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Zamora (Congress of Deputies constituency)

Zamora is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects four deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Zamora. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Zamora
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Zamora).png
Location of Zamora within Spain
ProvinceZamora
Autonomous communityCastile and León
Population183,436 (2016)
Electorate173,320 (2016)
Major settlementsZamora, Benavente
Current constituency
Created1977
Seats4 (1977–1989)
3 (1989–)
Member(s)
  •      PP (2)
  •      PSOE (1)

Contents

Electoral systemEdit

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts in the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, the Constitution requires for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprises all nationals over eighteen and in full enjoyment of their political rights. The only exception was in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in full enjoyment of their political and civil rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[3] 348 seats are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method may result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude.[4] Each provincial constituency is entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with the remaining 248 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations. Ceuta and Melilla are allocated the two remaining seats, which are elected using plurality voting.[2][5][6][7]

The electoral law provides that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors are allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors are required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they are seeking election—0.1 percent and, at least, the signature of 500 electors, until 1985—. Also since 2011, parties, federations or coalitions who have not obtained a mandate in either House of Parliament at the preceding election are required to secure the signature of at least 0.1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they are seeking election. Electors are barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election are required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[5][7]

DeputiesEdit

Deputies for Zamora 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
1 2 1
1st 1979
1 3
2nd 1982
2 1 1
3rd 1986
2 2
4th 1989
1 2
5th 1993
1 2
6th 1996
1 2
7th 2000
1 2
8th 2004
1 2
9th 2008
1 2
10th 2011
1 2
11th 2015
1 2
12th 2016
1 2
13th 2019
1 1 1

ElectionsEdit

2019 general electionEdit

Summary of the 28 April 2019 Congress of Deputies election results in Zamora
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 34,357 31.28 +7.36 1 ±0
People's Party (PP) 32,511 29.60 –18.66 1 –1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs) 18,625 16.96 +5.55 1 +1
Vox (Vox) 12,809 11.66 New 0 ±0
United We Can (PodemosIUeQuo) 9,115 8.30 –5.85 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 558 0.51 +0.02 0 ±0
Regionalist Party of the Leonese Country (PREPAL) 393 0.36 +0.21 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen GroupPCASTC (Recortes Cero–GV–PCAS–TC) 141 0.13 –0.03 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 137 0.12 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Workers of Spain (PCTE) 113 0.10 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,062 0.97 +0.04
Total 109,821 3 ±0
Valid votes 109,821 98.52 –0.17
Invalid votes 1,655 1.48 +0.17
Votes cast / turnout 111,476 74.80 +11.14
Abstentions
Registered voters 169,176
Sources[8]

2016 general electionEdit

Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Zamora
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 52,555 48.26 +5.70 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 26,045 23.92 +0.96 1 ±0
United We Can (PodemosIUeQuoCLI–AS)1 15,403 14.15 –4.74 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 12,423 11.41 –1.50 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 537 0.49 +0.05 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 256 0.24 –0.42 0 ±0
Leonese People's Union (UPL) 201 0.18 New 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 174 0.16 –0.01 0 ±0
Regionalist Party of the Leonese Country (PREPAL) 158 0.15 –0.07 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 131 0.12 +0.01 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,010 0.93 –0.15
Total 108,893 3 ±0
Valid votes 108,893 98.69 +0.03
Invalid votes 1,446 1.31 –0.03
Votes cast / turnout 110,339 63.66 –2.09
Abstentions 62,981 36.34 +2.09
Registered voters 173,320
Sources[9]

2015 general electionEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Zamora
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 48,160 42.56 –15.20 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 25,985 22.96 –6.72 1 ±0
We Can (Podemos) 15,865 14.02 New 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 14,608 12.91 New 0 ±0
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 5,514 4.87 –0.35 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 747 0.66 –3.27 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 502 0.44 +0.11 0 ±0
Regionalist Party of the Leonese Country (PREPAL) 246 0.22 –0.14 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 187 0.17 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 128 0.11 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,227 1.08 –0.66
Total 113,169 3 ±0
Valid votes 113,169 98.66 +0.03
Invalid votes 1,534 1.34 –0.03
Votes cast / turnout 114,703 65.75 –1.39
Abstentions 59,742 34.25 +1.39
Registered voters 174,445
Sources[10]

