List of regions of Australia
This is a list of regions of Australia that are not Australian states or territories. The most commonly known regionalisation is the governmental division of the state into regions for economic development purposes.
Others regionalisations include those made for purposes of land management, such as agriculture or conservation; information gathering, such as statistical or meteorological. Although most regionalisations were defined for specific purposes and give specific boundaries, many regions will have similar names and extents across different regionalisations. As a result, the names and boundaries of regions can vary and may overlap in popular places.
Not all the regions in this list have official status as an economic or administrative region.
Types of Australian regionalisationEdit
A regionalisation of Australia is a system by which Australia is divided into regions. There are a great many different regionalisations, created for a range of purposes, including political, administrative, statistical and biological.
Political and administrative regionalisationsEdit
The most prominent regionalisation of Australia is the division into the various states and territories. For electoral purposes, the Australian Senate uses states and territories, but the Australian House of Representatives breaks the country into Divisions. Each state is similarly divided into electoral "regions", "districts" or "provinces", each of which elects members to the house or houses of the state's parliament. Finally, the country is divided into local government areas, each of which is administered by a council.
Other administrative regionalisations may exist within each state. For example, the whole of mainland Western Australia other than the Perth metropolitan area, is divided into regions for the purposes of administration of the Regional Development Commissions Act 1993.
For the purposes of statistical geography, the Australian Bureau of Statistics uses the Australian Standard Geographical Classification, a hierarchical regionalisation whose coarsest level is the states and territories, then statistical divisions, statistical subdivisions, statistical local areas, and finally, census collection districts.
Until recently, most biogeographical and phytogeographical regionalisations of Australia were individually defined for each state and territories; for example: Gwen Harden's botanical regionalisation of New South Wales; Orchard's "natural regions" regionalisation of Tasmania; and John Stanley Beard's division of Western Australia into Botanical Provinces and Botanical Districts.
More recently, two regionalisations that cover the entire country have been put in place. The World Wildlife Fund's regionalisation of the world into 825 terrestrial ecoregions created 40 ecoregions in Australia. Within Australia, however, the de facto standard regionalisation is now the Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia (IBRA). This divides Australia into 85 bioregions, which are further divided into 404 subregions.
There are a range of other regionalisations of Australia, including:
- meteorological and climatic regionalisations, as defined and used by the Bureau of Meteorology;
- catchment areas and drainage systems;
- geological regionalisation
- Capital Country – ACT/NSW
- Eastern Australia – NSW/QLD/VIC/ACT, sometimes including SA and TAS
- East Coast of Australia – also known as an Eastern seaboard
- Lake Eyre basin – QLD/SA/NT/NSW
- Murray–Darling basin – NSW/ACT/VIC/QLD/SA
- Northern Australia – NT/QLD/part of WA
- The Nullarbor – SA/WA
- Outback – mainly NT and WA, but all territories except ACT and TAS
- Southern Australia – TAS/VIC/SA, sometimes including NSW and WA
- Sunraysia – a portion of NSW and VIC
New South WalesEdit
- Blue Mountains
- Central Coast
- Central Tablelands
- Central West
- Greater Western Sydney
- Far South Coast
- Far West
- Hunter Region (Newcastle)
- Illawarra (Wollongong)
- Lord Howe Island
- New England (north-west)
- Mid North Coast
- North West Slopes
- Northern Rivers
- Northern Tablelands
- Sapphire Coast
- Snowy Mountains
- South Coast
- Southern Highlands
- Southern Tablelands
- South West Slopes
- Central Queensland
- Darling Downs
- Far North Queensland
- North Queensland
- South East Queensland
- Wide Bay-Burnett
- Central West Queensland
- South West Queensland
The six official regions of Victoria are:
- Central Victoria
- Northern Country/North Central
- Western District
- The Otways
- West Coast
- Shipwreck Coast
- Great Ocean Road
- Surf Coast
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 November 2009. Retrieved 6 November 2006.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) NSW regions map
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 October 2006. Retrieved 3 October 2006.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) NT regions map
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 October 2006. Retrieved 3 October 2006.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) QLD regions map
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 31 August 2009. Retrieved 23 February 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) SA regions map
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 October 2006. Retrieved 3 October 2006.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Tasmania regions map
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 31 August 2009. Retrieved 16 October 2010.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) VIC regions map
- "Victorian Regions and Regional Cities". Regional Development Victoria. Victorian Government. Archived from the original on 26 July 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 March 2008. Retrieved 1 March 2008.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Western Australia regions