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The Bruce Highway is a major highway in Queensland, Australia. Commencing in the state capital, Brisbane, it passes through areas close to the eastern coast on its way to Cairns in Far North Queensland. The route is part of the Australian National Highway and also part of Highway 1. Its length is approximately 1,682 kilometres (1,045 mi); it is entirely sealed with bitumen.
|Map of Queensland with Bruce Highway highlighted in yellow|
|Length||1,682 km (1,045 mi)|
|North end||Captain Cook Highway (National Route 1 / State Route 44), Cairns, Queensland|
|South end||Gateway Motorway (M1), Bald Hills, Brisbane|
|Major settlements||Townsville, Mackay, Rockhampton, Maryborough|
The highway is named after a popular former Queensland and federal politician, Harry Bruce. Bruce was the state Minister for Works when the highway was named after him, in the mid-1930s, and was widely considered to be a good bloke.
The highway is the biggest traffic carrier in Queensland. It initially joined all the major coastal centres; however, a number of bypasses, particularly in the south, have diverted traffic around these cities to expedite traffic flow and ease urban congestion. As a result, the highway is constantly being shortened. The road is a dual carriageway from Brisbane to Cooroy with some dual carriageway lengths at Gympie, many of these upgrades being completed in the 1980s (Glass House Mountains, Tanawha, Maryborough) and 1990s (Nambour, Yandina, and Cooroy).
The highway commences just south of the bridge over the Pine River at the Gateway Motorway interchange, 21 kilometres (13 mi) north of the Brisbane central business district. Recently[when?], the highway has changed its route numbering from National Highway 1 to the M1 (motorway road) or A1 (single carriageway, generally with overtaking lanes).[clarification needed]
Major cities along the route include Maryborough, Rockhampton, Mackay, Townsville, and Cairns. The highway passes the Glasshouse Mountains, rainforests and pastures in the Sunshine Coast, the Gunalda Range (north of Gympie), Mount Larcom (north of Gladstone), and the arid countryside north of Rockhampton; after that, it passes through land predominantly used for sugar cane, crop growing and dairy farms and the sub-tropics and tropics.
One of the most dramatic deviations of the highway was the Bald Hills to Burpengary Deviation. Beginning construction in 1972, the new route took traffic from Gympie Road at Bald Hills to Uhlmann Road at Burpengary along a much superior alignment which was also constructed to four lanes. The new route was officially opened on 10 November 1977 at a total cost of $20 million.
Due to the nature of wet weather and tropical cyclone prone areas of North Queensland, the highway is prone to frequent flooding in a number of places. Following the catastrophic Queensland floods in 2010–2011 the Australian Government commissioned a feasibility study on flood-proofing the highway.
Numerous stretches of the highway are set to undergo redevelopment, realignment, flood-proofing and extension of dual carriageway sections. Former Premier Anna Bligh announced the plans while launching the Queensland Infrastructure Plan. The works are expected to total A$2 billion and include 60 projects over a period of two decades.
A stretch of road between Cardwell and Tully, which is prone to frequent flooding in the wet season, is set to undergo realignment. A new route for the highway through Townsville was under construction with the first stage of the Townsville Ring Road (now called The Ring Road) already completed.
An upgrade to a stretch of the highway north of Townsville has been given approval, and will see the existing dual carriageway to the north extended by another 5–10 km.[vague] It will also include installation of traffic lights at Mt Low Parkway, and will be the final stage of the Ring Road link up to this section by 2015. The Queensland Main Roads Department's ultimate concept map of the development shows that the highway will progressively become Motorway standard by 2015, with the implementation of interchanges at various junctions.
Between Caboolture and the Gateway Motorway, the highway has been widened to eight and six lanes since 2001, including the Dohles Rocks Road to Boundary Road section in October 2004, the Boundary Road to Uhlmann Road section in March 2007, and the latest section Uhlmann Road to Bribie Island Road in November 2009. Further upgrades are under review.
A new interchange has been built at the notorious intersection of Roys Road at Beerwah. It also connects to the nearby Bells Creek Road, eliminating another dangerous intersection. This follows a similar situation at Buchanans Road in Morayfield, the intersection of which was replaced by an interchange in November 1996.
