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La Rioja (Congress of Deputies constituency)

La RiojaLogroño until 1982—is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects four deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of La Rioja. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

La Rioja
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(LaRioja).png
Location of La Rioja within Spain
ProvinceLa Rioja
Autonomous communityLa Rioja
Population317,053 (2016)
Electorate247,670 (2016)
Major settlementsLogroño
Current constituency
Created1977
Seats4
Member(s)
  •      PSOE (2)
  •      PP (1)
  •      Cs (1)

Contents

Electoral systemEdit

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts in the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, the Constitution requires for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprises all nationals over eighteen and in full enjoyment of their political rights. The only exception was in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in full enjoyment of their political and civil rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[3] 348 seats are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method may result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude.[4] Each provincial constituency is entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with the remaining 248 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations. Ceuta and Melilla are allocated the two remaining seats, which are elected using plurality voting.[2][5][6][7]

The electoral law provides that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors are allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors are required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they are seeking election—0.1 percent and, at least, the signature of 500 electors, until 1985—. Also since 2011, parties, federations or coalitions who have not obtained a mandate in either House of Parliament at the preceding election are required to secure the signature of at least 0.1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they are seeking election. Electors are barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election are required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[5][7]

DeputiesEdit

Deputies for La Rioja 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
1 2 1
1st 1979
1 3
2nd 1982
2 2
3rd 1986
2 2
4th 1989
2 2
5th 1993
2 2
6th 1996
2 2
7th 2000
1 3
8th 2004
2 2
9th 2008
2 2
10th 2011
1 3
11th 2015
1 1 2
12th 2016
1 1 2
13th 2019
2 1 1

ElectionsEdit

2019 general electionEdit

Summary of the 28 April 2019 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 57,060 31.70 +7.41 2 +1
People's Party (PP) 47,747 26.53 –16.08 1 –1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs) 32,063 17.81 +3.83 1 +1
United We Can (PodemosIUeQuo) 21,214 11.79 –4.84 0 –1
Vox (Vox) 16,156 8.98 +8.77 0 ±0
Riojan Party (PR+) 2,080 1.16 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 1,377 0.77 –0.01 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 383 0.21 +0.03 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 266 0.15 –0.03 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 194 0.11 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,454 0.81 +0.10
Total 179,994 4 ±0
Valid votes 179,994 98.63 –0.27
Invalid votes 2,509 1.37 +0.27
Votes cast / turnout 182,503 78.11 +7.49
Abstentions
Registered voters 249,834
Sources[8]

2016 general electionEdit

Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 73,708 42.61 +4.27 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 42,010 24.29 +0.60 1 ±0
United We Can (PodemosIUeQuo)1 28,772 16.63 –3.40 1 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 24,180 13.98 –1.15 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 1,350 0.78 +0.12 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 425 0.25 –0.52 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 366 0.21 New 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 312 0.18 –0.02 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 304 0.18 –0.02 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 250 0.14 +0.01 0 ±0
Rioja Southern Territory–Navarrese Freedom (HRTS–Ln) 80 0.05 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,225 0.71 –0.13
Total 172,982 4 ±0
Valid votes 172,982 98.90 +0.05
Invalid votes 1,931 1.10 –0.05
Votes cast / turnout 174,913 70.62 –1.81
Abstentions 72,757 29.38 +1.81
Registered voters 247,670
Sources[9]

2015 general electionEdit

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 67,941 38.34 –16.36 2 –1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 41,973 23.69 –7.40 1 ±0
We Can (Podemos) 28,073 15.84 New 1 +1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 26,812 15.13 New 0 ±0
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 7,423 4.19 –0.21 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 1,361 0.77 –5.19 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 1,177 0.66 +0.21 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 362 0.20 –0.36 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 360 0.20 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 229 0.13 –0.09 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,496 0.84 –0.77
Total 177,207 4 ±0
Valid votes 177,207 98.85 +0.43
Invalid votes 2,062 1.15 –0.43
Votes cast / turnout 179,269 72.43 –0.35
Abstentions 68,238 27.57 +0.35
Registered voters 247,507
Sources[10]

