West Bridgford (/ˈbrɪfərd/) is a town and the administrative centre of the Borough of Rushcliffe in the county of Nottinghamshire, England. It lies immediately south of Nottingham, east of Wilford, north of Ruddington and west of Radcliffe-on-Trent. It is southwest of Colwick and southeast of Beeston which are on the opposite bank of the River Trent. The town is part of the Nottingham Urban Area and had a population of 48,225 in a 2018-estimate.[1]

West Bridgford
Central Avenue, West Bridgford
West Bridgford is located in Nottinghamshire
West Bridgford
West Bridgford
Location within Nottinghamshire
Population48,225 (2018 estimate)
OS grid referenceSK 58673 37569
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Postcode districtNG2
Dialling code0115
AmbulanceEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
52°55′55″N 1°07′37″W / 52.932°N 1.127°W / 52.932; -1.127
County Hall in West Bridgford

History edit

West Bridgford was founded between 919 and 924 when defences and houses were built at the south end of Trent Bridge. It was established by Edward the Elder to protect Nottingham and the surrounding area against incursions from Danes in the North of England. A survey during Edward's reign indicates that the population at this time was 192 people, 19 of which were farmers.[2]

Most main roads in central West Bridgford are named after wealthy families that dominated its early history. The roads in the Gamston development have names from the Lake District, and Compton Acres from Dorset and the Purbeck Coast.

At the end of the First World War, the Musters family sold the Trent Bridge Inn and Trent Bridge cricket ground to the county cricket club. The club owned the inn briefly, then sold it at a profit to a brewery.[3] After pressure, the Musters sold land for building, but strict planning regulations were stipulated for the West Bridgford Estate. This was planned over a grid of tree-lined roads. The main roads, such as Musters Road, had restrictions on housing density and size. All houses had to contain a specified number of bedrooms. Smaller houses were permitted on side roads and terraces were erected on roads such as Exchange Road for the servants of wealthy Nottingham merchants who had bought West Bridgford property.

The result is a community separate from Nottingham, with no ties of governance to it. In Nottingham, West Bridgford was sometimes dubbed "Bread and Lard Island", implying that its people had spent so much on big houses and fur coats that they could only afford to eat bread and lard.[4][5] It grew from a small village in the mid-19th century into a town of over 48,000 inhabitants by 2018.

Geography edit

The River Trent separating West Bridgford from Nottingham

The northern boundary of West Bridgford is the River Trent. The river is spanned by two road bridges and a pedestrianised bridge allowing access from the town to the city of Nottingham. The bridges link in with safer cycling routes to Nottingham city and railway station, and to the university areas.

Bridges edit

  • Trent Bridge has three lanes in each direction. It is decorated on the sides with carvings visible from the river. In 2017, it was fitted with permanent steel safety barriers at pavement level to protect pedestrians attending major sporting events. Two spans of the original medieval bridge remain, surrounded by a traffic island on the south side of the river, adjacent to Trent Bridge.
  • Lady Bay Bridge has a single lane in each direction. It was originally the rail crossing for the Midland Railway's "Melton loop" from London to Nottingham via Melton Mowbray, avoiding Leicester. Despite the line passing on an embankment through the centre of West Bridgford, there was never a West Bridgford station; the nearest station was at Edwalton, which closed in July 1941, as did the line in May 1967. Much of the embankment has been removed and the route built over, but part has been converted into a public footpath. Some signs of railway sleepers and ballast can still be seen on the path.
  • Wilford Suspension Bridge is a cycle and pedestrian bridge to the west of Trent Bridge, linking with The Meadows.
  • The planned Waterside Bridge will give cycling and pedestrian access to Trent Basin and Colwick Country Park.[6]

Architecture edit

St Giles Parish Church, a grade-II listed building in the town and one of its oldest buildings

The central West Bridgford area has a diversity of buildings, mostly Victorian, although larger properties are being demolished for development, as no protection exists for the common housing stock.[citation needed] St. Giles Church is medieval, but was heavily restored at the end of the 19th century.

Areas edit

Nearby places edit

Local government edit

West Bridgford was created as an urban sanitary district in 1891 and became an urban district with an elected council under the Local Government Act 1894. In 1935, the parishes of Edwalton and South Wilford were added to the urban district. This then became part of the larger borough of Rushcliffe under the Local Government Act 1972.

The town is part of the constituency of Rushcliffe, which is held by Ruth Edwards of the Conservative Party.

