Beeston, Nottinghamshire

Beeston is a town in Nottinghamshire, England, 3.4 miles (5.5 km) south-west of Nottingham city centre. To the immediate north-east is the University of Nottingham's main campus, University Park. The pharmaceutical and retail chemist group Boots has its headquarters 0.6 miles (1 km) east of the centre of Beeston, on the border with Broxtowe and the City of Nottingham. To the south lies the River Trent and the village of Attenborough, with its extensive wetlands.[2]

Beeston
BeestonTownHall.JPG
Beeston Town Hall by Evans, Clark and Woollatt (1936–1938)
Beeston is located in Nottinghamshire
Beeston
Beeston
Location within Nottinghamshire
Population37,000 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid referenceSK 52764 36944
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townNOTTINGHAM
Postcode districtNG9
Dialling code0115
PoliceNottinghamshire
FireNottinghamshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Nottinghamshire
52°55′37″N 1°12′54″W / 52.927°N 1.215°W / 52.927; -1.215Coordinates: 52°55′37″N 1°12′54″W / 52.927°N 1.215°W / 52.927; -1.215

GeographyEdit

Suburban development in the mid-20th century extended the built-up area of Beeston to the former villages of Chilwell, to the west, and Wollaton and Lenton Abbey, to the north. Beeston is separated from Bramcote, to the north-west, by the Beeston Fields Golf Course. The Broxtowe/City of Nottingham border essentially forms the town's eastern edge. The centre and shopping district lies to the north of the railway line, while the mixed residential and industrial area of Beeston Rylands lies to the line's south.

Beeston RylandsEdit

 
Beeston Canal passing through the Rylands

The Rylands was originally a small settlement around Beeston Lock, comprising some tens of houses and two pubs. The name now refers to all of the area south of the railway line. The Jolly Angler was originally on the river side of the canal, but has since moved.[3] Beeston began to spread south of the railway line in the late 19th century, when a few Victorian villas were built near the level crossing by the station.

Over the first few decades of the 20th century, several housing estates were built to accommodate workers at Ericssons and Boots, both of which had large factories south of the railway line. From 1934 to 1939 a significant development of 900 houses on an 57-acre (23 ha) estate, which was then called Cliftonside, was designed by Alexander Wilson.[4] These estates joined Beeston and the Rylands. Further development after the Second World War filled in the gaps, initially with an estate of council houses and flats, and latterly with private houses and bungalows. The last significant development, in 1970, was Meadow Farm: four roads of timber-framed semi-detached houses between Beech Avenue and the canal. Since then, Beeston Rylands has undergone a small amount of infill development.

Beeston Rylands was historically at risk of flooding from the River Trent to the south. This reduced property values and the size of houses built there, predominantly for the rental market. The last serious flood, in 1947, reached beyond the railway line: most of Queens Road was flooded, as was Nether Street. Enhanced flood defences have reduced the risk of flooding to a probability of once every fifty years. A series of flood-defence improvements, costing £51 million and designed to decrease the expected flood incidence to once in a hundred years, began in 2009 along a 17 miles (27 km) stretch of the Trent.[5]

University of NottinghamEdit

The eastern edge of Beeston abuts the University of Nottingham's main campus, through which runs Beeston Lane.

Although most of the University is within the City of Nottingham, around half the self-catering flats in the Broadgate Park hall of residence fall within Beeston's boundaries.

Beeston has a large population of postgraduate students, who supposedly prefer the quieter atmosphere compared to Dunkirk and Lenton, where many undergraduate students live.

WardsEdit

Beeston divides into four wards for local electoral purposes within the borough of Broxtowe: Beeston North, Beeston Central, Beeston Rylands and Beeston West.[6]

Beeston's town centre is largely within the West and Central wards. The North ward includes some residential estates north of the A52 (Derby Road), including a small part of the Wollaton urban area that falls within Broxtowe. To the west lies Bramcote Hills and the Bramcote ward. The original Beeston/Bramcote boundary is still marked on the A52.

The Beeston Rylands ward has a larger area than the other three wards as it includes unpopulated floodplains of the River Trent and industrial areas, including the part of the Boots campus. The ward also extends north of the railway line to Queens Road and includes the former site of Nottingham Rugby Club.