2011 general electionEdit

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 95,124 54.70 +5.19 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 54,066 31.09 –12.54 1 –1
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 10,367 5.96 +4.68 0 ±0
United Left: Plural Left (IU) 7,995 4.60 +2.66 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 1,626 0.93 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 779 0.45 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 686 0.39 +0.27 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 380 0.22 +0.14 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 94 0.05 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,793 1.61 +0.51
Total 173,910 4 ±0
Valid votes 173,910 98.42 –0.88
Invalid votes 2,797 1.58 +0.88
Votes cast / turnout 176,707 72.78 –6.51
Abstentions 66,093 27.22 +6.51
Registered voters 242,800
Sources[11]

2008 general electionEdit

Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 93,104 49.51 –0.43 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 82,032 43.63 –0.34 2 ±0
United Left (IU) 3,647 1.94 –0.82 0 ±0
Riojan Party (PR) 2,837 1.51 New 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 2,405 1.28 New 0 ±0
The Greens (LV) 853 0.45 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 221 0.12 New 0 ±0
Social Democratic Party (PSD) 214 0.11 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 150 0.08 New 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 102 0.05 New 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFyV) 72 0.04 –0.19 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 72 0.04 –0.03 0 ±0
Spanish Alternative (AES) 61 0.03 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 60 0.03 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 48 0.03 New 0 ±0
Authentic Phalanx (FA) 39 0.02 New 0 ±0
Spain 2000 (E–2000) 37 0.02 New 0 ±0
Carlist Party (PC) 11 0.01 –0.02 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,068 1.10 –0.97
Total 188,033 4 ±0
Valid votes 188,033 99.30 +0.08
Invalid votes 1,328 0.70 –0.08
Votes cast / turnout 189,361 79.29 –0.17
Abstentions 49,447 20.71 +0.17
Registered voters 238,808
Sources[12]

2004 general electionEdit

Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 92,441 49.94 –4.16 2 –1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 81,390 43.97 +9.10 2 +1
United Left (IU) 5,115 2.76 –1.26 0 ±0
Citizens for Blank Votes (CenB) 926 0.50 New 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFyV) 434 0.23 New 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 272 0.15 +0.07 0 ±0
Republican Left (IR) 253 0.14 New 0 ±0
The Phalanx (FE) 154 0.08 +0.02 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 123 0.07 New 0 ±0
Republican Social Movement (MSR) 101 0.05 New 0 ±0
Carlist Party (PC) 63 0.03 ±0.00 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,827 2.07 +0.15
Total 185,099 4 ±0
Valid votes 185,099 99.22 –0.02
Invalid votes 1,446 0.78 +0.02
Votes cast / turnout 186,545 79.46 +5.25
Abstentions 48,231 20.54 –5.25
Registered voters 234,776
Sources[13]

2000 general electionEdit

Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 91,810 54.10 +4.69 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 59,171 34.87 –1.78 1 –1
United Left (IU) 6,830 4.02 –4.69 0 ±0
Riojan Party (PR) 6,155 3.63 +0.23 0 ±0
The Greens (LV) 1,709 1.01 New 0 ±0
Spanish Democratic Party (PADE) 139 0.08 New 0 ±0
Centrist Union–Democratic and Social Centre (UC–CDS) 131 0.08 –0.18 0 ±0
Movement for Humanist Socialism (MASH) 121 0.07 New 0 ±0
The Phalanx (FE) 104 0.06 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 79 0.05 New 0 ±0
Natural Law Party (PLN) 79 0.05 New 0 ±0
Carlist Party (PC) 56 0.03 New 0 ±0
Spain 2000 Platform (ES2000) 46 0.03 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,265 1.92 +0.45
Total 169,695 4 ±0
Valid votes 169,695 99.24 –0.16
Invalid votes 1,302 0.76 +0.16
Votes cast / turnout 170,997 74.21 –6.71
Abstentions 59,430 25.79 +6.71
Registered voters 230,427
Sources[14]

