List of political parties in Spain

This article lists political parties in Spain.

Spain has a multi-party system at both the national and regional level. Nationally, there are five dominant political parties: Podemos (left-wing), PSOE (centre-left), Ciudadanos (centre-right), Partido Popular (centre-right to right-wing) and Vox (far-right).

The current makeup makes it difficult for any other formation or coalition to achieve an electoral majority in the bicameral Cortes Generales (consisting of both the national Congress of Deputies and regional representation in the Senate). Regional parties can be strong in autonomous communities like Catalonia and the Basque Country and are often essential for national government coalitions.

National political formations of SpainEdit

Political parties represented in the Congress of DeputiesEdit

Parties and coalitions Position Ideology Results (November 2019) Seats in Congress Status Coalition partners
  Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Partido Socialista Obrero Español
Centre-left Social democracy
Pro-Europeanism
6,752,983 votes, 28.00%
120 / 350
Government PSOE (108)
PSC (12)
  People's Party (PP)
Partido Popular
Centre-right to
right-wing
Conservatism
Christian democracy
Monarchism
5,019,869 votes, 20.82%
89 / 350
Opposition PP (88)
FAC (1)
  Vox (Vox)
Vox
Right-wing to
far-right
Economic liberalism
National conservatism
Spanish nationalism
3,640,063 votes, 15.09%
52 / 350
Opposition
  United We Can (UP)
Unidas Podemos
Left-wing to
far-left
Democratic socialism
Left-wing populism
3,097,185 votes, 12.84%
35 / 350
Government Podemos (26)
IU (5)
Catalunya en Comú (3)
Independent (1)
  Republican Left of Catalonia–Catalonia Yes (ERC–CatSí)
Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya–Catalunya Sí
Centre-left to
left-wing
Catalan separatism
Social democracy
869,934 votes, 3.61%
13 / 350
Confidence and supply
  Citizens (Cs)
Ciudadanos
Centre-right Constitutional patriotism
Liberalism
1,637,540 votes, 6.79%
10 / 350
Opposition
  Together for Catalonia (JxCat)
Junts per Catalunya
Centre-right Catalan separatism
Liberalism
527,375 votes, 2.19%
8 / 350
Opposition
Basque Nationalist Party (PNV)
Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea
Partido Nacionalista Vasco
Parti National Basque
Centre-left to
centre-right
Basque nationalism
Christian democracy
377,423 votes, 1.57%
6 / 350
Confidence and supply
  Basque Country Unite (EHB)
Euskal Herria Bildu
Left-wing to
far-left
Basque separatism
Progressivism
276.519 votes, 1.15%
5 / 350
Confidence and supply Sortu (1)
Alternatiba (1)
  More Country-Equo (MP-EQUO)
Más País-Equo
Left-wing Green politics
Progressivism
582,306 votes 2.40%
3 / 350
Confidence and supply MP-Equo (2)
Més Compromís (1)
  Popular Unity Candidacy–For Rupture (CUP–PR)
Candidatura d'Unitat Popular
Left-wing to far-left Catalan separatism
Anti-capitalism
246,971 votes, 1.02%
2 / 350
Opposition
  Commitment Coalition (Compromis)
Coalició Compromis
Left-wing Valencian nationalism
Eco-socialism
173,821 votes, 0.66%
1 / 350
Confidence and supply
  Canarian Coalition (CC–PNC)
Coalición Canaria
Centre to
centre-right
Canarian nationalism
Conservatism
137,664 votes, 0.53%
2 / 350
Opposition
  Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG)
Bloque Nacionalista Gallego
Left-wing Galician separatism
Socialism
120,456 votes 0.5%
1 / 350
Opposition
  Sum Navarre (NA+)
Navarra Suma
Centre-right to
right-wing
Regionalism
Christian democracy
107,619 votes, 0.41%
2 / 350
Opposition UPN (2)
Regionalist Party of Cantabria (PRC)
Partido Regionalista de Cantabria
Centre to
centre-left
Progressivism
Cantabrian regionalism
52,266 votes, 0.20%
1 / 350
Confidence and supply
Teruel Exists (TE)
¡Teruel existe!
Big tent Regionalism 246,971 votes, 0.08%
1 / 350
Confidence and supply