To the west of Beeston Rylands lies the Attenborough ward; while the Chilwell East ward lies to the west of Beeston West.

 
The present-day ward boundaries within the borough of Broxtowe, with the historic area of the town (the 1933 civil parish area) in blue.

A review of ward boundaries in 2000 brought changes to Beeston's western boundary. In the north-west, Beeston Cemetery and the residential streets surrounding it (to the south of Derby Road), such as Coniston Road and Windermere Road, as well as the Nuseryman pub and the eastern part of Beeston Fields Golf Course, were transferred to Bramcote ward. Beeston gained some territory from Chilwell in residential streets such as Park Road, Grove Avenue and Cumberland Avenue, and in Nottingham College and the industrial patch between Holly Lane and Wilmot Lane.[6] The original boundary between the old Beeston and Chilwell parishes can still be identified by a road-name change on the site of the Hop Pole pub, from Chilwell Road on the Beeston side to High Road on the Chilwell side.

ElectionsEdit

Beeston's four wards each return two councillors to Broxtowe Borough Council. For Nottinghamshire County Council the town is covered by two electoral divisions, each with a county councillor: Beeston North (North and West wards) and Beeston South & Attenborough (Central, Rylands and Attenborough wards).[7]

For elections to Parliament the town is part of the Broxtowe constituency (though from 1974 to 1983, a Beeston constituency existed). The present Member of Parliament is Darren Henry of the Conservative party.

History of local governmentEdit

Beeston is an unparished area and has no town council, though it was a civil parish until 1935.[8] The parish area was reduced in 1933, with some lands in the east transferred to the City of Nottingham. Boundary posts were erected on the new Beeston-Nottingham boundary and many are still in place today, with "1933" marked on them. The present four wards cover the same post-1933 area of the old parish, save for the two recent alterations made to the western boundary described above.

From 1935 until 1974 (when the borough of Broxtowe was formed) Beeston was paired with the town of Stapleford (2 km to the west) in the Beeston and Stapleford urban district. Previously a Beeston Urban District existed, covering Beeston parish. The town was the administrative centre of Beeston and Stapleford Urban District Council and is now the administrative centre for Broxtowe Borough Council, which has its head offices on Foster Avenue.

Geographic localeEdit

Origins of the nameEdit

The earliest name of the settlement was Bestune, recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086.[9][10] The name derives from the Old English words bēos (bent-grass) and tūn (farmstead, settlement).[9][10] Although the idea that the name derives from the Old English bēo (bee) is popular locally, this is impossible as the plural form of bēo would be bēon, resulting in an "n" to historical spellings of the name.[11] The local pastures are still referred to in the name Beeston Rylands.

 
The Beeston Seat on Beeston High Road

The putative "bee" derivation encouraged the notion of Beeston as a "hive of industry". The bee was adopted as the emblem of the town council. Beehives appear carved in the brick of the town-hall exterior, and in 1959 three bees were included in the coat of arms adopted by Beeston and Stapleford Urban District Council.[12] The College of Arms included long grasses entwined with meadow crocuses in the arms as an alternative canting arms on the likelier origin as "farmstead where bent-grass grows." With the formation of Broxtowe District (later Borough) Council in 1974, the bees were retained on its coat of arms.[13] The bee tradition continues – litter bins and other street furniture in the High Road are decorated in black and gold with a bee symbol on each. There is a sculpture in the High Road of a man sitting next to a beehive, popularly known as the "Bee-man", "the man of Beeston", etc., though officially called "The Beeston Seat". The sculptor was Sioban Coppinger in 1987, modelling a friend, Stephen Hodges, for his "timeless ability to exude calm when all else are succumbing to stress."[14]

HistoryEdit

DomesdayEdit

In Bestune at the Conquest, the Saxons Alfag, Alwine and UIchel had three manors consisting of three carucates of land assessed. These were taken from them and given to William Peverel, lord of Nottingham Castle, who had in his demesne two plough teams, 17 bond tenants called villeins, unable to leave the estate without the lord's consent, each farming some 15 acres (6.1 ha) of arable, and one ordinary tenant or sochman. Together they had nine plough teams. There were 24 acres (9.7 ha) of meadow. The annual yield of the estate was 30 shillings.