Nottinghamshire County Council's headquarters are at County Hall, a municipal building on the south bank of the River Trent. Rushcliffe Borough Council's headquarters are at Rushcliffe Arena, a joint headquarters and leisure facility on Rugby Road.

Sport edit

The City Ground, home to Premier League football club Nottingham Forest F.C. Located in West Bridgford, Nottingham.

Nottingham Forest Football Club play at the City Ground near the River Trent. The club was founded in 1865 and has played at the site since 1898. Between 1975 and 1993, Nottingham Forest was managed by Brian Clough and won a Football League title, two European Cups and four Football League Cups as well as fielding players Trevor Francis, Peter Shilton, John Robertson, Martin O'Neill, Stuart Pearce and Roy Keane.

At local level, West Bridgford has a number of football teams for all ages. West Bridgford Colts FC are the largest FA-approved football organisation in the country, running over 90 teams; the club includes West Bridgford Football Club the Senior section for Colts, which started in 2011 on Saturday afternoons in the Nottinghamshire Senior League. Also playing in the Nottinghamshire Senior League are Magdala Amateurs who play at the ROKO Ground.[7]

Trent Bridge Cricket Ground was first used in 1838 and held its first test match in 1899, when England played against Australia. It is the third oldest ground used as a test cricket venue after Lord's in London and Eden Gardens in Calcutta, India. Trent Bridge is home to Nottinghamshire County Cricket Club, a first-class cricket club.

There are two rowing clubs in West Bridgford – Nottingham Rowing Club and Nottingham and Union Rowing Club – and a rowing shell manufacturer, Raymond Sims Ltd. Several of the town's secondary schools feature rowing activities.

West Bridgford has two major rugby clubs: Nottingham Moderns RFC in Wilford village and West Bridgford Rugby Club. Nottingham RFC moved its training base and reserve team ground from Ireland Road, Beeston, to Lady Bay after the 2005/2006 season. It plays first-team fixtures at Meadow Lane, just over Trent Bridge from West Bridgford.

There are two interlinked Karate clubs in West Bridgford - South Notts Shotokan Karate Club (SNSKC) and West Bridgford Shotokan Karate Club (WBSKC), both of which are KUGB clubs.

West Bridgford Hockey Club on Loughborough Road was the childhood hockey club of Olympic Gold medallist and former West Bridgford resident Helen Richardson-Walsh.

Retail edit

ASDA - West Bridgford

West Bridgford was the location of the UK's first major out-of-town superstore.[8] In 1964, an American company, GEM, opened a store on Loughborough Road. Despite ambitions, GEM's British operations were not a success, with only two other such stores opening. National concessionaires withdrew, and in 1966 the fledgling Asda superstore chain, owned by a Leeds, Yorkshire-based dairy farming conglomerate, Associated Dairies, acquired a controlling interest in the GEM operations. The Loughborough Road site has an Asda store, although it was replaced by a much larger one on land adjacent to the old site in 1999. The original building was demolished and replaced by a car park and petrol station area.[9]

In 2018 Rushcliffe Borough Council appointed a team to recommend improvements and changes to the town. These include better road design, with landscaping points to improve the movement of people from Gordon Road through to Central Avenue. Both roads have independent retailers and national chains. Other proposals include moving Bridgford Road car park underground and putting retail space at ground level.

Education edit

The West Bridgford School and Rushcliffe School are secondary schools with academy status. The Becket School and The Nottingham Emmanuel School are Catholic and Church of England schools respectively, both in West Bridgford, but operated through Nottingham City Council. The Becket School is fed by primary schools around Nottingham, but only one school in West Bridgford: St Edmund Campion Catholic Primary School. The other feeder schools are Blessed Robert, St Edmund Campion, Our Lady and St Edward's.

The West Bridgford School's feeder primary schools are West Bridgford Infant and Junior School, Jesse Gray Primary School, Heymann Primary School and Greythorn Primary School. Rushcliffe School's feeder primary schools are Abbey Road Primary School, Pierpont Gamston Primary School, Edwalton Primary School, Lady Bay Primary School and St Peter's School in Ruddington.

Local facilities edit

Rushcliffe Arena, opened 2017
  • Rushcliffe Arena, extended in 2017 with a swimming pool, a gym and now the offices of Rushcliffe Borough Council
  • West Bridgford Young People's Centre, adjacent to the library, with a music studio, dance studio and other facilities
  • West Bridgford Library
  • Bridgford Park
  • The Studio Theatre, home of West Bridgford Dramatic Society, the only registered public theatre in Rushcliffe Borough
  • Lutterell Hall, a managed community facility in the centre of West Bridgford. Owned by the borough council and managed by The Rock Church. Gifted to the people of West Bridgford by the adjacent church.
  • Sir Julien Cahn Pavilion, a managed community facility on Loughborough Road, West Bridgford. Owned and managed by Rushcliffe Borough Council.

