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Jaén (Congress of Deputies constituency)

Jaén is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects five deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Jaén. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Jaén
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Jaén).png
Location of Jaén within Spain
ProvinceJaén
Autonomous communityAndalusia
Population654,170 (2016)
Electorate532,211 (2016)
Major settlementsJaén, Linares
Current constituency
Created1977
Seats7 (1977–1986)
6 (1986–2015)
5 (2015–)
Member(s)
  •      PSOE (3)
  •      PP (1)
  •      Cs (1)

Electoral systemEdit

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts in the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, the Constitution requires for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprises all nationals over eighteen and in full enjoyment of their political rights. The only exception was in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in full enjoyment of their political and civil rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[3] 348 seats are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method may result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude.[4] Each provincial constituency is entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with the remaining 248 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations. Ceuta and Melilla are allocated the two remaining seats, which are elected using plurality voting.[2][5][6][7]

The electoral law provides that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors are allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors are required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they are seeking election—0.1 percent and, at least, the signature of 500 electors, until 1985—. Also since 2011, parties, federations or coalitions who have not obtained a mandate in either House of Parliament at the preceding election are required to secure the signature of at least 0.1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they are seeking election. Electors are barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election are required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[5][7]

DeputiesEdit

Deputies for Jaén 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
4 3
1st 1979
1 3 3
2nd 1982
5 2
3rd 1986
4 2
4th 1989
4 2
5th 1993
4 2
6th 1996
3 3
7th 2000
3 3
8th 2004
4 2
9th 2008
4 2
10th 2011
3 3
11th 2015
3 2
12th 2016
1 2 2
13th 2019 (Apr)
3 1 1
14th 2019 (Nov)
3 1 1

ElectionsEdit

April 2019 general electionEdit

Summary of the 28 April 2019 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 152,932 39.53 +2.14 3 +1
People's Party (PP) 75,885 19.61 –15.79 1 –1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs) 61,413 15.87 +5.38 1 +1
Vox (Vox) 46,934 12.13 +11.96 0 ±0
United We Can (PodemosIULV–CAEquo) 40,880 10.57 –3.79 0 –1
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 3,369 0.87 ±0.00 0 ±0
United Linares Independent Citizens (CILU–Linares) 1,081 0.28 New 0 ±0
Andalusia by Itself (AxSí) 545 0.14 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Andalusian Party (PCPA) 437 0.11 –0.02 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 401 0.10 –0.02 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 325 0.08 New 0 ±0
Andalusian Solidary Independent Republican Party (RISA) 190 0.05 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,524 0.65 –0.04
Total 386,916 5 ±0
Valid votes 386,916 98.68 –0.17
Invalid votes 5,169 1.32 +0.17
Votes cast / turnout 392,085 74.41 +3.93
Abstentions 134,826 25.59 –3.93
Registered voters 526,911
Sources[8]

2016 general electionEdit

Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 138,612 37.39 –0.94 2 –1
People's Party (PP) 131,234 35.40 +3.92 2 ±0
United We Can for Andalusia (PodemosIUEquo)1 53,239 14.36 –2.52 1 +1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 38,884 10.49 –0.19 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 3,238 0.87 +0.21 0 ±0
United Free Citizens (CILUS) 830 0.22 –0.09 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 638 0.17 –0.01 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 589 0.16 –0.17 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 498 0.13 +0.01 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 455 0.12 +0.02 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,545 0.69 –0.01
Total 370,762 5 ±0
Valid votes 370,762 98.85 –0.16
Invalid votes 4,320 1.15 +0.16
Votes cast / turnout 375,082 70.48 –2.85
Abstentions 157,129 29.52 +2.85
Registered voters 532,211
Sources[9]

2015 general electionEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 148,511 38.33 –2.65 3 ±0
People's Party (PP) 121,984 31.48 –13.96 2 –1
We Can (Podemos) 48,640 12.55 New 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 41,398 10.68 New 0 ±0
United Left/Greens–Assembly for AndalusiaPopular Unity (IULV–CA–UPeC) 16,771 4.33 –2.62 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 2,543 0.66 New 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 1,287 0.33 –3.07 0 ±0
United Free Citizens (CILUS) 1,189 0.31 New 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 715 0.18 New 0 ±0
Andalusians of Jaén United (AJU) 711 0.18 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 469 0.12 New 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 371 0.10 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 198 0.05 –0.06 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,713 0.70 –0.32
Total 387,500 5 –1
Valid votes 387,500 99.01 +0.02
Invalid votes 3,886 0.99 –0.02
Votes cast / turnout 391,386 73.33 –2.56
Abstentions 142,362 26.67 +2.56
Registered voters 533,748
Sources[10]

