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List of cities in Australia by population

Map of major cities in Australia.

This list of Australian cities by population provides rankings of Australian cities according to various systems defined by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. Firstly, they are ranked by Greater Capital City Statistical Area (for capital cities) and Significant Urban Area (for other cities). They are also ranked by Urban Centre and by Local Government Area (known internationally as 'city proper').

Contents

Greater Capital City Statistical Areas/Significant Urban Areas by populationEdit

Each capital city forms its own Greater Capital City Statistical Area (GCCSA), which according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) represents a broad socioeconomic definition of each of the eight state and territory capital cities.[1] These correspond to the more common and international usage of metropolitan areas. Significant Urban Areas are similarly defined but include population centres which are not capital cities. In Australia the population of the GCCSA/SUA is the most-often quoted figure for that city's population. The following ranks GCSSAs and SUAs which are not included within the GCCSAs with populations of over 30,000.

Greater Capital City Statistical Areas are in bold, the remainder are Significant Urban Areas.

Rank GCCSA/SUA State/Territory June 2016[1]
population
Percentage of
national population
1 Sydney New South Wales 5,005,358 20.74%
2 Melbourne Victoria 4,641,636 19.24%
3 Brisbane Queensland 2,349,699 9.74%
4 Perth Western Australia 2,066,564 8.56%
5 Adelaide South Australia 1,326,354 5.50%
6 Gold CoastTweed Heads Queensland/New South Wales 638,090 2.64%
7 NewcastleMaitland New South Wales 438,775 1.82%
8 CanberraQueanbeyan Australian Capital Territory/New South Wales 429,023 1.78%
* Australian Capital Territory Australian Capital Territory[a] 396,294 1.64%
9 Sunshine Coast Queensland 307,501 1.27%
10 Wollongong New South Wales 295,842 1.23%
11 Hobart Tasmania 222,802 0.92%
12 Geelong Victoria 191,440 0.79%
13 Townsville Queensland 182,183 0.76%
14 Cairns Queensland 149,609 0.62%
15 Darwin Northern Territory 143,629 0.60%
16 Toowoomba Queensland 115,310 0.48%
17 Ballarat Victoria 102,230 0.42%
18 Bendigo Victoria 94,608 0.39%
19 AlburyWodonga New South Wales/Victoria 90,319 0.37%
20 Launceston Tasmania 86,946 0.36%
21 Mackay Queensland 85,402 0.35%
22 Rockhampton Queensland 80,497 0.33%
23 Bunbury Western Australia 76,361 0.32%
24 Bundaberg Queensland 70,677 0.29%
25 Coffs Harbour New South Wales 69,403 0.29%
26 Wagga Wagga New South Wales 56,487 0.23%
27 Hervey Bay Queensland 52,834 0.22%
28 MilduraWentworth Victoria/New South Wales 50,387 0.21%
29 SheppartonMooroopna Victoria 49,696 0.21%
30 GladstoneTannum Sands Queensland 49,187 0.20%
31 Port Macquarie New South Wales 45,698 0.19%
32 Tamworth New South Wales 42,783 0.18%
33 TraralgonMorwell Victoria 41,164 0.17%
34 Orange New South Wales 40,582 0.17%
35 Geraldton Western Australia 39,773 0.16%
36 BowralMittagong New South Wales 38,550 0.16%
37 Dubbo New South Wales 37,245 0.15%
38 Busselton Western Australia 37,066 0.15%
39 Bathurst New South Wales 36,701 0.15%
40 NowraBomaderry New South Wales 36,448 0.15%
41 WarragulDrouin Victoria 34,618 0.14%
42 Warrnambool Victoria 34,141 0.14%
43 Albany Western Australia 34,126 0.14%
44 KalgoorlieBoulder Western Australia 32,382 0.13%
45 Devonport Tasmania 30,604 0.13%
Notes
  1. ^ The Australian Capital Territory GCCSA includes only the portion of Canberra-Queanbeyan which falls within the boundaries of the ACT.

50 largest urban centres by populationEdit

Urban Centres are defined by the Australian Bureau of Statistics as being a population cluster of 1,000 or more people. For statistical purposes, people living in Urban Centres are classified as urban. The figures below represent the populations of the contiguous built-up areas of each city; with State and territory capitals in bold. These figures are only updated every census, as the ABS does not render population projections for Urban Centres, and as such can only be as up-to-date as the most recent census year.