Other political parties represented in regional parliamentsEdit

Party Position Ideology Regional parliament Seats Status
Unitarian Candidacy of Workers
Candidatura Unitaria de Trabajadores
Far-left Libertarian communism, Anti-capitalism, Andalusian nationalism Parliament of Andalusia
1 / 109
Opposition
Aragonese Party
Partido Aragonés
Centre[9] Aragonese regionalism
Centrism
Aragonese Corts
3 / 67
Government
Aragonese Union
Chunta Aragonesista
Left-wing Eco-socialism, Aragonese nationalism, Republicanism, Federalism
3 / 67
Government
More Madrid
Más Madrid
Left-wing Progressivism, Participatory democracy, Green politics, Regionalism Assembly of Madrid
24 / 136
Opposition
Asturias Forum
Foro Asturias
Centre-right Conservatism, Christian democracy, Regionalism General Junta of the Principality of Asturias
2 / 45
Opposition
More for Majorca
Més per Mallorca
Left-wing Democratic socialism, Green politics, Left-wing nationalism, Catalanism Parliament of the Balearic Islands
6 / 59
Government
Proposal for the Islands
Proposta per les Illes
Centre Liberalism, Centrism, Balearic regionalism
3 / 59
Opposition
More for Menorca
Més per Menorca
Left-wing Democratic socialism, Green politics, Left-wing nationalism, Catalanism, Republicanism, Souverainism, Feminism
3 / 59
Confidence and supply
People for Formentera
Gent per Formentera
Left-wing Environmentalism, Socialism, Catalanism
3 / 59
Confidence and supply
Regionalist Party of Cantabria
Partido Regionalista de Cantabria
Centre to centre-left Progressivism, centrism, Cantabrian regionalism Parliament of Cantabria
12 / 35
Government
Leonese People's Union
Unión del Pueblo Leonés
Centre Centrism, Leonese regionalism Cortes of Castile and León
1 / 83
Opposition
Together for Catalonia
Junts per Catalunya
Centre-right Liberalism, Catalan nationalism, Catalan independence Parliament of Catalonia
32 / 135
Government
Catalonia in Common–We Can
Catalunya en Comú–Podem
Left-wing Social justice, Catalan right of self-determination, Left-wing populism, Environmentalism
8 / 135
Opposition
Popular Unity Candidacy
Candidatura d'Unitat Popular
Left-wing to far-left Catalan independence, Catalan nationalism, Socialism, Environmentalism, Euroscepticism
9 / 135
Confidence and supply
Galician Nationalist Bloc
Bloque Nacionalista Galego
Left-wing Galician nationalism, socialism, euroscepticism Parliament of Galicia
19 / 75
Opposition
Navarrese People's Union
Unión del Pueblo Navarro
Centre-right Conservatism, Regionalism Parliament of Navarre
15 / 50
Opposition
Yes to the Future
Geroa Bai
Centre-left Basque nationalism
9 / 50
Government
Left
Izquierda-Ezkerra
Left-wing Socialism
1 / 50
Confidence and supply

Political parties without any representationEdit

Socially conservative partiesEdit

Communist partiesEdit

Nationalist partiesEdit

Defunct partiesEdit

Defunct major partiesEdit

Defunct minor partiesEdit

Historic partiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Composición - Congreso de los Diputados". www.congreso.es. Retrieved 2021-08-17.
  2. ^ País, El (1989-01-20). "Fraga se empleó a fondo para lograr que el congreso de AP cambie el nombre del partido". El País (in Spanish). ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 2021-08-17.
  3. ^ "Rivera: Ciudadanos ha demostrado que "el centro político existe" y será "fundamental en la nueva Transición". Diario de Noticias de Navarra". www.noticiasdenavarra.com. Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
  4. ^ "Catalonia election: full results". The Guardian.
  5. ^ "Navarra ensaya el gran pacto electoral: UPN, PP y Ciudadanos concurrirán juntos a las generales". abc (in Spanish). 2019-03-10. Retrieved 2021-08-18.
  6. ^ Press, Europa (2020-02-20). "Ciudadanos pacta con el PP ocupar el segundo puesto de las listas por Álava y Vizcaya en las elecciones vascas". www.europapress.es. Retrieved 2021-08-18.
  7. ^ Marcos, Ana (2019-09-26). "Más País y Equo llegan a un preacuerdo para presentarse en diez provincias". El País (in Spanish). ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 2021-08-17.
  8. ^ Press, Europa (2019-09-30). "Registrada Més Compromís, la coalición de Más País y Compromís par la Comunidad Valenciana". www.europapress.es. Retrieved 2021-08-17.
  9. ^ "El catalán de la Franja se denominará 'lapao' en Aragón". La Vanguardia. May 6, 2013.
  10. ^ "La entrevista: 'Somos un ejemplo para los jóvenes'". Pinares Noticias (in Spanish). June 17, 2014. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
  11. ^ Antón, B. (June 11, 2014). "La vocación por bandera". Diario de Burgos (in Spanish). Retrieved June 27, 2014.
  12. ^ Press, Europa (2019-04-29). "Resultados elecciones generales 2019 - Muerte al Sistema, el Partido RISA y Unión de Todos: estos son los partidos menos votados el 28-A". Vozpópuli (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-04-30.