2011 general electionEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 183,339 45.44 +8.94 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 165,348 40.98 –14.50 3 –1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia: Plural Left (IULV–CA) 28,059 6.95 +2.16 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 13,727 3.40 +2.93 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA)1 4,920 1.22 +0.10 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 2,149 0.53 New 0 ±0
Regionalist Party for Eastern Andalusia (PRAO) 911 0.23 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 454 0.11 +0.04 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 412 0.10 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,124 1.02 +0.24
Total 403,443 6 ±0
Valid votes 403,443 98.99 –0.45
Invalid votes 4,130 1.01 +0.45
Votes cast / turnout 407,573 75.89 –2.72
Abstentions 129,463 24.11 +2.72
Registered voters 537,036
Sources[11]

2008 general electionEdit

Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 230,026 55.48 +1.07 4 ±0
People's Party (PP) 151,340 36.50 +2.39 2 ±0
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia–Alternative (IULV–CA) 19,859 4.79 –1.04 0 ±0
Andalusian Coalition (CA)1 4,637 1.12 –2.82 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 1,958 0.47 New 0 ±0
The Greens (LV) 647 0.16 New 0 ±0
Social Democratic Party (PSD) 458 0.11 New 0 ±0
Anti-Bullfighting Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 413 0.10 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 368 0.09 +0.09 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 291 0.07 New 0 ±0
Citizens for Blank Votes (CenB) 246 0.06 –0.03 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 201 0.05 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 200 0.05 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 182 0.04 +0.01 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 137 0.03 ±0.00 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 124 0.03 –0.09 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFyV) 107 0.03 –0.02 0 ±0
Spain 2000 (E–2000) 106 0.03 ±0.00 0 ±0
Spanish Alternative (AES) 83 0.02 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,223 0.78 –0.40
Total 414,606 6 ±0
Valid votes 414,606 99.44 +0.08
Invalid votes 2,319 0.56 –0.08
Votes cast / turnout 416,925 78.61 –1.79
Abstentions 113,417 21.39 +1.79
Registered voters 530,342
Sources[12]

2004 general electionEdit

Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 228,611 54.41 +6.66 4 +1
People's Party (PP) 143,288 34.11 –6.22 2 –1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 24,483 5.83 –1.28 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 15,493 3.69 +0.43 0 ±0
Socialist Party of Andalusia (PSA) 1,068 0.25 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 507 0.12 +0.07 0 ±0
Citizens for Blank Votes (CenB) 380 0.09 New 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 225 0.05 +0.01 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFyV) 221 0.05 New 0 ±0
Andalusia Assembly (A) 201 0.05 +0.01 0 ±0
Republican Left (IR) 150 0.04 New 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 134 0.03 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS)1 134 0.03 +0.01 0 ±0
Spain 2000 (E–2000) 109 0.03 ±0.00 0 ±0
The Phalanx (FE) 105 0.02 –0.03 0 ±0
Republican Social Movement (MSR) 72 0.02 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 0 0.00 –0.09 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,951 1.18 +0.17
Total 420,132 6 ±0
Valid votes 420,132 99.36 +0.02
Invalid votes 2,725 0.64 –0.02
Votes cast / turnout 422,857 80.40 +3.68
Abstentions 103,098 19.60 –3.68
Registered voters 525,955
Sources[13]

2000 general electionEdit

Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 190,958 47.75 –0.93 3 ±0
People's Party (PP) 161,285 40.33 +3.44 3 ±0
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 28,450 7.11 –4.61 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 13,038 3.26 +1.56 0 ±0
Andalusian Left (IA) 437 0.11 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 349 0.09 –0.02 0 ±0
Andalusian Nation (NA) 250 0.06 ±0.00 0 ±0
The Phalanx (FE) 196 0.05 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 186 0.05 +0.01 0 ±0
Natural Law Party (PLN) 168 0.04 New 0 ±0
Andalusia Assembly (A) 150 0.04 New 0 ±0
Centrist Union–Democratic and Social Centre (UC–CDS) 146 0.04 –0.04 0 ±0
Spanish Democratic Party (PADE) 102 0.03 New 0 ±0
Spain 2000 Platform (ES2000) 102 0.03 New 0 ±0
Independent Spanish Phalanx–Phalanx 2000 (FEI–FE 2000) 99 0.02 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,033 1.01 +0.39
Total 399,949 6 ±0
Valid votes 399,949 99.34 –0.17
Invalid votes 2,676 0.66 +0.17
Votes cast / turnout 402,625 76.72 –6.97
Abstentions 122,188 23.28 +6.97
Registered voters 524,813
Sources[14]

