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Amaiur was a left-wing[1][5] Basque nationalist[1][2] and separatist[6] political coalition from the Basque Country and Navarre. The name of the coalitions comes from the fortress of Amaiur in Navarre, which was one of the last Basque strongholds during the Spanish conquest of Iberian Navarre.

Amaiur
LeaderXabier Mikel Errekondo
Founded27 September 2011 (2011-09-27)
Dissolved13 January 2016 (2016-01-13)
Succeeded byEH Bildu
IdeologyBasque nationalism[1][2]
Left-wing nationalism[1]
Basque independence[3]
Socialism[3]
Abertzale left[4]
Political positionLeft-wing[5]
Affiliated parties and groups
ColoursTeal
Congress of Deputies
7 / 350
Spanish Senate
3 / 264
Website
Euskal Herria Bildu

Amaiur was launched on 27 September 2011 by Eusko Alkartasuna, Alternatiba (which had both been part of Bildu), Aralar (previously in alliance with the Basque Nationalist Party, PNV in Nafarroa Bai), independent individuals of the ezker abertzalea (including many former members of Batasuna), and other smaller groups, while the PNV refused to join.[7][8] The new coalition fielded candidates for the 2011 general election in the provinces of the Basque Country and Navarre. Amaiur won seven seats in the Congress of Deputies and three in the Senate.

At the 2015 Spanish general election, Amaiur was replaced as the representative of the left-wing Basque nationalist camp by EH Bildu that had already run in earlier local, Basque Country and European elections. It came off much weaker than Amaiur in 2011, winning only two seats in the Congress of Deputies and one Senator.

CompositionEdit

Party
Create
Basque Solidarity (EA)
Aralar (Aralar)
Alternative (Alternatiba)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Basque left-wing nationalists launch new coalition party Amaiur, EITB, 3 October 2011, archived from the original on 5 November 2011, retrieved 20 November 2011
  2. ^ a b Martin, E.; Diaz, J. (17 November 2011), Opinion polls predict victory for Spain's conservative party, Xinhua, retrieved 20 November 2011
  3. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2011). "Spain". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 3 November 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
  4. ^ "Amaiur busca ser la primera fuerza abertzale y superar al PSOE en Navarra", Público (in Spanish), 20 November 2011, retrieved 20 November 2011
  5. ^ a b Sanz, Inmaculada; Goyoaga, Arantza (19 November 2011), Basque separatist voters grow after ETA ends violence, Reuters, retrieved 20 November 2011
  6. ^ Ebels, Philip (18 November 2011), "Spanish elections: 5th EU government to fall due to crisis", EUObserver, retrieved 20 November 2011
  7. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) Izquierda abertzale, EA, Alternatiba y Aralar cierran los contenidos del pacto del 20-N, Gara, 15 September 2011
  8. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) Amaiur concurrirá al 20-N para reivindicar “la nación” vasca, El País, 27 September 2011