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The National Highway System in Canada is a federal designation for a strategic transport network of highways and freeways.[1] The system includes but is not limited to the Trans-Canada Highway,[1] and currently consists of 38,021 kilometres (23,625 mi) of roadway designated under one of three classes: Core Routes, Feeder Routes, and Northern and Remote Routes.[1]

National Highway System
System information
Length38,021 km (23,625 mi)
Formed1988 (1988)
Highway names
Interprovincial:Trans-Canada Highway (TCH)
Yellowhead Highway
Crowsnest Highway
Alaska Highway
Mackenzie Highway
Provincial:Varies by province
System links

The Government of Canada maintains very little power or authority over the maintenance or expansion of the system beyond sharing part of the cost of economically significant projects within the network. Highways within the system are not given any special signage, except where they are part of a Trans-Canada Highway route.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The system was first designated in 1988 by the Federal/Provincial/Territorial Council of Ministers Responsible for Transportation and Highway Safety, a council consisting of the federal, provincial and territorial Ministers of Transport.[1] A total of 24,500 kilometres (15,200 mi) of highway were originally designated as part of the system. Highways selected for the system were existing primary routes that supported interprovincial and international trade and travel, by connecting major population or commercial centres with each other, with major border crossings on the Canada–United States border, or with other transport hubs.[1]

The system was further expanded in 2004,[2] with the addition of approximately 14,000 kilometres (8,700 mi) of highway that was not part of the original 1988 network.[1] It was in this era that the current "core", "feeder" and "northern or remote" classes of route were established.[1] Not all highways within the system are designated in their entirety, but may instead be part of the system over only part of their length; a few highways even have two or more discontinuous segments designated as part of the system. In some locations, the National Highway System may also incorporate city arterial streets to connect highway routes which are part of the system but do not directly interconnect, or to link the system to an important intermodal transport hub—such as a shipping port, a railway terminal, an airport or a ferry terminal—which is not directly located on a provincial-class highway.

Routes within the system continue to be maintained, funded and signed as provincial, rather than federal, highways. However, the federal government provides some funding assistance for important maintenance and expansion projects on designated highways through cost sharing programs.[3] For instance, several recent maintenance projects on National Highway System routes in Saskatchewan were partly funded under the federal government's Building Canada Fund–Major Infrastructure Component,[3] while several four-laning projects in Ontario in the 2000s accessed federal funding under the Strategic Highway Infrastructure Program.[4]

There is no single, ongoing program for federal contributions to the National Highway System;[5] rather, these contributions have been made through a variety of separate infrastructure investment programs of defined length and scope.[5] Recent transportation planning proposals have identified public-private partnerships and dedicated fuel taxes as possible mechanisms for providing more stable funding, although no comprehensive program has been implemented to date.[5]

The National Highway System has been criticized for lacking a truly comprehensive expansion plan.[6] In many parts of the country, the system relies on two-lane highways, or expressways which are not fully up to international freeway standards; according to Lakehead University economics professor Livio di Matteo, many parts of the system, even on the main Trans-Canada Highway portion of the network, still leave "the nation’s east-west flow of personal and commercial traffic subject to the whims of an errant moose".[6] Some motorists, further, prefer to drive between Western Canada and Eastern Canada by travelling through the United States rather than on Canadian highways; even though this represents a slightly longer trip than the Trans-Canada Highway route, it frequently takes a shorter amount of time due to the US Interstate system's higher speed limits, increased lane capacity and reduced likelihood of being delayed by a road accident.

American transportation planning academic Wendell Cox has also identified improvements to the system, so that Canada would have a comprehensive national freeway network comparable to the American Interstate Highway System, as an economically critical project for the country to undertake in the 21st century.[7]

RoutesEdit

In its current form, the National Highway System includes routes in all Canadian provinces and territories except Nunavut, which has no conventional road connections to any other Canadian province or territory.[1]

Officially the system maintains three classifications of road: Core, Feeder and Northern/Remote. Within the core and feeder classes, the system's official register made additional distinctions between conventional core or feeder routes and intermodal links or "anomalies", where a highway that does not meet the normal criteria for inclusion, or a municipal arterial road, has been adopted into the system to fill in a gap in the network. The "intermodal" and "anomaly" classes are not distinct designations, however, but simply represent an additional clarification of why the road holds "core" or "feeder" status. Since 2016, the "anomaly" category has been dropped and the portion is road is simply included in the specific list.[8] The tables below do not include "intermodal" municipal streets which connect major highways to intermodal facilities.

