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Results breakdown of the 2011 Spanish general election (Congress)

This is the results breakdown of the Congress of Deputies election held in Spain on 20 November 2011. The following tables show detailed results in each of the country's 17 autonomous communities and in the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla, as well as a summary of constituency results.[1]

Spain Main: 2011 Spanish general election
20 November 2011 2015 →
2011 Spanish election - Simple.svg
SpainVoteChartCongress2011.png
Party
Votes
%
Seats
PP 10,866,566 44.6% 186
PSOE 7,003,511 28.8% 110
IU–LV 1,686,040 6.9% 11
UPyD 1,143,225 4.7% 5
CiU 1,015,691 4.2% 16
Amaiur 334,498 1.4% 7
EAJ/PNV 324,317 1.3% 5
esquerra 256,985 1.1% 3
BNG 184,037 0.8% 2
Others 1,534,016 6.3% 5
Total
24,348,886 100.0% 350

Electoral systemEdit

348 members of the Congress of Deputies were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method might result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude.[2] Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the provinces of Spain. Each constituency was entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with the remaining 248 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations. Ceuta and Melilla were allocated the two remaining seats, which were elected using plurality voting. Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen and in full enjoyment of their political rights.[3] Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[4]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, parties, federations or coalitions who had not obtained a mandate in either House of Parliament at the preceding election were required to secure the signature of at least 0.1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they sought election, whereas groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of 1 percent of electors. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[5][6][7][8]

NationwideEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP)1 10,866,566 44.63 +4.52 186 +32
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 7,003,511 28.76 –15.11 110 –59
United LeftThe Greens: Plural Left (IU–LV)2 1,686,040 6.92 +3.00 11 +9
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 1,143,225 4.70 +3.51 5 +4
Convergence and Union (CiU) 1,015,691 4.17 +1.14 16 +6
Amaiur (Amaiur)3 334,498 1.37 +1.05 7 +7
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 324,317 1.33 +0.14 5 –1
Republican Left (esquerra) 256,985 1.06 –0.10 3 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 216,748 0.89 New 0 ±0
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 184,037 0.76 –0.07 2 ±0
Canarian Coalition–New Canaries–Canarian Nationalist Party (CCNCPNC)4 143,881 0.59 –0.24 2 ±0
BlocInitiativeGreensEquo: Commitment Coalition (Compromís–Q)5 125,306 0.51 +0.39 1 +1
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 102,144 0.42 +0.25 0 ±0
Forum of Citizens (FAC) 99,473 0.41 New 1 +1
Blank Seats (EB) 97,673 0.40 +0.38 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA)6 76,999 0.32 +0.05 0 ±0
Platform for Catalonia (PxC) 59,949 0.25 New 0 ±0
Regionalist Party of Cantabria (PRC) 44,010 0.18 New 0 ±0
Yes to the Future (GBai)7 42,415 0.17 –0.07 1 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 27,210 0.11 +0.02 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 26,254 0.11 +0.03 0 ±0
Anti-capitalists (Anticapitalistas) 22,289 0.09 New 0 ±0
Pirates of Catalonia (Pirata.cat) 21,876 0.09 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 15,869 0.07 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 10,132 0.04 ±0.00 0 ±0
Spain 2000 (E–2000) 9,266 0.04 +0.01 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 6,863 0.03 +0.01 0 ±0
Republicans (RPS) 5,430 0.02 New 0 ±0
Hartos.org (Hartos.org) 3,820 0.02 New 0 ±0
Pirate Party (Pirata) 3,426 0.01 New 0 ±0
Canarian Nationalist Alternative (ANC) 3,180 0.01 +0.01 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 2,898 0.01 –0.04 0 ±0
Liberal Democratic Centre (CDL) 2,848 0.01 ±0.00 0 ±0
Castilian Party (PCAS)8 2,431 0.01 –0.01 0 ±0
United for Valencia (UxV)9 2,210 0.01 ±0.00 0 ±0
Individual Freedom Party (P–LIB) 2,065 0.01 New 0 ±0
Regionalist Party of the Leonese Country (PREPAL) 2,058 0.01 +0.01 0 ±0
Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI) 2,007 0.01 –0.02 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 1,867 0.01 –0.04 0 ±0
Regionalist Party for Eastern Andalusia (PRAO) 1,784 0.01 New 0 ±0
Caballas Coalition (Caballas) 1,712 0.01 New 0 ±0
XXI Convergence (C.XXI) 1,443 0.01 New 0 ±0
Unity of the People (UP) 1,138 0.00 ±0.00 0 ±0
Convergence for Extremadura (CEx) 1,090 0.00 New 0 ±0
Andecha Astur (Andecha Astur) 1,087 0.00 –0.01 0 ±0
Citizens of Democratic Centre (CCD) 1,074 0.00 New 0 ±0
Citizens' Action for Málaga (ACIMA) 966 0.00 New 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFyV) 829 0.04 –0.04 0 ±0
Death to the System (+MAS+) 791 0.00 New 0 ±0
Toledo Independent Citizens' Union (UCIT) 785 0.00 New 0 ±0
Let us Give the Change (DeC) 778 0.00 New 0 ±0
Centre and Democracy Forum (CyD) 720 0.00 New 0 ±0
Regionalist Unity of Castile and León (URCL) 709 0.00 ±0.00 0 ±0
Party for the Regeneration of Democracy in Spain (PRDE) 678 0.00 New 0 ±0
Internet Party (Internet) 603 0.00 New 0 ±0
Left Republican Party–Republicans (PRE–R) 419 0.00 New 0 ±0
Enough is Enough, Open Grouping of Political Parties (Basta Ya) 380 0.00 New 0 ±0
Constitutional and Democratic Party (PDyC) 304 0.00 New 0 ±0
The Greens–Green Group (LV–GV) 293 0.00 –0.12 0 ±0
Democratic Hygiene (HD) 206 0.00 New 0 ±0
Socialists for Teruel (SxT) 169 0.00 New 0 ±0
Navarrese and Spanish Right (DNE) 0 0.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 333,461 1.37 +0.26
Total 24,348,886 350 ±0
Valid votes 24,348,886 98.71 –0.65
Invalid votes 317,555 1.29 +0.65
Votes cast / turnout 24,666,441 68.94 –4.91
Abstentions 11,113,050 31.06 +4.91
Registered voters 35,779,491
Sources[9][10]