19th centuryEdit

 
A Beeston Boiler still in use in South Africa in 2008

Beeston outgrew its village status as a silk weaving centre in the early 19th century. The first silk mill was burnt down (along with Nottingham Castle) in the Reform Bill riots of 1831. With the decline of the silk industry, many former mills gained light industrial uses in the early 20th century. Equipment made by the Beeston Boiler Company is still found all over the former British Empire.

Between 1880 and the turn of the century, Thomas Humber and partners made bicycles and eventually motor-cycles and cars at a factory at the junction of what are now Queens Road and Humber Road. At its height it employed 2000, although this ended abruptly in 1907 when the firm moved to Coventry.

20th centuryEdit

 
Population of Beeston as at 2001: just over 21,000 inhabitants

In 1901 the National Telephone Company built a factory in Beeston for telephone materials. This was taken over by the British L.M. Ericsson Manufacturing Co. Ltd. in 1903. Shortly before the transfer, most of the old factory was destroyed by fire, and in the rebuilding it was extended. A new power station was built. In 1906 and 1907 a large building was erected, chiefly devoted to cabinet work. The old factory building covered an area of 63,000 sq ft (5,900 m2), the cabinet factory 70,000 sq ft (6,500 m2), and the power station 7,000 sq ft (650 m2), making a total of 140,000 sq ft (13,000 m2). Although most of the factory buildings were low rise, a paternoster lift survived in E-block at the site until it was demolished in 2016.

Under the Plessey name these large premises continued as a major source of employment through the 1980s. Plessey became GPT with GEC's involvement. With the various restructurings of the GEC group and its rebranding as Marconi, much of the site was sold to Siemens along with the private telephone-network side of the business. Siemens sublet much of the site as a "technology park" when it moved most manufacturing overseas.

SMS Electronics was formed from a management buyout of the manufacturing facility of Siemens in 2003. It won the Queens Award for Export in 2012 and employs over 200. The whole site was acquired by HSBC in 2006 for a mixed-use "employment-led" redevelopment. In 2007 a building was constructed for Atos Origin which at the time was the largest pre-let buildings in the Midlands.

The Boots campus includes three listed modernist buildings designed by engineer Owen Williams (two Grade I, one Grade II), though they are difficult to see from outside. It also has a later, Grade II* listed building by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill.[15]

Motor manufacture returned to Beeston for a short period in 1987, when the Middlebridge Company set up a small factory in Lilac Grove and produced 77 Scimitar cars. The firm went into liquidation in 1990.

 
Beeston Maltings

Beeston Maltings was in operation until the late 20th century. The buildings were in Dovecote Lane, opposite the Victoria Hotel, but were demolished in 2012–2013.

21st centuryEdit

Proposals for a light rail (tram) line through Beeston as an extension to the Nottingham Express Transit system were approved by the government in 2009,[16] due to traffic jams. There was some opposition to this by local traders and others along the proposed route, fearing business losses during the construction period.[17] However, a survey in 2004 by Nottingham Express Transit showed strong general support for the scheme.[18] The line opened on 25 August 2015.[19]

EconomyEdit

Beeston is home to many national and international companies. Of the 470 companies based in Beeston, the largest are Boots, Changan, Imperial Tobacco, ZF, Atos and Chinook Sciences.[20][21] Other local companies include metalworking lathe manufacturer Myford and the internet firm Webfusion (now part of PIPEX Communications).

DemographyEdit

Beeston has a population of 37,000 people, of whom 71.2% are classed as White British and 28.8% as different ethnicities, with 10.3% Chinese, 10.25% European, 2.7% Indian, 2.11% Pakistani and 3.4% other.[22]

The average household size is 2.40 and the population density 49.40 per hectare. The age ranges are 16.3% 16 to 24, 20.9% 30 to 44, and 18.06% 45 to 59.[23]

TransportEdit

TrainsEdit

The Midland Counties Railway from Nottingham to Derby through Beeston opened on 30 May 1839. It later became part of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway company and then the London Midland Region of British Railways.

Beeston station today has frequent rail links served by East Midlands Railway and CrossCountry. Direct trains to and from London St Pancras call hourly, with typical journey times for 123 miles (198 km) of just under two hours. Other regular direct services serve Nottingham, Derby, Lincoln, Bedford, Burton-on-Trent, Leicester, Loughborough, Tamworth, Newark Castle, Luton, East Midlands Parkway, Birmingham New Street and Matlock. There are daily weekday trains to Gloucester, Cardiff and Bournemouth.

