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Nottingham Forest F.C.

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Nottingham Forest Football Club is a professional football club in West Bridgford, England. They are often referred to as simply Forest. Forest were founded in 1865 and have played home matches at the City Ground since 1898. They have played in the English football second tier Championship since 2008 promotion from League One.

Nottingham Forest
Nottingham Forest logo.svg
Full name Nottingham Forest Football Club
Nickname(s) Forest, The Reds, Tricky Trees
Founded 1865; 152 years ago (1865)[1]
Ground City Ground
Ground Capacity 30,445
Owner Evangelos Marinakis (80%)
Sokratis Kominakis (20%)[2]
Chairman Nicholas Randall QC [3]
Manager Mark Warburton
League Championship
2016–17 Championship, 21st
Website Club website
Current season

Forest were founder members of the Football Alliance in 1889 before joining the Football League in 1892. They have since mostly competed in the top two League tiers except five seasons in the third tier. Forest won the FA Cup in 1898 and 1959. Their most successful period was in the management reign of Brian Clough and Peter Taylor between 1976 and 1982. With Forest they won the 1977–78 Football League title followed by the 1979 and 1980 European Cups. They also won two Football League Cups at Forest together. After Taylor left Clough won two more League Cups and two Full Members Cups.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Nineteenth CenturyEdit

In 1865 a group of Shinty players met at the Clinton Arms on Nottingham's Shakespeare Street. JS Scrimshaw's proposal to play football instead was agreed and Nottingham Forest Football Club was formed. It was agreed at the same meeting that the club would purchase twelve tasselled caps coloured 'Garibaldi Red' (named after the leader of the Italian 'Redshirts' freedom fighters). Thus the club's official colours were established. Forest's first ever official game was played against Notts County taking place on 22 March 1866.[4]

In their early years Forest were a multi-sports club. As well as their roots in bandy and shinty, Forest's baseball club were British champions in 1899.[5] Forest's charitable approach helped clubs like Liverpool, Arsenal and Brighton & Hove Albion to form. In 1886, Forest donated a set of football kits to help Arsenal establish themselves – the North London team still wear red. Forest also donated shirts to Everton and helped secure a site to play on for Brighton.

In 1878–79 season Forest entered the FA Cup for the first time. Forest beat Notts County 3–1 in the first round at Beeston Cricket Ground before eventually losing 2–1 to Old Etonians in the semi final.[4]

Forest's application was rejected to join the Football League at its formation in 1888. Forest instead joined the Football Alliance in 1889. They won the competition in 1892 before then entering the Football League.[4] That season they reached and lost in an FA Cup semi final for the fourth time to date. This time it was to West Bromwich Albion after a replay.

 
The 1898 Cup-winning squad

Forest's first FA Cup semi-final win was at the fifth attempt, the 1897-98 FA Cup 2–0 replay win against Southampton. The first game was drawn 1–1. Derby County beat Forest 5–0 five days before the final. Six of the cup final side were rested in that league game.[4] In that 1898 FA Cup Final at Crystal Palace before 62,000 fans, Willie Wragg passed a 19th minute free kick to Arthur Capes. Capes shot through the defensive wall to score. Derby equalised with a free kick headed home by Steve Bloomer off the underside of the cross bar after 31 minutes. In the 42nd minute Jack Fryer was unable to hold a Charlie Richards shot giving Capes a tap in for his second goal. Wragg's injury meant Forest had to change their line up with Capes dropping back to midfield. In the 86th minute John Boag headed away a corner by Forest. John McPherson moved in to collect shooting low into the goal to win 3–1.[6]

First half 20th CenturyEdit

Forest lost FA Cup semi finals in 1900 and 1902. They finished fourth in the 1900–01 Football League followed with fifth place the season after. The club then started to slide down the table. Forest were relegated for the first time in 1905–06. Grenville Morris had his first of five seasons as the club's highest scorer en route to becoming the all time club highest goalscorer with 213 goals.

Promotion as champions was immediate in 1906–07. They were relegated a second time to the Second Division in 1911 and had to seek re-election in 1914 after finishing bottom of that tier. As World War One approached they were in serious financial trouble. The outbreak of The Great War along with the benevolence of the committee members mitigated the club going under.[4]

In 1919, the Football League First Division was to be expanded from twenty clubs to twenty-two in time for the 1919–20 Football League: Forest were one of eight clubs to campaign for entry but received only three votes. Arsenal and Chelsea gained the two additional top tier slots.[7]

In a turnaround from the first six seasons struggling back in the Second Division, Forest were promoted as champions in 1921–22. They survived each of the first two seasons back in the top flight by one position. In the third season after promotion they were relegated as the division's bottom club in 1924–25. They remained in the second tier until relegation in 1949 to the Football League Third Division.

Re-emergence then decline (1950–74)Edit

They were quickly promoted back two years later as champions having scored a record 110 goals in the 1950–51 season. They regained First Division status in 1957.[4]

Billy Walker's Forest beat Luton Town 2–1 in the 1959 FA Cup Final. Like in 1898 Forest had lost heavily to their opponents only weeks earlier in the league.[4] Roy Dwight (the cousin of Reg Dwight better known as Elton John) and Tommy Wilson had Forest 2–0 up after 14 minutes. The game had an unusually large number of stoppages due to injury, particularly to Forest players. This was put down to the lush nature of the Wembley turf. The most notable of these stoppages was Dwight breaking his leg in a 33rd minute tackle with Brendan McNally. Forest had been on top until that point. Luton though gradually took control of the match with Dave Pacey scoring midway through the second half. Forest were reduced to nine fit men with ten minutes remaining when Bill Whare crippled with cramp became little more than a spectator. Forest held out to to beat the Wembley 1950s 'hoodoo' (where one team was hampered by losing a player through injury).[8]

By this time Forest had replaced Notts County as the biggest club in Nottingham. Johnny Carey assembled a team including Joe Baker and Ian Storey-Moore that for a long spell went largely unchanged in challenging for the 1966-67 Football League title. They beat title rivals Manchester United 4–1 at the City Ground on 1st October.[9] The 3–0 win against Aston Villa on 15 April had Forest second in the table a point behind United.[10] Injuries eventually took effect meaning Forest had to settle for being League Runners-up and losing in the FA Cup semi final to Dave Mackay's Tottenham Hotspur.[4]

The 1966/67 season's success seemed an opportunity to build upon with crowds of 40,000 virtually guaranteed at the time. Instead a mixture at the club of poor football management, the unique committee structure and proud amateurism meant decline after the 66/67 peak. Despite Peter Cormack being in the team Forest were relegated from the top flight in 1972. Matt Gillies' October 1972 managerial departure was followed by short managerial reigns by Dave Mackay and Allan Brown.[4] A 0–2 Boxing Day home defeat by Notts County prompted the committee (Forest had no board of directors then) to sack Brown.