1996 general electionEdit

Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 88,069 49.41 +3.15 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 65,311 36.65 –0.95 2 ±0
United Left–La Rioja (IU) 15,530 8.71 +1.75 0 ±0
Riojan Party (PR) 6,065 3.40 –1.02 0 ±0
Centrist Union (UC) 472 0.26 –1.86 0 ±0
Authentic Spanish Phalanx (FEA) 167 0.09 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,612 1.47 +0.22
Total 178,226 4 ±0
Valid votes 178,226 99.40 –0.04
Invalid votes 1,080 0.60 +0.04
Votes cast / turnout 179,306 80.92 +0.92
Abstentions 42,277 19.08 –0.92
Registered voters 221,583
Sources[15]

1993 general electionEdit

Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 78,792 46.26 +5.17 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 64,037 37.60 –2.10 2 ±0
United Left–La Rioja (IU) 11,850 6.96 +0.54 0 ±0
Riojan Party (PR) 7,532 4.42 New 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 3,609 2.12 –5.06 0 ±0
The Greens (LV) 996 0.58 New 0 ±0
The Ecologists (LE) 493 0.29 –0.99 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos GroupEuropean Democratic Alliance (ARM–ADE) 432 0.25 –0.98 0 ±0
Health and Ecology in Solidarity (SEES) 142 0.08 New 0 ±0
Natural Law Party (PLN) 82 0.05 New 0 ±0
Coalition for a New Socialist Party (CNPS) 76 0.04 New 0 ±0
Spanish Democratic Republican Action (ARDE) 73 0.04 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 71 0.04 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 0 0.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,125 1.25 +0.05
Total 170,310 4 ±0
Valid votes 170,310 99.44 +0.33
Invalid votes 967 0.56 –0.33
Votes cast / turnout 171,277 80.00 +7.96
Abstentions 42,807 20.00 –7.96
Registered voters 214,084
Sources[16]

1989 general electionEdit

Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP)1 60,737 41.09 +1.87 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 58,678 39.70 –4.22 2 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 10,620 7.18 –2.90 0 ±0
United Left (IU) 9,495 6.42 +4.42 0 ±0
The Ecologist Greens (LVE) 1,893 1.28 New 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) 1,823 1.23 New 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 848 0.57 New 0 ±0
Social Democratic Coalition (CSD) 769 0.52 New 0 ±0
Workers' Party of Spain–Communist Unity (PTE–UC)2 679 0.46 –0.57 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 271 0.18 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 220 0.15 –0.10 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,775 1.20 +0.28
Total 147,808 4 ±0
Valid votes 147,808 99.11 +1.07
Invalid votes 1,326 0.89 –1.07
Votes cast / turnout 149,134 72.04 –2.27
Abstentions 57,875 27.96 +2.27
Registered voters 207,009
Sources[17]

1986 general electionEdit

Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 65,151 43.92 +0.47 2 ±0
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 58,177 39.22 –2.31 2 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 14,953 10.08 +6.38 0 ±0
United Left (IU)2 2,961 2.00 +0.40 0 ±0
Democratic Reformist Party (PRD) 2,824 1.90 New 0 ±0
Communists' Unity Board (MUC) 1,531 1.03 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 524 0.35 +0.06 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 372 0.25 New 0 ±0
Republican Popular Unity (UPR)3 284 0.19 +0.12 0 ±0
Party of the Communists of Catalonia (PCC) 190 0.13 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,361 0.92 +0.22
Total 148,328 4 ±0
Valid votes 148,328 98.04 +0.52
Invalid votes 2,968 1.96 –0.52
Votes cast / turnout 151,296 74.31 –9.79
Abstentions 52,308 25.69 +9.79
Registered voters 203,604
Sources[18]