AlbertaEdit

The system includes 4,478 kilometres (2,783 mi) of highway in Alberta.[8]

Route Class Length (km) Length (mi) Southern or western terminus Northern or eastern terminus Name(s) Notes
  Hwy 1 (TCH) Core 534 332 British Columbia border (Hwy 1) Saskatchewan border (Hwy 1) Trans-Canada Highway Entire route.
  Hwy 2 Core 447 278 Hwy 3 in Fort Macleod Hwy 216 in Edmonton Queen Elizabeth II Highway
(Calgary – Edmonton)
Part of CANAMEX Corridor.
Core 82 51 Hwy 49 near Donnelly Hwy 35 near Grimshaw Part of corridor connecting Hwy 43 with the Mackenzie Hwy.
  Hwy 3 Core 324 201 British Columbia border (Hwy 3) Hwy 1 in Medicine Hat Crowsnest Highway Entire route.
  Hwy 4 Core 103 64 Canada-U.S. border (I-15) Hwy 3 in Lethbridge Part of CANAMEX Corridor
  Hwy 9 Core 324 201 Hwy 1 near Calgary Saskatchewan border (Hwy 7) Entire route
  Hwy 15 Core 14 9 Hwy 16 in Edmonton Hwy 28A in Edmonton Part of Edmonton-Fort McMurray corridor.
  Hwy 16 (TCH) Core 634 394 British Columbia border (Hwy 16) Saskatchewan border (Hwy 16) Entire route.
  Hwy 28 Core 37 23 Hwy 28A in Gibbons Hwy 63 near Radway Part of Edmonton-Fort McMurray corridor.
Feeder 253 157 Hwy 63 near Radway Cold Lake
  Hwy 28A Core 18 11 Hwy 15 in Edmonton Hwy 28A in Gibbons Part of Edmonton-Fort McMurray corridor.
  Hwy 35 Core 465 289 Hwy 2 near Grimshaw NWT border (Highway 1) Mackenzie Highway Entire route.
  Hwy 43 Core 497 309 British Columbia border (Hwy 2) Hwy 16 near Stony Plain Entire route; part of CANAMEX Corridor.
  Hwy 49 Core 77 48 Hwy 2 near Donnelly Hwy 43 in Valleyview Part of corridor connecting Hwy 43 with the Mackenzie Hwy.
  Hwy 58 Northern / Remote 197 122 Rainbow Lake Hwy 88 near Fort Vermilion
  Hwy 63 Core 360 220 Hwy 28 near Redwater Fort McMurray Part of Edmonton-Fort McMurray corridor.
  Hwy 201 Core 41 25 Hwy 1 (16 Avenue NW) in Calgary Hwy 1 east (16 Avenue NE) in Calgary Stoney Trail Northern portion of Calgary ring road.
22 14 Hwy 1 (16 Avenue NE) in Calgary Hwy 2 (Deerfoot Trail SE) in Calgary Stoney Trail Officially not listed part of N.H.S.; eastern portion of Calgary ring road.
  Hwy 216 Core 48 30 Hwy 16 (Yellowhead Trail) in Edmonton Yellowhead Trail (Hwy 16 east) in Edmonton Anthony Henday Drive Southern portion of Edmonton ring road.
30 18 Hwy 16 (Yellowhead Trail) in Edmonton Yellowhead Trail (Hwy 16 east) in Edmonton Anthony Henday Drive Officially not listed part of N.H.S.; northern portion of Edmonton ring road.

British ColumbiaEdit

The system includes 7,040 kilometres (4,370 mi) of highway in British Columbia.[8]