Brian Clough and Peter Taylor (1975–82)Edit

 
Brian Clough managed Nottingham Forest for 18 years.

Brian Clough became manager of Nottingham Forest on 6 January 1975 twelve weeks after the end of his 44-day tenure as manager of Leeds United.[11] Clough brought Jimmy Gordon to be his club trainer as Gordon had been for him at Derby County and Leeds United.[12] Scottish centre-forward Neil Martin scored the only goal beating Tottenham Hotspur in Clough's FA Cup third round replay first game in charge.[13]

Ian Bowyer was already at Forest and had won domestic and European trophies with Manchester City. Clough signed Scots duo John McGovern and John O'Hare in February who both were part of Clough's Derby County 1971-72 Football League title win. He then brought John Robertson and Martin O'Neill back into the fold after they had requested transfers under Brown.[4] Viv Anderson had previously debuted for the first team and became a regular under Clough.[14] The young Tony Woodcock was at Forest but was then unrated by Clough and was to be loaned to Lincoln City.[15] Forest were 13th in English football's second tier when Clough joined. They finished that season 16th. Forest signed Frank Clark in July of that close season on a free transfer.[16] The season after Forest finished eighth in Clough's 1975-76 Football League first full season in charge.[11] It was in this season McGovern became long standing club captain taking over from a game in which Bob 'Sammy' Chapman and Liam O'Kane were both injured.[17]

Peter Taylor on 16 July 1976 rejoined Clough becoming his Assistant Manager as he had been when winning the league at Derby.[11] Taylor included being the club's talent spotter in his role. After assessing the players Taylor told Clough "that was a feat by you to finish eighth in the Second Division because some of them are only Third Division players".[18] Taylor berated John Robertson for allowing himself to become overweight and disillusioned. He got Robertson on a diet and training regime that would help him become a European Cup winner.[19] Taylor turned Woodcock from a reserve midfielder into a 42 cap England striker.[20] In September 1976 he bought striker Peter Withe to Forest for £43,000, selling him to Newcastle United for £250,000 two years later.[21] Withe was replaced in the starting team by Garry Birtles who Taylor had scouted playing for non-league Long Eaton United. Birtles also went on to represent England.[22] In October 1976 Brian Clough acting on Peter Taylor's advice signed Larry Lloyd for £60,000 after an initial loan period.

Together Clough and Taylor took Forest to new heights. The first trophy of the Clough and Taylor reign was the 1976–77 Anglo-Scottish Cup. Forest beat Orient 5–1 on aggregate in the two-legged final played in December 1976.[11] Clough valued winning a derided trophy as the club's first silverware since 1959. He said, "Those who said it was a nothing trophy were absolutely crackers. We'd won something, and it made all the difference."[23]

On 7 May Alan Moore's own goal meant Forest in their last league game of the season beat Millwall 1–0 at the City Ground.[24] This kept Forest in the third promotion spot in the league table and dependent on Bolton Wanderers dropping points in three games in hand in the fight for third place.[25] On 14 May Kenny Hibbitt's goal from his rehearsed free kick routine with Willie Carr gave Wolves a 1–0 win at Bolton.[17][26] Bolton's defeat reached the Forest team mid-air en route to an end of season break in Mallorca.[17] Forest's third place promotion from the 1976-77 Football League Second Division was the fifth-lowest points tally of any promoted team in history, 52[11][4] (two points for a win in England until 1981).

Taylor secretly followed Kenny Burns concluding Burns's reputation as a hard drinker and gambler was exaggerated. Taylor sanctioned his £150,000 July signing. Burns become FWA Footballer of the Year in 1977–78 after being moved from centre-forward to centre-back.[27][28] Forest started their return to the top league campaign with a 3–1 win at Everton. Three further wins in league and cup followed without conceding a goal. Then came five early September goals conceded in losing 3–0 at Arsenal and beating Wolves 3–2 at home.[29] Peter Shilton then signed for a record fee for a goalkeeper of £325,000. Taylor reasoned: "Shilton wins you matches."[30] 20 year old John Middleton was first team goalkeeper pre-Shilton. Middleton later in the month went in part exchange with £25,000 to Derby County for Archie Gemmill transferring to Forest.[31] Gemmill was another Scottish former 1972 Derby title winner.[27][32]

Forest lost only three of their first 16 league games the last of which was at Leeds United on 19 November 1977. They lost only one further game all season, the 11 March FA Cup sixth round defeat at West Bromwich Albion.[29] Forest won the 1977-78 Football League seven-points ahead of runners-up Liverpool. Forest became one of the few teams (and the most recent team to date) to win the First Division title the season after winning promotion from the Second Division.[nb 1] Forest conceded just 24 goals in 42 league games.[30] They beat Liverpool 1–0 in the 1978 Football League Cup Final replay despite cup-tied Shilton, Gemmill and December signing David Needham missing out.[33] Chris Woods chalked up two clean sheets in the final covering Shilton's league cup absence. McGovern missed the replay through injury meaning Burns lifted the trophy as deputising captain. Robertson's penalty was the only goal of the game.[23][34]