The Pumicestone Road interchange has also undergone a redesign, replacing the original low-level bridge and ramps constructed in October 1970.
The Nambour Bypass has recently gone through a process of rehabilitation due to the extremely rough surface and dangerous pothole appearances during wet weather. This work was completed in 2009.
As of 2014 Section B of the joint State and Federal funded 61 kilometres (38 mi) Cooroy to Curra upgrade of the highway is open. Due to the new highway change, one of the local schools, Federal State School, was relocated. Early works for Section A has commenced. When completed, the Cooroy to Curra upgrade will bypass the town of Gympie and a mainly 2 lane section will be replaced with a 4 lane dual-carriageway.
Major upgrades: Bald Hills to CooroyEdit
|August 1966||Caboolture Bypass Stage 1. Single-carriageway completed between Burpengary Creek and Bribie Island Road.|
|August 1970||Caboolture Bypass Stage 2. Single-carriageway completed between Bribie Island Road and Red Road.|
|December 1972||Single-carriageway deviation between Eumundi and Cooroy, bypassing Eumundi Range Road.|
|December 1973||Bald Hills to Burpengary Deviation Stage 1. 1.3 mile-long dual-carriageways completed between Roghan Road and Strathpine Road.|
|December 1973||Beerwah Bypass. 2.5 km-long deviation completed between Roys Road and Foley Road including a new concrete bridge across Coochin Creek.|
|November 1974||Browns Creek Deviation. 6 km-long single-carriageway completed between Browns Creek and Eerwah Vale.|
|December 1974||Glasshouse Mountains Bypass. 1.5 km-long deviation completed between Glasshouse Mountains Sportsground and Kings Road including a new concrete bridge across Coonowrin Creek.|
|August 1976||Eumundi Bypass. 2.4 km-long deviation completed between Eerwah Vale and Main Creek.|
|2 August 1976||Bald Hills to Burpengary Deviation Stage 2. 12 km-long single-carriageway deviation completed between Strathpine Road and Boundary Road.|
|March 1977||Bald Hills to Burpengary Deviation Stage 3. Second carriageway completed between Strathpine Road and Anzac Avenue.|
|10 November 1977||Bald Hills to Burpengary Deviation Stage 4. Boundary Road to Deception Bay Road section completed.|
|5 December 1978||Bribie Island Road Interchange.|
|9 August 1979||Burpengary to Bribie Island Road Duplication. Second carriageway completed between Burpengary Creek and Bribie Island Road.|
|9 December 1985||Beerburrum Creek to Caloundra Road Deviation. Major 26.5 km-long four lane deviation completed between Beerburrum Creek and Caloundra Road.|
|September 1987||Caloundra Road to Sippy Creek duplication|
|December 1987||Station Road Overpass (at Burpengary)|
|16 November 1989||Tanawha Deviation. Four lane deviation completed between Caloundra Road and Maroochydore Road.|
|January 1990||Johnston Road Interchange. Grade-separated diamond interchange completed as part of Moby Vic's Service Centre development.|
|23 November 1990||Nambour Bypass Stage 1. Single-carriageway bypass of Nambour completed between Maroochydore Road and Parklands.|
|December 1992||Dohles Rocks Road half-interchange|
|20 December 1993||Nambour Bypass Stage 2. Second carriageway completed between Maroochydore Road and Parklands.|
|April 1994||Deception Bay Road northbound loop ramp|
|17 May 1994||Cooroy Bypass. Single-carriageway bypass of Cooroy officially opened by Minister for Transport David Hamill.|