Trams and busesEdit

 
A Trentbarton bus travelling along High Road in 2008, heading towards Nottingham

Beeston is served by the Nottingham Express Transit tram system for Nottingham city centre and other local destinations. Frequent bus services operate to Nottingham, East Midlands Airport, Derby, Loughborough and other local towns, operated mainly by Trentbarton and Nottingham City Transport.

RoadsEdit

The Nottingham and Derby Road was turnpiked in 1758–1759. Tolls were removed in 1870. A branch of the Nottingham and Ashby Turnpike Road, usually called the Sawley branch, went through Beeston. In 1831 a four-horse daily coach to Birmingham was advertised.

The present Nottingham–Derby road (A52) touches the north of the town. Junction 25 of the M1 motorway is 6.4 kilometres (4.0 mi). The town centre has municipal car parks owned by Broxtowe Borough Council, as well as supermarket car parks.[24]

CanalsEdit

 
Boats at Beeston Marina, situated on the River Trent, near where Beeston Lock allows for travel on the Beeston Canal (avoiding Beeston Weir)

The Nottingham Canal from Trent Bridge to Langley Mill, via Nottingham and Lenton was authorised in 1790 and completed by 1802. It allowed goods traffic from the Erewash valley to bypass the River Erewash and River Trent. In response, a Beeston Canal was promoted by the Trent Navigation Company in 1794. This stretched from Beeston Cut to Lenton, over a weir at Beeston Rylands. Originally there was a second lock at Beeston Cut for small vessels to enter the Trent below the weir, but this was abandoned about 1940.

CyclesEdit

The National Cycle Route 6 (London – Keswick) passes through Long Lane Attenborough, then along the pavement of Queens Road and Lilac Grove, past Nottingham University and the Queen's Medical Centre, where it turns left towards Wollaton and Bulwell. A circular "Big Track" for cyclists and pedestrians follows towpaths along the Trent and Beeston Canal. The Erewash Valley trail passes along the western side of Beeston. Several other cycle routes are signposted.

Built environmentEdit

 
The Parish Church of St John the Baptist in 2006
 
Victorian villas on Dovecote Lane in 2007

Beeston has a number of historic buildings, including a manor house and the parish church of St John the Baptist. The church dates from the 11th century, but was largely rebuilt in 1843 by Sir George Gilbert Scott. Both are included in the West End conservation area, which covers several buildings, many historical or of character, along Dovecote Lane, Grange Avenue, West End, and Church Street. Included in the area is the historic Village Cross.[25]

An enclosure act was passed for the parish of Beeston, and in 1809 the Commissioners stated that the lands amounted to 822 acres (3.33 km2), to be made tithe free, and the ancient enclosed lands and homesteads liable to tithe was £687 2s 29d. They then proceeded to fix the width of the roads. The Nottingham and Derby turnpike road was fixed at 50 foot (15 m). Wollaton Road, then called Cowgate, was 30 foot (9.1 m). The enclosures altered the appearance of part of the parish from a moor growing poor grass to cultivated fields with hedges, and so increased the food supply. It relieved farmers of their duty to pay a tenth of their product in kind.

Some lands on or near Bramcote Moor, but in Beeston parish, were enclosed in 1847, by provisional order of the Inclosure Commissioners.

Before the general introduction of gas in the parish, there was a limited supply from the Mill to separate houses. The church was first lit with gas in 1857. A Public Lighting Act was adopted at a vestry meeting on 13 November 1862. Opposition to the street lamps was strong, and the effigy of an active promoter of it was carried on an ass round the village and hung on a lamp-post, and but for police interference would have been burned. In 1861 gas was supplied from Nottingham by the Nottingham Gas Light and Coke Company and for street lamps in 1872. Beeston was connected to the mains water supply in 1876.

 
Anglo Scotian Mills on Wollaton Road by James Huckerby (1892), shown in 2006

The crenellated listed building of the Anglo Scotian Mills[15] remains on Wollaton Road to the north of the town centre. It is a solitary reminder of the former dominance of silk and lace mills on the skyline. The buildings have been converted into apartments by a developer. A cottage on the north side of Anglo Scotian Mills was reputed to have the tallest domestic chimney in England.[citation needed] Its length was necessary to reach over the roof of the Mill. Although the cottage has been demolished for several years, the chimney can still be seen attached to the Mill wall.

