The VICTORIA PORTAL
Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia. Victoria is Australia's smallest mainland state and its second-most populous state (after New South Wales) overall, making it the most densely populated state overall. Most of its population lives concentrated in the area surrounding Port Phillip Bay, which includes the metropolitan area of its state capital and largest city, Melbourne, Australia's second-largest city. Victoria is bordered by Bass Strait and Tasmania to the south,
New South Wales to the north, the Tasman Sea (a marginal sea of the South Pacific Ocean), to the east, and South Australia to the west.
The area that is now known as Victoria is the home of many Aboriginal people groups, including the Boon wurrung, the Bratauolung, the Djadjawurrung, the Gunai/Kurnai, the Gunditjmara, the Taungurong, the Wathaurong, the Wurundjeri, and the Yorta Yorta. There were more than 30 Aboriginal languages spoken in the area prior to the European settlement of Australia. The Kulin nation is an alliance of five Aboriginal nations which makes up much of the central part of the state.
The Murray River
, or River Murray
and sometimes informally referred to as the "Mighty Murray", is Australia
's second-longest river
in its own right (the longest being its tributary the Darling
). At approximately 3,750 kilometres in length, the Murray rises in the Australian Alps
, draining the western side of Australia's highest mountains and, for most of its length, meanders across Australia's inland plains, forming the border between New South Wales
as it flows to the northwest, before turning south for its final 500 kilometres or so into South Australia
then ends at the mouth at Lake Alexandrina.
The waters of the Murray flow through several lakes that fluctuate in salinity (and were often fresh until recent decades) including Lake Alexandrina and The Coorong before emptying through the Murray Mouth into the southeastern portion of the Indian Ocean, often referenced on Australian maps as the Southern Ocean, near Goolwa. Despite discharging considerable volumes of water at times, particularly before the advent of large scale river regulation, the Mouth has always been comparatively small and shallow.
Average yearly precipitation:
Victoria's rainfall is concentrated in the mountainous north-east and coast.
The State Library of Victoria forecourt
Average January maximum temperatures:
Victoria's north is almost always hotter than coastal and mountainous areas.
The Melbourne skyline at night, from Port Phillip
Average July maximum temperatures:
Victoria's hills and ranges are coolest during winter. Snow also falls there.
Autumn in the Dandenong Ranges
The Victorian Parliament House, built in 1856, stands in Spring Street, Melbourne. The building was intended to be finished with a dome, but was not completed due to budget constraints.
The University of Melbourne, ranked as one of the best universities in Australia and in the Southern Hemisphere, is Victoria's oldest university.
Victoria's stand at the Paris Exhibition Universal of 1867, showing bales of wool
Melbourne, the state capital, is home to more than three in four Victorians.
Island Archway on the Great Ocean Road in Victoria, Australia.
The estimated resident population since 1981
Things you can do
In the news
Sir Wilfrid Selwyn Kent Hughes KBE
(12 June 1895 – 31 July 1970) was an Australian soldier, Olympian and Olympic Games
organiser, author and federal and state government minister.
Kent Hughes was born in Melbourne to an upper middle-class family. He was set to attend the University of Oxford on a Rhodes Scholarship when he enlisted in the army on the outbreak of World War I. After his discharge from the army, Kent Hughes attended Oxford and represented Australia in athletics as a hurdler at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp. Upon the completion of his degree at Oxford, Kent Hughes returned to Australia, seeking a career in politics. Elected to the Victorian state parliament in 1927, Kent Hughes sat with the conservative Nationalist Party of Australia, rising to the position of Deputy Premier of Victoria. Kent Hughes proved to be a controversial figure in politics, and was never afraid to publicly espouse his personal beliefs, such as an admiration for fascism, of which he had a poor understanding.
Did you know...