Route Class Length (km) Length (mi) Southern or western terminus Northern or eastern terminus Name(s) Notes
  Hwy 1 (TCH) Core 993 617 Victoria Alberta border (Hwy 1) Trans-Canada Highway Entire route; includes ferry between Naniamo and West Vancouver.
  Hwy 2 Core 42 26 Hwy 97 in Dawson Creek Alberta border (Hwy 43) Part of CANAMEX Corridor.
  Hwy 3 Core 838 521 Hwy 1 in Hope Alberta border (Hwy 3) Crowsnest Highway Entire route.
  Hwy 4 Feeder 38 24 Hwy 19 near Qualicum Beach Port Alberni
  Hwy 5 Core 531 330 Hwy 1 in Hope Hwy 16 at Tete Jaune Cache Entire route.
  Hwy 11 Core 3 2 Canada-U.S. border (SR 546) Hwy 1 (TCH) in Abbotsford
  Hwy 15 Core 1.5 0.9 Canada-U.S. border (SR 543) 8th Avenue in Surrey Part of corridor connecting the Pacific Highway Border Crossing and Hwy 99.
  Hwy 16 (TCH) Core 1,072 666 Prince Rupert Alberta border (Hwy 16) Entire mainland section.
  Hwy 17 Core 46 29 Victoria Hwy 99 in Delta Includes ferry between North Saanich and Delta.
31 19 Hwy 99 in Delta Hwy 1 / Hwy 15 in Surrey South Fraser Perimeter Road Officially not listed part of N.H.S.; Hwy 17 extension.
  Hwy 19 Core 52 32 Duke Point ferry terminal near Nanaimo Hwy 4A near Parksville Island Highway
Feeder 119 74 Hwy 4A near Parksville Hwy 28 in Campbell River Island Highway
  Hwy 37 Feeder 58 36 Hwy 16 near Terrace Kitimat
Northern / Remote 723 449 Hwy 16 at Kitwanga Yukon border (Hwy 37) Stewart–Cassiar Highway
  Hwy 95 Feeder 11 6.8 Canada-U.S. border (US-95) Hwy 3 at Yahk
  Hwy 97 Feeder 109 68 Canada-U.S. border (US 97) Hwy 97C at Peachland Okanagan Highway
Core 80 50 Hwy 97C in Peachland Hwy 97A near Vernon Okanagan Highway
Core 1,810 1,120 Hwy 1 in Cache Creek Yukon border (Hwy 1)
  • Cariboo Highway
    (Cache Creek – Prince George)
  • John Hart Highway
    (Prince George – Dawson Creek)
  • Alaska Highway
    (Dawson Creek – Yukon)
  Hwy 97A Core 65 40 Hwy 97 near Vernon Hwy 1 in Sicamous Entire route.
  Hwy 97B Core 14 8.7 Hwy 97A near Grindrod Hwy 1 in Salmon Arm Entire route.
  Hwy 97C Core 106 66 Hwy 97 in Peachland Hwy 5 in Merritt Okanagan Connector
  Hwy 99 Core 170 110 Canada-U.S. border (I-5) Whistler Sea to Sky Highway
(West Vancouver – Whistler)
  Hwy 101 Feeder 112 70 Langdale ferry terminial Powell River Sunshine Coast Highway
8th Avenue Core 1.5 0.9 Hwy 99 in Surrey Hwy 15 in Surrey Part of corridor connecting the Pacific Highway Border Crossing and Hwy 99.

ManitobaEdit

The system includes 2,095 kilometres (1,302 mi) of highway in Manitoba.[8]

Route Class Length (km) Length (mi) Southern or western terminus Northern or eastern terminus Name(s) Notes
  PTH 1 (TCH) Core 489 304 Saskatchewan border (Hwy 1) Ontario border (Highway 17)
Entire route.
  PTH 6 Feeder 732 455 PTH 101 in Winnipeg Thompson Entire route.
  PTH 10 Core 41.5 25.8 PTH 1 in Brandon PTH 16 near Minnedosa
Northern / Remote 216 134 PTH 60 south of The Pas Flin Flon
  PTH 16 (TCH) Core 266 165 Saskatchewan border (Hwy 16) PTH 1 near Portage la Prairie Entire route.
  PTH 60 Northern / Remote 152 94 PTH 10 south of The Pas PTH 6 south of Grand Rapids Entire route.
  PTH 75 Core 101 63 Canada-U.S. border (I-29) PTH 100 in Winnipeg Lord Selkirk Highway Entire route.
  PTH 100 (TCH) 40 25 Winnipeg beltway south of PTH 1 Perimeter Highway Officially not listed part of N.H.S.; part of the Trans-Canada Highway.
  PTH 101 Core 50 31 Winnipeg beltway north of PTH 1 Perimeter Highway Entire route.
  PTH 190 Core 10 6 PTH 101 near Winnipeg Winnipeg CentrePort Canada Way Entire route; intermodal connection.
  Route 90 Core 11 7 PTH 101 / PTH 7 near Winnipeg James Richardson Int. Airport Intermodal connection.

New BrunswickEdit

The system includes 1,802 kilometres (1,120 mi) of highway in New Brunswick.[8]

Route Class Length (km) Length (mi) Southern or western terminus Northern or eastern terminus Name(s) Notes
  Route 1 Core 239 149 Canada-U.S. border Route 2 near Petitcodiac Entire route.
  Route 2 (TCH) Core 515 320 Quebec border (A-85) Nova Scotia border (Hwy 104) Trans-Canada Highway Entire route.
  Route 7 Core 89 55 Route 1 in Saint John Route 2 near Fredericton Vanier Highway
  Route 8 Feeder 255 158 Route 2 near Fredericton Route 11 in Bathurst Entire route.
  Route 11 Feeder 415 258 Route 15 in Shediac Route 17 near Campbellton
  Route 15 Core 60 37 Moncton Route 16 in Port Elgin
  Route 16 (TCH) Core 58 36 Route 2 at Aulac P.E.I. border (Route 1) Trans-Canada Highway Includes NB portion of the Confederation Bridge.
  Route 17 Feeder 147 91 Route 2 at Saint-Léonard Route 11 near Campbellton
  Route 95 Core 15 9 Canada-U.S. border (I‑95 / US 2) Route 2 in Woodstock Entire route.
  Route 111 Core 10 6 Route 1 at Rothesay Saint John Airport Intermodule connection.