A rare survival is the G H Hurt & Son Shawl Factory, which is occasionally open to the public. Shawls are produced on knitting machines and hand finished in much the same way as they have been for centuries. The factory contains examples of knitting frames from the 17th century.

Lost industrial buildings include the rebuilt silk mill and the looming bulk of the Neville Works mill on the boundary with Chilwell (later occupied by the Myford lathe factory).[citation needed]

The Land SocietiesEdit

St John's Grove EstateEdit

After the enclosure of the land surrounding Beeston in 1809, the area of St John's Grove was allotted to the vicar of the parish church. In 1878 the land was acquired from the Ecclesiastical Commissioners by the Beeston Land Society, a group of citizens, who divided it into 28 plots of between three-quarters and 1-acre (0.40 ha) and laid out wide, straight streets. Most of the houses date from Edwardian and late Victorian times. The Land Society set conditions for developers. There were to be no public houses, and strict building lines would ensure that properties were set back a consistent distance from the road. The St John's Grove Estate is now a conservation area.[26]

Imperial Park EstateEdit

Shortly after 1878, the Imperial Park Land Society and its sister the Beeston Building Society were founded. They aimed to assist the development and financing of superior housing around what is now Imperial Road, north of Newton Street, adjacent to the St John's Grove development and bounded on the north by North Street. The early model was to have savings made by a group of subscribers and funds allocated by the drawing of lots, in turn for each of them to build a house.

Bellevue Park EstateEdit

This initial success was repeated when, in 1881, a syndicate acquired land from George Fellows, of the banking family that had its home at Belle Vue, now Beeston Fields Golf Club. The Belle Vue Land Society was formed to develop this land using similar methods to Imperial Park. The development lay to the north as a continuation to Imperial Park. Denison Street formed its northern extreme and Montague Street defined its eastern limit.

Cottage GroveEdit

Cottage Grove, historically was just outside Beeston parish and part of Chilwell, was promoted by the Labourer's Friend Society in the 1840s as plots for cottages with allotments for the labouring poor. The scheme failed and the area now consists mostly of Victorian and Edwardian houses laid out along the parallel Park Road and Grove Avenue and the two short cross streets Cedar Road and North Drive. The area retains a leafy character and the roads remain unkerbed. It has been a conservation area since 2008.[27]

The Estates todayEdit

Some areas originally developed by the Land Societies have been spoiled where original plots have been subdivided and more modern properties built in styles not in keeping with the original buildings. Many properties in the Imperial Park and Bellvue Estates have lost their original elegance with the lowering of chimney stacks, inappropriate replacement of windows and doors with modern PVC, the loss of hedged fronts to brick walls or fencing, and paving over front gardens for parking.

Other developmentEdit

 
Chilwell Road Methodist Church in 2006
 
Beeston Baptist Church, formerly known as John Clifford Baptist Church, on Dovecote Lane in 2007

A particularly fine Methodist Church was built by the architect W. J. Morley of Bradford on Chilwell Road in 1902. Its landmark spire became visible from afar after the demolition of several large mill buildings in the 1990s. The front of the building was floodlit at night.

The Baptist Church in Dovecote Lane built in 1898 by Charles Nelson Holloway, but demolished in 2015 and replaced by semi-detached housing.

AlmshousesEdit

The United Charities of Abel Collin moved from the centre of Nottingham to their current location in Derby Road, Beeston, in the 1950s.

Public artEdit

See List of public art in Beeston

See alsoEdit

CommerceEdit

 
Beeston Square in 2006
 
Beeston's main Post Office opened in 1935, was extended in 1961 and closed in the early 2000s: it is now a public house (shown here in 2009)

Beeston's main shopping area is along the High Road, much of which has been pedestrianised. There are some chain stores in Beeston, and independent stores including specialist east Asian and Mediterranean food shops.

There are takeaways and several restaurants, offering a selection of food including Chinese, Thai, and Indian cuisine. Cafés are to be found around the main shopping centre, "The Square" — the centre of Beeston — is a 1960s shopping development, most of which is pedestrianised.