Forest started season 1978–79 by beating Ipswich Town 5–0 for an FA Charity Shield record win.[11] In the 1978-79 European Cup they were drawn to play the trophy winners of the two previous seasons, Liverpool. Home goals by Birtles and Colin Barrett put Forest through 2–0 on aggregate.[35] On 9 December 1978 Liverpool ended Forest's 42 match unbeaten league run dating back to the November the year before.[11] In February 1979 Taylor authorised the English game's first £1 million transfer signing Trevor Francis from Birmingham City.[36] In the April European Cup semi final home first leg against 1. FC Köln Forest were two goals behind after 20 minutes. Forest scored three to edge ahead before Köln equalised to start the German second leg ahead on the away goals rule. Ian Bowyer's goal in Germany put Forest through. Günter Netzer asked afterwards, “Who is this McGovern? I have never heard of him, yet he ran the game." Forest beat Malmö 1–0 in Munich's Olympiastadion in the 1979 European Cup Final. Francis on his European debut scored with a back post header from Robertson's cross. Forest beat Southampton in the final 3–2 to retain the League Cup. Birtles scored twice as did Woodcock once. Forest finished second in the 1978-79 Football League eight points behind Liverpool.

Forest declined to play in the home and away 1979 Intercontinental Cup against Paraguay's Club Olimpia. Forest beat F.C. Barcelona 2–1 on aggregate in the 1979 European Super Cup in January & February 1980. Charlie George scored the only goal in the home first leg. Burns scored an equaliser in the return in Spain.[37] In the 1979-80 Football League Cup Forest reached a third successive final. A defensive mix up between Needham and Shilton let Wolves' Andy Gray tap in to an empty net. Forest passed up numerous chances losing 1–0.[38] In the 1979-80 European Cup quarter final Forest won 3–1 at Dinamo Berlin to overturn a 1–0 home defeat. In the semi final they beat AFC Ajax 2–1 on aggregate. They beat Hamburg 1–0 in the 1980 European Cup Final at Madrid's Santiago Bernabéu Stadium to retain the trophy. Robertson scored after exchanging passes with Birtles.[39] Forest finished fifth in the 1979-80 Football League.

In the 1980–81 European Cup first round Forest lost 2–0 on aggregate to 1–0 home and away defeats by CSKA Sofia.[40] McGovern subsequently said the double defeat by CSKA affected the team's self confidence in that they had lost out to modestly talented opponents.[17] Forest lost the 1980 European Super Cup on away goals after a 2–2 aggregate draw against Valencia C.F. Bowyer scored both Forest goals in the home first leg.[41] On 11 February 1981 Forest lost 1–0 in the 1980 Intercontinental Cup against Uruguayan side, Club Nacional de Football. The match was played for the first time at the neutral venue National Stadium in Tokyo before 62,000 fans.[42]

The European Cup winning squad was broken up to capitalise on players at peak sale value. Clough and Taylor both later said this was a mistake.[12] The players brought in instead were not of the same calibre. Taylor said in 1982,[43]

"For many weeks now I don't believe I've been doing justice to the partnership and I certainly haven't been doing justice to Nottingham Forest the way I felt. And consequently after a great deal of thought, there was no option. I wanted to take an early retirement. That's exactly what I've done."

Jimmy Gordon retired in the same close season.[12]

Clough without Taylor (1982–93)Edit

Anderlecht beat Forest in the 1983–84 UEFA Cup semi finals in controversial but uncertain circumstances. Over a decade later it emerged that the Belgian club had allegedly bribed the second leg referee. The referee in question had since died in a car accident and was thus not able to be held to account. The case was thus dismissed and Anderlecht were acquitted from all charges[44]

Forest beat Sheffield Wednesday on penalties in the Football League Centenary Tournament final in April 1988 after drawing 0–0.[45] Forest finished third in the league in 1988 and made the 1987-88 FA Cup semi finals. Stuart Pearce won the first of his five successive selections for the PFA Team of the Year.

Forest beat Everton 4–3 after extra time in the 1989 Full Members Cup final. They came back to beat Luton Town 3–1 in the 1989 Football League Cup Final. Nigel Clough scored two and Neil Webb one. Forest chased a unique cup treble but tragedy struck a week after the League Cup win. Forest and Liverpool met for the second season in a row in the FA Cup semi-finals. The Hillsborough disaster claimed the lives of 96 Liverpool fans. The match was abandoned after six minutes. When the emotion laden rescheduled game took place Forest struggled as Liverpool won 3–1. Forest finished third in the First Division for a second successive year. However they were unable to compete in the UEFA Cup. The 1985 post Heysel Stadium Disaster UEFA competition ban on English clubs still had one season to run. Des Walker won the first of his four successive selections for the PFA Team of the Year.

Nigel Jemson scored as Forest beat Oldham Athletic 1–0 to retain the League Cup in 1990. Brian Clough reached his only FA Cup final in 1991. Pearce put Forest ahead after 16 minutes direct from a free kick against Tottenham Hotspur at Wembley. Spurs won 2–1 after an extra time own goal by Walker. Roy Keane declared himself fit to play in the final. Keane later admitted he was not fit to play and that was why he had such an insignificant role in the final.[46] English clubs were re-admitted to Europe for the 1990–91 season. English places in the competition were initially limited. 1990 League Cup winners Forest were not included. The only UEFA Cup place that season went to league runners-up Aston Villa.

In the summer of 1991 Millwall's league top scorer Teddy Sheringham set Forest's record signing fee at £2.1million. In that 1991–92 season Forest beat Southampton 3–2 after extra time in the Full Members Cup Final. Brian McClair's solitary Manchester United goal beat Forest in the 1992 Football League Cup Final. Forest had played in seven domestic cup finals at Wembley in five seasons winning five of the finals. Forest finished eighth in the league that season to earn a place in the new FA Premier League.

Walker transferred in summer 1992 to Sampdoria followed by Sheringham's early season sale. Brian Clough's 18-year managerial reign ended in May 1993 with Forest relegated from the inaugural Premier League. The final game of that season was away at Ipswich. Forest lost 2–1 with ironically his son, Nigel, scoring the last goal of Clough's era.[4] Relegation was followed by Keane's £3.75 million British record fee transfer to Manchester United.

