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Alma (2011 Town population: 30,904; CA Population 33,018; UA Population 26,016) is a town in the Canadian province of Quebec.

Alma
Alma-3.jpg
Coat of arms of Alma
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
La ville de l'hospitalité
Location within Lac-Saint-Jean-Est RCM.
Location within Lac-Saint-Jean-Est RCM.
Alma is located in Lac-Saint-Jean, Quebec
Alma
Alma
Location in Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean Quebec.
Coordinates: 48°33′N 71°39′W / 48.550°N 71.650°W / 48.550; -71.650Coordinates: 48°33′N 71°39′W / 48.550°N 71.650°W / 48.550; -71.650[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionSaguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean
RCMLac-Saint-Jean-Est
Amalgamation1962 (of Isle-Maligne, Naudville, Riverbend and St-Joseph d'Alma.)
ConstitutedFebruary 21, 2001 (amalgamation with Delisle)
Government
 • MayorMarc Asselin
 • Federal ridingLac-Saint-Jean
 • Prov. ridingLac-Saint-Jean
Area
 • Town230.30 km2 (88.92 sq mi)
 • Land195.59 km2 (75.52 sq mi)
 • Urban41.10 km2 (15.87 sq mi)
 • Metro340.35 km2 (131.41 sq mi)
Population
(2011)[3]
 • Town30,904
 • Density158.0/km2 (409/sq mi)
 • Urban26,016
 • Urban density633.0/km2 (1,639/sq mi)
 • Metro33,018
 • Metro density97.0/km2 (251/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011
Increase 3.0%
 • Dwellings
13,884
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
G8B, G8C & G8E
Area code(s)418 and 581
Highways Route 169
Route 170
Route 172
Telephone Exchanges212, 321, 480-2, 487, 662, 668-9, 719, 720, 769
GNBC CodeEFHQD
NTS Map022D12
Websitewww.ville.alma.qc.ca

Contents

GeographyEdit

Alma is located on the southeast coast of Lac Saint-Jean where it flows into the Saguenay River, in the Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean region of Quebec, Canada, approximately 175 km north of Quebec City. Alma is the seat of Lac-Saint-Jean-Est Regional County Municipality. Alma is the second city in population in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region after the city of Saguenay.

Alma is the seat of the judicial district of Alma.[6]

HistoryEdit

The present town of Alma was formed in 1962 from the merging of four villages: Isle-Maligne, Naudville, Riverbend and St-Joseph d'Alma. The oldest of the villages, St-Joseph-d'Alma, was founded in 1867 by Damase Boulanger. The area became an important industrial centre during the 1920s and 1930s with the construction of a hydro-electrical power station on the Grande-Décharge River, a paper mill (Price) and an aluminum smelting plant (Alcan), all of which are still in activity today.

In 2002, Alma merged with the Municipality of Delisle.

DemographicsEdit

Population trend:[7]

  • Population in 2011: 30,904 (2006 to 2011 population change: 3%)
  • Population in 2006: 29,998
  • Population total in 2001: 30,126
    • Alma (ville): 25,918
    • Delisle (municipality): 4,208
  • Population in 1996:
    • Alma (ville): 26,127
    • Delisle (municipality): 4,256
  • Population in 1991:
    • Alma (ville): 25,910
    • Delisle (municipality): 4,281

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 13324 (total dwellings: 13884)

Mother tongue:[8]

  • English as first language: 0.5%
  • French as first language: 98.5%
  • English and French as first language: 0.1%
  • Other as first language: 0.9%
Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2006 Census)
Population group Population % of total population
White 29,025 97.7%
Visible minority group
Source:[9]
South Asian 0 0%
Chinese 45 0.2%
Black 40 0.1%
Filipino 0 0%
Latin American 20 0.1%
Arab 15 0.1%
Southeast Asian 60 0.2%
West Asian 0 0%
Korean 0 0%
Japanese 10 0%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 0 0%
Multiple visible minority 0 0%
Total visible minority population 200 0.7%
Aboriginal group
Source:[10]
First Nations 125 0.4%
Métis 335 1.1%
Inuit 0 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 10 0%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 0 0%
Total Aboriginal population 480 1.6%
Total population 29,705 100%

TransportationEdit

Alma is serviced by the Alma Airport, located 4.1 km to the south of the town.

Image galleryEdit

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Reference number 1013 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: Alma Archived 2012-01-15 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b "Alma census profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
  4. ^ a b "Alma (Population centre) community profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
  5. ^ a b "Alma (Census agglomeration) community profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-05-24. The census agglomeration consists of Alma and Saint-Nazaire. In the 2006 census, the census agglomeration had also included Saint-Henri-de-Taillon.
  6. ^ Territorial Division Act. Revised Statutes of Quebec D-11.
  7. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  8. ^ "Alma community profile". 2006 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2010-11-10.
  9. ^ [1], Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  10. ^ [2], Aboriginal Population Profile from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision

External linksEdit

  Media related to Alma, Quebec at Wikimedia Commons