SummaryEdit

ConstituenciesEdit

Summary of constituency results in the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election
Constituency PP PSOE IU–LV UPyD CiU Amaiur PNV esquerra BNG CC–NC Compromís FAC GBai
% S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S
A Coruña 51.5 5 27.3 2 4.6 1.3 11.7 1
Álava 27.2 1 23.4 1 4.1 2.8 19.1 1 18.8 1
Albacete 55.1 3 30.1 1 6.2 5.0
Alicante 55.2 8 27.0 4 6.5 5.6 0.3 3.1
Almería 57.6 4 29.9 2 5.3 3.9
Asturias 35.4 3 29.3 3 13.2 1 3.9 14.7 1
Ávila 61.9 2 22.9 1 4.5 7.8
Badajoz 50.6 4 37.6 2 6.0 3.5
Balearic Islands 49.6 5 28.9 3 4.9 4.2 1.1
Barcelona 20.9 7 27.8 10 9.1 3 1.3 27.2 9 6.5 2
Biscay 17.7 1 21.4 2 3.8 1.7 19.2 2 32.6 3
Burgos 54.2 3 28.0 1 5.6 7.5
Cáceres 52.0 2 36.5 2 5.3 3.4
Cádiz 47.1 5 32.8 3 8.7 4.8
Cantabria 52.2 4 25.2 1 3.6 3.6
Castellón 52.8 3 29.6 2 5.3 4.0 0.5 4.0
Ceuta 65.9 1 20.3 1.8 3.3
Ciudad Real 55.2 3 32.0 2 5.4 4.4
Córdoba 44.6 3 36.4 3 9.8 3.8
Cuenca 55.9 2 33.0 1 4.8 3.6
Gipuzkoa 13.7 1 21.0 1 3.4 1.5 34.8 3 22.4 1
Girona 16.2 1 21.4 1 5.5 0.6 39.2 3 10.8 1
Granada 46.7 4 36.5 3 7.9 5.2
Guadalajara 54.0 2 27.7 1 6.8 7.5
Huelva 43.9 3 40.5 2 7.0 3.4
Huesca 48.5 2 33.8 1 8.2 4.5
Jaén 45.4 3 41.0 3 7.0 3.4
La Rioja 54.7 3 31.1 1 4.6 6.0
Las Palmas 51.0 5 26.2 2 4.2 2.8 11.3 1
León 52.1 3 34.2 2 5.3 4.7
Lleida 19.4 1 20.3 1 3.9 0.6 41.3 2 8.6
Lugo 56.1 3 28.3 1 3.1 0.9 9.2
Madrid 51.0 19 26.0 10 8.0 3 10.3 4 0.2
Málaga 49.7 6 31.6 3 9.0 1 5.6
Melilla 66.7 1 25.3 3.7
Murcia 64.2 8 21.0 2 5.7 6.3
Navarre 38.2 2 22.0 1 5.5 2.1 14.9 1 12.8 1
Ourense 56.7 3 28.1 1 2.3 0.8 9.3
Palencia 55.1 2 31.3 1 5.9 4.4
Pontevedra 50.8 4 28.1 2 4.6 1.3 12.0 1
Salamanca 60.0 3 26.2 1 4.3 6.2
Santa Cruz de Tenerife 44.8 4 23.5 2 4.4 2.5 19.8 1
Segovia 56.4 2 26.8 1 5.7 7.4
Seville 38.7 5 41.7 6 8.6 1 5.5
Soria 54.9 1 31.4 1 4.7 4.3
Tarragona 23.6 2 26.1 2 5.4 1.1 30.5 2 7.4
Teruel 51.8 2 32.9 1 7.9 3.4
Toledo 57.3 4 29.2 2 5.8 5.0
Valencia 52.2 9 26.0 4 6.8 1 5.9 1 0.3 6.0 1
Valladolid 52.9 3 29.0 2 7.4 7.2
Zamora 57.8 2 29.7 1 5.2 3.9
Zaragoza 46.9 4 30.8 2 11.5 1 6.4
Total 44.6 186 28.8 110 6.9 11 4.7 5 4.2 16 1.4 7 1.3 5 1.1 3 0.8 2 0.6 2 0.5 1 0.4 1 0.2 1