Newfoundland and LabradorEdit

The system includes 2,467 kilometres (1,533 mi) of highway in Newfoundland and Labrador.[8]

Route Class Length (km) Length (mi) Southern or western terminus Northern or eastern terminus Name(s) Notes
  Route 1 (TCH) Core 903 561 Channel-Port aux Basques ferry terminal
(connects to Nova Scotia)
Route 30 in St. John's Trans-Canada Highway Entire route.
  Route 2 Core 15 9 Route 1 in St. John's Port of St. John's Pitts Memorial Drive
  Route 40 Core 1.3 0.8 Route 1 in St. John's St. John's International Airport Portugal Cove Road
  Route 100 Core 44 27 Argentia ferry terminal
(connects to Nova Scotia)
Route 1 at Whitbourne Ferry connection to Nova Scotia operates seasonally during the summer (June–September).
  Route 340 Core 15 9 Route 1 near Lewisporte Lewisporte Road to the Isles
  Route 350 Core 18 11 Route 1 near Bishop's Falls Botwood
  Route 450A Core 4 2 Route 1 in Corner Brook Riverside Drive Intermodule link to the Port of Corner Brook.
  Route 430 Feeder 60 37 Route 1 in Deer Lake St. Barbe ferry terminal Ferry connection to Blanc-Sablon, Quebec
  Route 500 Northern / Remote 536 333 Quebec border (Route 389) Route 510 at Happy Valley-Goose Bay Trans-Labrador Highway
  Route 510 Northern / Remote 610 380 Quebec border (Route 138) Route 500 at Happy Valley-Goose Bay Trans-Labrador Highway Entire route; excludes 5 km (3 mi) section of Quebec Route 138; ferry connection to St. Barbe.

Northwest TerritoriesEdit

The system includes 1,423 kilometres (884 mi) of highway in the Northwest Territories.[8]

Route Class Length (km) Length (mi) Southern or western terminus Northern or eastern terminus Name(s) Notes
  Highway 1 Core 186 116 Alberta border (Hwy 35) Highway 3 near Fort Providence Mackenzie Highway
Northern / Remote 478 297 Highway 3 near Fort Providence Wrigley Mackenzie Highway
  Highway 2 Core 38 24 Highway 1 at Enterprise Hay River Hay River Highway Entire route.
  Highway 3 Core 339 211 Highway 3 near Fort Providence Highway 4 at Yellowknife Yellowknife Highway Entire route.
  Highway 4 Northern / Remote 69 43 Highway 3 at Yellowknife Tibbitt Lake Ingraham Trail Entire route.
  Highway 8 Northern / Remote 271 168 Yukon border (Hwy 5) Inuvik Dempster Highway Entire route.

Nova ScotiaEdit

The system includes 1,199 kilometres (745 mi) of highway in Nova Scotia.[8]

Route Class Length (km) Length (mi) Southern or western terminus Northern or eastern terminus Name(s) Notes
  Hwy 101 Core 310 190 Hwy 102 / Trunk 1 in Bedford Trunk 3 in Yarmouth Entire route.
  Hwy 102 Core 101 63 Halifax Hwy 104 in Truro Entire route.
  Hwy 103 Feeder 89 55 Hwy 102 in Halifax Yarmouth Entire route.
  Hwy 104 (TCH) Core 246 153 New Brunswick border (Route 2) Hwy 105 / Trunk 19 at Port Hastings Trans-Canada Highway Entire route.
  Hwy 104 Core 76 47 Hwy 105 / Trunk 19 at Port Hastings Trunk 4 at River Tillard Entire route.
  Hwy 105 (TCH) Core 3 2 Hwy 125 near Sydney Mines North Sydney ferry terminal
(connects to Newfoundland)
139 86 Hwy 104 / Trunk 19 at Port Hastings Hwy 125 near Sydney Mines
Officially not listed part of N.H.S.; part of the Trans-Canada Highway.
  Hwy 106 (TCH) Core 19 12 Route 15 in Shediac Caribou ferry terminal
(connects to P.E.I.)
Entire route.
  Hwy 111 Core 3 2 Victoria Road (Route 322) in Dartmouth Hwy 111 in Dartmouth Circumferential Highway
Feeder 6 4 Hwy 111 in Dartmouth Pleasant Street (Route 322) in Dartmouth
  Hwy 118 Core 16 10 Hwy 111 in Dartmouth Hwy 102 near Fall River Entire route.
  Hwy 125 Core 19 12 Hwy 105 in Sydney Mines Trunk 4 in Sydney River Peacekeepers Way
  Trunk 4 Core 85 53 Hwy 104 at River Tillard Hwy 125 in Sydney River
  Route 303 Core 11 7 Hwy 101 at Conway Digby Ferry

OntarioEdit

The system includes 6,795 kilometres (4,222 mi) of highway in Ontario.[8]

