Hervey Bay (//) is a bay and a city in the Fraser Coast Region of Queensland, Australia. The city is situated approximately 290 kilometres (180 mi) or 3½ hours' highway drive north of the state capital, Brisbane. It is a natural bay between the Queensland mainland and nearby Fraser Island. The local economy relies on tourism which is based primarily around whale watching in Platypus Bay to the north, ferry access to Fraser Island, accessible recreational fishing and boating and the natural north facing, calm beaches with wide undeveloped foreshore zones.
Torquay Beach, Hervey Bay
|Population||52,288 (2015) (27th)|
|• Density||561.03/km2 (1,453.1/sq mi)|
|Area||93.2 km2 (36.0 sq mi) (2011 urban)|
|Time zone||AEST (UTC+10)|
|LGA(s)||Fraser Coast Region|
|State electorate(s)||Hervey Bay|
At June 2015, Hervey Bay had an estimated urban population of 52,288. At 1.2 percent, the 5-year average annual population growth is modest compared to 1.5 percent nationally. It has a median age of 45, significantly higher than the national average of 37.
The indigenous Butchulla people are the traditional residents of Hervey Bay. The first recorded European sighting of Hervey Bay was made by James Cook while carrying out his running survey of the east coast of Australia, on 22 May 1770. By noon Cook's ship was in a position a little over half-way across the opening of Hervey Bay heading for Bundaberg. When Cook first discovered Hervey Bay, he did not realize that Fraser Island was separated from mainland Australia; Cook did not travel far enough south due to the shallow depths of the waters in the Bay. Cook named the bay "Hervey's Bay" after Augustus John Hervey (1724–1779), later Third Earl of Bristol, a naval officer who became a Lord of the Admiralty the year Endeavour returned.
Until around the mid-1980s the area was serviced by a rail link from the main North Coast line that diverted from Aldershot and went through Takura, Walligan, Nikenbah then on to Pialba and Urangan. The line was a major freight point for the Port of Maryborough and for the sugar cane industry until road transport assumed the role.
In 1984, Hervey Bay was officially known as the "City of Hervey Bay". It was known as a city because of its large growth in business, population, tourism and industry. Although it was now being known as a city, it still remained a small seaside village to most of the local residents.
The Hervey Bay Library opened in 1997 and had a major refurbishment in 2014.
Hervey Bay is situated approximately 3½ hours' drive north of Brisbane, via the Bruce Highway and 30 minutes' drive north-east of Maryborough. The city is also served by the high-speed Tilt Train, which has connections from Maryborough West or nearby Howard. The city is served by the Hervey Bay Airport, with direct flights from Brisbane (QantasLink) and Sydney (Virgin Australia). The City of Hervey Bay (now the Fraser Coast Region) has released an airport master plan which includes future provision of a taxiway parallel to the main runway, additional car parking and a larger terminal. The city is also served by passenger ferry to Fraser Island, as well as both scheduled and unscheduled vehicular ferries.
Despite Hervey Bay's growing popularity, no plans have been made for a new railway line to the city. The previous passenger and freight line branched off the North Coast main line at Colton, just north of Maryborough. Trains stopped at many stations along the line, but the main stations were Pialba and Urangan. The railway then extended along the Urangan Pier. The line carried out pineapples and local goods from the city. The line was closed in 1993. The tracks from Nikenbah to Urangan were removed and the Pialba – Urangan line was converted into a mobility corridor. Traces of the railway line are still visible in Urangan. There are two semi-removed crossings (Everything but the tracks was removed) near the end of Pier Street and the track's ballast is still slightly visible from where the mobility corridor ends.
Hervey Bay is the largest population centre within the Fraser Coast Region. The current mayor of the Fraser Coast Regional Council is George Seymour elected in a by-election held in May 2018. A total of ten Councillors are elected every four years.
Hervey Bay is represented in the Parliament of Queensland by LNP member Ted Sorensen, who defeated Labor's Andrew McNamara in the 2009 Queensland state elections, and in the Commonwealth Parliament by the Nationals member for Hinkler, Keith Pitt.
In 2008, Hervey Bay was the fastest growing statistical division in the country. Forecasts predict the population of Hervey Bay will increase to 102,000 in 2026, a near doubling from 2006 figures.
Hervey Bay has a mild climate with an average 30 °C (86 °F) in summer and 22 °C (72 °F) in winter. The coast is predominantly affected by the south east trade winds throughout the summer with occasional strong northerly winds and storm swells. These winds keep the temperatures down in summer and up in winter, preventing temperature extremes. As a result, Hervey Bay rarely experiences temperatures over 35 °C (95 °F) in summer or under 5 °C (41 °F) in winter.
Tropical cyclones are a threat at times with Cyclone Hamish threatening in 2009 as a Category 5. The land mass of Fraser Island significantly affects the pattern of weather in Hervey Bay and protects the immediate marine environment from open ocean storm effects. Cyclone Oswald in 2013 caused significant damage in the area, mainly as a result of tornadoes spawned by the system. The average rainfall for the year is around 1,100 millimetres (43 in). December to March is the main rainy period, with a secondary peak in May and June. The months of April and from July to November are generally dry and sunny.
|Climate data for Hervey Bay Airport|
|Record high °C (°F)||35.2
|Average high °C (°F)||30.0
|Average low °C (°F)||22.0
|Record low °C (°F)||16.0
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||160.3
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.2mm)||12.7||12.9||17.2||16.1||17.1||16.3||12.5||8.5||8.5||7.9||10.5||11.4||151.6|
|Average afternoon relative humidity (%)||61||64||62||62||59||63||55||54||58||60||59||61||60|
|Source: Bureau of Meteorology|
Hervey Bay began as a dispersed community spread over numerous small, seaside villages. As the area grew, these communities amalgamated and became suburbs of the new city. The current city includes the following settlements:
- Bunya Creek
- Dundowran Beach
- Eli Waters
- Point Vernon
- Sunshine Acres
- Susan River
Townships outside the Hervey Bay city limits include:
- Beelbi Creek
- Burrum Heads
- Burrum River
- Burrum Town
- Pacific Haven
- River Heads
Hervey Bay's largest shopping center Stockland Hervey Bay, is located in the suburb of Urraween.
Hervey Bay has an active sporting community with the geography and climate encouraging a diverse range of activities. The natural foreshore area of Hervey Bay has a 14-kilometre (8.7 mi) long bike and pedestrian path that visibly integrates recreational fitness into the environment and community. Competition sports are generally regional and played against nearby cities, Bundaberg, Maryborough and Gympie. The calm waters and gently sloped beaches make recreational and competitive water sports popular and accessible. These include sailing, kite boarding, water skiing, wake boarding, kayaking, out-rigging, snorkelling, scuba diving and ocean swimming. The Hervey Bay Triathlon started in 1988 and has been raced annually since. The local rugby league team, Hervey Bay Seagulls, are the cornerstone of rugby league in the Hervey Bay area.
Hervey Bay is the whale watching capital of Australia, with humpback whales migrating along the coast between April and October every year. Researchers at the Oceania Project conducted a 14-year study which found the bay was an important social hub for humpback whales. Whale number have increased from about 2,000 in 1992, to around 7,000 in 2005. Hervey Bay is the resting place for humpback whales. They come to the bay to rest and build up energy for their travel back to Antarctica. The adults come to play, socialise and there have been heat runs observed in the Bay. The humpback whales are known to be very relaxed in the company of the whale watching vessels.
According to the Australian Sister Cities Association, Hervey Bay has two sister cities;
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