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Nottingham Victoria railway station

Nottingham Victoria railway station was a Great Central Railway and Great Northern Railway railway station in Nottingham, England. It was designed by the architect Albert Edward Lambert, who also designed the rebuild of the Nottingham Midland station (now known simply as Nottingham Station).

Nottingham Victoria
Nottingham Victoria Station 2.jpg
The station in 1903.
Location
PlaceNottingham
AreaNottingham, Nottinghamshire
Grid referenceSK573403
Operations
Pre-groupingGreat Central Railway and Great Northern Railway
Post-groupingLondon and North Eastern Railway
London Midland Region
Platforms12
History
24 May 1900Opened
4 September 1967Closed
Disused railway stations in the United Kingdom
Closed railway stations in Britain
A B C D–F G H–J K–L M–O P–R S T–V W–Z

It was opened by the Nottingham Joint Station Committee on 24 May 1900 and closed on 4 September 1967 by the London Midland Region of British Railways. The station building was entirely demolished (except the clock tower), and the Victoria Centre shopping centre was built on the site, incorporating the old station clock tower into the main entrance on Milton Street (the continuation of Mansfield Road).

BackgroundEdit

In 1893 the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway obtained authorisation to extend its North Midlands railway network into London. This new line was opened on 15 March 1899 and became known as the London Extension, stretching from Annesley to a new station at Marylebone in London. The line passed through Nottingham, where a new station was to be built.

Construction and openingEdit

 
Station interior in the years after opening.

The station's construction was on a grand scale: a 13-acre (53,000 m2) site was acquired at a cost of £473,000 (£51.8 million)[1] in the heart of Nottingham's city centre; negotiations for the land acquisition had taken three years. The construction called for the demolition of whole streets of some 1,300 houses, 24 public houses, and St. Stephen's Church, Bunker's Hill, following which about 600,000 cubic yards (460,000 m3) of sandstone was excavated from the site. The site measured about 650 yards (590 m) in length from north to south and had an average width of 110 yards (100 m), with a tunnel at each end for access.[2]

The Great Central Railway and Great Northern Railway shared the station (they split into two lines at Weekday Cross junction). The two owners failed to reach agreement on the station's name; the Great Central naturally wanted it called "Central", a proposition the Great Northern, still smarting from the incursion into its territory made by the London Extension, would not accept. The two railway companies operated separate booking offices, the Great Central issuing tickets reading "Nottingham Central", whilst the Great Northern's window bore the name "Nottingham Joint St'n". In the 1898 Royal Atlas of England, the station was recorded as the "Grt Central & Grt Northern Joint Central Station".[3] The town clerk resolved the situation by suggesting the name "Nottingham Victoria" to reflect the fact that the planned opening date coincided with Queen Victoria's birthday; this was readily accepted at a meeting of the Nottingham Joint Station Committee on 12 June.[4]

Nottingham Victoria station was officially opened without ceremony in the early hours of 24 May 1900, over a year after the commencement of services on the new railway line. The first service to call at the station was a Great Central express from Manchester to Marylebone, which pulled in at 1:12 a.m.; it was followed fifteen minutes later by a Great Central express travelling in the opposite direction.[4]

Station buildingEdit

 
Nottingham Victoria Station in the early 1900s. On the right of the picture is the Victoria Hotel, now a Hilton hotel.

The main station building was in true Victorian splendour. It was constructed in a Renaissance style using the best-quality red-faced bricks and Darley Dale stone, with space at the front for Hackney carriages, which was covered by a canopy. It faced onto the confluence of Mansfield Road and Milton Street for some 250 feet (76 m).[2]

The three-storey building was dominated by a 100-foot (30 m) clock tower topped with a cupola and weather vane. At the north end of the building, access could be gained to the parcels office via two large metal gates. Once inside the building on the ground floor level, one reached the large and lofty booking hall. It was over 100 feet (30 m) long and 66 feet (20 m) wide, and contained the best-quality pine and a hard-wearing oak floor, along with a gallery on each side to gain access to spacious offices on the first floor. The booking hall contained seven ticket-issuing windows, three each for the Great Central and Great Northern and one for excursion traffic; a clock-type train indicator served all platforms. An iron overbridge led from the booking hall and spanned the platforms, to which it was connected by four broad staircases. A small footbridge at the end provided access to the island platforms at the south end, themselves connected to a side exit leading onto Parliament Street.[2]

 
The station in 1959

The station itself comprised two large island platforms, each between 1,250 feet (380 m) and 1,270 feet (390 m) long, with two bays at each end for local traffic, giving a total of 12 platform faces. On each island platform were dining and tea rooms together with kitchens, sleeping facilities for staff, waiting rooms, and lavatories. All these buildings were, like the rest of the station, lined with glazed tiles, which were generally buff in colour and embellished with a chocolate dado. Large 42 feet 6 inches (12.95 m) steel pillars held up an enormous three-part glazed canopy measuring 450 feet (140 m) in length, with a centre span of 83 feet 3 inches (25.37 m) and a pair of flanking spans each of 63 feet 9 inches (19.43 m). There were additional glass roofs over the double-bay platforms, each carried on central pillars. An electrically lit subway system, below track level and covering the breadth of the station, could be used for transporting luggage, thereby avoiding the need to carry it over the footbridges. The subway was linked to the main station by four lifts serving respectively the booking hall, cloakroom, and two island platforms. The refreshment rooms had their own underground subway and lifts.[5]

 
LMS 'Jubilee' 6P 4-6-0 No. 45638 'Zanzibar' in 1962

The station had passing loops round all platforms (for freight), two signal boxes, and two turntables. The two signal boxes were positioned at the north and south ends of the station and controlled entry and exit to the tunnels that allowed entry to the complex.[5]

Station MastersEdit

  • William Thompson 1900[6] - 1903 (formerly station master at Malton)
  • Arthur Blanden 1903 - 1911 (afterwards station superintendent at Marylebone)
  • C.J. Fox 1911 - 1926[7]
  • H.M. Budds 1926[8] - 1936
  • W.W. Capon 1936[9] - 1941 (formerly station master at Basford and Bulwell, afterwards station master at Sheffield Victoria)
  • R.B. Stoakley 1941 - ????