Route Class Length (km) Length (mi) Southern or western terminus Northern or eastern terminus Name(s) Notes
   Highway 400 / TCH Core 224 139 Highway 401 in Toronto Highway 69 near Carling Trans-Canada Highway
(Severn – Carling)
Entire route.
  Highway 401 Core 823 511 Highway 3 in Windsor Quebec border (A-20) Macdonald–Cartier Freeway Entire route.
  Highway 402 Core 103 64 Canada-U.S. border (I-69 / I-94)
(Blue Water Bridge)
Highway 401 in London Entire route.
  Highway 403 Core 125 78 Highway 401 near Woodstock Highway 401 / Highway 410 in Mississauga Alexander Graham Bell Parkway
(Woodstock – Burlington)
Entire route; includes 17 km (11 mi) concurrency with QEW.
  Highway 405 Core 9 6 QEW in St. Catharines Canada-U.S. border (I-190)
(Queenston-Lewiston Bridge)
General Brock Parkway Entire route.
  Highway 409 Core 4 2 Pearson Airport Highway 401 in Toronto Belfield Expressway Entire route.
  Highway 410 Core 20 12 Highway 401 / Highway 403 in Mississauga Highway 10 north of Brampton Entire route.
  Highway 416 Core 76 47 Highway 401 in near Johnstown Highway 417 in Ottawa Veterans Memorial Highway Entire route.
   Highway 417 / TCH Core 192 119 Quebec border (A-40) Highway 17 near Arnprior Trans-Canada Highway Entire route.
  Highway 420 Core 5 3 QEW in Niagara Falls Canada-U.S. border
(Rainbow Bridge)
Entire route; combined with Niagara Regional Road 420.
  Highway 427 Core 20 12 QEW / Gardiner Expy in Toronto Regional Road 7 (Highway 7) in Vaughan Entire route.
  Queen Elizabeth Way Core 139 86 Canada-U.S. border
(Peace Bridge)
Highway 427 / Gardiner Expy. in Toronto Unsigned Highway 451 Entire route
  Highway 3 Core 11 7 Canada-U.S. border
(Ambassador Bridge)
Highway 401 in Windsor Huron Church Road
Feeder 23 14 Highway 401 in Windsor Highway 77 in Leamington
  Highway 3B (former) Core 11 7 Canada-U.S. border
(Detroit–Windsor Tunnel)
Highway 401 in Windsor Dougall Avenue
  Highway 6 Core 41 25 Highway 403 in Hamilton Highway 7 west (Woodlawn Road) in Guelph
Core 10 6 John C. Munro Airport Highway 403 in Hamilton Intermodule connection.
   Highway 7 / TCH Core 41 25 Highway 12 in Brock Highway 417 in Ottawa Trans-Canada Highway
Core 21 13 Highway 8 in Kitchener Highway 6 in Guelph Excludes 45 km (28 mi) concurrency with Highway 8 between Kitchener and Stratford.
  Highway 8 Core 53 33 Highway 7 in Stratford Highway 401 in Cambridge Includes 45 km (28 mi) concurrency with Highway 7 between Kitchener and Stratford.
  Highway 10 Feeder 137 85 Highway 410 north of Brampton Highway 26 in Owen Sound Entire route.
   Highway 11 / TCH Core 1,232 766 Highway 400 in Barrie Highway 17 in Nipigon Trans-Canada Highway
(North Bay – Nipigon)
Includes 4 km (2 mi) concurrency with Highway 17 in North Bay; excludes 179 km (111 mi) concurrency with Highway 17 between Nipigon and Shabaqua Corners.
280 174 Highway 17 at Shabaqua Corners Highway 71 in Fort Frances Trans-Canada Highway Not part of N.H.S., part of the Trans-Canada Highway; excludes 40 km (25 mi) concurrency with Highway 71.
   Highway 12 / TCH Core 80 50 Highway 7 in Brock Highway 400 at Severn Trans-Canada Highway Excludes 6 km (4 mi) concurrency with Highway 400.
Feeder 18 11 Highway 400 at Waubaushene Highway 93 in Midland
  Highway 16 Core 4 2 Canada-U.S. border (NY 812)
(Ogdensburg-Prescott International Bridge)
Highway 401 near Johnstown Entire route.
   Highway 17 / TCH Core 1,964 1,220 Highway 417 near Arnprior Manitoba border (PTH 1) Trans-Canada Highway Entire route.
Highway 17B (former) Core 11 7 Canada-U.S. border
(Sault Ste. Marie International Bridge)
Highway 17 in Sault Ste. Marie Possible subject to revision, truck route via Carman's Way and Highway 550.
  Highway 19 Feeder 84 52 Highway 3 in Tillsonburg Highway 401 near Ingersoll Entire route
  Highway 24 Feeder 36 22 Highway 3 in Simcoe Highway 403 in Brantford
  Highway 26 Core 63 39 County Road 19 near Collingwood Highway 400 in Barrie
  Highway 34 Core 59 37 Highway 417 near Hawkesbury Quebec border (Route 344) Entire route.
  Highway 61 Core 61 38 Canada-U.S. border (MN 61) Highway 11 / Highway 17 in Thunder Bay Entire route.
   Highway 66 / TCH Core 59 37 Quebec border (Route 117) Highway 11 near Swastika Trans-Canada Highway
   Highway 69 / TCH Core 162 101 Highway 400 in Carling Highway 17 in Sudbury Trans-Canada Highway Entire route
   Highway 71 / TCH Core 1,964 1,220 Canada-U.S. border (US 53 / US 71)
(Fort Frances–International Falls International Bridge)
Highway 17 near Kenora Trans-Canada Highway
(Fort Frances – Kenora)
Includes 40 km (25 mi) concurrency with Highway 11.
  Highway 77 Feeder 84 52 Highway 3 in Leamington Highway 401 in Lakeshore Entire route
  Highway 101 Feeder 84 52 Highway 144 in Timmins Highway 11 in Matheson
  Highway 108 Core 27 17 Highway 17 near Serpent River Elliot Lake
  Highway 115 Core 57 35 Highway 401 near Newcastle Highway 7 in Peterborough Entire route; includes 13 km (8 mi) concurrency with Highway 7.
  Highway 137 Core 4 2 Canada-U.S. border (I-81)
(Thousand Islands Bridge)
Highway 401 near Lansdowne Entire route.
  Highway 138 Feeder 39 24 Cornwall Highway 417 near Casselman Entire route; connects to Seaway International Bridge and U.S. border.
  Highway 144 Feeder 272 169 Highway 17 in Sudbury Highway 101 in Timmins Entire route.
County Road 17 Feeder 10 6 Highway 34 in Hawkesbury Highway 417 in East Hawkesbury Former Highway 17.
Nicholas Street
Rideau Street
King Edward Avenue
Core 4 2 Highway 417 in Ottawa Quebec border (A-5)
(Macdonald-Cartier Bridge)
Ottawa city streets connecting Highway 417 (Queensway) and Autoroute 5 in Gatineau, QC.

