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Melilla (Congress of Deputies constituency)

Melilla is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects one deputy using plurality voting. Its boundaries correspond to those of the autonomous city of Melilla.

Melilla
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Melilla).png
Location of Melilla within Spain.
ProvinceMálaga (1977–1995)
None (1995–)
Autonomous communityAndalusia (1977–1995)
None (1995–)
Population85,584 (2016)
Electorate57,795 (2016)
Major settlementsMelilla
Current constituency
Created1977
Seats1
Member(s)     PP (1)

Contents

Electoral systemEdit

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts in the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, the Constitution requires for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprises all nationals over eighteen and in full enjoyment of their political rights. The only exception was in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in full enjoyment of their political and civil rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[3] 348 seats are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method may result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude.[4] Each provincial constituency is entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with the remaining 248 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations. Ceuta and Melilla are allocated the two remaining seats, which are elected using plurality voting.[2][5][6][7]

The electoral law provides that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors are allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors are required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they are seeking election—0.1 percent and, at least, the signature of 500 electors, until 1985—. Also since 2011, parties, federations or coalitions who have not obtained a mandate in either House of Parliament at the preceding election are required to secure the signature of at least 0.1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they are seeking election. Electors are barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election are required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[5][7]

DeputiesEdit

Deputies for Melilla 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
1
1st 1979
1
2nd 1982
1
3rd 1986
1
4th 1989
1
1990
1
5th 1993
1
6th 1996
1
7th 2000
1
8th 2004
1
9th 2008
1
10th 2011
1
11th 2015
1
12th 2016
1
13th 2019
1

ElectionsEdit

2019 general electionEdit

Summary of the 28 April 2019 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 8,087 23.96 –25.90 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 6,989 20.70 –4.39 0 ±0
Coalition for Melilla (CpM) 6,857 20.31 New 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 5,807 17.20 New 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs) 4,351 12.89 +0.53 0 ±0
United We Can (PodemosIUeQuo) 1,292 3.83 –6.00 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 99 0.29 +0.13 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 39 0.12 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 237 0.70 –0.29
Total 33,758 1 ±0
Valid votes 33,758 99.06 +0.38
Invalid votes 319 0.94 –0.38
Votes cast / turnout 34,077 57.53 +9.98
Abstentions 25,156 42.47 –9.98
Registered voters 59,233
Sources[8]

2016 general electionEdit

Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 13,522 49.86 +5.95 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 6,805 25.09 +0.50 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 3,352 12.36 –3.19 0 ±0
United We Can (Unidos Podemos)1 2,667 9.83 –2.92 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 317 1.17 +0.05 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 146 0.54 –0.31 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 44 0.16 ±0.00 0 ±0
Blank ballots 268 0.99 –0.07
Total 27,121 1 ±0
Valid votes 27,121 99.68 –0.04
Invalid votes 362 1.32 +0.04
Votes cast / turnout 27,483 47.55 –1.80
Abstentions 30,312 52.45 +1.80
Registered voters 57,795
Sources[9]

2015 general electionEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 12,331 43.91 –22.80 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 6,905 24.59 –0.73 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 4,366 15.55 New 0 ±0
We Can (Podemos) 3,215 11.45 New 0 ±0
Popular UnityUnited Left (UP–IU) 366 1.30 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 314 1.12 +0.61 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 240 0.85 –2.86 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 46 0.16 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 299 1.06 –0.80
Total 28,082 1 ±0
Valid votes 28,082 98.72 –0.14
Invalid votes 363 1.28 +0.14
Votes cast / turnout 28,445 49.35 –0.08
Abstentions 29,194 50.65 +0.08
Registered voters 57,639
Sources[10]

2011 general electionEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 17,828 66.71 +17.68 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 6,766 25.32 –22.78 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 992 3.71 +2.57 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 427 1.60 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 137 0.51 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 80 0.30 +0.20 0 ±0
Blank ballots 496 1.86 +0.97
Total 26,726 1 ±0
Valid votes 26,726 98.86 –0.40
Invalid votes 308 1.14 +0.40
Votes cast / turnout 27,034 49.43 –14.25
Abstentions 27,656 50.57 +14.25
Registered voters 54,690
Sources[11]

2008 general electionEdit

Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 15,717 49.03 –5.57 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 15,420 48.10 +6.67 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 367 1.14 New 0 ±0
The Greens–Green Group (LV–GV) 77 0.24 –0.26 0 ±0
Social Democratic Party (PSD) 73 0.23 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 44 0.14 New 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 39 0.12 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 33 0.10 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 285 0.89 –0.71
Total 32,055 1 ±0
Valid votes 32,055 99.26 +0.08
Invalid votes 240 0.74 –0.08
Votes cast / turnout 32,295 63.68 +7.84
Abstentions 18,416 36.32 –7.84
Registered voters 50,711
Sources[12]