Frank Clark (1993–1996)Edit

Frank Clark, who had been a left-back in Nottingham Forest's 1979 European Cup winning team, returned to the club in May 1993 to succeed Brian Clough as manager. His management career had previously seen promotion from the Fourth Division with Leyton Orient in 1989 as his greatest distinction. Making key signings including Stan Collymore, Colin Cooper, Lars Bohinen, and convincing Stuart Pearce to remain at the club, Clark was able to achieve a return to the Premier League when the club finished Division One runners-up at the end of the 1993–94 season.[47] Forest finished third in 1994–95[48] and qualified for the UEFA Cup – their first entry to European competition in the post-Heysel era. Despite the pre-season loss of striker Stan Collymore to Liverpool for a national record fee of £8.5million, Forest did reach the quarter-finals, the furthest an English team reached in UEFA competitions that season, although they slipped to ninth position in the league. The 1996–97 season quickly became a relegation battle and Clark left the club in December.[49]

Stuart Pearce and Dave Bassett (1997–1999)Edit

34-year-old captain Stuart Pearce was installed as player-manager on a temporary basis just before Christmas in 1996 and he inspired a brief upturn in the club's fortunes. However, in March 1997 he was replaced on a permanent basis by Dave Bassett and left the club that summer after 12 years.[50] Forest were unable to avoid relegation and finished the season in bottom place.[51] They won promotion back to the Premier League at the first attempt, being crowned Division One champions in 1997–98.[52] Bassett was sacked in January 1999, with Ron Atkinson replacing him.[53][54]

Into the 21st century (1999–2012)Edit

Ron Atkinson was unable to prevent Forest from once again slipping back into Division One, and announced his retirement from football management when Forest's relegation was confirmed on 24 April 1999, with three weeks of the Premier League seasons still to play.

Former England captain David Platt succeeded Atkinson and spent approximately £12 million on players in the space of two seasons, including the Italian veterans Moreno Mannini, Salvatore Matrecano and Gianluca Petrachi.[55] However, Forest could only finish 14th in Platt's first season and 10th in his second. He departed in July 2001 to manage the England U-21 side and was succeeded by youth team manager Paul Hart.[56]

 
Chart of yearly table positions of Forest since joining the Football League.

Now faced with huge debts, which reduced Forest's ability to sign new players, they finished 16th in Hart's first season in charge.[57] By December 2001, Forest were reported as losing over £100,000 every week,[58] and their financial outlook was worsened by the collapse of ITV Digital, which left Forest and many other Football League clubs in severe financial difficulties.[59] Despite the off-field difficulties, Forest finished 2002–03 in sixth place[60] and qualified for the play-offs, where they lost to Sheffield United in the semi-finals. A poor league run the following season, following the loss of several key players, led to the sacking of Hart in February 2004 with Forest in danger of relegation.[61] The decision was unpopular with certain quarters of the fanbase and Hart was described as a 'scapegoat'.[62]

Joe Kinnear was subsequently appointed and led the club to a secure 14th place in the final league table.[63] The 2004–05 season saw Forest drop into the relegation zone once more, leading to Kinnear's resignation in December 2004.[64]Mick Harford took temporary charge of Forest over Christmas, before Gary Megson was appointed in the new year. Megson had already won two promotions to the Premier League with his previous club West Bromwich Albion, having arrived at the club when they were in danger of going down to Division Two, but failed to stave off relegation as the club ended the season second from bottom in 23rd place,[65] becoming the first European Cup-winners ever to fall into their domestic third division.[66]

In Forest's first season in the English third tier in 54 years, a 3–0 defeat at Oldham Athletic[67] in February 2006 led to the departure of Megson by "mutual consent" leaving the club mid-table only four points above the relegation zone.[68] Frank Barlow and Ian McParland took temporary charge for the remainder of the 2005–06 season, engineering a six-match winning run and remaining unbeaten in ten games, the most notable result a 7–1 win over Swindon Town.[69] Forest took 28 points from a possible 39 under the two, narrowly missing out on a play-off place, as they finished in 7th place.[70]

Colin Calderwood, previously of Northampton Town, was appointed as Forest's new manager in May 2006. He was their 12th new manager to be appointed since the retirement of Brian Clough 13 years earlier, and went on to become Forest's longest-serving manager since Frank Clark. The Calderwood era was ultimately one of rebuilding, and included the club's first promotion in a decade. In his first season, he led the club to the play-offs, having squandered a 7-point lead at the top of League One which had been amassed by November 2006. Forest eventually succumbed to a shock 5–4 aggregate defeat in the semi-finals against Yeovil Town; they had taken a 2–0 lead in the first leg at Huish Park, but were then beaten 5–2 on their own soil by the Somerset club.[71] Calderwood achieved automatic promotion in his second year at the club, following an impressive run which saw Forest win six out of their last seven games of the season, culminating in a dramatic final 3–2 win against Yeovil at the City Ground. Forest kept a league record of 24 clean sheets out of 46 games, proving to be the foundation for their return to the second tier of English football and leaving them just one more promotion away from a return to the Premier League.

However, Calderwood's side struggled to adapt to life in the Championship in the 2008–09 campaign and having been unable to steer Forest out of the relegation zone, Calderwood was sacked following a Boxing Day 4–2 defeat to the Championship's bottom club Doncaster Rovers.[72]

Under the temporary stewardship of John Pemberton, Forest finally climbed out of the relegation zone, having beaten Norwich City 3–2.[73] Billy Davies, who had taken Forest's local rivals Derby County into the Premier League two seasons earlier, was confirmed as the new manager on 1 January 2009[74] and watched Pemberton's side beat Manchester City 3–0 away in the FA Cup,[75] prior to taking official charge. Under Davies, Forest stretched their unbeaten record in all competitions following Calderwood's sacking to six matches, including five wins. He also helped them avoid relegation as they finished 19th in the Championship,[76] securing survival with one game to go.