RegionsEdit

Summary of regional results in the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election
Region PP PSOE IU–LV UPyD CiU Amaiur PNV esquerra BNG CC–NC Compromís FAC GBai
% S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S
Andalusia 45.6 33 36.6 25 8.3 2 4.8
Aragon 47.7 8 31.5 4 10.5 1 5.8
Asturias 35.4 3 29.3 3 13.2 1 3.9 14.7 1
Balearic Islands 49.6 5 28.9 3 4.9 4.2 1.1
Basque Country 17.8 3 21.6 4 3.7 1.8 24.1 6 27.4 5
Canary Islands 48.0 9 24.9 4 4.3 2.6 15.5 2
Cantabria 52.2 4 25.2 1 3.6 3.6
Castile and León 55.4 21 29.2 11 5.6 6.1
Castilla–La Mancha 55.8 14 30.3 7 5.8 5.0
Catalonia 20.7 11 26.7 14 8.1 3 1.1 29.3 16 7.1 3
Ceuta 65.9 1 20.3 1.8 3.3
Extremadura 51.2 6 37.2 4 5.7 3.5
Galicia 52.5 15 27.8 6 4.1 1.2 11.2 2
La Rioja 54.7 3 31.1 1 4.6 6.0
Madrid 51.0 19 26.0 10 8.0 3 10.3 4 0.2
Melilla 66.7 1 25.3 3.7
Murcia 64.2 8 21.0 2 5.7 6.3
Navarre 38.2 2 22.0 1 5.5 2.1 14.9 1 12.8 1
Valencian Community 53.3 20 26.8 10 6.5 1 5.6 1 0.3 4.8 1
Total 44.6 186 28.8 110 6.9 11 4.7 5 4.2 16 1.4 7 1.3 5 1.1 3 0.8 2 0.6 2 0.5 1 0.4 1 0.2 1