2004 general electionEdit

Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 14,856 54.60 +4.80 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 11,273 41.43 +21.01 0 ±0
United Left (IU) 229 0.84 –0.67 0 ±0
The Greens–Green Group (LV–GV) 135 0.50 –0.16 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 89 0.33 New 0 ±0
Republican Left (IR) 57 0.21 New 0 ±0
The Phalanx (FE) 46 0.17 –0.01 0 ±0
Spanish Democratic Party (PADE) 35 0.13 +0.08 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 30 0.11 New 0 ±0
Spain 2000 (E–2000) 22 0.08 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 435 1.60 –0.50
Total 27,207 1 ±0
Valid votes 27,207 99.18 –0.10
Invalid votes 225 0.82 +0.10
Votes cast / turnout 27,432 55.84 +1.84
Abstentions 21,697 44.16 –1.84
Registered voters 49,129
Sources[13]

2000 general electionEdit

Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's PartyMelillan People's Union (PP–UPM) 13,078 49.80 –0.77 1 ±0
Localist Bloc of Melilla (BLM) 6,514 24.81 New 0 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 5,363 20.42 –22.90 0 ±0
United Left (IU) 397 1.51 –1.97 0 ±0
The Greens–Green Group (LV–GV) 174 0.66 New 0 ±0
Nationalist Aprome (Aprome) 60 0.23 –0.50 0 ±0
The Phalanx (FE) 48 0.18 New 0 ±0
Independent Spanish Phalanx–Phalanx 2000 (FEI–FE 2000) 38 0.14 +0.02 0 ±0
Natural Law Party (PLN) 23 0.09 New 0 ±0
Spanish Democratic Party (PADE) 13 0.05 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 551 2.10 +0.48
Total 26,259 1 ±0
Valid votes 26,259 99.28 +0.19
Invalid votes 191 0.72 –0.19
Votes cast / turnout 26,450 54.00 –7.95
Abstentions 22,535 46.00 +7.95
Registered voters 48,985
Sources[14]

1996 general electionEdit

Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 13,788 50.57 +5.65 1 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 11,810 43.32 –5.47 0 –1
United Left (IU) 950 3.48 +0.88 0 ±0
Nationalist Party of Melilla (PNM) 200 0.73 New 0 ±0
Centrist Union (UC) 74 0.27 –1.88 0 ±0
Blank ballots 441 1.62 +0.39
Total 27,263 1 ±0
Valid votes 27,263 99.09 –0.48
Invalid votes 251 0.91 +0.48
Votes cast / turnout 27,514 61.95 –4.19
Abstentions 16,901 38.05 +4.19
Registered voters 44,415
Sources[15]

1993 general electionEdit

Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 12,885 48.79 +10.29 1 +1
People's Party (PP) 11,865 44.92 –10.76 0 –1
United Left (IU) 687 2.60 New 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 569 2.15 +0.35 0 ±0
Natural Law Party (PLN) 80 0.30 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 325 1.23 +0.33
Total 26,411 1 ±0
Valid votes 26,411 99.57 +0.28
Invalid votes 115 0.43 –0.28
Votes cast / turnout 26,526 66.14 +14.25
Abstentions 13,579 33.86 –14.25
Registered voters 40,105
Sources[16]

1990 by-electionEdit

Summary of the 25 March 1990 Congress of Deputies by-election results in Melilla
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 9,748 55.68 +16.28 1 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 6,741 38.50 –3.50 0 –1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 316 1.80 –6.64 0 ±0
Spanish Nationalist Party of Melilla (PNEM) 301 1.72 –5.34 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 130 0.74 +0.07 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 115 0.66 –0.39 0 ±0
Blank ballots 157 0.90 –0.49
Total 17,508 1 ±0
Valid votes 17,508 99.29 +0.57
Invalid votes 126 0.71 –0.57
Votes cast / turnout 17,634 51.89 –6.06
Abstentions 16,351 48.11 +6.06
Registered voters 33,985
Sources[17]

1989 general electionEdit

The results of the 1989 general election in Melilla were declared void by the Spanish Constitutional Court because of perceived irregularities in the vote tally, with provisional results awarding the district's single seat to the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) by 507 votes.[18] After a by-election was held on 25 March 1990, the district's seat was won by the People's Party (PP) by a large majority of 3,007 votes.[19]

Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 8,178 42.00 +6.35 1 +1
People's Party (PP)1 7,671 39.40 –6.54 0 –1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 1,644 8.44 –2.78 0 ±0
Spanish Nationalist Party of Melilla (PNEM) 1,374 7.06 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 204 1.05 New 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 131 0.67 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 270 1.39 –0.07
Total 19,472 1 ±0
Valid votes 19,472 98.72 –0.16
Invalid votes 253 1.28 +0.16
Votes cast / turnout 19,725 57.95 –2.03
Abstentions 14,314 42.05 +2.03
Registered voters 34,039
Sources[20][17]

1986 general electionEdit

Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 9,082 45.94 +19.51 1 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 7,048 35.65 –13.34 0 –1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 2,218 11.22 +3.53 0 ±0
United Left (IU) 549 2.78 New 0 ±0
Democratic Reformist Party (PRD) 465 2.35 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 118 0.60 +0.29 0 ±0
Blank ballots 289 1.46 +0.74
Total 19,769 1 ±0
Valid votes 19,769 98.88 –0.09
Invalid votes 224 1.12 +0.09
Votes cast / turnout 19,993 59.98 –10.52
Abstentions 13,337 40.02 +10.52
Registered voters 33,330
Sources[21]

1982 general electionEdit

Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 10,291 48.99 +27.59 1 +1
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 5,551 26.43 +21.59 0 ±0
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 3,083 14.68 –36.89 0 –1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 1,615 7.69 New 0 ±0
New Force (FN)2 143 0.68 –1.77 0 ±0
Spanish Solidarity (SE) 105 0.50 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 66 0.31 New 0 ±0
Communist Movement (MC) 0 0.00 –1.03 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 0 0.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 152 0.72 +0.36
Total 21,006 1 ±0
Valid votes 21,006 98.97 –0.09
Invalid votes 218 1.03 +0.09
Votes cast / turnout 21,224 70.50 +9.83
Abstentions 8,883 29.50 –9.83
Registered voters 30,107
Sources[22]

1979 general electionEdit

Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 9,035 51.57 –4.70 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 3,750 21.40 –5.72 0 ±0
Independent Candidates of Melilla (CIME) 1,820 10.39 New 0 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)1 848 4.84 –6.04 0 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 793 4.53 –0.54 0 ±0
National Union (UN) 429 2.45 New 0 ±0
Party of Labour of Spain (PTE) 353 2.01 New 0 ±0
Carlist Party (PC) 194 1.11 New 0 ±0
Communist MovementOrganization of Communist Left (MC–OIC) 180 1.03 New 0 ±0
Workers' Revolutionary Organization (ORT) 46 0.26 New 0 ±0
Union for the Freedom of Speech (ULE) 9 0.05 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 63 0.36 –0.20
Total 17,520 1 ±0
Valid votes 17,520 99.06 +0.28
Invalid votes 166 0.94 –0.28
Votes cast / turnout 17,686 60.67 –15.37
Abstentions 11,463 39.33 +15.37
Registered voters 29,149
Sources[23]

1977 general electionEdit

Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 10,723 56.27 n/a 1 n/a
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 5,168 27.12 n/a 0 n/a
People's Alliance (AP) 2,074 10.88 n/a 0 n/a
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 966 5.07 n/a 0 n/a
Blank ballots 107 0.56 n/a
Total 19,056 1 n/a
Valid votes 19,056 98.78 n/a
Invalid votes 235 1.22 n/a
Votes cast / turnout 19,291 76.04 n/a
Abstentions 6,077 23.96 n/a
Registered voters 25,368
Sources[24]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Political Reform Act of 1977". Law No. 1 of 4 January 1977. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Spanish Constitution of 1978". Act of 29 December 1978. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  4. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  5. ^ a b "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  6. ^ "Constitution" (PDF). congreso.es. Congress of Deputies. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  8. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. April 2019. Melilla". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  9. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 2016. Melilla". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  10. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Melilla". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Melilla". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  12. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2008. Melilla". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  13. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2004. Melilla". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  14. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2000. Melilla". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  15. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 1996. Melilla". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  16. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1993. Melilla". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  17. ^ a b "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. October 1989. Melilla". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  18. ^ De la Cuadra, Bonifacio (20 February 1990). "Melilla repetirá las elecciones legislativas". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  19. ^ Grijelmo, Álex (26 March 1990). "La derecha agrupó sus votos para vencer al PSOE". El País (in Spanish). Melilla. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  20. ^ "1989 general election" (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 31 October 1989. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  21. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1986. Melilla". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  22. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. October 1982. Melilla". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  23. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 1979. Melilla". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  24. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1977. Melilla". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.

Coordinates: 35°16′N 2°56′W / 35.267°N 2.933°W / 35.267; -2.933