ServicesEdit

The traffic that passed through was varied. It included London–Manchester expresses, local services, cross-country services (e.g. from York to Bristol via Oxford) as well as freight workings. As the station was shared with the Great Northern Railway (already well established when Victoria opened), a large network of lines serving many destinations was available from the one station.[citation needed] The new services offered unbeatable competition to the Midland Railway services from Nottingham railway station. The Midland offered more trains per day to Leicester, but the journey time of 40 minutes was outclassed by the Great Central's journey time of 27 minutes non-stop.[10]:133 The journey time to Sheffield was similarly impressive at 50 minutes.

In 1905, there were nine goods trains to London each day, the fastest taking only 2 hours 15 minutes.[10]:133

DeclineEdit

 
Down freight and Up express in 1962

During the 1960s, the whole Great Central route was run down by diverting services away from it, cutting others, and slowing down expresses to very slack timetables. Locomotives and rolling stock were old and unreliable, and the line did not benefit from British Rail's new diesel locomotives. As passenger numbers fell, going either by car or by other lines, closure seemed inevitable. The last through service from Nottingham to London ran on 3 September 1966. All that was left was a DMU service between Nottingham and Rugby, the Nottingham Victoria to Grantham services having been re-routed to Nottingham Midland on 3 July 1967. Victoria station was finally closed on 4 September 1967 and demolished (amidst much opposition[citation needed]), leaving only the clocktower to survive amongst the new Victoria Shopping Centre and flats. Goods trains continued to pass through the site of Victoria until May 1968, with two running lines left in place amidst the demolition of the main station.[11]

Present dayEdit

 
The station site in 2012. The clock tower is all that remains of Nottingham Victoria station, surrounded by the 1967 Victoria shopping centre.

The site is now occupied by the Victoria Shopping Centre and housing in the form of Victoria Flats, Nottingham's tallest building (256 feet / 72m tall).[12] The new structure incorporates the original station's clock tower. From the bottom level of the shopping centre's car park, in the former station's deep cutting, the entrance of Mansfield Road railway tunnel remains visible.

Upon the closure of the Great Central railway and the Great Northern/London and North Western Joint line to Melton Mowbray (via Barnstone), Nottingham also lost smaller stations: Nottingham London Road High Level and Nottingham London Road Low Level.

Nottingham's other mainline station, Nottingham Midland, remains in service.

Current redevelopment plans for the Victoria Shopping Centre will see an extension built northwards, filling in the last section of the former station's deep cutting and concealing the entrance to the Mansfield Road Tunnel.

Former servicesEdit

Preceding station   Disused railways   Following station
Arkwright Street
Line and station closed
  Great Central Railway
London Extension
  Carrington
Line and station closed
Terminus   Great Northern Railway
Nottingham to Stafford
Nottingham to Pinxton
  Carrington
Line and station closed
Nottingham London Road
High Level

Line and station closed
  Great Northern Railway
Nottingham to Grantham
Nottingham to Newark
Nottingham to Shirebrook
Nottingham to Basford & Bulwell
Nottingham Suburban
  Terminus

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Dow, George (1965). Great Central, Volume Three: Fay Sets the Pace, 1900–1922. London: Ian Allan. p. 12. ISBN 0-7110-0263-0.
  3. ^ John Bartholomew, The Royal Atlas of England, 1898
  4. ^ a b Dow 1965, p. 16
  5. ^ a b Dow 1965, p. 15
  6. ^ "The G.N. and G.C. Stationmaster for Nottingham". Nottinghamshire Guardian. England. 28 April 1900. Retrieved 2 September 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  7. ^ "Funeral of Mr. C.J. Fox". Nottingham Evening Post. England. 1 July 1926. Retrieved 3 September 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  8. ^ "New Stationmaster". Nottingham Journal. England. 27 July 1926. Retrieved 3 September 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  9. ^ "New Stationmaster for Victoria". Nottingham Evening Post. England. 13 October 1936. Retrieved 3 September 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  10. ^ a b Leleux, Robin (1976). A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain. Volume 9 The East Midlands. David & Charles. Newton Abbot. ISBN 0715371657.
  11. ^ http://www.rcts.org.uk/features/mysteryphotos/show.htm?location=Nottingham%20Victoria&page=3&serial=60&img=B-77-33A
  12. ^ "Nottingham's tallest building".

Further readingEdit

  • Clarke, John (November 1966). Cooke, B.W.C. (ed.). "Nottingham Victoria – A memory of 1966". Railway Magazine. London: Tothill Press Ltd. 112 (787): 621–624. ISSN 0033-8923.
  • Clarke, John (December 1969). Cooke, B.W.C. (ed.). "Nottingham Victorian Bars". Railway Magazine. London: Tothill Press Ltd. 115 (824): 669. ISSN 0033-8923.

External linksEdit