Rank
(2016)
Urban Centre Estimated resident population Statistical Division/
District
(if part of larger SD)
Ranking in state or territory, 2016
2016 census 2011 census 2006 census ACT NSW NT Qld SA Tas WA Vic
  1 Sydney 3,908,642 [2] 3,641,422 [3] 1
  2 Melbourne 3,707,530 [4] 3,371,888 [5] 1
  3 Brisbane 1,874,427 [6] 1,676,389 [7] 1
  4 Perth 1,627,576 [8] 1,256,035 [9] 1
  5 Adelaide 1,103,979 [10] 1,040,719 [11] 1
  6 Gold CoastTweed Heads 533,660 [12][13] 454,436 [14][15] 2 2
  7 CanberraQueanbeyan 391,474 [16][17] 356,120 [18][19] 1 3
  8 Newcastle 308,308 [20] 288,732 [21] Hunter 4
  9 Central Coast 297,713 [22] 282,726 [23] Sydney 5
  10 Wollongong 245,942 [24] 234,482 [25] Illawarra 6
  11 Sunshine Coast 209,263 [26] 184,662 [27] 3
  12 Hobart 170,975 [28] 128,557 [29] 1
  13 Townsville 157,748 [30] 128,808 [31] 4
  14 Geelong 143,291 [32] 137,220 [33] 2
  15 Cairns 133,893 [34] 98,349 [35] 5
  16 Darwin 103,016 [36] 89,905 [37][38] 1
  17 Toowoomba 96,597 [39] 95,265 [40] 6
  18 Ballarat 85,935 [41] 78,221 [42] 3
  19 Bendigo 82,794 [43] 76,051 [44] 4
  20 AlburyWodonga 77,232 [45][46] 73,497 [47][48] 7 5
  21 Mackay 74,219 [49] 66,874 [50] 7
  22 Launceston 74,085 [51] 71,395 [52] 2
  23 Mandurah 69,903 [53] 67,813 [54] Perth (GCCSA only) 2
  24 Maitland 67,132 [55] 61,431 [56] Newcastle 8
  25 Bunbury 64,385 [57] 54,482 [58] 3
  26 Rockhampton 61,724 [59] 60,827 [60] 8
  27 Bundaberg 49,750 [61] 46,961 [62] 9
  28 Hervey Bay 48,680 [63] 41,225 [64] 10
  29 Wagga Wagga 46,913 [65] 46,735 [66] 9
  30 Melton 45,624 [67] 35,490 [68] Melbourne 6
  31 Coffs Harbour 45,580 [69] 26,353 [70] 10
  32 SheppartonMooroopna 42,741 [71] 38,773 [72] 7
  33 Port Macquarie 41,491 [73] 39,219 [74] 11
  34 Tamworth 36,131 [75] 33,475 [76] 12
  35 Orange 34,992 [77] 31,544 [78] 13
  36 MilduraBuronga 33,432 [79][80] 30,823 [81][82] 14 8
  37 Sunbury 33,062 [83] 29,566 [84] Melbourne 9
  38 Pakenham 32,911 [85] 18,808 [86] Melbourne 10
  39 Dubbo 32,327 [87] 30,574 [88] 15
  40 Gladstone 32,073 [89] 28,808 [90] 11
  41 Geraldton 31,349 [91] 27,420 [92] 4
  42 Bathurst 31,294 [93] 28,992 [94] 16
  43 KalgoorlieBoulder 30,840 [95] 28,242 [96] 5
  44 Warrnambool 29,284 [97] 28,150 [98] 11
  45 NowraBomaderry 27,988 [99] 27,478 [100] 17
  46 Lismore 27,474 [101] 27,069 [102] 18
  47 Albany 26,643 [103] 25,196 [104] 6
  48 Mount Gambier 25,199 [105] 23,494 [106] 2
  49 Traralgon 24,590 [107] 21,960 [108] 12
  50 Alice Springs 24,208 [109] 21,622 [110] 2

30 largest local government areas by populationEdit

Local government areas are the main units of local government in Australia. They may be termed cities, shires, councils or other names, and all function similarly. Brisbane, which covers multiple LGAs, is the only state capital city with a local government area covering a significant portion of its urban area. Other capital cities are serviced by LGAs which cover a much smaller proportion of their total urban areas. A New South Wales review of local government areas resulted in various amalgamations of local government authorities in the state, reflected below. Where marked a new, the local government authority did not exist in this format at the 2011 census and the population is based on an amalgamation of 2015 Australian Bureau of Statistics population figures.[111]

The following table lists local government areas ranked by order based on the estimated population as sourced from the 2016 census.