Prince Edward IslandEdit

The system includes 398 kilometres (247 mi) of highway in Prince Edward Island.[8]

Route Class Length (km) Length (mi) Southern or western terminus Northern or eastern terminus Name(s) Notes
  Route 1 (TCH) Core 128 80 New Brunswick border (Route 16) Wood Islands Ferry Terminal
(connects to Nova Scotia)
Trans-Canada Highway Entire route; includes PEI portion of the Confederation Bridge.
  Route 1A Core 20 12 Route 1 near Albany Route 2 near Summerside Entire route.
  Route 2 Core 51 32 Summerside Route 1 in Charlottetown
Feeder 7 4 Route 14 / Route 153 in Tignish Summerside
Feeder 238 148 Route 1 in Charlottetown Souris
  Route 3 Feeder 258 160 Route 1 at Cherry Valley Georgetown Entire route

QuebecEdit

The system includes 5,647 kilometres (3,509 mi) of highway in Quebec.[8]

Route Class Length (km) Length (mi) Southern or western terminus Northern or eastern terminus Name(s) Notes
  A-5 Core 0.8 0.5 Ontario border (King Edward Avenue)
(Macdonald-Cartier Bridge)
A-50 in Gatineau Continues along Ottawa city streets connecting to Ontario Highway 417.
  A-10 Core 145 90 A-720 in Montreal A-55 in Sherbrooke Entire route; includes 23 km (14 mi) concurrency with A-55 between Magog and Sherbrooke.
  A-13 Core 89 55 A-20 in Montreal A-640 in Boisbriand Entire route.
   A-15 (TCH) Core 255 158 Canada-U.S. border (I-87) Route 117 in Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts Trans-Canada Highway
(Montreal (A-40) – Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts)
Entire route.
   A-20 (TCH) Core 535 332 Ontario border (Highway 401) Route 132 near L'Isle-Verte
  • Trans-Canada Highway
    (Montreal (A-25) – Rivière-du-Loup)
  • Autoroute Jean-Lesage
    (Ontario border–Rimouski)
Entire route.
Core 45 28 Around Rimouski (bypasses Route 132)
   A-25 (TCH) Core 8 5 A-20 in Longueuil A-40 in Montreal Trans-Canada Highway
  A-30 Core 5 3 A-40 in Vaudreuil-Dorion A-20 in Vaudreuil-Dorion Former A-540.
Feeder 58 36 A-20 in Boucherville Route 133 in Sorel-Tracy
79 49 A-20 in Vaudreuil-Dorion A-20 in Boucherville Officially not listed part of N.H.S.; A-30 extension.
  A-31 Core 14 9 A-40 in Lavaltrie Route 158 in Joliette Entire route.
  A-35 Core 40 25 Route 133 in Saint-Sébastien A-10 in CarignanChambly Entire route; future connection to I-89.
   A-40 (TCH) Core 347 216 Ontario border (Highway 417) Route 138 / Route 368 in Quebec City
Entire route.
  A-50 Core 156 97 A-5 in Gatineau A-15 in Mirabel Autoroute de l'Outaouais
  A-55 Core 247 153 Canada-U.S. border (I-91) Route 155 in Shawinigan Entire route; includes 23 km (14 mi) concurrency with A-10 and 36 km (22 mi) concurrency with A-20.
  A-70 Core 7 4 Route 175 in Chicoutimi (Saguenay) Route 170 near Bagotville Airport (Saguenay) Intermodule connection to Port of Saguenay.
Feeder 23 14 Route 170 in Jonquière (Saguenay) Route 175 in Chicoutimi (Saguenay) Part of Shawinigan – Saguenay corridor.
  A-73 Core 51 32 A-20 in Lévis Route 175 in Stoneham-et-Tewkesbury Includes 9 km (6 mi) concurrency with A-40 in Quebec City.
Feeder 87 54 Route 204 in Saint-Georges A-20 in Lévis Corridor connecting Quebec City with the Canada-U.S. border.
   A-85 (TCH) Core 58 36 New Brunswick border (Route 2) A-20 near Rivière-du-Loup
