Tweed Heads, New South Wales

Tweed Heads is a coastal city[4][5] at the mouth of the Tweed River in the Northern Rivers region of the state of New South Wales, Australia. Tweed Heads is the northernmost town in New South Wales, and is located in the Tweed Shire local government area. It is situated 830 km (520 mi) north of Sydney and 103 km (64 mi) south of Brisbane. The town is next to the border with Queensland and is adjacent to its "twin town" of Coolangatta, which is a suburb of the Gold Coast in Queensland.

Tweed Heads
New South Wales
From top: Twin Towns, Tweed Heads Marina
Tweed Heads is located in New South Wales
Tweed Heads
Tweed Heads
Coordinates28°11′0″S 153°33′0″E / 28.18333°S 153.55000°E / -28.18333; 153.55000
Population63,721 (UCL 2021)[1]
Elevation1 m (3 ft)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10)
 • Summer (DST)AEDT (UTC+11)
LGA(s)Tweed Shire
RegionNorthern Rivers
State electorate(s)Tweed
Federal division(s)Richmond
Mean max temp[3] Mean min temp Annual rainfall
25.8 °C
78 °F
14.4 °C
58 °F
1,581.5 mm
62.3 in

Tweed Heads is often referred to as a town where people can change time zones – even celebrate New Year twice within an hour – simply by crossing the street, due to its proximity to the Queensland border, and the fact that New South Wales observes daylight saving whereas Queensland does not.

History edit

In 1823 John Oxley was the first European to see the Tweed Valley, and he wrote of it: "A deep rich valley clothed with magnificent trees, the beautiful uniformity of which was only interrupted by the turns and windings of the river, which here and there appeared like small lakes. The background was Mt. Warning. The view was altogether beautiful beyond description. The scenery here exceeded anything I have previously seen in Australia."[6]

Timber cutters originally moved to the Tweed Valley in 1844. After the timber had been cleared, farmers moved in with bananas, cane and dairy farming dominating the area, while a fishing industry developed. The first school opened in 1871.

In May 1888, 119 subdivided lots of "Boyd Estate" were advertised to be auctioned by W. H. Brett.[7] A map advertising the auction shows that the estate was located next to the Tweed River.[8]

Tweed Heads station, circa 1911

Tweed Heads was once connected to the Queensland Railways system, with the South Coast line providing a direct connection to Brisbane.[9] The railway opened on 10 August 1903[10] It had been hoped that the New South Wales government would extend their railway line from Murwillumbah to Tweed Heads, but this did not occur due to cost of resuming the land and the expenses associated with the tunnel and bridge that would be required.[11] The Tweed Heads railway station was located on the western side of Enid Street between Bay Street and Frances Street (28°10′19″S 153°32′27″E / 28.17193°S 153.54073°E / -28.17193; 153.54073 (Tweed Heads railway station)).[12] The railway line to Brisbane closed in 1961; the site of the station has been converted to parklands and commercial development.[13]

The Tweed Heads and Coolangatta Surf Life Saving Club opened on 13 September 1911.[14]

In April 1916, 69 allotments of "Charles' Tweed Heads subdivision were advertised to be auctioned by P. Smith & Son.[15] A map advertising the auction shows the location of the estate in proximity to Terranora Creek.[16]

In November 1917, 46 subdivided allotments of "Marks Estate" were advertised for auction by S. A. Thornton.[17] A map advertising the auction illustrates the location of the estate in proximity to Terranora Creek, Coolangatta and the Pacific Ocean and describes the allotments as perfectly flat, large areas with splendid frontages.[18]

The Tweed Shire, inclusive Murwillumbah was declared in 1947.[6]

Tweed Heads was the location of fictional town Porpoise Spit in the 1994 movie Muriel's Wedding.[19]

In April 2020, checkpoint barriers were established in Tweed streets near the state border to restrict travel into Queensland during the COVID-19 pandemic.[20]

Tourism edit

Given its proximity to the Gold Coast, Tweed Heads has a shared economy with Coolangatta based heavily on tourism.

Tweed Heads' most popular tourist destinations include Mount Warning, one of the largest shield volcanoes in the Southern Hemisphere, and the nearby Nightcap, Border Ranges, Springbrook and Lamington National Parks, which abound with sub-tropical fauna and flora.[21]

Television edit

Some areas of the Tweed can receive both TV broadcasts from Brisbane and Northern NSW. Brisbane stations are Seven Brisbane BTQ, Nine Brisbane QTQ, and 10 Brisbane TVQ. The local Northern NSW stations are Seven, Nine's NBN and WIN Television's 10 Northern NSW.

Demographics edit

Historical population
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics data.[22][23]

In the 2021 census, The Tweed Heads urban centre had 63,721 people. In the same year, the Tweed Heads suburb recorded a population of 8,176 people made up of 52.9 percent female and 47.1 percent male. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 3.0% of the population. The median age of the population was 55 years, 17 years above the Australian median. This has made the Tweed Heads region a prime location for retirement living, with 14 separate retirement villages. 70.9% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 5.0%, New Zealand 3.7%, Brazil 2.3% and the Philippines 1.0%. 83.8% of people spoke only English at home.[24]

The most common responses for religion were No Religion 37.9%, Catholic 22.1% and Anglican 15.3%.[24]

Composition of the Tweed Heads urban area Population by Statistical Local Area:[25]

  •   Tweed Heads
  •   Tweed Heads South
  •   Kingscliff – Fingal Head
  •   Pottsville