 
Beeston High Road during improvement works in September 2006

A£1.4-million environmental improvement scheme covered pavements and lighting for the non-pedestrianised eastern end of the High Road. Further east Broadgate saw improvements, with a new space at the top entrance to Broadgate Recreation Ground. The works were completed in late 2006.

The shopping centre is traversed by Wollaton Road. An area south-east of the shopping centre has made room for a Tesco superstore, which opened 1 November 2010, rivalling the Sainsbury's store in the town centre and the recent Lidl store in Wollaton Road to the north of the town centre. Beeston Fire Station on an adjacent plot was closed and relocated to a new site on Hassocks Lane.

Beeston town centre was redeveloped when the Nottingham Express Transit extension was built, including the construction of a large gym and a Costa Coffee shop.[28] This redevelopment was undertaken by Henry Boot.[29]

PubsEdit

 
The Victoria Hotel public house in 2007

Beeston is known for its various public houses, and has one of the highest concentrations of them in the United Kingdom,[30] with 23 pubs (as of 2011) within the "Beeston Crawl".[31]

The Victoria Hotel is a Victorian railway hotel and pub next to the station.[32] It received several awards, including "Nottinghamshire Dining Pub of the Year" – Good Pub Guide 2002, and runner-up for The Times – "Pub of the Year", 2000.[33] The Victoria Hotel and the Malt Shovel, in Union Street, both appear in the 2010 and 2011 editions of the CAMRA Good Beer Guide. The Crown, a listed building in Church Street, in the West End conservation area,[15] was awarded the Nottingham, then the Nottinghamshire and then the East Midlands CAMRA "Pub of the Year" 2010 awards and then appeared in the 2011 edition of the Guide. There is a Wetherspoon's chain pub called The Last Post in the building of the old Royal Mail sorting office.[34]

In Factory Lane in the south-east of the town, a small brewery called Reality began producing real ale in 2010, with a 2.5 barrel plant.[35]

Royal MailEdit

Beeston has three post offices. Until 2017, the main post office was in Chilwell Road (on a site that also originally housed the delivery office), but moved to share premises with the town's branch of WHSmith. There is another post office in the High Road towards Broadgate, and a third in Central Avenue in the north of the town. A fourth post office in the Rylands part of town closed in January 2008.[36]

The Royal Mail's main sorting office for the Nottingham area (the NG postcode area) stands on the eastern edge of Beeston at Padge Road, with the City of Nottingham boundary running round the building. It was built in 1995[34] and includes a new delivery office for local distribution of Beeston's mail.

SportEdit

Beeston is home to England Hockey Premier League team Beeston Hockey Club who play at Highfields Sports Club on University Boulevard.

Until 2006, Beeston was home to Nottingham Rugby Club, which sold the land next to the railway line (now the Birkin Fields housing development) and moved to share the Meadow Lane pitch at the Notts County ground. Nottingham Casuals Rugby Club still plays on the rugby pitches at Weirfields near the canal.

The two golf courses adjacent to the town are Beeston Fields and Chilwell Manor. A short distance to the north is Bramcote Hill Golf Club and to the north-east the golf course at Wollaton Park.

Beeston is home to several well-established football clubs, including Beeston Amateur Football Club (Beeston AFC), which has two men's Saturday sides that play in the Nottinghamshire Senior League and the Midland Amateur Alliance respectively, and Beeston Town FC, which plays its home games at Highfields and competes in Division One of the Long Eaton Sunday League.

Beeston Athletics, formally Ericsson AC & Plessey AC, is now based at Chilwell Olympia and meets on Wednesday and Friday evenings and on Sunday morning. It also organises a five-mile race in May or June