1996 general electionEdit

Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 205,818 48.68 –3.91 3 –1
People's Party (PP) 155,947 36.89 +4.46 3 +1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 49,564 11.72 +1.39 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA)1 7,200 1.70 –0.45 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Andalusian People (PCPA) 461 0.11 –0.02 0 ±0
Centrist Union (UC) 354 0.08 –0.78 0 ±0
Andalusian Nation (NA) 236 0.06 New 0 ±0
Authentic Spanish Phalanx (FEA) 218 0.05 New 0 ±0
Workers' Revolutionary Party (PRT) 182 0.04 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 171 0.04 +0.02 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,639 0.62 +0.20
Total 422,790 6 ±0
Valid votes 422,790 99.51 –0.14
Invalid votes 2,076 0.49 +0.14
Votes cast / turnout 424,866 83.69 +2.70
Abstentions 82,800 16.31 –2.70
Registered voters 507,666
Sources[15]

1993 general electionEdit

Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 210,306 52.59 –1.53 4 ±0
People's Party (PP) 129,705 32.43 +8.10 2 ±0
United Left–Assembly for Andalusia (IU–CA) 41,311 10.33 –1.20 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 7,211 1.80 –0.67 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 3,455 0.86 –3.95 0 ±0
The Greens of Andalusia (LV) 1,602 0.40 +0.03 0 ±0
Andalusian Progress Party (PAP) 1,380 0.35 New 0 ±0
Liberal Independent Group (GIL) 735 0.18 New 0 ±0
The Ecologists (LE) 607 0.15 –0.19 0 ±0
Socialist October (OS) 540 0.14 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Andalusian People (PCPA) 526 0.13 –0.17 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos GroupEuropean Democratic Alliance (ARM–ADE) 324 0.08 –0.62 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 221 0.06 –0.03 0 ±0
Coalition for a New Socialist Party (CNPS)1 128 0.03 –0.03 0 ±0
Natural Law Party (PLN) 98 0.02 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 80 0.02 –0.03 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 0 0.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,683 0.42 +0.10
Total 399,912 6 ±0
Valid votes 399,912 99.65 +0.43
Invalid votes 1,397 0.35 –0.43
Votes cast / turnout 401,309 80.99 +4.57
Abstentions 94,204 19.01 –4.57
Registered voters 495,513
Sources[16]

1989 general electionEdit

Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 197,733 54.12 –0.97 4 ±0
People's Party (PP)1 88,906 24.33 –2.57 2 ±0
United Left–Assembly for Andalusia (IU–CA) 42,112 11.53 +2.35 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 17,576 4.81 –0.52 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 9,010 2.47 +3.44 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) 2,540 0.70 New 0 ±0
The Greens–Green List (LV–LV) 1,369 0.37 New 0 ±0
The Ecologist Greens (LVE) 1,231 0.34 New 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 1,139 0.31 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Andalusian People (PCPA) 1,089 0.30 New 0 ±0
Workers' Party of Spain–Communist Unity (PTE–UC)2 777 0.21 –0.35 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 345 0.09 –0.06 0 ±0
Alliance for the Republic (AxR)3 203 0.06 –0.03 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 166 0.05 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,171 0.32 ±0.00
Total 365,367 6 ±0
Valid votes 365,367 99.22 +0.34
Invalid votes 2,858 0.78 –0.34
Votes cast / turnout 368,225 76.42 +0.52
Abstentions 113,620 23.58 –0.52
Registered voters 481,845
Sources[17]

1986 general electionEdit

Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 201,494 55.09 –2.03 4 –1
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 98,395 26.90 +3.85 2 ±0
United Left (IU)2 33,569 9.18 +1.80 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 19,507 5.33 +4.41 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 4,483 1.23 –0.08 0 ±0
Democratic Reformist Party (PRD) 2,569 0.70 New 0 ±0
Communists' Unity Board (MUC) 2,042 0.56 New 0 ±0
Socialist Party of the Andalusian People (PSPA) 976 0.27 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 534 0.15 +0.15 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 390 0.11 +0.05 0 ±0
Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI) 338 0.09 New 0 ±0
Republican Popular Unity (UPR) 316 0.09 New 0 ±0
Party of the Communists of Catalonia (PCC) 0 0.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,171 0.32 +0.15
Total 365,784 6 –1
Valid votes 365,784 98.88 –0.13
Invalid votes 4,141 1.12 +0.13
Votes cast / turnout 369,925 75.90 –6.00
Abstentions 117,439 24.10 +6.00
Registered voters 487,364
Sources[18]