Autonomous communitiesEdit

AndalusiaEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Andalusia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,985,612 45.57 +7.39 33 +8
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 1,594,893 36.60 –15.33 25 –11
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia: Plural Left (IULV–CA) 360,212 8.27 +3.16 2 +2
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 207,923 4.77 +3.87 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA)1 76,999 1.77 +0.25 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 35,639 0.82 New 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 11,194 0.26 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 7,966 0.18 +0.03 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 5,556 0.13 +0.05 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 2,969 0.07 –0.02 0 ±0
Anti-capitalists (Anticapitalistas) 2,890 0.07 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 1,909 0.04 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 1,814 0.04 +0.01 0 ±0
Regionalist Party for Eastern Andalusia (PRAO) 1,784 0.04 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 1,662 0.04 ±0.00 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 1,656 0.04 ±0.00 0 ±0
Citizens' Action for Málaga (ACIMA) 966 0.02 New 0 ±0
Hartos.org (Hartos.org) 921 0.02 New 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 789 0.02 –0.02 0 ±0
Internet Party (Internet) 603 0.01 New 0 ±0
Let us Give the Change (DeC) 270 0.01 New 0 ±0
Republicans (RPS) 249 0.01 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 53,267 1.22 +0.22
Total 4,357,743 60 –1
Valid votes 4,357,743 98.97 –0.45
Invalid votes 45,305 1.03 +0.45
Votes cast / turnout 4,403,048 68.90 –3.87
Abstentions 1,987,090 31.10 +3.87
Registered voters 6,390,138
Sources[11][10]

AragonEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Aragon
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's PartyAragonese Party (PP–PAR)1 339,502 47.70 +5.47 8 +3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 224,314 31.52 –14.87 4 –4
Aragonese UnionUnited Left: Plural Left (CHA–IU)2 74,944 10.53 +2.71 1 +1
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 41,032 5.77 +4.63 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 5,329 0.75 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 3,404 0.48 +0.32 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 3,106 0.44 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 1,409 0.20 +0.16 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 1,376 0.19 +0.13 0 ±0
Pirate Party (Pirata) 621 0.09 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 570 0.08 New 0 ±0
Let us Give the Change (DeC) 508 0.07 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 463 0.07 +0.05 0 ±0
Individual Freedom Party (P–LIB) 410 0.06 New 0 ±0
Socialists for Teruel (SxT) 169 0.02 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 14,535 2.04 +0.79
Total 711,692 13 ±0
Valid votes 711,692 98.43 –0.45
Invalid votes 11,379 1.57 +0.45
Votes cast / turnout 723,071 70.99 –4.93
Abstentions 295,439 29.01 +4.93
Registered voters 1,018,510
Sources[12][10]

AsturiasEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Asturias
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 223,906 35.40 –6.18 3 –1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 185,526 29.34 –17.59 3 –1
Forum of Citizens (FAC) 92,828 14.68 New 1 +1
United Left of Asturias: Plural Left (IU–IX) 83,755 13.24 +6.06 1 +1
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 24,721 3.91 +2.55 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 4,033 0.64 New 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 2,532 0.40 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 2,125 0.34 +0.17 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 1,202 0.19 +0.05 0 ±0
Andecha Astur (Andecha Astur) 1,087 0.17 –0.02 0 ±0
Hartos.org (Hartos.org) 867 0.14 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 383 0.06 ±0.00 0 ±0
Democratic and Constitutional Party (PDyC) 304 0.05 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 284 0.04 +0.02 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 282 0.04 ±0.00 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 209 0.03 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 8,392 1.33 +0.09
Total 632,436 8 ±0
Valid votes 632,436 99.03 –0.32
Invalid votes 6,193 0.97 +0.32
Votes cast / turnout 638,629 64.57 –6.72
Abstentions 350,416 35.43 +6.72
Registered voters 989,045
Sources[13][10]

Balearic IslandsEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in the Balearic Islands
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 217,327 49.59 +5.62 5 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 126,512 28.87 –15.36 3 –1
PSMInitiative GreensAgreementEquo (PSM–IV–ExM–eQuo) 31,417 7.17 +1.80 0 ±0
United Left of the Balearic Islands: Plural Left (EUIB) 21,668 4.94 +2.10 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 18,525 4.23 +3.57 0 ±0
Republican Left (Esquerra) 4,681 1.07 New 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 4,271 0.97 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 3,641 0.83 +0.58 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 1,093 0.25 +0.16 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFyV) 746 0.17 +0.11 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 450 0.10 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 7,941 1.81 +0.54
Total 438,272 8 ±0
Valid votes 438,272 98.38 –0.77
Invalid votes 7,216 1.62 +0.77
Votes cast / turnout 445,488 60.96 –6.61
Abstentions 285,252 39.04 +6.61
Registered voters 730,740
Sources[14][10]