2011 general electionEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Zamora
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 68,228 57.76 +6.34 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 35,059 29.68 –13.10 1 ±0
United Left of Castile and León: Plural Left (IUCyL) 6,161 5.22 +2.96 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 4,641 3.93 +3.00 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 649 0.55 New 0 ±0
Regionalist Party of the Leonese Country (PREPAL) 429 0.36 –0.01 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 395 0.33 +0.17 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 298 0.25 +0.14 0 ±0
Anti-capitalists (Anticapitalistas) 205 0.17 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,057 1.74 +0.55
Total 118,122 3 ±0
Valid votes 118,122 98.63 –0.23
Invalid votes 1,637 1.37 +0.23
Votes cast / turnout 119,759 67.14 –7.74
Abstentions 58,606 32.86 +7.74
Registered voters 178,365
Sources[11]

2008 general electionEdit

Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Zamora
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 68,276 51.42 –1.93 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 56,793 42.78 +2.85 1 ±0
United Left–Alternative (IU) 3,002 2.26 –0.25 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 1,234 0.93 New 0 ±0
Regionalist Party of the Leonese Country (PREPAL) 491 0.37 –0.06 0 ±0
The Greens of Europe (LVdE) 381 0.29 New 0 ±0
Anti-Bullfighting Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 211 0.16 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 152 0.11 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 92 0.07 +0.02 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Castilian People (PCPC–PCPE) 90 0.07 +0.03 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 89 0.07 New 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 80 0.06 +0.02 0 ±0
Liberal Centrist Union (UCL) 80 0.06 –0.04 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 76 0.06 New 0 ±0
Commoners' Land (TC) 68 0.05 –0.02 0 ±0
Centrist Party (PCTR) 40 0.03 New 0 ±0
Spanish Alternative (AES) 36 0.03 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,580 1.19 –0.69
Total 132,771 3 ±0
Valid votes 132,771 98.86 –0.30
Invalid votes 1,526 1.14 +0.30
Votes cast / turnout 134,297 74.88 +0.44
Abstentions 45,058 25.12 –0.44
Registered voters 179,355
Sources[12]

2004 general electionEdit

Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Zamora
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 71,821 53.35 –5.48 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 53,757 39.93 +7.49 1 ±0
United Left (IU) 3,375 2.51 –0.33 0 ±0
United Zamora (ZU) 754 0.56 New 0 ±0
Leonese People's Union (UPL) 754 0.56 New 0 ±0
Salamanca–Zamora–León–PREPAL (PREPAL) 578 0.43 –0.37 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 194 0.14 –0.74 0 ±0
Citizens for Blank Votes (CenB) 190 0.14 New 0 ±0
Liberal Centrist Union (UCL) 140 0.10 New 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFyV) 122 0.09 New 0 ±0
Commoners' Land–Castilian Nationalist Party (TC–PNC) 92 0.07 –0.07 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 62 0.05 New 0 ±0
Authentic Phalanx (FA) 62 0.05 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Castilian People (PCPC–PCPE) 55 0.04 New 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 55 0.04 New 0 ±0
The Phalanx (FE) 52 0.04 –0.08 0 ±0
Republican Social Movement (MSR) 38 0.03 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,525 1.88 +0.16
Total 134,626 3 ±0
Valid votes 134,626 99.16 +0.18
Invalid votes 1,142 0.84 –0.18
Votes cast / turnout 135,768 74.44 +4.71
Abstentions 46,611 25.56 –4.71
Registered voters 182,379
Sources[13]

2000 general electionEdit

Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Zamora
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 75,268 58.83 +4.82 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 41,498 32.44 –4.54 1 ±0
United Left (IU) 3,637 2.84 –2.78 0 ±0
Zamoran People's Union (UPZ) 2,347 1.83 New 0 ±0
Centrist Union–Democratic and Social Centre (UC–CDS) 1,129 0.88 –0.18 0 ±0
Salamanca–Zamora–León–PREPAL (PREPAL) 1,028 0.80 +0.19 0 ±0
Regionalist Unity of Castile and León (URCL) 231 0.18 +0.05 0 ±0
Natural Law Party (PLN) 204 0.16 New 0 ±0
Commoners' Land–Castilian Nationalist Party (TC–PNC) 176 0.14 +0.08 0 ±0
The Phalanx (FE) 150 0.12 New 0 ±0
Spain 2000 Platform (ES2000) 71 0.06 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,196 1.72 +0.52
Total 127,935 3 ±0
Valid votes 127,935 98.98 –0.28
Invalid votes 1,323 1.02 +0.28
Votes cast / turnout 129,258 69.73 –7.48
Abstentions 56,107 30.27 +7.48
Registered voters 185,365
Sources[14]