Entire route; 38 km (24 mi) gap, connect by Route 185.
  A-440 Core 13 8 A-40 / A-73 in Quebec City A-40 in Quebec City 4 km (2 mi) gap in A-440; connected Boulevard Charest.
  A-520 Core 8 5 A-20 in Dorval A-40 in Montreal Autoroute Côte de Liesse Entire route.
  A-540 Core 5 3 A-73 in Quebec City Aéroport Jean-Lesage Autoroute Duplessis Entire route.
  A-610 Feeder 11 7 A-10 / A-55 in Sherbrooke Route 112 in Sherbrooke Autoroute Louis-Bilodeau Entire route.
  A-640 Core 35 22 A-13 in Boisbriand A-40 near Terrebonne
  A-720 Core 9 6 A-15 / A-20 in Montreal Rue Notre-Dame in Montreal Autoroute Ville-Marie
  Route 109 Northern / Remote 66 41 Route 111 in Amos James Bay Road at Matagami Part of Val-d'Or – Radisson corridor.
  Route 111 Northern / Remote 66 41 Route 117 in Val-d'Or Route 109 in Amos Part of Val-d'Or – Radisson corridor.
  Route 112 Feeder 149 93 A-610 in Sherbrooke A-73 at Vallée-Jonction
   Route 117 (TCH) Core 571 355 Route 117 in Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts Ontario border (Highway 66) Trans-Canada Highway
  Route 132 Core 11 7 A-15 / A-930 in Candiac Route 138 in Kahnawake Corridor connecting to Honoré Mercier Bridge.
Core 54 34 A-20 near L'Isle-Verte A-20 west of Rimouski Connects gap in A-20.
Core 58 36 A-20 east of Rimouski Route 195 near Matane
  Route 133 Core 42 26 Canada-U.S. border (I-89) A-35 in Saint-Sébastien Eventually to be replaced by A-35.
  Route 138 Core 5 3 Route 138 in Kahnawake A-20 in Montreal Corridor connecting to Honoré Mercier Bridge.
Core 632 393 A-40 / Route 368 in Quebec City Sept-Îles
Northern / Remote 5 3 Blanc-Sablon ferry terminal Labrador border (Route 510) Quebec extension of Trans-Labrador Highway; ferry connection to St. Barbe, NL.
  Route 139 Feeder 24 15 Route 104 in Cowansville Route 112 in Granby
  Route 155 Feeder 251 156 A-55 in Shawinigan Route 169 near Chambord Part of Shawinigan – Saguenay corridor.
  Route 161 Feeder 26 16 Victoriaville A-20 in Daveluyville
  Route 169 Feeder 20 12 Route 155 at Chambord Route 170 at Métabetchouan–Lac-à-la-Croix Part of Shawinigan – Saguenay corridor.
Feeder 9 6 Route 170 at Saint-Bruno Alma
  Route 170 Core 11 7 A-70 near Bagotville Airport (Saguenay) La Baie (Saguenay) Intermodule connection to Port of Saguenay.
Feeder 25 16 Route 169 at Saint-Bruno A-70 in Jonquière (Saguenay) Part of Shawinigan – Saguenay corridor.
  Route 173 Feeder 48 30 Route 204 at Saint-Georges Canada-U.S. border (US 201) Corridor connecting Quebec City with the Canada-U.S. border.
  Route 175 Core 415 258 A-73 in Stoneham-et-Tewkesbury Route 372 in Saguenay
   Route 185 (TCH) Core 38 24 A-85 in Saint-Louis-du-Ha! Ha! A-85 in Saint-Antonin Trans-Canada Highway Eventually to be replaced by A-85.
  Route 201 Feeder 13 8 A-20 in Coteau-du-Lac A-530 in Salaberry-de-Valleyfield
  Route 204 Feeder 4 2 Route 173 at Saint-Georges A-73 at Saint-Georges Corridor connecting Quebec City with the Canada-U.S. border.
  Route 344 Core 12 7 A-73 in Quebec City A-440 in Quebec City Boulevard Champlain Entire route.
  Route 389 Northern / Remote 567 352 Route 138 at Baie-Comeau Labrador border (Route 500) Entire route.
James Bay Road Northern / Remote 620 390 Route 109 at Matagami Radisson Part of Val-d'Or – Radisson corridor.