1982 general electionEdit

Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 67,781 43.45 +14.32 2 +1
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 64,778 41.53 +27.66 2 +2
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 11,545 7.40 –40.64 0 –3
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 5,774 3.70 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 2,491 1.60 –1.97 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 902 0.58 New 0 ±0
New Force (FN)2 669 0.43 –0.73 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 445 0.29 New 0 ±
Carlist Party (PC) 224 0.14 –0.29 0 ±0
Communist Unity Candidacy (CUC) 184 0.12 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (Marxist–Leninist) (PCE (m–l)) 116 0.07 New 0 ±0
Riojan Left Coordinator (CIR) 0 0.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,086 0.70 +0.12
Total 155,995 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 155,995 97.52 –1.25
Invalid votes 3,971 2.48 +1.25
Votes cast / turnout 159,966 84.10 +10.79
Abstentions 30,238 15.90 –10.79
Registered voters 190,204
Sources[19]

1979 general electionEdit

Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Logroño
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 64,735 48.04 +6.69 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 39,245 29.13 +0.52 1 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 18,686 13.87 –0.60 0 –1
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 4,810 3.57 +0.78 0 ±0
National Union (UN) 1,569 1.16 New 0 ±0
Workers' Revolutionary Organization (ORT)3 1,546 1.15 –0.29 0 ±0
Party of Labour of Spain (PTE)4 1,053 0.78 +0.05 0 ±0
Communist MovementOrganization of Communist Left (MC–OIC) 982 0.73 New 0 ±0
Carlist Party (PC) 583 0.43 New 0 ±0
Republican Left (IR) 462 0.34 New 0 ±0
Communist Organization of Spain (Red Flag) (OCE–BR) 274 0.20 New 0 ±0
Proverist Party (PPr) 148 0.11 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 646 0.48 +0.12
Total 134,739 4 ±0
Valid votes 134,739 98.77 +0.74
Invalid votes 1,680 1.23 –0.74
Votes cast / turnout 136,419 73.31 –10.76
Abstentions 49,678 26.69 +10.76
Registered voters 186,097
Sources[20]

1977 general electionEdit

Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Logroño
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 56,917 41.35 n/a 2 n/a
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 36,186 26.29 n/a 1 n/a
People's Alliance (AP) 19,925 14.47 n/a 1 n/a
Independent Riojan Candidacy (CIR) 5,682 4.13 n/a 0 n/a
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 3,846 2.79 n/a 0 n/a
Federation of Christian Democracy (FPDID) 3,593 2.61 n/a 0 n/a
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 3,188 2.32 n/a 0 n/a
Independent Riojan Group (GIR) 2,399 1.74 n/a 0 n/a
Workers' Electoral Group (AET) 1,986 1.44 n/a 0 n/a
Democratic Socialist Alliance (ASDCI) 1,936 1.41 n/a 0 n/a
Democratic Left Front (FDI) 1,006 0.73 n/a 0 n/a
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (Authentic) (FE–JONS(A)) 639 0.46 n/a 0 n/a
Blank ballots 356 0.26 n/a
Total 137,659 4 n/a
Valid votes 137,659 98.03 n/a
Invalid votes 2,770 1.97 n/a
Votes cast / turnout 140,429 84.07 n/a
Abstentions 26,601 15.93 n/a
Registered voters 167,030
Sources[21]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Political Reform Act of 1977". Law No. 1 of 4 January 1977. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Spanish Constitution of 1978". Act of 29 December 1978. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  4. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  5. ^ a b "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  6. ^ "Constitution" (PDF). congreso.es. Congress of Deputies. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  8. ^ "La Rioja - Total nacional - Congreso - Elecciones Generales España 2019". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  9. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 2016. La Rioja". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  10. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. La Rioja". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. La Rioja". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  12. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2008. La Rioja". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  13. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2004. La Rioja". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  14. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2000. La Rioja". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  15. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 1996. La Rioja". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  16. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1993. La Rioja". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  17. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. October 1989. La Rioja". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  18. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1986. La Rioja". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  19. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. October 1982. La Rioja". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  20. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 1979. La Rioja". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  21. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1977. La Rioja". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.

Coordinates: 42°15′N 2°30′W / 42.250°N 2.500°W / 42.250; -2.500