Forest spent most of the 2009–10 campaign in a top-three position, putting together an unbeaten run of 20 league games, winning 12 home league games in a row (a club record for successive home wins in a single season), going unbeaten away from home from the beginning of the season until 30 January 2010 (a run spanning 13 games) whilst also claiming memorable home victories over local rivals Derby County and Leicester City. The club finished third, missing out on automatic promotion, and in the two-legged play-off semi-final were beaten by Blackpool, 2–1 away and 4–3 in the home leg, the club's first defeat at home since losing to the same opposition in September 2009.

The 2010–11 season saw Forest finish in sixth place in the Championship table with 75 points,[77] putting them into a play-off campaign for the fourth time in the space of eight years. Promotion was yet again to elude Forest, as they were beaten over two legs by eventual play-off final winners Swansea City. Having drawn the first leg 0–0 at the City Ground,[78] they were eventually beaten 3–1 in the second leg.[79]

In June 2011, Billy Davies had his contract terminated,[80][81] and was replaced as manager by Steve McClaren, who signed a three-year contract.[82][83] Forest started the 2011–12 season with several poor results and after a 5–1 defeat away to Burnley, David Pleat and Bill Beswick left the club's coaching setup.[84] Less than a week later, following a home defeat to Birmingham City, McClaren resigned, and chairman Nigel Doughty announced that he intended to resign at the end of the season.[84] In October 2011, Nottingham Forest underwent several changes. These changes included the appointment of Frank Clark as new chairman of the club and also that of Steve Cotterill, replacing the recently departed Steve McClaren.[85]

 
Nigel Doughty: Nottingham Forest owner 1999–2012

Nigel Doughty, owner and previous chairman of the club, died on 4 February 2012, having been involved with the club since the late 1990s, with many estimating his total contribution as being in the region of £100 million.[86]

The Al-Hasawi (2012–2017)Edit

The Al-Hasawi family, from Kuwait, purchased the club and became the new owners in July 2012. The Al-Hasawi family told press that they had a long-term vision for the club based around a 3–5-year plan, and after interviewing several potential new managers, appointed Sean O'Driscoll, formerly the manager at Doncaster Rovers and Crawley Town, as the manager on 19 July 2012 after a second round of talks with the then Crawley man. He was known for playing an attractive brand of passing football (which had taken Doncaster Rovers into the league's second tier for the first time since the 1950s) and what football fans would consider the Forest way.[87] O'Driscoll had spent five months at the City Ground as Coach under Steve Cotterill in the 2011–12 season before taking over at Crawley. After taking over at Crawley, O'Driscoll never took charge of a single competitive game.

By 15 December 2012, after the team's 0–0 draw away to Brighton, Forest sat in ninth position with 33 points, just three points off the play-off positions. The Al-Hasawi's 3–5-year plan had turned into a push for the play-offs in their first season as the owners. On the same weekend, the club announced that Omar Al-Hasawi had stepped down due to personal reasons and Fawaz Al-Hasawi, the majority shareholder with 75% had taken the position,[88] with his brother Abdulaziz Al-Hasawi holding a 20% share and his cousin Omar Al-Hasawi holding a 5% share.

On Boxing Day 2012, manager Sean O'Driscoll was sacked following a 4–2 victory over Leeds United with the club stating their intentions of a change ahead of the January transfer window and hopes of appointing a manager with Premiership experience.[89] The man to replace O'Driscoll was Alex McLeish.[90] The move was criticised by some members of the Forest fan base.[91] Chief executive Mark Arthur as well as scout Keith Burt and club ambassador Frank Clark were dismissed in January 2013.[92] On 5 February 2013, Forest and Alex McLeish had parted company by mutual agreement, just 40 days after McLeish took charge of the club.[93] Forest supporters and pundits alike registered their concern for the state of the club,[87] with journalist Pat Murphy describing the situation as a "shambles".[94]

Two days after McLeish's departure, the club re-appointed Billy Davies as manager, having been sacked as the team's manager twenty months previously.[95] His first match in charge was a draw,[96] followed by a run of 10 undefeated games. In March 2014, the club terminated Davies's employment, following a 5–0 defeat by Derby County.[97] Neil Warnock turned down the job as Forest manager on the day Davies was sacked. After initially rejecting the job in March 2014,[98] fans favourite Stuart Pearce was named the man to replace Billy Davies, taking over from caretaker manager Gary Brazil. He signed a two-year contract commencing on 1 July 2014. Pearce led Forest to an unbeaten start to the season but failed to keep up the form. He was sacked in February 2015 and replaced by another former Forest player, Dougie Freedman.

Another mid-table finish meant that Forest began the 2015–16 season still in the Championship and now in their 17th season away from the Premier League. On 13 March 2016, Freedman was sacked, following a 3–0 defeat at home to Sheffield Wednesday.[99] Paul Williams was then appointed as temporary manager as Nottingham Forest searched for their new manager. Finally, following months of speculation the former US Boulogne, Valenciennes FC, Real Sociedad, and Stade Rennais head coach Philippe Montanier was appointed on a two-year contract on 27 June 2016, but was sacked after fewer than seven months in charge. Mark Warburton was named as the club's new manager on 14 March 2017. Forest narrowly avoided relegation on the final day of the 2016–17 season, where a 3–0 home victory against Ipswich ensured their safety at the expense of Blackburn.[100]

On 18 May 2017 it was confirmed that Evangelos Marinakis had completed his takeover of Nottingham Forest,[101] bringing an end to Al-Hasawi's reign as Forest owner.