1996 general electionEdit

Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Zamora
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 75,223 54.01 +4.52 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 51,509 36.98 –2.53 1 ±0
United Left of Castile and León (IUCL) 7,824 5.62 +1.21 0 ±0
Centrist Union (UC) 1,473 1.06 –2.38 0 ±0
Salamanca–Zamora–León–PREPAL (PREPAL) 850 0.61 +0.23 0 ±0
Inter-Zamoran Party (PIZ) 215 0.15 New 0 ±0
Regionalist Unity of Castile and León (URCL) 184 0.13 –0.09 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 132 0.09 +0.04 0 ±0
Workers' Revolutionary Party (PRT) 108 0.08 New 0 ±0
Commoners' Land–Castilian Nationalist Party (TC–PNC) 77 0.06 +0.01 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,677 1.20 +0.15
Total 139,272 3 ±0
Valid votes 139,272 99.26 –0.08
Invalid votes 1,035 0.74 +0.08
Votes cast / turnout 140,307 77.21 +0.62
Abstentions 41,426 22.79 –0.62
Registered voters 181,733
Sources[15]

1993 general electionEdit

Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Zamora
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 67,597 49.49 +6.80 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 53,965 39.51 +1.58 1 ±0
United Left of Castile and León (IU) 6,027 4.41 +0.43 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 4,703 3.44 –8.08 0 ±0
The Greens (LV) 747 0.55 +0.06 0 ±0
Regionalist Party of the Leonese Country (PREPAL) 521 0.38 –0.05 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos GroupEuropean Democratic Alliance (ARM–ADE) 421 0.31 –0.47 0 ±0
The Ecologists (LE) 352 0.26 –0.15 0 ±0
Regionalist Unity of Castile and León (URCL) 296 0.22 New 0 ±0
Leonese People's Union (UPL) 130 0.10 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 113 0.08 New 0 ±0
Party of El Bierzo (PB) 74 0.05 New 0 ±0
Commoners' Land–Castilian Nationalist Party (TC–PNC) 74 0.05 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 69 0.05 New 0 ±0
Natural Law Party (PLN) 63 0.05 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 0 0.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,437 1.05 +0.17
Total 136,589 3 ±0
Valid votes 136,589 99.34 +0.24
Invalid votes 903 0.66 –0.24
Votes cast / turnout 137,492 76.59 +4.47
Abstentions 42,036 23.41 –4.47
Registered voters 179,528
Sources[16]

1989 general electionEdit

Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Zamora
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP)1 54,821 42.69 +1.79 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 48,712 37.93 +0.44 1 –1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 14,791 11.52 –3.53 0 ±0
United Left (IU) 5,111 3.98 +2.09 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) 1,003 0.78 New 0 ±0
The Greens–Green List (LV–LV) 633 0.49 New 0 ±0
Regionalist Party of the Leonese Country (PREPAL) 553 0.43 –0.01 0 ±0
The Ecologist Greens (LVE) 526 0.41 New 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 462 0.36 –0.18 0 ±0
Workers' Party of Spain–Communist Unity (PTE–UC)2 288 0.22 –0.38 0 ±0
Alliance for the Republic (AxR) 209 0.16 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 171 0.13 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,131 0.88 –0.03
Total 128,411 3 –1
Valid votes 128,411 99.10 +1.35
Invalid votes 1,171 0.90 –1.35
Votes cast / turnout 129,582 72.12 +2.05
Abstentions 50,094 27.88 –2.05
Registered voters 179,676
Sources[17]

1986 general electionEdit

Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Zamora
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 52,844 40.90 +5.04 2 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 48,436 37.49 +1.41 2 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 19,444 15.05 +10.61 0 ±0
United Left (IU)2 2,440 1.89 +0.86 0 ±0
Democratic Reformist Party (PRD) 1,405 1.09 New 0 ±0
Communists' Unity Board (MUC) 771 0.60 New 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 704 0.54 –0.01 0 ±0
Regionalist Party of the Leonese Country (PREPAL) 574 0.44 –0.56 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 391 0.30 +0.03 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 312 0.24 New 0 ±0
Leonese Convergence (CL) 271 0.21 New 0 ±0
Republican Popular Unity (UPR) 238 0.18 New 0 ±0
Party of the Communists of Catalonia (PCC) 180 0.14 New 0 ±0
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) n/a n/a –18.66 0 –1
Blank ballots 1,181 0.91 –0.12
Total 129,191 4 ±0
Valid votes 129,191 97.75 +2.57
Invalid votes 2,970 2.25 –2.57
Votes cast / turnout 132,161 70.07 –7.18
Abstentions 56,454 29.93 +7.18
Registered voters 188,615
Sources[18]