1982 general electionEdit

Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSA–PSOE) 207,754 57.12 +15.23 5 +2
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 83,833 23.05 +19.48 2 +2
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 32,456 8.92 –24.87 0 –3
Communist Party of Andalusia (PCA–PCE) 26,829 7.38 –5.52 0 –1
Socialist Party of Andalusia–Andalusian Party (PSA–PA) 4,750 1.31 –2.13 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 3,363 0.92 New 0 ±0
New Force (FN)2 1,789 0.49 –2.33 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 986 0.27 New 0 ±0
Communist Unity Candidacy (CUC)3 425 0.12 –0.06 0 ±0
Falangist Movement of Spain (MFE) 285 0.08 New 0 ±0
Spanish Agrarian Party (PAE) 222 0.06 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 214 0.06 New 0 ±0
Spanish Solidarity (SE) 211 0.06 New 0 ±0
Communist League–Internationalist Socialist Workers' Coalition (LC (COSI)) 0 0.00 New 0 ±0
Communist Movement of Andalusia (MCA) 0 0.00 –0.16 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 0 0.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 604 0.17 +0.06
Total 363,721 7 ±0
Valid votes 363,721 99.01 –0.01
Invalid votes 3,651 0.99 +0.01
Votes cast / turnout 367,372 81.90 +10.43
Abstentions 81,201 18.10 –10.43
Registered voters 448,573
Sources[19]

1979 general electionEdit

Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 137,861 41.89 +0.45 3 –1
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 111,209 33.79 +0.78 3 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 42,466 12.90 +3.40 1 +1
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 11,752 3.57 –4.84 0 ±0
Socialist Party of Andalusia–Andalusian Party (PSA–PA) 11,335 3.44 New 0 ±0
National Union (UN)3 9,294 2.82 +2.40 0 ±0
Party of Labour of Spain (PTE)4 1,388 0.42 +0.01 0 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (historical) (PSOEh)5 1,088 0.33 –0.35 0 ±0
Workers' Communist Party (PCT) 579 0.18 New 0 ±0
Communist MovementOrganization of Communist Left (MC–OIC) 528 0.16 New 0 ±0
Republican Left (IR) 422 0.13 New 0 ±0
Communist Organization of Spain (Red Flag) (OCE–BR) 398 0.12 New 0 ±0
Workers' Revolutionary Organization (ORT) 398 0.12 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 357 0.11 +0.02
Total 329,075 7 ±0
Valid votes 329,075 99.02 –0.21
Invalid votes 3,251 0.98 +0.21
Votes cast / turnout 332,326 71.47 –7.07
Abstentions 132,667 28.53 +7.07
Registered voters 464,993
Sources[20]

1977 general electionEdit

Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 123,708 39.38 n/a 4 n/a
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 103,697 33.01 n/a 3 n/a
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 29,847 9.50 n/a 0 n/a
People's Alliance (AP) 26,422 8.41 n/a 0 n/a
Agrarian Social Action (ASA) 8,439 2.69 n/a 0 n/a
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 6,476 2.06 n/a 0 n/a
Andalusian Regional Unity (URA) 5,291 1.68 n/a 0 n/a
Federation of Christian Democracy (FPDID) 3,071 0.98 n/a 0 n/a
Democratic Socialist Alliance (ASDCI) 2,135 0.68 n/a 0 n/a
José Antonio Circles (CJA) 1,308 0.42 n/a 0 n/a
Democratic Left Front (FDI) 1,278 0.41 n/a 0 n/a
Spanish Agrarian Party (PAE) 833 0.27 n/a 0 n/a
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (Authentic) (FE–JONS(A)) 807 0.26 n/a 0 n/a
Independent Liberal Party (PLI) 596 0.19 n/a 0 n/a
Blank ballots 269 0.09 n/a
Total 314,177 7 n/a
Valid votes 314,177 99.23 n/a
Invalid votes 2,436 0.77 n/a
Votes cast / turnout 316,613 78.54 n/a
Abstentions 86,529 21.46 n/a
Registered voters 403,142
Sources[21]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Political Reform Act of 1977". Law No. 1 of 4 January 1977. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Spanish Constitution of 1978". Act of 29 December 1978. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  4. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  5. ^ a b "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  6. ^ "Constitution" (PDF). congreso.es. Congress of Deputies. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  8. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. April 2019. Jaén". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  9. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 2016. Jaén". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  10. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Jaén". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Jaén". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  12. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2008. Jaén". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  13. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2004. Jaén". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  14. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2000. Jaén". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  15. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 1996. Jaén". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  16. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1993. Jaén". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  17. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. October 1989. Jaén". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  18. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1986. Jaén". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  19. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. October 1982. Jaén". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  20. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 1979. Jaén". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  21. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1977. Jaén". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.

Coordinates: 38°00′N 3°30′W / 38.000°N 3.500°W / 38.000; -3.500