Club identityEdit

Crest and coloursEdit

Nottingham Forest have worn red since the club's foundation in 1865. At the meeting in the Clinton Arms which established Nottingham Forest as a football club, the committee also passed a resolution that the team colours should be 'Garibaldi red'.[102] This decision was made in honour of Giuseppe Garibaldi, the Italian patriot who was the leader of the redshirts volunteers. At this time, clubs identified themselves more by their headgear than their shirts and a dozen red caps with tassels were duly purchased, making Forest the first club to 'officially' wear red, a colour that has since been adopted by a significant number of others. Forest is the reason behind Arsenal's choice of red, having donated a full set of red kits following Arsenal's foundation in 1886. Forest's tour of South America in 1905 inspired Independiente to adopt red as their club colour, after the Argentine club's President Arístides Langone described the tourists as looking like diablos rojos ("red devils"), which would become Independiente's nickname.[103]

The first club crest used by Forest was the city arms of Nottingham, which was first used on kits in 1947.[104] The current club badge was introduced in 1974.[104] The logo has been reported as being the brainchild of manager Brian Clough.[105] However, he did not arrive at the club until the year after. Forest have two stars above the club badge to commemorate the European Cup victories in 1979 and 1980.[106] There was a competition pre-Clough to design a new Forest logo and the winning design was by Trent Poytechnic Graphic Design lecturer David Lewis. He also designed the Nottinghamshire County Council logo.

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor
1973–76 Umbro None
1976–77 U-Win
1977–80 Adidas
1980–82 Panasonic
1982–84 Wrangler
1984–86 Skol
1986–87 Umbro Home Ales
1987–93 Shipstones
1993–97 Labatt's
1997–2003 Pinnacle
2003–09 Capital One
2009–12 Victor Chandler
2012–13 John Pye Auctions[107]
2013–16 Adidas Fawaz International Refrigeration &

Air Conditioning Company

2016– 888Sport

NomenclatureEdit

The club has garnered many nicknames over time. Historically, the nickname of "Foresters" was used,[108] as was "Garibaldis".[109] "The Forest"[110] or the simpler "Forest" – as used on the club crest – is commonly used, as is "the Reds". Another, lesser-used, nickname referring to the club is the "Tricky Trees".[111][112] Nottingham Forest is sometimes referred to as Notts Forest, which is not correct, as 'Notts' is an abbreviation of the word 'Nottinghamshire'.

StadiumsEdit

Since 1898 Nottingham Forest have played their home games at the City Ground in West Bridgford, on the banks of the River Trent. Since 1994 the stadium has been all-seater, a preparation that was made in time for the ground to be a venue for Euro 96, and currently has a capacity of 30,445.

The City Ground is 300 yards away from Notts County's Meadow Lane stadium, on the other side of the Trent. The two grounds are the closest professional football stadia in England and the second closest in the United Kingdom after the grounds of Dundee and Dundee United. When built, the ground was within the boundaries of Nottingham, which had been made a city the previous year and gave rise to the name of the stadium. A boundary change in the 1950s meant that the City Ground is now no longer within the city of Nottingham whilst Notts County's ground is.

Prior to moving into the City Ground, Forest played their home games at Forest Recreation Ground, then Trent Bridge, and finally the purpose-built Town Ground.

Local rivals, derbies and supportersEdit

Whilst Notts County is the closest professional football club geographically, Forest have remained at least one division higher since the 1994–95 season and the club's fiercest rivalry is with Derby County, located 14 miles away.[113] The two clubs contest the East Midlands derby, a fixture which has taken on even greater significance since the inception of the Brian Clough Trophy in 2007. Leicester City are Forest's other East Midlands rival due to the close proximity of the two cities.

Forest's other regional rival is Sheffield United, based in the neighbouring county of South Yorkshire, a rivalry which has roots in the UK miners' strike 1984-85 when the miners of South Yorkshire walked out on long strikes but some Nottinghamshire miners, who insisted on holding a ballot, continued to work. The exciting 2003 Football League Championship Play-off semi final between the two clubs, in which Sheffield United finished as 5–4 aggregate winners, also fueled the rivalry.

Forest's fanbase includes a host of celebrity supporters, including fashion designer Paul Smith,[114] England international cricketers Stuart Broad[115] and Samit Patel,[116] boxer Carl Froch,[117][118] golfers Lee Westwood[119] and Oliver Wilson,[120] footballers Alex Baptiste[121] Tom Cairney,[121] Shaun Barker[122] and Patrick Bamford,[123] ice hockey player Miika Wiikman,[124] politicians Kenneth Clarke, Dan Jarvis and Michael Dugher,[125][126][127] Manic Street Preachers singer James Dean Bradfield,[128][129] Metronomy frontman Joseph Mount,[130] Editors guitarist Chris Urbanowicz,[131] Brazilian football manager Luiz Felipe Scolari,[132] actor Joe Dempsie,[133] artist and musician David Shrigley,[134] comedian Matt Forde,[135] skater Christopher Dean, TV & radio presenter Richard Bacon,[136] The Pogues guitarist Phil Chevron,[137] actress Su Pollard,[138] actor Arsher Ali.[139] and Danish author Peter Grønlund.[140]

HonoursEdit

[141]

DomesticEdit

LeagueEdit

Winners (1): 1977–78
Runners-up (2): 1966–67, 1978–79
Winners (3): 1906–07, 1921–22, 1997–98
Runners-up (2): 1956–57, 1993–94
Promoted (1): 1976–77
Winners (1): 1950–51
Runners-up (1): 2007–08
Winners (1): 1891–92

CupsEdit

Winners (2): 1897–98, 1958–59
Runners-up (1): 1990–91
Winners (4): 1977–78, 1978–79, 1988–89, 1989–90
Runners-up (2): 1979–80, 1991–92
Winners (1): 1978
Runners-up (1): 1959
Winners (2): 1988–89, 1991–92
Winners (1):

