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New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In March 2017, the population of New South Wales was over 7.8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, five million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

The Colony of New South Wales was founded as a penal colony in 1788. It originally comprised more than half of the Australian mainland with its western boundary set at 129th meridian east in 1825. The colony also included the island territories of New Zealand, Van Diemen's Land, Lord Howe Island, and Norfolk Island. During the 19th century, most of the colony's area was detached to form separate British colonies that eventually became New Zealand and the various states and territories of Australia. However, the Swan River Colony has never been administered as part of New South Wales.

Selected article

William "Bill" Alfred Brown OAM (31 July 1912 – 16 March 2008) was an Australian cricketer who played 22 Tests between 1934 and 1948, captaining his country in one Test. Raised in Marrickville in inner Sydney, he played grade cricket for Marrickville and for Sutherland Shire before being selected for the New South Wales team in 1932, and the Australian team in 1934.

A right-handed opening batsman, his partnership with Jack Fingleton in the 1930s is regarded as one of the finest in Australian Test history. After the interruption of World War II, Brown was a member of Don Bradman's Invincibles, who toured England in 1948 without defeat. In a match in November 1947, Brown was the unwitting victim of the first instance of "Mankading".

In retirement, Brown briefly served as a Test selector and sold cars and, later, sports goods. In 2000, he was awarded the Medal of the Order of Australia for his services to cricket, and at the time of his death was Australia's oldest living Test cricketer.

Selected picture

Cowra's Japanese garden is the largest of its kind in the southern hemisphere
Credit: John O'Neill

The Japanese garden in Cowra is a living reminder of the historic link between the town and the people of Japan, arising from the Cowra breakout by Japanese prisoners of war during World War Two. At five hectares, the Cowra Japanese Garden is the largest Japanese garden in the Southern Hemisphere. An annual Sakura Matsuri (cherry blossom festival) is held in the gardens during late September and/or early October each year.

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The new Entrance Bridge



In the news

27 June 2018 – LGBT rights in Australia
Police in New South Wales, Australia, reclassify 27 murders from 1976 to 2000 as possible homophobic hate crimes following a review prompted by an Australian Institute of Criminology report that suggested crimes against LGBT victims had been insufficiently investigated. (BBC)
19 June 2018 – Shipwrecks in 2018
Canadian ship MV Iron Chieftain burns for a second day off the coast of New South Wales, Australia. The freighter, carrying dolomite, was partially extinguished yesterday, but fire remains in the hold. (SBS)
18 June 2018 – Shipwrecks in 2018
A ship catches fire in Port Kembla in New South Wales, Australia, forcing the port's temporary closure. (Mining Weekly)
21 April 2018 – Terrorism in Australia
Police in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, charge a man with several crimes under the Terrorism High Risk Offenders Act. (The Guardian)
15 April 2018 – 2017–18 Australian bushfire season
A state of emergency is declared in New South Wales, Australia, as a bushfire continues to burn out of control. More than 500 personnel from the New South Wales Rural Fire Service, Fire and Rescue NSW and the Australian Defence Force are tackling the bushfire, which has torn through the Holsworthy Barracks and threatens the suburbs of Sydney. (The Guardian)
18 March 2018 – 2017–18 Australian bushfire season
A bushfire destroys dozens of buildings in Tathra, New South Wales, Australia. (BBC)

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