Rank
(2016)
Local government area Estimated resident population Statistical Division/
District
Ranking in state, 2016
2016 census 2011 census Qld NSW WA Vic
  1 City of Brisbane 1,131,156 [112] 1,041,839 [113] Brisbane 1
  2 City of Gold Coast 555,721 [114] 494,501 [115] Gold Coast 2
  3 Moreton Bay Region 425,302 [116] 378,045 [117] Brisbane 3
new 4 Canterbury-Bankstown Council 346,302 [118] 350,983 [119] Sydney 1
  5 City of Blacktown 336,962 [120] 301,099 [121] Sydney 2
new 6 Central Coast Council 327,736 [122] 331,007 [123] Central Coast 3
  7 City of Logan 303,386 [124] 278,050 [125] Brisbane 4
  8 City of Casey 299,301 [126] 252,382 [127] Melbourne 1
  9 Sunshine Coast Region 294,367 [128] 306,909 [129] Sunshine Coast 5
new 10 Northern Beaches Council 252,878 [130] 263,413 [131] Sydney 4
new 11 City of Parramatta Council 226,149 [132] 215,925 [133] Sydney 5
  12 City of Greater Geelong 233,429 [134] 210,875 [135] Geelong 2
  13 City of Stirling 210,208 [136] 195,702 [137] Perth 1
  14 Sutherland Shire 218,464 [138] 210,863 [139] Sydney 6
  15 City of Wyndham 217,122 [140] 161,575 [141] Melbourne 3
new 16 Cumberland Council 216,079 [142] 219,147 [143] Sydney 7
  17 City of Sydney 208,374 [144] 169,505 [145] Sydney 8
  18 City of Liverpool 204,326 [146] 180,143 [147] Sydney 9
  19 City of Wollongong 203,630 [148] 205,231 [149] Illawarra 10
  20 City of Fairfield 198,817 [150] 198,301 [151] Sydney 11
  21 City of Whittlesea 197,491 [152] 154,880 [153] Melbourne 4
  22 City of Hume 197,376 [154] 167,562 [155] Melbourne 5
  23 City of Lake Macquarie 197,371 [156] 189,006 [157] Newcastle 12
  24 City of Penrith 196,066 [158] 178,467 [159] Sydney 13
  25 City of Brimbank 194,319 [160] 182,735 [161] Melbourne 6
  26 City of Ipswich 193,733 [162] 166,904 [163] Brisbane 6
  27 City of Wanneroo 188,212 [164] 152,077 [165] Perth 2
  28 City of Townsville 186,757 [166] 174,492 [167] Northern 7
  29 City of Monash 182,618 [168] 169,280 [169] Melbourne 7
new 30 Inner West Council 182,043 [170] Sydney 14

Apart from the City of Brisbane, City of Sydney and City of Melbourne, the populations of the central local government areas in other capitals is relatively small. As at 2015,[111] Melbourne had 128,980, Darwin 82,912, Hobart 50,714, Adelaide 23,169 and Perth 21,092. Generally speaking, there are many suburban local government areas in most Australian capitals that are significantly larger in population than the central business district local government area.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Sydney". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012.   
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  66. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Wagga Wagga". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
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  70. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Coffs Harbour". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
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  126. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Casey (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017.   
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  136. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Stirling (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017.   
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  141. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Wyndham (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 August 2014.   
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  145. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Sydney (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012.   
  146. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Liverpool (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017.   
  147. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Liverpool (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012.   
  148. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Wollongong (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017.   
  149. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Wollongong (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012.   
  150. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Fairfield (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017.   
  151. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Fairfield (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012.   
  152. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Whittlesea(C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017.   
  153. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Whittlesea(C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012.   
  154. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Hume (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017.   
  155. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Hume (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012.   
  156. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Lake Macquarie (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017.   
  157. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Lake Macquarie (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012.   
  158. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Penrith (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017.   
  159. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Penrith (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012.   
  160. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Brimbank (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017.   
  161. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Brimbank (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012.   
  162. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Ipswich (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017.   
  163. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Ipswich (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012.   
  164. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Wanneroo (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017.   
  165. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Wanneroo (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012.   
  166. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Townsville (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017.   
  167. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Townsville (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012.   
  168. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Monash (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017.   
  169. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Monash (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012.   
  170. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Inner West (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017.   

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