|17 July 1997||Yandina Bypass. Dual-carriageway bypass of Yandina officially opened by Federal Minister for Transport John Sharp.|
|23 July 2002||Gateway Motorway to Dohles Rocks Road six-laning.|
|19 September 2003||Yandina to Cooroy Duplication. Dual-carriageways completed between Browns Creek and Eumundi Range.|
|20 January 2005||Dohles Rocks Road to Boundary Road six-laning. Six-lane upgrade completed between Dohles Rocks Road and Boundary Road, including upgrades to the Anzac Avenue interchange.|
|12 March 2007||Boundary Road to Uhlmann Road six-laning. Six-lane upgrade completed between Boundary Road and Uhlmann Road, including upgrades to the Deception Bay Road and Uhlmann Road interchanges.|
|5 November 2009||Uhlmann Road to Bribie Island Road six-laning. Six-lane upgrade completed between Uhlmann Road and Bribie Island Road, including upgrades to the Bribie Island Road interchange.|
Major upgrades: Cooroy to RockhamptonEdit
|May 1940||Wallaville - Burnett River Bridge|
|December 1967||Ambrose to Raglan Deviation|
|April 1973||Gunalda Bypass|
|1974||Gavial Deviation (Rockhampton) - Roope Road to Egan's Hill|
|April 1975||Calliope River Bridge|
|August 1976||Bauple Bypass|
|May 1977||Bajool Bypass|
|May 1984||Howard-Torbanlea Deviation|
|7 October 1986||Rockhampton Deviation – Yeppen Yeppen Crossing to Egan's Hill|
|14 September 1990||Maryborough Bypass|
|16 November 1991||Glenwood Deviation|
|5 July 1999||Wallaville Deviation - Tim Fischer Bridge|
|14 February 2001||Gunalda Range Deviation|
|August 2011||Isis River Bridge replacement|
|18 December 2012||Cooroy to Curra Upgrade Section B|
|28 October 2013||Rockhampton – Yeppen North|
|11 June 2014||Calliope Interchange|
|22 October 2015||Rockhampton - Yeppen South|
|5 May 2017||Cooroy to Curra Upgrade Section A|
Major upgrades: Rockhampton to TownsvilleEdit
|10 May 1973||Bowen - Don River Bridge|
|January 1975||Parkhurst - Ramsey Creek Bridge|
|23 December 1977||Mackay - Bakers Creek Deviation|
|12 July 1980||Mackay Deviation – Ron Camm Bridge|
|16 August 1980||Rockhampton Deviation – Neville Hewitt Bridge|
|29 October 1982||Marlborough-Sarina alignment change|
|September 1984||Thoopara - 3.4 km deviation and new bridge over O'Connell River|
|1991||Mackay City Gates - Realignment of Nebo Road at the City Gates with provision of an overpass to allow for future North Coast Railway realignment|
|25 May 1992||Townsville Deviation - Alignment change from Ingham/Charters Towers/Bowen Roads/Stuart Drive to Nathan/Duckworth Streets/University Road|
|July 1993||Barratta - Collinsons Lagoon realignment|
|December 1993||Barratta - Middle and East Barratta Creek realignments|
|20 April 1994||Yaamba/Milman Deviation - new alignment with higher-level bridges at Alligator and Plentiful Creeks in response to 1991 Flood|
|1995||Townsville - Charles N. Barton Bridge Duplication|
|18 December 1998||Mackay - Ron Camm Bridge duplication|
|December 2009||Mackay - Boundary Road to Farrellys Lane duplication and intersection upgrade|
|2012||Mackay - Boundary Road to City Gates intersection upgrades|
|October 2013||Mackay - Farrellys Road to Temples Lane duplication and intersection upgrades|
|February 2015||Brandon - Sandy Corner to Collinsons Lagoon realignment for flood mitigation and cane rail overpass|
|October 2015||Townsville - Vantassel Street to Cluden Drive duplication, rail overpass and intersection upgrades|
Major upgrades: Townsville to CairnsEdit