Media edit

Television edit

Local news and television programmes are BBC East Midlands and ITV Central. Television signals are received from the Waltham TV transmitter,[10] and the Nottingham relay transmitter.[11]

Radio edit

Local radio stations are BBC Radio Nottingham, Gem, Capital Midlands, Smooth East Midlands and Greatest Hits Radio Midlands.

Newspapers edit

Public transport edit

Railways edit

Nottingham station is directly northwest of the town across the River Trent. It is the nearest railway station to the town.[13]

The former Manton Route from Nottingham to Melton Mowbray ran to the east of the town although no station was ever built to serve the town. Instead there was a station at Edwalton but it closed to passengers in 1944 with the through line to Nottingham not long after. Only a stub remains in use south of the old station site to Melton Mowbray as a test track. The site of Edwalton station has since been redeveloped for housing.[14]

There was also a station in Ruddington on the Great Central Main Line between Loughborough Central and Nottingham Victoria. But this closed in 1969 and since been left unused.

Bus services edit

Nottingham City Transport
  • 1: Nottingham → Nottingham StationTrent Bridge → West Bridgford (Wilford Lane) → NTU Clifton CampusCliftonGothamEast LeakeLoughborough[15]
  • 1A: Nottingham → Nottingham Station → Trent Bridge → West Bridgford (Wilford Lane) → NTU Clifton Campus → Clifton[16]
  • 1B: Nottingham → Nottingham Station → Trent Bridge → West Bridgford (Wilford Lane) → NTU Clifton Campus → Clifton[17]
  • 3: Nottingham → Nottingham Station → West Bridgford (Wilford Lane) → Ruddington → Clifton (Farnborough Road, Southchurch Drive, Hartness Road)[18]
  • 4: NTU City Campus → Nottingham Station → Trent Bridge → West Bridgford (Wilford Lane) → NTU Clifton Campus[19]
  • 5: Nottingham → Nottingham Station → Trent Bridge → West Bridgford (Central Avenue) → Melton Road → Gamston[20]
  • 6: Nottingham → Nottingham Station]] → Trent Bridge → West Bridgford (Central Avenue) → Edwalton[21]
  • 7: Nottingham → Nottingham Station → Trent Bridge → West Bridgford (Central Avenue) → Abbey ParkGamston[22]
  • 7B: Gamston → Abbey Park → West Bridgford (Central Avenue) → Trent Bridge[23]
  • 8: Nottingham → Nottingham Station → Trent Bridge → West Bridgford (Central Avenue) → Wilford HillCompton Acres[24]
  • 9: Nottingham → Nottingham Station → Trent Bridge → West Bridgford (Central Avenue) → Compton Acres → Wilford Hill[25]
  • 9B: Nottingham → Nottingham Station → Trent Bridge → West Bridgford (Central Avenue) → Compton Acres → Wilford Hill[26]
  • 10: Nottingham → Nottingham Station → Trent Bridge → West Bridgford (Loughborough Road) → Wilford Hill → Ruddington[27]
  • 10C: Nottingham → Nottingham Station → Trent Bridge → West Bridgford (Loughborough Road) → Wilford Hill → Ruddington → Rushcliffe Country Park[28]
  • 10X: Nottingham → Nottingham Station → Trent Bridge → West Bridgford (Loughborough Road) → Wilford Hill → Ruddington (Business Park)[29]
  • 11: Nottingham → Nottingham Station → Meadows → Trent Bridge → West Bridgford (Radcliffe Road) → Lady Bay[30]
  • 11C: Nottingham → Nottingham Station → The Meadows → Trent Bridge → West Bridgford (Radcliffe Road) → Lady Bay → Water Sports Centre[31]
  • N4: NTU City Campus → Nottingham → Nottingham Station → Trent Bridge → West Bridgford (Wilford Lane) → NTU Clifton Campus[32]
  • N6: Nottingham → Nottingham Station → Trent Bridge → West Bridgford (Central Avenue) → Wilford Hill → Compton Acres → Loughborough Road[33]
Nottingham Community Transport
  • L1: Nottingham → Nottingham Station → Trent Bridge → West Bridgford (Wilford Lane) → Wilford Village → Silverdale → Clifton[38]
  • L22: Gamston → West Bridgford → Ruddington → Clifton[39]
  • L23: Gamston → Clifton → Ruddington → West Bridgford[40]
  • 90: Nottingham → Trent Bridge → West Bridgford (Radcliffe Road) → Radcliffe → FarndonNewark[43]
  • 90A: Nottingham → Trent Bridge → West Bridgford (Radcliffe Road) → Radcliffe → Farndon → Newark → Balderton[44]
Nottsbus Connect

West Bridgford UDC's own fleet of buses with brown-and-yellow livery merged with Nottingham City Transport in 1968.

