The VICTORIA PORTAL
Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia. Victoria is Australia's most densely populated state and its second-most populous state overall. Most of its population lives concentrated in the area surrounding Port Phillip Bay, which includes the metropolitan area of its state capital and largest city, Melbourne, Australia's second-largest city. Geographically the smallest state on the Australian mainland, Victoria is bordered by Bass Strait and Tasmania to the south,
New South Wales to the north, the Tasman Sea to the east, and South Australia to the west.
The area that is now known as Victoria is the home of many Aboriginal people groups, including the Boon wurrung, the Bratauolung, the Djadjawurrung, the Gunai, the Gunditjmara, the Taungurong, the Wathaurong, the Wurundjeri, and the Yorta Yorta. There were more than 30 Aboriginal languages spoken in the area prior to the European settlement of Australia. The Kulin nation is an alliance of five Aboriginal nations which makes up much of the central part of the state.
is a rock
group formed in Melbourne
, and led by New Zealand
musician and singer-songwriter Neil Finn
. Finn is widely recognised as the primary songwriter and creative direction of the band, having led it through several incarnations, drawing members from New Zealand (Neil Finn, Tim Finn
and Eddie Rayner
), Australia (Paul Hester
, Nick Seymour
, Peter Jones
and Craig Hooper
) and United States
and Matt Sherrod
Though the band owes its original success to the Australian live music scene, references to New Zealand people and places in songs pay homage to their roots ("Kare Kare" is written about Karekare Beach, "Mean to Me" refers to Finn's hometown of Te Awamutu). The success of the group's third album Woodface and the general success of Crowded House and Split Enz prompted Queen Elizabeth II of the Commonwealth in June 1993 to bestow the Order of the British Empire on both Tim and Neil Finn for their contribution to the music of New Zealand.
Originally active between 1985 and 1996, the band's notable hits from this period include "Don't Dream It's Over", "Something So Strong", "Better Be Home Soon", "Fall at Your Feet" and "Weather with You". In 2007, the group reunited with a new drummer. In this period, the group has released one album, Time on Earth, which reached #1 on Australia's ARIA Albums Chart.
Island Archway on the Great Ocean Road in Victoria, Australia.
Autumn in the Dandenong Ranges
Average January maximum temperatures:
Victoria's north is almost always hotter than coastal and mountainous areas.
The estimated resident population since 1981
Average July maximum temperatures:
Victoria's hills and ranges are coolest during winter. Snow also falls there.
Average yearly precipitation:
Victoria's rainfall is concentrated in the mountainous north-east and coast.
The Victorian Parliament House, built in 1856, stands in Spring Street, Melbourne. The building was intended to be finished with a dome, but was not completed due to budget constraints.
Victoria's stand at the Paris Exhibition Universal of 1867, showing bales of wool
The Melbourne skyline at night, from Port Phillip
The State Library of Victoria forecourt
Melbourne, the state capital, is home to more than three in four Victorians.
The University of Melbourne, ranked as one of the best universities in Australia and in the Southern Hemisphere, is Victoria's oldest university.
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