Basque CountryEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in the Basque Country
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 324,317 27.41 +0.30 5 –1
Amaiur (Amaiur)1 285,290 24.11 +16.99 6 +6
Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE)) 255,013 21.55 –16.59 4 –5
People's Party (PP) 210,797 17.81 –0.72 3 ±0
United LeftThe Greens: Plural Left (IU–LV) 43,717 3.69 –0.77 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 21,282 1.80 +0.86 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 15,351 1.30 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 6,446 0.54 +0.16 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 3,486 0.29 +0.04 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 2,886 0.24 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 1,239 0.10 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 13,448 1.14 –0.69
Total 1,183,272 18 ±0
Valid votes 1,183,272 98.96 –0.06
Invalid votes 12,433 1.04 +0.06
Votes cast / turnout 1,195,705 67.34 +3.31
Abstentions 579,843 32.66 –3.31
Registered voters 1,775,548
Sources[15][10]

Canary IslandsEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in the Canary Islands
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 446,118 47.97 +12.97 9 +3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 231,086 24.85 –14.72 4 –3
Canarian Coalition–New Canaries–Canarian Nationalist Party (CCNCPNC)1 143,881 15.47 –5.83 2 ±0
Canarian United Left: Plural Left (IUC) 40,123 4.31 +3.06 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 24,524 2.64 +2.28 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 15,587 1.68 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 4,906 0.53 +0.47 0 ±0
Canarian Nationalist Alternative (ANC) 3,180 0.34 +0.24 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 2,672 0.29 +0.20 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 2,305 0.25 +0.11 0 ±0
Unity of the People (UP) 1,138 0.12 +0.05 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 1,051 0.11 +0.05 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 979 0.11 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 316 0.03 +0.01 0 ±0
Blank ballots 12,044 1.30 +0.57
Total 929,910 15 ±0
Valid votes 929,910 98.30 –1.04
Invalid votes 16,098 1.70 +1.04
Votes cast / turnout 946,008 59.60 –6.27
Abstentions 641,287 40.40 +6.27
Registered voters 1,587,295
Sources[16][10]

CantabriaEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Cantabria
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 183,244 52.17 +2.18 4 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 88,624 25.23 –18.38 1 –1
Regionalist Party of Cantabria (PRC) 44,010 12.53 New 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 12,614 3.59 +2.21 0 ±0
United Left of Cantabria: Plural Left (IUC) 12,608 3.59 +1.32 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 2,482 0.71 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 1,232 0.35 +0.16 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 578 0.16 +0.03 0 ±0
Enough is Enough, Open Grouping of Political Parties (Basta Ya) 380 0.11 New 0 ±0
Anti-capitalists (Anticapitalistas) 354 0.10 New 0 ±0
Republicans (RPS) 277 0.08 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 275 0.08 +0.03 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 269 0.08 +0.02 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 145 0.04 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,157 1.18 –0.05
Total 351,249 5 ±0
Valid votes 351,249 98.86 –0.35
Invalid votes 4,040 1.14 +0.35
Votes cast / turnout 355,289 71.56 –4.82
Abstentions 141,194 28.44 +4.82
Registered voters 496,483
Sources[17][10]

Castile and LeónEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Castile and León
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 843,110 55.37 +5.36 21 +3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 444,451 29.19 –13.59 11 –3
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 93,197 6.12 +4.59 0 ±0
United Left of Castile and León: Plural Left (IUCyL) 85,814 5.64 +3.13 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 10,166 0.67 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 5,436 0.36 +0.21 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 2,767 0.18 +0.09 0 ±0
Party of Castile and León (PCAL)1 2,080 0.14 –0.07 0 ±0
Regionalist Party of the Leonese Country (PREPAL) 2,058 0.14 +0.08 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 1,335 0.09 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 1,236 0.08 +0.01 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 887 0.06 +0.03 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 882 0.06 –0.02 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 795 0.05 New 0 ±0
Regionalist Unity of Castile and León (URCL) 709 0.05 +0.02 0 ±0
Anti-capitalists (Anticapitalistas) 707 0.05 New 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 607 0.04 –0.04 0 ±0
Citizens of Democratic Centre (CCD) 506 0.03 New 0 ±0
Democratic Hygiene (HD) 206 0.01 New 0 ±0
Republicans (RPS) 200 0.01 New 0 ±0
Hartos.org (Hartos.org) 174 0.01 New 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFyV) 83 0.01 ±0.00 0 ±0
Blank ballots 25,201 1.66 +0.46
Total 1,522,607 32 ±0
Valid votes 1,522,607 98.57 –0.70
Invalid votes 22,136 1.43 +0.70
Votes cast / turnout 1,544,743 71.29 –6.37
Abstentions 622,114 28.71 +6.37
Registered voters 2,166,857
Sources[18][10]