Notable residents edit

Mary Earps, England women's national football team

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ City Population site. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  2. ^ Bailey, Thomas (1853). Annals of Nottinghamshire; a new and popular history of the county of Nottingham, including the borough. Basford, Nottingham: Simpkin, Marshall and Co. p. 9.
  3. ^ Wynne-Thomas, Peter. "A Brief History of Trent Bridge". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
  4. ^ The Independent[dead link]
  5. ^ "Locale West Bridgford – The Open Guide to Nottingham". 14 October 2006. Archived from the original on 14 October 2006.
  6. ^ "New cycle and pedestrian bridge over the River Trent". Nottingham City Council. 8 November 2021. Retrieved 7 March 2023. Plans are progressing on the new Transforming Cities-funded pedestrian and cyclist bridge across the River Trent
  7. ^ Aroundthegrounds2012-13: Alteration to the Notts Senior League Groundhop: Aroundthegrounds2012-13: Alteration to the Notts Senior League Groundhop, accessdate: 8 February 2020.
  8. ^ "BBC article - First out-of-town superstore". BBC News. 2 September 2013."Bridgford History article".
  9. ^ See Whysall (2005) in The International Review of Retail Distribution and Consumer Research, 15(2), 111–124).
  10. ^ "Waltham (Leicestershire, England) Full Freeview transmitter". May 2004.
  11. ^ "Nottingham (Nottinghamshire, England) Full Freeview transmitter". May 2004.
  12. ^ "Topper". Archived from the original on 20 February 2008. Retrieved 10 February 2008.
  13. ^ "Google Maps".
  14. ^ Aldworth, Colin (2012). The Nottingham and Melton Railway 1872 - 2012.
  15. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service 1 on Navy Line". nctx.co.uk.
  16. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service 1A on Navy Line". nctx.co.uk.
  17. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service 1B on Navy Line". nctx.co.uk.
  18. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service 3 on Navy Line". nctx.co.uk.
  19. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service 4 on Navy Line". nctx.co.uk.
  20. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service 5 on Green Line". nctx.co.uk.
  21. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service 6 on Green Line". nctx.co.uk.
  22. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service 7 on Green Line". nctx.co.uk.
  23. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service 7B on Green Line". nctx.co.uk.
  24. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service 8 on Green Line". nctx.co.uk.
  25. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service 9 on Green Line". nctx.co.uk.
  26. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service 9B on Green Line". nctx.co.uk.
  27. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service 10 on Green Line". nctx.co.uk.
  28. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service 10C on Green Line". nctx.co.uk.
  29. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service 10C on Green Line". nctx.co.uk.
  30. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service 11 on Green Line". nctx.co.uk.
  31. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service 11C on Green Line". nctx.co.uk.
  32. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service N4 on Navy Line". nctx.co.uk. Archived from the original on 28 October 2017. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  33. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service N6 on Green Line". nctx.co.uk.
  34. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Cotgrave service run by Trentbarton". trentbarton.co.uk.
  35. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "The keyworth service run by Trentbarton". trentbarton.co.uk.
  36. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "The mainline service run by Trentbarton". trentbarton.co.uk.
  37. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "The rushcliffe villager service run by Trentbarton". trentbarton.co.uk.
  38. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Locallink service L1 run by Nottingham Community Transport" (PDF). trentbarton.co.uk.
  39. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Locallink service L22 run by Nottingham Community Transport" (PDF). trentbarton.co.uk.
  40. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Locallink service L23 run by Nottingham Community Transport" (PDF). trentbarton.co.uk.
  41. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service 9 run by Kinchbus". kinchbus.co.uk.
  42. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service 19 run by Centrebus" (PDF). centrebus.info/Pages/default.aspx.
  43. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Fosseway Flyer service 90 run by Marshalls" (PDF). marshallscoaches.co.uk/.
  44. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service 90A run by Marshalls" (PDF). marshallscoaches.co.uk/.
  45. ^ wearebase.com, Base. "Service 822 ran by Nottsbus" (PDF). nottinghamshire.gov.uk/.

External links edit