Hydroelectric plantEdit

 
Beeston Weir in 2007

Notable people from BeestonEdit

In alphabetical order:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Neighbourhood Statistics – Census 2001: Ward-level populations (Central 4,752; North 5,915; Rylands 5,376; West 4,966)
  2. ^ Attenborough Nature Centre Archived 4 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine Map of Attenborough wetlands
  3. ^ Beeston history website Jolly Angler
  4. ^ "Cliftonside Housing Estate". West Bridgford Times & Echo. England. 1 November 1935. Retrieved 12 May 2020 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  5. ^ BBC News Attenborough flood defence plans submitted
  6. ^ a b Boundary Commission Archived 9 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine – Broxtowe
  7. ^ Nottinghamshire County Council
  8. ^ Vision of Britain Beeston (ancient/civil parish)
  9. ^ a b Gover, J. E. B. (1940). The Place-Names of Nottinghamshire. Cambridge: The English Place-Name Society. p. 139. OCLC 220139955.
  10. ^ a b Mills, A. D. (1 January 2011), "Beeston", A Dictionary of British Place Names, Oxford University Press, doi:10.1093/acref/9780199609086.001.0001, ISBN 978-0-19-960908-6, retrieved 29 January 2020
  11. ^ "'BEÓ' – Bosworth–Toller Anglo-Saxon Dictionary". bosworth.ff.cuni.cz. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  12. ^ "CIVIC HERALDRY OF ENGLAND AND WALES-NOTTINGHAMSHIRE (OBSOLETE)".
  13. ^ Broxtowe Borough Council Archived 9 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine Coat of Arms
  14. ^ Brown, Designed by Brown &. "BEESTON SEAT – Sioban Coppinger".
  15. ^ a b c Beeston and District Civic Society Archived 12 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine Listed buildings.
  16. ^ Nottingham City Council Archived 6 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine NET Phase 2 website
  17. ^ "Anger over tram markings". 17 February 2009. Archived from the original on 21 February 2009. Retrieved 10 May 2009.
  18. ^ Haran, Brady (17 August 2004). "Living with your house on the line". BBC News Online. Retrieved 7 August 2008. The people behind Nottingham's tram system, known as NET, do not share this view. The development manager for phase two of NET, Chris Deas, says the planned routes were carefully selected with help from the public. He says: "We involve the public at every stage and as such have conducted an unprecedented amount of public consultation." Many factors were used to choose the tram routes, including integration with other transport, environmental impact, operational capability and cost benefit.
  19. ^ "History made as new tram routes open". Nottingham Express Transit. 25 August 2015. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  20. ^ "Changan UK R&D Centre".
  21. ^ "Home".
  22. ^ City Population site. Retrieved 24 June 2020.
  23. ^ Services, Good Stuff IT. "Broxtowe – UK Census Data 2011".
  24. ^ Broxtowe Borough Council Archived 29 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine – Car parks in Beeston
  25. ^ Broxtowe Borough Council Archived 9 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine – Beeston West End conservation area
  26. ^ St John's Conservation Area description – Broxtowe Borough Council Archived 18 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  27. ^ Cottage Grove Conservation Area description – Broxtowe Borough Council Archived 18 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  28. ^ "Countdown to new gym opening in Beeston". 29 December 2014. Archived from the original on 28 April 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  29. ^ "Beeston: Gym set to help energise work on new-look square". 28 January 2014. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  30. ^ Tetlow, Daniel (28 April 2008). "Which town has the most pubs for its size?". More or Less. BBC Radio 4 – via BBC News Magazine. Also keen to claim the title are Otley, in West Yorkshire, with 21 pubs for 15,000 people, equalling 714 people per pub; Beeston in Nottinghamshire with 18 pubs for its population of 21,000; and Brighton and Hove, with 278 pubs for 250,000 residents.
  31. ^ Google Maps – The Beeston Crawl
  32. ^ "HISTORY OF THE VICTORIA". The Victoria Hotel. Retrieved 29 August 2009.
  33. ^ "General Information". The Victoria Hotel. Archived from the original on 15 September 2009. Retrieved 29 August 2009.
  34. ^ a b J D Wetherspoon The Last Post
  35. ^ Quaffale.org.uk Reality brewery
  36. ^ Beeston Express Issue 116, December 2007.
  37. ^ Wilson, Simon (1 June 2018). "Beeston's Alice Levine lands new role at Radio 1 as Nick Grimshaw quits". nottinghampost. Retrieved 7 May 2020.
  38. ^ "School Uniform | Beeston Fields Primary School and Nursery". www.beestonfields.notts.sch.uk. Retrieved 7 May 2020.
  39. ^ "Soul legend Edwin Starr dies". BBC News Online. 3 April 2003. Retrieved 7 August 2008. Starr, who was one of the first artists to be signed to the Motown record label, died at his home near Nottingham, his manager Lilian Kyle said. He had lived for many years in the UK.

External linksEdit