Castilla–La ManchaEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Castilla–La Mancha
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 654,546 55.81 +6.45 14 +2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 355,806 30.34 –14.17 7 –2
United Left of Castilla–La ManchaThe Greens: Plural Left (IUCLM–LV) 67,817 5.78 +2.85 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 58,224 4.96 +3.87 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 7,847 0.67 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 4,156 0.35 +0.26 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 2,876 0.25 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 1,438 0.12 +0.06 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 1,135 0.10 +0.02 0 ±0
Hartos.org (Hartos.org) 789 0.07 New 0 ±0
Toledo Independent Citizens' Union (UCIT) 785 0.07 New 0 ±0
Citizens of Democratic Centre (CCD) 568 0.05 New 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 471 0.04 ±0.00 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 446 0.04 New 0 ±0
Castilian Party (PCAS)1 351 0.03 –0.02 0 ±0
Anti-capitalists (Anticapitalistas) 194 0.02 New 0 ±0
Centre and Democracy Forum (CyD) 192 0.02 New 0 ±0
Liberal Democratic Centre (CDL) 178 0.02 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 15,033 1.28 +0.31
Total 1,172,852 21 ±0
Valid votes 1,172,852 98.51 –0.75
Invalid votes 17,718 1.49 +0.75
Votes cast / turnout 1,190,570 75.76 –4.26
Abstentions 380,928 24.24 +4.26
Registered voters 1,571,498
Sources[19][10]

CataloniaEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Catalonia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Convergence and Union (CiU) 1,015,691 29.35 +8.42 16 +6
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 922,547 26.66 –18.73 14 –11
People's Party (PP) 716,371 20.70 +4.30 11 +3
Initiative for Catalonia Greens–United and Alternative Left: EP (ICV–EUiA) 280,152 8.09 +3.17 3 +2
Republican Left of CataloniaRallyCatalonia Yes (ERC–RI.cat) 244,854 7.07 –0.76 3 ±0
Platform for Catalonia (PxC) 59,949 1.73 New 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 50,879 1.47 +1.33 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 39,650 1.15 +0.98 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 23,826 0.69 +0.40 0 ±0
Pirates of Catalonia (Pirata.cat) 21,876 0.63 New 0 ±0
Anti-capitalists (Anticapitalistas) 13,876 0.40 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 3,904 0.11 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Catalan People (PCPC) 1,547 0.04 –0.07 0 ±0
Hartos.org (Hartos.org) 1,069 0.03 New 0 ±0
Left Republican Party–Republicans (PRE–R) 419 0.01 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 366 0.01 –0.05 0 ±0
Blank ballots 63,884 1.85 +0.31
Total 3,460,860 47 ±0
Valid votes 3,460,860 98.42 –1.05
Invalid votes 55,450 1.58 +1.05
Votes cast / turnout 3,516,310 65.16 –5.14
Abstentions 1,880,031 34.84 +5.14
Registered voters 5,396,341
Sources[20][10]

ExtremaduraEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Extremadura
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's PartyUnited Extremadura (PP–EU)1 339,237 51.18 +9.03 6 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 246,514 37.19 –15.10 4 –1
United LeftGreensIndependent Socialists: Plural Left (IU–V–SIEx) 37,766 5.70 +2.75 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 22,913 3.46 +2.69 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 3,496 0.53 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 2,257 0.34 +0.22 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 1,530 0.23 +0.09 0 ±0
Convergence for Extremadura (CEx) 1,090 0.16 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 256 0.04 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 7,773 1.17 +0.34
Total 662,832 10 ±0
Valid votes 662,832 98.59 –0.72
Invalid votes 9,469 1.41 +0.72
Votes cast / turnout 672,301 73.91 –4.64
Abstentions 237,264 26.09 +4.64
Registered voters 909,565
Sources[21][10]

GaliciaEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Galicia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 864,567 52.53 +8.67 15 +4
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG–PSOE) 457,633 27.81 –12.83 6 –4
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 184,037 11.18 –0.33 2 ±0
United LeftThe Greens: Plural Left (EU–V) 67,751 4.12 +2.75 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 19,969 1.21 +0.66 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 10,059 0.61 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 7,374 0.45 +0.30 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 1,895 0.12 ±0.00 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 1,585 0.10 –0.07 0 ±0
XXI Convergence (C.XXI) 1,443 0.09 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 1,200 0.07 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 884 0.05 +0.03 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 694 0.04 –0.02 0 ±0
Blank ballots 26,726 1.62 +0.58
Total 1,645,817 23 ±0
Valid votes 1,645,817 98.38 –0.91
Invalid votes 27,024 1.62 +0.91
Votes cast / turnout 1,672,841 62.21 –8.27
Abstentions 1,015,975 37.79 +8.27
Registered voters 2,688,816
Sources[22][10]

La RiojaEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 95,124 54.70 +5.19 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 54,066 31.09 –12.54 1 –1
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 10,367 5.96 +4.68 0 ±0
United Left: Plural Left (IU) 7,995 4.60 +2.66 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 1,626 0.93 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 779 0.45 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 686 0.39 +0.27 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 380 0.22 +0.14 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 94 0.05 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,793 1.61 +0.51
Total 173,910 4 ±0
Valid votes 173,910 98.42 –0.88
Invalid votes 2,797 1.58 +0.88
Votes cast / turnout 176,707 72.78 –6.51
Abstentions 66,093 27.22 +6.51
Registered voters 242,800
Sources[23][10]

MadridEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,719,709 50.97 +1.78 19 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 878,724 26.05 –13.63 10 –5
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 347,354 10.30 +6.56 4 +3
United LeftThe Greens: Plural Left (IU–LV) 271,209 8.04 +3.38 3 +2
Equo (eQuo) 65,169 1.93 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 13,136 0.39 +0.26 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 12,877 0.38 New 0 ±0
Forum of Citizens (FAC) 6,645 0.20 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 5,314 0.16 +0.09 0 ±0
Anti-capitalists (Anticapitalistas) 4,268 0.13 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 3,815 0.11 +0.05 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 2,706 0.08 –0.05 0 ±0
Republicans (RPS) 2,183 0.06 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI) 1,723 0.05 +0.01 0 ±0
Individual Freedom Party (P–LIB) 1,655 0.05 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 1,350 0.04 +0.03 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 875 0.03 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 35,093 1.04 +0.09
Total 3,373,805 36 +1
Valid votes 3,373,805 98.96 –0.52
Invalid votes 35,526 1.04 +0.52
Votes cast / turnout 3,409,331 73.26 –5.82
Abstentions 1,244,448 26.74 +5.82
Registered voters 4,653,779
Sources[24][10]

MurciaEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Murcia
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 471,851 64.22 +2.98 8 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 154,225 20.99 –11.86 2 –1
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 45,984 6.26 +5.32 0 ±0
United Left–Greens of the Region of Murcia: Plural Left (IU–V–RM) 41,896 5.70 +2.76 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 4,464 0.61 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 2,629 0.36 +0.21 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 1,745 0.24 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 1,130 0.15 +0.09 0 ±0
Liberal Democratic Centre (CDL) 1,127 0.15 +0.05 0 ±0
Death to the System (+MAS+) 791 0.11 New 0 ±0
Party for the Regeneration of Democracy in Spain (PRDE) 678 0.09 New 0 ±0
Centre and Democracy Forum (CyD) 528 0.07 New 0 ±0
Republicans (RPS) 485 0.07 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 465 0.06 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 6,688 0.91 +0.17
Total 734,686 10 ±0
Valid votes 734,686 99.07 –0.23
Invalid votes 6,868 0.93 +0.23
Votes cast / turnout 741,554 74.11 –5.47
Abstentions 259,070 25.89 +5.47
Registered voters 1,000,624
Sources[25][10]

NavarreEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Navarre
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Navarrese People's UnionPeople's Party (UPN–PP) 126,516 38.21 –1.01 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 72,892 22.02 –12.74 1 –1
Amaiur (Amaiur) 49,208 14.86 New 1 +1
Yes to the Future (GBai)1 42,415 12.81 –5.58 1 ±0
Left: Plural Left (I–E (n))2 18,251 5.51 +2.24 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 6,829 2.06 +1.29 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 3,656 1.10 New 0 ±0
Pirate Party (Pirata) 1,804 0.54 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 1,393 0.42 +0.25 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 1,061 0.32 +0.21 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 353 0.11 New 0 ±0
Navarrese and Spanish Right (DNE) 0 0.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 6,707 2.03 +0.56
Total 331,085 5 ±0
Valid votes 331,085 98.41 –0.90
Invalid votes 5,355 1.59 +0.90
Votes cast / turnout 336,440 68.91 –3.15
Abstentions 151,771 31.09 +3.15
Registered voters 488,211
Sources[26][10]