SaskatchewanEdit

The system includes 2,689 kilometres (1,671 mi) of highway in Saskatchewan.[8]

Route Class Length (km) Length (mi) Southern or western terminus Northern or eastern terminus Name(s) Notes
  Hwy 1 (TCH) Core 648 403 Alberta border (Hwy 1) Manitoba border (Hwy 1) Trans-Canada Highway Entire route.
  Hwy 2 Core 51 32 Hwy 1 in Moose Jaw Hwy 11 at Chamberlain Veterans Memorial Highway
Core 7 4 Hwy 11 near Prince Albert Hwy 3 / Hwy 303 in Prince Albert Veterans Memorial Highway
Northern / Remote 238 148 Hwy 3 / Hwy 303 in Prince Albert Hwy 102 in La Ronge CanAm Highway
  Hwy 6 Core 42 26 Hwy 39 at Corinne Hwy 1 in Regina CanAm Highway Regina – WeyburnEstevan corridor.
  Hwy 7 Core 258 160 Alberta border (Hwy 9) Hwy 11 / Hwy 16 in Saskatoon Entire route
  Hwy 10 Core 160 99 Hwy 1 near Balgonie Hwy 16 in Yorkton
  Hwy 11 Core 392 244 Hwy 1 in Regina Hwy 11 south Prince Albert Louis Riel Trail Entire route
  Hwy 16 (TCH) Core 689 428 Alberta border (Hwy 16) Manitoba border (Hwy 16) Entire route.
  Hwy 39 Core 195 121 Canada-U.S. border (US 52) Hwy 6 at Corinne CanAm Highway
(Corinne – Weyburn)
Regina – Weyburn – Estevan corridor.

YukonEdit

The system includes 2,017 kilometres (1,253 mi) of highway in Yukon.[8]

Route Class Length (km) Length (mi) Southern or western terminus Northern or eastern terminus Name(s) Notes
  Hwy 1 Core 892 554 British Columbia border (Hwy 97) Alaska border (AK-2) Alaska Highway Entire route.
  Hwy 2 Feeder 77 48 Alaska border (AK-98) Hwy 1 south of Whitehorse (South) Klondike Highway
Northern / Remote 478 297 Hwy 1 north of Whitehorse Hwy 5 south of Dawson City (North) Klondike Highway
  Hwy 5 Northern / Remote 465 289 Hwy 2 south of Dawson City Northwest Territories border (Highway 8) Dempster Highway Entire route.
  Hwy 37 Northern / Remote 3 2 British Columbia border (Hwy 37) Hwy 1 near Upper Liard Stewart–Cassiar Highway Entire route.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "National Highway System". Transport Canada. December 20, 2011.
  2. ^ National Highway System Review Task Force Report (PDF) (Report). Council of Ministers Responsible for Transportation and Highway Safety. September 22, 2005. pp. 36–41. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 15, 2013. Retrieved July 21, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. ^ a b Cherry, Joel & Paquette, Michele-Jamali (February 28, 2014). "Core National Highway System in Saskatchewan to be Improved" (Press release). Government of Saskatchewan, Highways and Infrastructure.
  4. ^ St. Louis, Ron & Marcolini, Tom (November 21, 2003). "McGuinty Government Secures Partnership To Improve Northern Highways" (Press release). Government of Ontario, Ministry of Northern Development and Mines.
  5. ^ a b c Padova, Allison (February 20, 2006). Federal Participation in Highway Construction and Policy in Canada (Report). Parliamentary Information and Research Service Economics Division.
  6. ^ a b di Matteo, Livio & Simpson, Wayne (April 26, 2011). "Fix No. 1 Highway". Financial Post. Archived from the original on August 8, 2014. Retrieved July 21, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  7. ^ Cox, Wendell (November 13, 2009). "A Canadian Autobahn". New Geography.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Canada’s National Highway System Annual Report 2016 (PDF) (Report). Council of Ministers Responsible for Transportation and Highway Safety. September 2017.