Amenities edit

Banora Point Uniting Church is at 63 Darlington Drive (28°12′54″S 153°32′30″E / 28.2151°S 153.5418°E / -28.2151; 153.5418 (Banora Point Uniting Church)).[26][27]

Retirement Living edit

Below are a list of retirement villages and retirement living facilities in the Tweed Region:

  • Serene Living
  • Tall Trees Care Communities Banora Point
  • Palm Lake Resort
  • Aveo Banora Point
  • Tweed Broadwater Village
  • Southern Cross Car St Joseph's Villa
  • Fairways
  • Winders Retirement Community
  • St Cuthbert's Retirement Living Complexes
  • Darlington Retirement Community
  • Southern Cross Care St Martha
  • Ocean View Banora Point
  • Bangalor Retreat
  • Gateway Lifestyle Tweed Shores

Sport and recreation edit

Due to its close proximity, Tweed Heads sports teams often compete in Gold Coast/Queensland-based competitions, and the area acts as a feeder zone for both the Gold Coast Titans in the National Rugby League and the Gold Coast Suns in the Australian Football League. Tweed United is a soccer Club based in the area that competes in the Football Gold Coast competition plus the Coolangatta Tweed Barbarians who compete in the Gold Coast and District Rugby Union. Other sports facilities in the area include Tweed Heads Bowls Club, Tweed Heads Rowing Club, Coolangatta & Tweed Heads Golf Club, Tweed Valley Sailing Club and Tweed Heads & Coolangatta Surf Life Saving Club.

Rugby league edit

Tweed Heads was once home to several iterations of professional rugby league clubs in the New South Wales Rugby League (NSWRL) competition between 1988 and 1995. The Gold Coast-Tweed Giants were established in 1988 and based out of the Tweed Heads Seagulls premises in west Tweed Heads. The Seagulls ran a very successful social club that turned large profits due to poker machines and by 1990 the club had acquired the Giants' NSWRL licence and rebranded the team to become the Gold Coast Seagulls, despite remaining based in Tweed Heads. The team pulled off its biggest coup in 1990 when it signed future Rugby League Immortal Wally Lewis. After years of poor on field results and low attendances, the Seagulls sold their NSWRL licence to businessman Jeff Muller who moved the team to Carrara on the Gold Coast.

The Seagulls returned to the Group 18 Rugby League competition in 1996 and were granted entry into the Queensland Cup in 2003. Australian rules football was brought to the area in 1962 when the Coolangatta Tweed Heads Australian Football Club. It was intended to represent the twin towns of Coolangatta and Tweed Heads and competed in the Gold Coast Australian Football League competition. In 1984 the Northern Rivers region established the Summerland Australian Football League that later included the Tweed Coast Football Club. The league was amalgamated into Queensland Australian Football League as its own division in 2012.

Notable people edit

War memorial in Chris Cunningham Park

The following is a list of notable people who were born, resided, or died in Tweed Heads:

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (28 June 2022). "Tweed Heads (urban centre and locality)". Australian Census 2021.  
  2. ^ a b "Tweed Heads". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 1 April 2019.  
  3. ^ "Murwillumbuh (Bray Park)". Climate Averages for Australian Sites. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 25 March 2008.
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b "Page cannot be found – Tweed Shire Council".
  7. ^ "Advertising". Southern Queensland Bulletin. No. 166. Queensland, Australia. 26 May 1888. p. 3. Retrieved 14 June 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  8. ^ "View from Boyd estate parish Terranora, county Rous" [Map]. Collections. State Library of Queensland.
  9. ^ Rails to the Tweed – A QR Station in NSW Milne, Rod Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, October, 2001 pp363-377
  10. ^ "VISITORS FROM NEW SOUTH WALES". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 11 August 1903. p. 5. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  11. ^ "TWEED HEADS, RAILWAY EXTENSION". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 29 May 1903. p. 5. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  12. ^ "South Coast Rail Line". Archived from the original on 15 September 2014. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
  13. ^ Coolangatta and Tweed Heads Revisited Newland, John R. Australian Railway History, August, 2005 pp304-307
  14. ^ "Tweed Heads Life Saving Brigade". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 16 September 1911. p. 4. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  15. ^ "Tweed Daily (Murwillumbah, NSW: 1914 - 1949) - 3 Apr 1916 - p4". Tweed Daily. Vol. III, no. 78. New South Wales, Australia. 3 April 1916. p. 4. Retrieved 14 June 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  16. ^ "Charles' Tweed Heads subdivision" (1916) [Map]. Collections. State Library of Queensland.
  17. ^ "Advertising". Tweed Daily. Vol. IV, no. 274. New South Wales, Australia. 17 November 1917. p. 5. Retrieved 14 June 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  18. ^ "Marks Estate subdivision" (1917) [Map]. Collections. State Library of Queensland.
  19. ^ Lowenstein, Stephen (22 October 2000). "The wedding belle". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 August 2023 – via The Guardian.
  20. ^ Smee, Ben (3 April 2022). "Queensland bolsters border closure with barriers and checkpoints to keep coronavirus at bay". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  21. ^ "Tweed Heads". Retrieved 16 May 2013.
  22. ^ "Statistics by Catalogue Number". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 22 January 2024.
  23. ^ "Search Census data". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 22 January 2024.
  24. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (28 June 2022). "Tweed Heads (State Suburb)". 2021 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 22 January 2024.  
  25. ^ "Details - Summary". 31 March 2015.
  26. ^ "Banora Point Uniting Church". Banora Point Uniting Church. Retrieved 7 May 2021.
  27. ^ Google (7 May 2021). "Banora Point Uniting Church" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 7 May 2021.

External links edit