Amaiur was a left-wing[1][4] Basque nationalist[1] and separatist[5] political coalition from the Basque Country and Navarre. The name of the coalition comes from the fortress of Amaiur in Navarre, which was one of the last Basque strongholds during the Spanish conquest of Iberian Navarre.

Amaiur
Founded27 September 2011 (2011-09-27)
Dissolved27 October 2015 (2015-10-27)
Succeeded byEH Bildu
Ideology
Political positionLeft-wing[4]
Colors  Teal
MembersSee list of members
Website
www.amaiur.info

Amaiur was launched on 27 September 2011 by Eusko Alkartasuna, Alternatiba (which had both been part of Bildu), Aralar (previously in alliance with the Basque Nationalist Party, PNV in Nafarroa Bai), independent individuals of the abertzale left (including many former members of Batasuna), and other smaller groups, while the PNV refused to join.[6][7] The new coalition fielded candidates for the 2011 general election in all three Basque provinces and Navarre. Amaiur won seven seats in the Congress of Deputies and three in the Senate.

At the 2015 Spanish general election, Amaiur was replaced as the representative of the left-wing Basque nationalist camp by EH Bildu that had already run in earlier local, Basque Country and European elections. It came off much weaker than Amaiur in 2011, winning only two seats in the Congress of Deputies and one Senator, although it would later see growth.

CompositionEdit

Party Notes
Create (Sortu) As independents until its legalization in June 2012.[8]
Basque Solidarity (EA)
Aralar (Aralar)
Alternative (Alternatiba)

Electoral performanceEdit

Cortes GeneralesEdit

NationwideEdit

Cortes Generales
Election Congress Senate Leading candidate Status in legislature
Votes % # Seats +/– Seats +/–
2011 334,498 1.37% 6th
7 / 350
 7
2 / 208
 2 Iñaki Antigüedad Opposition

Regional breakdownEdit

Election Basque Country
Congress Senate
Votes % # Seats +/– Votes % Seats +/–
2011 285,290 24.11% 2nd
6 / 18
 6 Candidates 1
Candidates 2
Candidates 3
274,980
269,998
265,198
23.71%
23.28%
22.86%
3 / 12
 3
Election Navarre
Congress Senate
Votes % # Seats +/– Votes % Seats +/–
2011 49,208 14.86% 3rd
1 / 5
 1  N Maite Juliana Iturre Llano
 N Joseba Compains Silva
 N Arturo Goldaracena Asa
49,609
47,333
46,231
15.52%
14.81%
14.47%
0 / 4
 0

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Basque left-wing nationalists launch new coalition party Amaiur". EITB. 3 October 2011. Archived from the original on 5 November 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
  2. ^ G. M. (20 November 2011). "Amaiur busca ser la primera fuerza abertzale y superar al PSOE en Navarra". Público (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  3. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2011). "Spain". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 3 November 2014.
  4. ^ a b Sanz, Inmaculada; Goyoaga, Arantza (19 November 2011). "Basque separatist voters grow after ETA ends violence". Reuters. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
  5. ^ Ebels, Philip (18 November 2011). "Spanish elections: 5th EU government to fall due to crisis". EUobserver. Brussels. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
  6. ^ "Izquierda abertzale, EA, Alternatiba y Aralar cierran los contenidos del pacto del 20-N". Gara (in Spanish). Donostia-San Sebastián. 15 September 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  7. ^ Landa López, Isabel (27 September 2011). "Amaiur concurrirá al 20-N para reivindicar "la nación" vasca". El País (in Spanish). Donostia-San Sebastián. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  8. ^ M. Lázaro, Julio (20 June 2012). "El Tribunal Constitucional legaliza Sortu y le impone límites frente a las víctimas". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 12 February 2020.