Valencian CommunityEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in the Valencian Community
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,390,233 53.32 +1.73 20 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 697,474 26.75 –14.22 10 –4
United Left of the Valencian CountryThe Greens: Plural Left (EUPV–EV) 169,786 6.51 +3.80 1 +1
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 146,064 5.60 +4.90 1 +1
BlocInitiativeGreensEquo: Commitment Coalition (Compromís–Q)1 125,306 4.81 +3.73 1 +1
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 12,508 0.48 +0.33 0 ±0
Spain 2000 (E–2000) 9,266 0.36 +0.22 0 ±0
Republican Left of the Valencian Country (ERPV) 7,450 0.29 –0.05 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 4,427 0.17 +0.11 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 3,972 0.15 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 3,003 0.12 +0.09 0 ±0
United for Valencia (UxV)2 2,210 0.08 +0.03 0 ±0
Republicans (RPS) 2,036 0.08 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 1,980 0.08 New 0 ±0
Liberal Democratic Centre (CDL) 1,543 0.06 +0.05 0 ±0
Pirate Party (Pirata) 1,001 0.04 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI) 284 0.01 –0.01 0 ±0
Blank ballots 28,785 1.10 +0.25
Total 2,607,328 33 ±0
Valid votes 2,607,328 98.80 –0.53
Invalid votes 31,762 1.20 +0.53
Votes cast / turnout 2,639,090 74.18 –4.66
Abstentions 918,738 25.82 +4.66
Registered voters 3,557,828
Sources[27][10]

Autonomous citiesEdit

CeutaEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Ceuta
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 20,968 65.93 +10.82 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 6,445 20.26 –20.21 0 ±0
Caballas Coalition (Caballas) 1,712 5.38 New 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 1,061 3.34 +2.02 0 ±0
United LeftDemocratic and Social Party of Ceuta: Plural Left (IU–PDSC) 576 1.81 +1.14 0 ±0
The Greens–Green Group (LV–GV) 293 0.92 +0.32 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 186 0.58 +0.31 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 65 0.20 +0.08 0 ±0
Blank ballots 498 1.57 +0.63
Total 31,804 1 ±0
Valid votes 31,804 98.52 –0.82
Invalid votes 478 1.48 +0.82
Votes cast / turnout 32,282 53.16 –10.16
Abstentions 28,441 46.84 +10.16
Registered voters 60,723
Sources[28][10]

MelillaEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 17,828 66.71 +17.68 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 6,766 25.32 –22.78 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 992 3.71 +2.57 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 427 1.60 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 137 0.51 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 80 0.30 +0.20 0 ±0
Blank ballots 496 1.86 +0.97
Total 26,726 1 ±0
Valid votes 26,726 98.86 –0.40
Invalid votes 308 1.14 +0.40
Votes cast / turnout 27,034 49.43 –14.25
Abstentions 27,656 50.57 +14.25
Registered voters 54,690
Sources[29][10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "20N/Elecciones Generales 2011" (in Spanish). Público. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  2. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 22 July 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  3. ^ Carreras et al. 1989, pp. 1077.
  4. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  5. ^ "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  6. ^ "Constitution" (PDF). congreso.es. Congress of Deputies. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
  7. ^ "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  8. ^ "Spanish Constitution of 1978". Act of 29 December 1978. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  9. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. National totals". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "General election 20 November 2011". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Andalusia". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  12. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Aragon". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  13. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Principality of Asturias". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  14. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Balearic Islands". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  15. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Basque Country". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  16. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Canary Islands". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  17. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Cantabria". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  18. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Castile and León". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  19. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Castilla–La Mancha". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  20. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Catalonia". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  21. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Extremadura". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  22. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Galicia". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  23. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. La Rioja". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  24. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Community of Madrid". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  25. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Region of Murcia". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  26. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Foral Community of Navarre". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  27. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Valencian Community". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  28. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Ceuta". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  29. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Melilla". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.

BibliographyEdit