|1959||Gordonvale/Aloomba Bypass Stage 1: Swan Creek to Riverstone Road, including Carl Wordsworth Bridge|
|1961||Gordonvale/Aloomba Bypass Stage 2: Mackey's Creek to Riverstone Road, bypass of Gordonvale|
|1963||Gordonvale/Aloomba Bypass Stage 3: Swan Creek to Leumann Road, bypass of Aloomba|
|1966||Gordonvale/Aloomba Bypass Stage 4: Leumann Road to Assman Road|
|1968||Bellenden Ker Deviation|
|28 September 1968||Ingham Deviation - John Row Bridge at Herbert River|
|December 1968||Bellenden Plains / Murray River Deviation - replaced in 2008 by Tully Deviation|
|October 1971||Townsville - Black River Bridge|
|9 July 1973||Innisfail Deviation – Centenary Bridge|
|1981||Innisfail - Sir Joseph McAvoy Bridge|
|10 November 1984||Rollingstone Creek - High-level bridge|
|23 April 1987||Cardwell Range Deviation (South)|
|4 December 1987||Mutarnee - Ollera Creek Bridge and Mutarnee Deviation|
|17 October 1991||Babinda Deviation Stage 1: Lloyd's Corner/Stager Road to Munro Street|
|1992||Babinda Deviation Stage 2: Munro Street to Nelson Road|
|1993||Babinda Deviation Stage 3: Nelson Road to Frenchmans Creek|
|March 1998||Townsville Deviation – Woolcock Street extension|
|1999||Edmonton Deviation - realignment and four-laning|
|2002||Cairns - Ray Jones Drive to Sheehy Road six-laning|
|2004||Cairns - Sheehy Road to Foster Road six-laning|
|17 April 2009||Townsville Ring Road Stage 3 - Change of course for National Highway A1|
|20 April 2009||Higher-level Mulgrave River Bridge - Desmond Trannore Bridge|
|June 2009||Mount Low Overpass Townsville|
|1 November 2013||Cardwell Range Deviation (North) |
|May 2014||Cairns Southern Access Upgrade – Stage 1|
|In progress as of June 2016||Cairns Southern Access Upgrade – Stage 2: Foster Road to Robert Road six-laning|
|Completed December 2016||Townsville Ring Road Stage 4 - Change of course for National Highway A1|
|Project||Length (km)||Construction dates||Value||Status||Description||Distance from
|Caloundra Road to Sunshine Motorway||7||18 May 2017||Late 2020||$929.3 million||Under construction||Six lane motorway and new service road along existing alignment. Diverging diamond interchange at Caloundra Road.||84|
|Cooroy to Federal||13.5||July 2013||Late 2016||$590 million||Under construction||Section A of Cooroy to Curra. Four lane divided highway, new alignment.||126|
|Federal to Traveston||12||September 2009||December 2012||$513 million||Complete||Section B of Cooroy to Curra. Four lane divided highway, new alignment.||140|
|Yeppen South||2.8||27 November 2013||2016||$296 million||Under construction||New elevated crossing across the Yeppen Floodplain as additional carriageway||628|
|Yeppen North||1||27 November 2013||$85 million||Complete||Safety and traffic flow improvements||631|
|Mackay Ring Road (Stage 1)||11.3||Mid 2017||Late 2019||$560 million||In planning||Two lane highway, new alignment.||963|
|Townsville Ring Road (Section 4)||11||TBA||TBA||$200 million||In planning||4 lane motorway, new alignment.||1366|
|Cairns Bruce Highway Upgrade (Sheehy Road to Ray Jones Drive)||3.4||2010||April 2014||$150 million||Complete||New interchanges, widening of road||1696|
Travelling north, the following towns and small cities are found on (or very close to) the Bruce Highway.
Brisbane to MaryboroughEdit
Maryborough to RockhamptonEdit
Rockhampton to MackayEdit
Mackay to TownsvilleEdit
Townsville to CairnsEdit
To avoid unnecessary length this table does not show any bridges.
