A sticky wicket (or sticky dog, or glue pot)[1] is a metaphor[2] used to describe a difficult circumstance. It originated as a term for difficult circumstances in the sport of cricket, caused by a damp and soft wicket.[3]

In cricket edit

The phrase comes from the game of cricket. "Wicket" has several meanings in cricket: in this case it refers to the rectangular area, also known as the pitch, in the centre of the cricket field between the stumps. The wicket is usually covered in a much shorter grass than the rest of the field or entirely bare, making it susceptible to variations in weather, which in turn cause the ball to bounce differently.[4]

If rain falls and the wicket becomes wet, the ball may not bounce predictably, making it very difficult for the batsman.[5] Furthermore, as the pitch dries, conditions can change swiftly, with spin bowling being especially devastating, as the ball can deviate laterally from straight by several feet. Once the wet surface begins to dry in a hot sun "the ball will rise sharply, steeply and erratically. A good length ball ... becomes a potential lethal delivery. Most batters on such wickets found it virtually impossible to survive let alone score."[6] Certain cricketers developed reputations for their outstanding abilities to perform on sticky wickets. Australian Victor Trumper was one.[6]

On occasions in the history of cricket unusual tactics have been employed to extract the best use of a sticky wicket. One example is the First Test in the 1950–51 Ashes series.[7] As recorded in The Ashes' Strangest Moments, as the pitch at the Gabba began to dry, England declared their first innings at just 68/7, in order to exploit the conditions.[7] Australia were even more extreme, declaring at 32/7.[7] "...the ball proceeded to perform capers all against the laws of gravitation, and there came the craziest day's cricket imaginable, with twenty wickets falling for 130 runs and two declarations that must surely be unique in the annals of Test cricket."[8]

The Language of Cricket (1934) defines a sticky wicket as "when its surface is in a glutinous condition".[9] Hence a "sticky wicket" refers to a difficult situation.[10]

In modern day professional cricket edit

Modern professional cricket is played, around the world, on covered pitches. Sticky wickets are mostly seen in amateur cricket, but the phenomenon can occur when covers are defective, slow to be applied or, particularly in warm weather, the grass underneath "sweats" as moisture evaporates.[11] When covers were introduced into England's County Championship, John Woodcock wrote an article for the 1981 Wisden Cricketers' Almanack, criticising the move, in an article titled, "Sticky dog is put down".[12] He added, "I cannot forbear ... from lamenting ... a part of the very heritage of English cricket – a drying pitch and a sizzling sun."[12]

In croquet edit

In the game of croquet, the phrase "sticky wicket" may refer to a hoop (wicket) that is difficult for a ball to go through because of the narrowness of the opening. This usage is confined to the United States.[13]

As a metaphor edit

An early example of the term in the cricket sense can be seen in Bell's Life in London, July 1882: "The ground... was suffering from the effects of recent rain, and once more the Australians found themselves on a sticky wicket."[14]

The term has entered into colloquial usage as a metaphor. The former leader of the Conservatives in the European Parliament, Tom Spencer MEP occasionally used to refer to batting on a sticky wicket to confuse the Parliament's interpreters, it being very difficult to translate into other languages.

References edit

  1. ^ Green, Jonathon (1987). Dictionary of Jargon. Routledge. p. 528. ISBN 9780710099198.
  2. ^ Marcus Callies; Wolfram R. Keller; Astrid Lohöfer (2011). Bi-directionality in the Cognitive Sciences: Avenues, Challenges, and Limitations. John Benjamins Publishing. pp. 73–. ISBN 978-90-272-2384-5. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  3. ^ Robert Hendrickson (26 April 2001). World English: From Aloha to Zed. Wiley. ISBN 978-0-471-34518-3.
  4. ^ Colin McNairn (2015). In a Manner of Speaking: Phrases, Expressions, and Proverbs and How We Use and Misuse Them. Skyhorse Publishing. pp. 85–. ISBN 978-1-63220-898-9. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  5. ^ Kate Burridge (2004). Blooming English: Observations on the Roots, Cultivation and Hybrids of the English Language. Cambridge University Press. pp. 68–. ISBN 978-0-521-54832-8. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  6. ^ a b Mallett, Ashley (1 January 2001). Eleven: The Greatest Eleven of the 20th Century. Univ. of Queensland Press. ISBN 9780702232589. Archived from the original on 29 April 2022. Retrieved 15 September 2017 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ a b c Baldwin, Mark (1 January 2005). The Ashes' Strangest Moments: Extraordinary But True Tales from Over a Century of the Ashes. Franz Steiner Verlag. ISBN 9781861058638. Archived from the original on 29 April 2022. Retrieved 22 March 2017 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ John Kay, Ashes to Hassett, A review of the M.C.C. tour of Australia, 1950–51, John Sherratt & Son, 1951 p129
  9. ^ The Language of Cricket (1934), WJ Lewis, Oxford University Press, page 258
  10. ^ Colin McNairn (2017). Sports Talk: How It Has Penetrated Our Everyday Language. FriesenPress. pp. 83–. ISBN 978-1-5255-0154-8. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  11. ^ Orin Hargraves (2003). Mighty Fine Words and Smashing Expressions: Making Sense of Transatlantic English. Oxford University Press. pp. 197–. ISBN 978-0-19-515704-8. Archived from the original on 16 August 2022. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  12. ^ a b Stern, John; Williams, Marcus (7 January 2014). The Essential Wisden: An Anthology of 150 Years of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. A&C Black. ISBN 9781408178966. Archived from the original on 29 April 2022. Retrieved 15 September 2017 – via Google Books.
  13. ^ Partridge, Eric; Dalzell, Tom; Victor, Terry (2006). The New Partridge Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English. London; New York: Routledge. pp. 1869. ISBN 0-415-25938-X.
  14. ^ Martin, Gary (2007). "A sticky wicket". The Phrase Finder. Archived from the original on 31 May 2007. Retrieved 4 June 2007.

External links edit