EuropeanEdit

Winners (2): 1978–79, 1979–80
Winners (1): 1979
Runners-up (1): 1980

WorldwideEdit

MinorEdit

Winners (1): 1977

ManagersEdit

  • Caretaker managers are in italics
Number Manager From To Played Won Drawn Lost Won % Drawn % Lost %
1 Harry Radford 1 Aug 1889 31 May 1897 176 69 34 73 39.2% 19.3% 41.5%
2 Harry Haslam 1 Aug 1897 31 May 1909 462 188 104 170 40.7% 22.5% 36.8%
3 Fred Earp 1 Aug 1909 31 May 1912 120 35 26 59 29.2% 21.7% 49.2%
4 Bob Masters 1 Aug 1912 31 May 1925 385 108 97 180 28.1% 25.2% 46.8%
5 John Baynes 1 Aug 1925 31 May 1929 182 69 47 66 37.9% 25.8% 36.3%
6 Stan Hardy 1 Aug 1930 31 May 1931 43 14 9 20 32.6% 20.9% 46.5%
7 Noel Watson 1 Aug 1931 31 May 1936 223 79 57 87 35.4% 25.6% 39.0%
8   Harold Wightman 1 Aug 1936 31 May 1939 119 33 27 59 27.7% 22.7% 49.6%
9   Billy Walker 1 May 1939 1 Jun 1960 650 272 147 231 41.8% 22.6% 35.5%
10   Andy Beattie 1 Sep 1960 1 Jul 1963 140 52 30 58 37.1% 21.4% 41.4%
11   Johnny Carey 1 Jul 1963 31 Dec 1968 267 99 65 93 38.5% 25.3% 36.2%
11   Matt Gillies 1 Jan 1969 20 Oct 1972 177 49 48 80 27.7% 27.1% 45.2%
13   Dave Mackay 2 Nov 1972 23 Oct 1973 44 13 14 17 29.5% 31.8% 38.6%
14   Allan Brown 19 Nov 1973 3 Jan 1975 57 20 17 20 35.1% 29.8% 35.1%
15   Brian Clough 3 Jan 1975 8 May 1993 968 447 258 263 46.2% 26.7% 27.2%
16   Frank Clark 13 May 1993 19 Dec 1996 178 73 58 47 41.0% 32.6% 26.4%
17   Stuart Pearce 20 Dec 1996 8 May 1997 23 7 9 7 30.4% 39.1% 30.4%
18   Dave Bassett 8 May 1997 5 Jan 1999 77 30 20 24 42.9% 26.0% 31.2%
19   Micky Adams 5 Jan 1999 11 Jan 1999 1 0 0 1 0.0% 0.0% 100.0%
20   Ron Atkinson 11 Jan 1999 16 May 1999 17 5 2 10 29.4% 11.8% 58.8%
21   David Platt 1 Jul 1999 12 Jul 2001 103 37 25 41 35.9% 24.3% 39.8%
22   Paul Hart 12 Jul 2001 7 Feb 2004 135 42 44 49 31.1% 32.6% 36.3%
23   Joe Kinnear 10 Feb 2004 16 Dec 2004 44 15 15 14 34.1% 34.1% 31.8%
24   Mick Harford 16 Dec 2004 10 Jan 2005 6 2 1 3 33.3% 16.7% 50.0%
25   Gary Megson 10 Jan 2005 16 Feb 2006 59 17 18 24 28.8% 30.5% 40.7%
26   Frank Barlow
  Ian McParland
17 Feb 2006 30 May 2006 13 8 4 1 61.5% 30.8% 7.7%
27   Colin Calderwood 30 May 2006 26 Dec 2008 136 57 42 37 41.9% 30.9% 27.2%
28   John Pemberton 27 Dec 2008 4 Jan 2009 2 2 0 0 100.0% 0.0% 0.0%
29   Billy Davies 4 Jan 2009 12 Jun 2011 126 53 36 37 42.1% 28.6% 29.4%
30   Steve McClaren 13 Jun 2011 2 Oct 2011 13 3 3 7 23.1% 23.1% 53.8%
31   Steve Cotterill 14 Oct 2011 12 Jul 2012 38 12 7 19 31.6% 18.4% 50.0%
32   Sean O'Driscoll 20 Jul 2012 26 Dec 2012 26 10 9 7 38.5% 34.6% 26.9%
33   Alex McLeish 27 Dec 2012 5 Feb 2013 7 1 2 4 14.3% 28.6% 57.1%
34   Billy Davies 7 Feb 2013 24 Mar 2014 59 25 22 13 42.3% 35.6% 22.0%
35   Gary Brazil 24 Mar 2014 3 May 2014 9 2 2 5 22.2% 22.2% 55.6%
36   Stuart Pearce 1 Jul 2014 1 Feb 2015 32 10 10 12 31.25% 31.25% 37.5%
37   Dougie Freedman 1 Feb 2015 13 Mar 2016 57 19 16 22 33.3% 28.1% 38.6%
38   Paul Williams 13 Mar 2016 12 May 2016 10 2 4 4 20.0% 40.0% 40.0%
39   Philippe Montanier 27 June 2016 14 Jan 2017 30 9 6 15 30.0% 20.0% 50.0%
40   Gary Brazil 14 Jan 2017 14 March 2017 11 4 1 6 36.4% 9.1% 54.5%
41   Mark Warburton 14 March 2017 Present 27 12 2 13 44.4% 7.4% 48.1%

RecordsEdit

  • Most appearances for the club (in all competitions): 692 – Bob McKinlay (1951–1970)[143]
  • Most goals for the club (in all competitions): 217 – Grenville Morris (1898–1913)
  • Highest attendance: 49,946 Vs. Manchester United in Division 1, 28 October 1967
  • Lowest attendance: 4,030 Vs. Morecambe F.C. in the Football League Cup, 13 August 2008
  • Record receipts: £499,099 Vs. FC Bayern Munich in UEFA Cup quarter final 2nd leg, 19 March 1996
  • Longest sequence of league wins: 7, wins from 9 May 1922 to 1 September 1922
  • Longest sequence of league defeats: 14, losses from 21 March 1913 to 27 September 1913
  • Longest sequence of unbeaten league matches: 42, from 26 November 1977 to 25 November 1978
  • Longest sequence of league games without a win: 19, from 8 September 1998 to 16 January 1999
  • Longest sequence of league games without a goal: 7, 13 December 2003 to 7 February 2004 and 26 November 2011 to 31 December 2011
  • Quickest goal:
  • Record win (in all competitions): 14–0, Vs. Clapton (away), 1st round FA Cup, 17 January 1891
  • Record defeat (in all competitions): 1–9, Vs. Blackburn Rovers, Division 2, 10 April 1937
  • Most league points in one season
    • 2 points for a win: 70, Division 3 South, 1950–51
    • 3 points for a win: 94, Division 1, 1997–98
  • Most league goals in one season: 110, Division 3, 1950–51
  • Highest league scorer in one season: Wally Ardron, 36, Division 3 (South), 1950–51
  • Most internationally capped player: Peter Shilton, 125 for England

