0.08 1 ±0
Regionalist Aragonese Party (PAR) 8,894 10.56 +0.91 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 7,319 8.69 –1.91 0 ±0
United Left (IU) 3,580 4.25 +2.69 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) 497 0.59 New 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 410 0.49 –0.01 0 ±0
The Ecologist Greens (LVE) 365 0.43 New 0 ±0
Workers' Party of Spain–Communist Unity (PTE–UC)2 354 0.42 –0.57 0 ±0
The Greens–Green List (LV–LV) 291 0.35 New 0 ±0
Aragonese Union (UA–CHA) 203 0.24 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 97 0.12 –0.24 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 88 0.10 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 74 0.09 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 585 0.69 –0.18
Total 84,196 3 ±0
Valid votes 84,196 99.14 +0.70
Invalid votes 731 0.86 –0.70
Votes cast / turnout 84,927 70.93 +0.53
Abstentions 34,799 29.07 –0.53
Registered voters 119,726
Sources[17]

1986 general electionEdit

Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Teruel
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 35,785 41.08 +0.11 2 ±0
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 28,583 32.81 –0.72 1 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 9,233 10.60 +5.88 0 ±0
Regionalist Aragonese Party (PAR) 8,405 9.65 New 0 ±0
United Left (IU)2 1,363 1.56 +0.37 0 ±0
Democratic Reformist Party (PRD) 956 1.11 New 0 ±0
Communists' Unity Board (MUC) 860 0.99 New 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 434 0.50 +0.08 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 312 0.36 New 0 ±0
Republican Popular Unity (UPR)3 224 0.26 +0.13 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 205 0.24 +0.08 0 ±0
Blank ballots 754 0.87 +0.21
Total 87,114 3 ±0
Valid votes 87,114 98.44 +0.27
Invalid votes 1,378 1.56 –0.27
Votes cast / turnout 88,492 70.40 –9.65
Abstentions 37,209 29.60 +9.65
Registered voters 125,701
Sources[18]

1982 general electionEdit

Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Teruel
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 38,834 40.97 +13.84 2 +1
People's Alliance–People's Democratic–Aragonese Party (APPDPPAR)1 31,779 33.53 +25.27 1 +1
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 15,570 16.43 –39.02 0 –2
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 4,472 4.72 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of Aragon (PCA–PCE) 1,124 1.19 –2.05 0 ±0
New Force (FN)2 975 1.03 –1.34 0 ±0
Socialist Party of Aragon (PSAr)3 626 0.66 –0.07 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 399 0.42 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 148 0.16 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (Marxist–Leninist) (PCE (m–l)) 125 0.13 New 0 ±0
Falangist Movement of Spain (MFE) 99 0.10 New 0 ±0
Communist Left (LCRMC)4 0 0.00 –0.44 0 ±0
Blank ballots 627 0.66 +0.13
Total 94,778 3 ±0
Valid votes 94,778 98.17 –0.72
Invalid votes 1,767 1.83 +0.72
Votes cast / turnout 96,545 80.05 +10.39
Abstentions 24,055 19.95 –10.39
Registered voters 120,600
Sources[19]

1979 general electionEdit

Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Teruel
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 46,775 55.45 +5.25 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 22,886 27.13 +5.89 1 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 6,971 8.26 –8.01 0 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 2,737 3.24 +0.62 0 ±0
National Union (UN)3 2,000 2.37 +2.01 0 ±0
Coalition for Aragon (PSAr–PSDA) 615 0.73 New 0 ±0
Party of Labour of Spain (PTE) 475 0.56 New 0 ±0
Workers' Communist Party (PCT) 322 0.38 New 0 ±0
Communist MovementOrganization of Communist Left (MC–OIC) 247 0.29 New 0 ±0
Republican Left (IR) 246 0.29 New 0 ±0
Carlist Party (PC) 197 0.23 New 0 ±0
Communist Organization of Spain (Red Flag) (OCE–BR) 152 0.18 New 0 ±0
Workers' Revolutionary Organization (ORT) 151 0.18 +0.18 0 ±0
Revolutionary Communist League (LCR) 128 0.15 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 448 0.53 +0.02
Total 84,350 3 ±0
Valid votes 84,350 98.89 +0.77
Invalid votes 945 1.11 –0.77
Votes cast / turnout 85,295 69.66 –14.93
Abstentions 37,146 30.34 +14.93
Registered voters 122,441
Sources[20]

1977 general electionEdit

Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Teruel
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 46,820 50.20 n/a 2 n/a
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 16,423 17.61 n/a 1 n/a
People's Alliance (AP) 15,180 16.27 n/a 0 n/a
Independent (INDEP) 6,158 6.60 n/a 0 n/a
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 3,387 3.63 n/a 0 n/a
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 2,442 2.62 n/a 0 n/a
Spanish Social Reform (RSE) 1,842 1.97 n/a 0 n/a
National Alliance July 18 (AN18) 332 0.36 n/a 0 n/a
Independent Liberal Party (PLI) 209 0.22 n/a 0 n/a
Blank ballots 479 0.51 n/a
Total 93,272 3 n/a
Valid votes 93,272 98.12 n/a
Invalid votes 1,783 1.88 n/a
Votes cast / turnout 95,055 84.59 n/a
Abstentions 17,321 15.41 n/a
Registered voters 112,376
Sources[21]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Political Reform Act of 1977". Law No. 1 of 4 January 1977. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Spanish Constitution of 1978". Act of 29 December 1978. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  4. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 22 July 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  5. ^ a b "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  6. ^ "Constitution" (PDF). congreso.es. Congress of Deputies. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  8. ^ "Teruel - Aragón - Total nacional - Congreso - Elecciones Generales España 2019". resultados.eleccionesgenerales19.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  9. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 2016. Teruel". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  10. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Teruel". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Teruel". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  12. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2008. Teruel". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  13. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2004. Teruel". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  14. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2000. Teruel". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  15. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 1996. Teruel". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  16. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1993. Teruel". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  17. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. October 1989. Teruel". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  18. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1986. Teruel". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  19. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. October 1982. Teruel". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  20. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 1979. Teruel". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  21. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1977. Teruel". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.

Coordinates: 40°40′N 0°40′W / 40.667°N 0.667°W / 40.667; -0.667