1982 general electionEdit

Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Zamora
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 47,804 36.08 +13.59 2 +1
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 47,504 35.86 +19.62 1 +1
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 24,725 18.66 –31.91 1 –2
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 5,880 4.44 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 1,368 1.03 –1.88 0 ±0
Regionalist Party of the Leonese Country (PREPAL) 1,322 1.00 New 0 ±0
New Force (FN)2 1,001 0.76 –0.99 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 731 0.55 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 354 0.27 New 0 ±0
Spanish Solidarity (SE) 266 0.20 New 0 ±0
Revolutionary Communist League (LCR) 144 0.11 New 0 ±0
Communist Movement of Castile and León (MC–CL) 11 0.01 –0.46 0 ±0
Socialist Party (PS) 0 0.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,368 1.03 +0.30
Total 132,478 4 ±0
Valid votes 132,478 95.18 –2.80
Invalid votes 6,715 4.82 +2.80
Votes cast / turnout 139,193 77.25 +8.69
Abstentions 40,997 22.75 –8.69
Registered voters 180,190
Sources[19]

1979 general electionEdit

Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Zamora
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 61,025 50.57 +3.98 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 27,143 22.49 +0.34 1 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 19,603 16.24 –7.33 0 –1
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 3,506 2.91 +0.77 0 ±0
Liberal Party (PL) 2,458 2.04 New 0 ±0
National Union (UN) 2,111 1.75 New 0 ±0
Spanish Ruralist Party (PRE) 1,076 0.89 New 0 ±0
Party of Labour of Spain (PTE) 591 0.49 New 0 ±0
Communist MovementOrganization of Communist Left (MC–OIC) 563 0.47 New 0 ±0
Workers' Communist Party (PCT) 488 0.40 New 0 ±0
Workers' Revolutionary Organization (ORT) 463 0.38 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (Authentic) (FE–JONS(A)) 400 0.33 New 0 ±0
Communist Organization of Spain (Red Flag) (OCE–BR) 372 0.31 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 881 0.73 +0.27
Total 120,680 4 ±0
Valid votes 120,680 97.98 +0.42
Invalid votes 2,493 2.02 –0.42
Votes cast / turnout 123,173 68.56 –12.43
Abstentions 56,480 31.44 +12.43
Registered voters 179,653
Sources[20]

1977 general electionEdit

Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Zamora
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 60,626 46.59 n/a 2 n/a
People's Alliance (AP) 30,677 23.57 n/a 1 n/a
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 26,225 20.15 n/a 1 n/a
Federation of Christian Democracy (FPDID) 5,110 3.93 n/a 0 n/a
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 2,783 2.14 n/a 0 n/a
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 2,597 2.00 n/a 0 n/a
Democratic Socialist Alliance (ASDCI) 1,516 1.16 n/a 0 n/a
Blank ballots 600 0.46 n/a
Total 130,134 4 n/a
Valid votes 130,134 97.56 n/a
Invalid votes 3,256 2.44 n/a
Votes cast / turnout 133,390 80.99 n/a
Abstentions 31,316 19.01 n/a
Registered voters 164,706
Sources[21]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Political Reform Act of 1977". Law No. 1 of 4 January 1977. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Spanish Constitution of 1978". Act of 29 December 1978. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  4. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  5. ^ a b "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  6. ^ "Constitution" (PDF). congreso.es. Congress of Deputies. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  8. ^ "Zamora - Castilla y León - Total nacional - Congreso - Elecciones Generales España 2019". resultados.eleccionesgenerales19.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  9. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 2016. Zamora". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  10. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Zamora". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Zamora". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  12. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2008. Zamora". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  13. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2004. Zamora". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  14. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2000. Zamora". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  15. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 1996. Zamora". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  16. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1993. Zamora". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  17. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. October 1989. Zamora". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  18. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1986. Zamora". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  19. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. October 1982. Zamora". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  20. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 1979. Zamora". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  21. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1977. Zamora". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.

Coordinates: 41°45′N 6°00′W / 41.750°N 6.000°W / 41.750; -6.000