Stuart Pearce, 76 for England (78 total)

¹ By agreement with Leicester City, the game was a replay as the original match three weeks previous was abandoned at half time, due to the collapse of Leicester player Clive Clarke, with Forest leading 1–0.[148]

European recordEdit

Competition[149] P W D L GF GA
European Cup 20 12 4 4 32 14
UEFA Cup 20 10 5 5 18 16
Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 6 3 0 3 8 9
UEFA Super Cup 4 2 1 1 4 3
Intercontinental Cup 1 0 0 1 0 1
Total 51 27 10 14 62 43

PlayersEdit

First team squadEdit

As of 14 December 2017 [150]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
2   DF Eric Lichaj
4   DF Michael Mancienne
5   DF Matt Mills
6   DF Armand Traoré
7   MF Liam Bridcutt
8   MF Chris Cohen
9   FW Daryl Murphy
10   MF Barrie McKay
11   MF Ben Osborn
13   DF Danny Fox
14   MF Matty Cash
16   FW Zach Clough
17   FW Ben Brereton
18   MF Mustapha Carayol
No. Position Player
19   MF Jamie Ward
20   MF Kieran Dowell (on loan from Everton)
24   MF David Vaughan
25   DF Jack Hobbs
26   GK Dimitar Evtimov
27   DF Tendayi Darikwa
30   GK Stephen Henderson
31   MF Andreas Bouchalakis
34   FW Tyler Walker
35   FW Jason Cummings
39   FW Apostolos Vellios
42   DF Joe Worrall
43   GK Jordan Smith

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
21   MF Gboly Ariyibi (on loan to Milton Keynes Dons until 30 June 2018)
28   DF Thomas Lam (on loan to FC Twente until 30 June 2018)
No. Position Player
37   MF Jorge Grant (on loan to Notts County until 30 June 2018)

Under 23s, Under 18s and Academy squadEdit

Notable former playersEdit

Player of the SeasonEdit

 
Former club captain and manager Stuart Pearce won the Player of the Year award three times, a record he holds jointly with Des Walker.
Kenny Burns, Nigel Clough, Andy Reid and Chris Cohen are the only players to win the award twice.
Andy Reid holds the record for longest gap between Player of the Year awards with a gap of ten years.
Year Winner
1977   Tony Woodcock[151]
1978   Kenny Burns[151]
1979   Garry Birtles[151]
1980   Larry Lloyd[151]
1981   Kenny Burns[152]
1982   Peter Shilton[152]
1983   Steve Hodge[152]
1984   Chris Fairclough[152]
1985   Jim McInally[152]
1986   Nigel Clough[152]
1987   Des Walker[152]
1988   Nigel Clough[152]
1989   Stuart Pearce[152]
1990   Des Walker[153]
1991   Stuart Pearce[153]
1992   Des Walker[153]
1993   Steve Sutton[153]
1994   David Phillips[153]
1995   Steve Stone[153]
1996   Stuart Pearce[153]
1997   Colin Cooper[153]
 
Year Winner
1998   Pierre van Hooijdonk[153]
1999   Alan Rogers[153]
2000   Dave Beasant[154]
2001   Chris Bart-Williams[154]
2002   Gareth Williams[155]
2003   David Johnson[156]
2004   Andy Reid[157]
2005   Paul Gerrard[158]
2006   Ian Breckin[159]
2007   Grant Holt[160]
2008   Julian Bennett[161]
2009   Chris Cohen[162]
2010   Lee Camp[163]
2011   Luke Chambers[164]
2012   Garath McCleary[165]
2013   Chris Cohen[166]
2014   Andy Reid[167]
2015   Michail Antonio[168]
2016   Dorus de Vries[169]
2017   Eric Lichaj[170]

All-time XIEdit

In 1997 and 1998, as part of the release of the book The Official History of Nottingham Forest, a vote was carried out to decide on the club's official All Time XI.[171]

Position Player Years at club
GK   Peter Shilton 1977–82
RB   Viv Anderson 1974–84
RCB   Des Walker 1984–92; 2002–04
LCB   Kenny Burns 1977–81
LB   Stuart Pearce 1985–97
RCM   Martin O'Neill 1971–81
ACM   Roy Keane 1990–93
LCM   Archie Gemmill 1977–79
RW   Ian Storey-Moore 1962–72
CF   Trevor Francis 1979–81
LW   John Robertson 1970–83; 1985–86

International playersEdit

Club staffEdit

Executive
Majority owner   Evangelos Marinakis
Minority owner   Sokratis Kominakis
Chairman   Nicholas Randall QC
Director   Johnny Metgod
Chief executive officer   Ioannis Vrentzos
Chief financial officer   Samantha Gordon
Chief commercial officer   David Cook
First team staff
Sport director   Frank McParland
Head coach   Mark Warburton
Assistant coach   David Weir
Goalkeeper coach   Jim Stewart
Sports science & medicine manager   Andrew Balderston
Strength & conditioning coach   Chris Thorpe
Football analyst   John Warhurst
Under-23s & academy coaching staff
Academy manager   Gary Brazil
Academy goalkeeping coach   Ian Bennett
Under 23s lead coach Vacant
Under 18s lead coach   Gareth Holmes
Under 18s assistant coach   Jake Wigley

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The others were Liverpool in 1906, Everton in 1932, Tottenham Hotspur in 1951 and Ipswich Town in 1962. Forest remain the only club to achieve this feat having not been promoted as champions.
  2. ^ From 1888 to 1992 the Football League First Division was the top tier of English football. It was superseded by the Premier League in 1992.
  3. ^ Upon its formation in 1992, the Premier League became the top tier of English football; the First and Second Divisions then became the second and third tiers, respectively. The First Division is now known as the Football League Championship and the Second Division is now known as Football League One.

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