Coalició Compromís

Coalició Compromís (Valencian pronunciation: [koalisiˈo kompɾoˈmis]; English: Commitment Coalition or Compromise Coalition), also known as Compromís,[15][16] is a Valencianist electoral coalition in the Valencian Community, Spain. The parties involved include the Valencian Nationalist Bloc, the left-wing Valencian People's Initiative, and a group of environmentalist (Greens Equo of the Valencian Country) and independent parties. Together they defend Valencianist, progressive and ecological politics.

Coalició Compromís
PresidentEnric Morera
SpokespersonsMónica Oltra
Enric Morera
Parliamentary spokespersonFran Ferri
(Corts Valencianes)
Joan Baldoví
(Congress of Deputies)
Founded25 January 2010 (2010-01-25)
Merger of
HeadquartersPlaça del Pilar, 1
46001 València
Youth wingJoves amb Compromís:
  • Joves del País Valencià
  • Joves amb Iniciativa
  • Joves Verds Equo
Membership (2019)Increase49,727[1]
IdeologyMajority:
Valencianism[2][3][4][5]
Eco-socialism
Green politics[5]
Republicanism[6]
Factions:
Valencian nationalism[7][8][9][10][11][12][13]
Valencian regionalism[5]
Political positionLeft-wing[14]
National affiliationEuropean Spring (2014)
Commitment for Europe (2019–)
Regional affiliationA la valenciana (2016)
European affiliationEuropean Free Alliance
European Green Party
European Parliament groupGreens/EFA
Colours  Orange
European Parliament
(Spanish seats)
0 / 54
Congress
(Valencian seats)
1 / 33
Senate
(Valencian seats)
1 / 18
Valencian Parliament
17 / 99
Mayors (June 2015)
72 / 542
Town councillors (2019-2023)
724 / 5,716
Website
www.compromis.net

Compromís was founded in January 2010 to participate in the 2011 elections to the Valencian parliament, and the 2011 local elections. Since the 2015 election year, Compromís has significantly increased its representation in many institutions. At present it has 722 councillors all over the Valencian Autonomous Community, 19 parliamentary representatives in the Valencian parliament (Corts Valencianes), 4 representatives in the Congress of Deputies of Spain (within 9 representatives of A la valenciana coalition), 2 in the Spanish Senate and 1 in the European parliament. It also has 6 representatives in the Deputation of Valencia (València), 2 in Castellón (Castelló), 3 in Alicante (Alacant) and 84 mayor's offices, among them, the capital city of Valencia.

HistoryEdit

In the 2011 Valencian election, Compromís received 176.213 votes (7% of the votes) and 6 of the 99 seats.

In the 2011 Spanish general election, running in coalition with Equo in the three Valencian provinces, it won 0.5% of the national vote and 1 MP in Congress (Joan Baldoví), nearing 5% of the total vote in the Valencian Country.

In the 2014 European Parliament election it won 1 seat within the European Spring (Spanish: Primavera Europea) coalition with other parties (such as Chunta Aragonesista or Equo).

In the 2015 Valencian election, Compromís polled third overall after the People's Party (PP) and the Valencian Socialists (PSPV). Compromís got 456.823 votes (18.5% of the votes) and 19 of the 99 seats. The election results allowed a new government to be formed by Compromís and PSPV, with the parliamentary support of Podemos. After negotiations, Mònica Oltra from Compromís was elected as Vice president of Generalitat Valenciana and Ximo Puig from PSPV as President.

For the 2015 Spanish general election, Compromís formed a coalition with Podemos, called Compromís-Podem-És el moment. This new coalition was the second most popular political force in the Valencian Country, surpassing the PSPV. They received 671.071 votes, 25,09% of the total vote in the Valencian Country. During the process of creating parliamentary groups, Podemos deputies joined the group within other Podemos deputies from all around Spain, while Compromís joined the Mixed Group.

In the 2016 general elections in Spain Compromís ran again in a coalition with Podemos, but this time the coalition included as well United Left of the Valencian Country, the Valencian branch of United Left.

Electoral performanceEdit

Corts ValencianesEdit

Corts Valencianes
Election Vote % Score Seats +/– Leader Status in legislature
2011 176,213 7.2% 3rd
6 / 99
 4 Enric Morera Opposition
2015 456,823 18.5% 3rd
19 / 99
 13 Mónica Oltra Government
2019 443,640 16.7% 4th
17 / 99
 2 Mónica Oltra Government

Cortes GeneralesEdit

Cortes Generales
Election Congress Senate Status in legislature
Vote % Score Seats +/– Seats +/–
2011 125,306 0.5% 12th
1 / 350
 1
0 / 208
 0 Opposition
2015 Within És el moment
4 / 350
 3
1 / 208
 1 Opposition
2016 Within A la valenciana
4 / 350
 0
1 / 208
 0 Opposition
2019 (Apr) 173,821 0.7% 11th
1 / 350
 3
0 / 208
 1 Opposition
2019 (Nov) Within Més Compromís
1 / 350
 0
0 / 208
 0 Opposition
Election Valencian Community
Congress Senate
Vote % Score Seats +/– Seats +/–
2011 125,306 4.8% 5th
1 / 33
 1
0 / 12
 0
2015 Within És el moment
4 / 32
 3
1 / 12
 1
2016 Within A la valenciana
4 / 33
 0
1 / 12
 0
2019 (Apr) 173,821 6.5% 6th
1 / 32
 3
0 / 12
 1
2019 (Nov) Within Més Compromís
1 / 32
 0
0 / 12
 0

European ParliamentEdit

European Parliament
Election Total Valencian Community
Vote % Score Seats +/– Vote % Score
2014 Within PE
1 / 54
 1 139,863 8.0% 6th
2019 Within CpE
0 / 54
 1 193,419 8.4% 5th

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Compromís supera su censo de primarias y roza los 50.000 inscritos. eldiario.es, 04/03/2019
  2. ^ "Estatuts del Bloc Nacionalista Valencià" (PDF). p. 7-8.
  3. ^ "Estatuts d'Iniciativa del Poble Valencià". p. 3.
  4. ^ "Estatuts de Compromís".
  5. ^ a b c Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "Spain". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  6. ^ Compromís (27 February 2010). "Founding Manifesto of Compromís" (in Catalan).
  7. ^ "Estatuts del Bloc Nacionalista Valencià" (PDF). p. 7-8.
  8. ^ "Compromís, el cuarto nacionalismo". 9 October 2015.
  9. ^ "Marzà defiende que Valencia debe sumarse al proceso independentista catalán". 12 August 2015.
  10. ^ "Las banderas de Compromís". 4 November 2017.
  11. ^ "Compromís saca la estelada en el Parlamento Europeo". 18 January 2016.
  12. ^ "Compromís celebra su resultado electoral con banderas independentistas catalanas". 27 May 2015.
  13. ^ "Nadal (Compromís): «Aunque Ximo Puig no lo quiera, todos los pueblos tienen derecho a la autodeterminación»". 28 October 2019.
  14. ^ Steve Tallantyre (25 June 2014). "Spanish mayor charged with setting town on fire". The Local. The spokesperson for local green and left-wing party Coalició Compromís (Compromise Coalition), Juan Ponce, called on the mayor to resign in the aftermath of the fire, saying “Sanjuán has endangered the lives of many people, causing an ecological disaster from which it will take decades to recover."
  15. ^ Landsford, T. (2014) Political Handbook of the World 2014, p. 1343 ISBN 978-1-4833-3328-1
  16. ^ Ávila López, E. (2016) Modern Spain, p. 85 ISBN 978-1-61069-600-5

External linksEdit