|Brisbane||Bald Hills||0||0.0||127|| Gateway Motorway (M1) south-east – Gold Coast, Brisbane Airport /
Gympie Arterial Road (M3) south - Brisbane
|Southern highway terminus; partial Y interchange: no access between Gateway Motorway and Gympie Arterial Road|
|Moreton Bay||Griffin–Murrumba Downs boundary||2.5||1.6||130||Dohles Rocks Road – Murrumba Downs, Griffin||Half-diamond interchange: northbound exit and southbound entrance|
North Lakes tripoint
|5.6||3.5||133||Anzac Avenue (State Route 71) – Petrie, Redcliffe||Parclo interchange|
|North Lakes–Dakabin–Narangba tripoint||10.3||6.4||138||Boundary Road – Dakabin, Deception Bay||Parclo interchange|
|Deception Bay–Burpengary boundary||14.1||8.8||142|| Deception Bay Road (State Route 26) - east – Deception Bay /
west – Burpengary, Narangba
|Burpengary||18.6||11.6||146|| Uhlmann Road (State Route 60) - west – Burpengary, Morayfield /
Uhlmann Road (no shield) - east – Burpengary East
|Burpengary–Morayfield boundary||20.3||12.6||—||Caboolture BP Travel Centre|
|Morayfield||22.1||13.7||150||Buchanan Road – Morayfield||Dumbbell interchange|
|Caboolture||24.5||15.2||152||Lower King Street west / Bribe Island Road east – Caboolture, Bribie Island||Parclo interchange; northern ramps merge with D'Aguilar Highway southern ramps|
|26.1||16.2||D'Aguilar Highway (State Route 85) – Kilcoy||Trumpet interchange|
|Caboolture–Elimbah boundary||29.6||18.4||—||Pumicestone Road – Elimbah, Toorbul, Donnybrook||Diamond interchange, upgrade currently under construction|
|Elimbah||35.5||22.1||—||Steve Irwin Way (Tourist Drive 24) – Beerwah, Glass House Mountains|
|Sunshine Coast||Glass House Mountains–
Coochin Creek boundary
|43.2||26.8||—||Johnston Road – Mobil Service Centre, Wild Horse Mountain Lookout|
|Meridan Plains–Glenview boundary||60.6||37.7||—||Steve Irwin Way (State Route 6 / Tourist Drive 24) west / Caloundra Road (State Route 6) east||Parclo interchange|
|—||Fizzo Road north / Pignata Road south – Glenview, Palmview||Frontage roads|
|Tanawha–Sippy Downs boundary||66.2||41.1||194||Sunshine Motorway (State Route 70) – Buderim, Mooloolaba|
|Forest Glen–Chevallum boundary||71.5–
|—||Mons Road – Forest Glen, Buderim|
|Woombye||73.7||45.8||—||Maroochydore Road (State Route 8) east / Nambour Connection Road west – Nambour, Woombye, Maroochydore, Big Pineapple||Roundabout interchange|
|Bli Bli–Nambour boundary||80.7||50.1||—||Nambour–Bli Bli Road (State Route 10 east / Tourist Drive 23 west) – Nambour, Bli Bli, Mapleton, Sunshine Coast Airport||Dumbbell interchange|
|Bli Bli–Parklands–Kulangoor tripoint||83.0||51.6||—||Nambour Connection Road – Parklands||Partial parclo interchange: no northbound entrance ramp|
|Yandina||87.4||54.3||—||Yandina–Coolum Road (State Route 11) – Yandina, Coolum Beach||Dumbbell interchange|
|Eumundi||95.8||59.5||—||Eumundi–Noosa Road (State Route 12 east) – Eumundi, Noosa, Kenilworth||Hybrid interchange; northbound exit and southbound entrance only|
|Eerwah Vale||98.5||61.2||—||Memorial Drive / Eumundi–Kenilworth Road – Eumundi, Noosa, Kenilworth||Hybrid interchange; southbound exit and northbound entrance only|
|Noosa||Cooroy||103||64||—||Myall Street (State Route 6) – Cooroy, Noosa||Trumpet interchange; route transition: northern end of M1, southern end of A1|
|Gympie||Gympie||144||89||Mary Valley Road (State Route 51) – Kandanga|
|Bells Bridge||159||99||Wide Bay Highway (State Route 49) – Kilkivan|
|Fraser Coast||Tinana||227||141||Gympie Road (State Route 57) – Maryborough, Hervey Bay|
|Bundaberg||Childers||289||180||Isis Highway (State Route 52) south – Biggenden|
|Apple Tree Creek–North Isis boundary||296||184||Isis Highway (State Route 3) north – Bundaberg, Bargara||Partially grade separated|
|Gin Gin||344||214||Gin Gin Road (State Route 3) – Bundaberg|
|Gladstone||Benaraby–Wurdong Heights boundary||491||305||Gladstone–Benaraby Road (State Route 58) – Gladstone|
|Calliope||502||312||Dawson Highway (State Route 60) – Calliope, Rolleston, Gladstone||Diamond interchange with additional looped ramp|
|Mount Larcom||536||333||Gladstone–Mount Larcom Road (State Route 58) – Gladstone|
|Rockhampton||Gracemere–Port Curtis boundary||605||376||Burnett Highway (A3) – Mount Morgan, Dululu|
|Port Curtis–Fairy Bower boundary||608||378||Capricorn Highway (A4) – Gracemere, Emerald||Roundabout|
|Rockhampton||612||380||Fitzroy Street to Rockhampton–Emu Park Road – Emu Park|
|Parkhurst||621||386||Yeppoon Road (Tourist Drive 10) – Yeppoon|
|Mackay||Ooralea–Paget–West Mackay tripoint||943||586||Peak Downs Highway (State Route 70) – Nebo, Eungella|
|Townsville||Stuart||1,324||823||Flinders Highway (A6) – Charters Towers|
|Johnstone||Belvedere–Goondi boundary||1,599||994||Palmerston Highway (State Route 25) – Millaa Millaa, Atherton|
|Cairns||Gordonvale||1,659||1,031||Gillies Highway (State Route 52) – Yungaburra, Atherton|
|Cairns||1,682||1,045||Captain Cook Highway (National Route 1) – Mareeba, Mossman||Northern highway terminus|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Caboolture in 1970's Archived 9 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved on 2 February 2012.
- Geoff Chambers (8 January 2011). "Queensland flood victims overwhelmed by damage". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 19 January 2011.
- "Bligh announces Bruce Hwy upgrade". Sky News. Australian News Channel. 12 July 2011. Retrieved 5 September 2011.
- "Bruce Highway Upgrade Isis River Bridge". Department of Transport and Main Roads. 15 February 2011. Archived from the original on 24 February 2011. Retrieved 23 February 2011.
- "Bruce Highway overpass opens at Beerwah". Queensland Government. 28 Sep 2015. Retrieved 20 Jan 2018.
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1966-1967
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1970-1971
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1972-1973
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1973-1974
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1974-1975
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1976-1977
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1977-1978
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1978-1979
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1979-1980
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1985-1986
- Queensland Transport Annual Report 1993-1994
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1996-1997
- "BRUCE HIGHWAY WIDENING OFFICIALLY OPENED". Parliament of Australia. 20 Jan 2005. Retrieved 20 Jan 2018.
- "AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT ACHIEVES ANOTHER ROADS MILESTONE FOR SOUTH-EAST QUEENSLAND". Parliament of Australia. 12 Mar 2007. Retrieved 20 Jan 2018.
- The Hon Warren Truss MP, Former Minister for Infrastructure and Regional Development (1 Nov 2013). "Cardwell Range Realignment Opens to Traffic". Media Release WT017/2013. Retrieved 20 Jan 2018.
- "Bruce Highway Upgrade – Caloundra Road to Sunshine Motorway". Department of Transport and Main Roads. Queensland Government. 18 May 2017. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
- "Bruce Highway Upgrade (Cooroy to Curra): Section A (Cooroy to Federal)". Queensland Government. 16 July 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- "Bruce Highway (Cooroy to Curra) Upgrade: Section B (Federal to Traveston)". Queensland Government. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- "Yeppen South Project". Queensland Government. 15 July 2014. Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- "Yeppen North Project". Queensland Government. 15 July 2014. Archived from the original on 24 April 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- "Mackay Ring Road". Queensland Government. 7 August 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- "Townsville Ring Road (Section 4)". Queensland Government. 15 August 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- "Cairns Bruce Highway Upgrade - Sheehy Road (Forest Gardens) to Ray Jones Drive". Queensland Government. 1 August 2014. Archived from the original on 23 December 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- Google (21 April 2014). "Bruce Highway" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- Google (1 August 2017). "Kulangoor, Queensland" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
- Google (1 August 2017). "North Isis, Queensland" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
- Google (1 August 2017). "Wurdong Heights, Queensland" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
- Google (1 August 2017). "Fairy Bower, Queensland" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
- Google (1 August 2017). "Ooralea-Paget-West Mackay tripoint" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
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