Delta, British Columbia
Delta is a city in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia, Canada, as part of Greater Vancouver. Located on the Fraser Lowland south of Fraser River's south arm, it is bordered by the city of Richmond on the Lulu Island to the north, New Westminster to the northeast, Surrey to the east, the Boundary Bay and the American pene-exclave Point Roberts to the south, and the Strait of Georgia to the west.
|City of Delta|
Ours to preserve by hand and heart.
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Regional district||Metro Vancouver|
|• Mayor||George Harvie|
|• Governing body||Delta City Council|
|• MP||Carla Qualtrough|
|• MLAs||Ravi Kahlon (BC NDP), Ian Paton (BC Liberal)|
|• Land||183.70 km2 (70.93 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|• Total||102,238 (Ranked 51st)|
|• Density||567.4/km2 (1,470/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (PST)|
|Forward sortation area|
Prior to European settlement, Delta's flatlands and coastal shores were inhabited by the Tsawwassen First Nation of the Coast Salish. The land was first sighted by Europeans in 1791, when Spanish explorer Lieutenant Francisco de Eliza mistook the area for an island and named it "Isla de Cepeda". The first European settler in Delta was James Kennedy who pre-empted 135 acres in what later became Annieville in February 1860. Thomas and William Ladner, began farming the area named after them in 1868. Farming and fishing helped the community grow quickly over the next few decades. In 1879, the area was incorporated as a municipality, named "the Corporation of Delta", and the village of Ladner was made as its administrative centre.
Due to its geography, Delta was a relatively isolated community. The completion of the George Massey Tunnel in 1959 linking Ladner to Richmond and Vancouver along with the opening, in 1960, of the Tsawwassen Ferry Terminal and the Highway 99 being rerouted from the King George Highway in Surrey in 1962 to a new route through Delta, ended Delta's isolation and resulted in a massive 400% population growth over the next 20 years. The 1986 completion of the Alex Fraser Bridge connecting North Delta to New Westminster and Vancouver also helped Delta's growth.
Delta comprises three distinct, geographically separate communities:
- North Delta (pop: 51,623) is home to over half of Delta's population. It is a largely suburban area in north-east Delta bordered by the Burns Bog and Surrey.
- Ladner (pop: 21,112) is a 19th-century fishing village in north-west Delta that has expanded into a suburb. Fishing and farming are important industries. Ladner Trunk Road is its main street.
- Tsawwassen (pop: 20,933) is a suburban community in south-west Delta that calls itself the sunniest place in Metro Vancouver. Luxury waterfront homes line Tsawwassen's coast. Tsawwassen is also home to the busy Tsawwassen Ferry Terminal which links the mainland to Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands. Tsawwassen, together with Ladner are also known as South Delta.
According to the 2011 Canadian Census, the population of Delta is 99,863, a 3.3% increase from 2006. The population density is 554.4 people per square km. The median age is 42.8 years old, which is slightly higher than the national median age at 40.6 years old. There are 35,781 private dwellings with an occupancy rate of 97.1%. According to the 2011 National Household Survey, the median value of a dwelling in Delta is $562,181 which is significantly higher than the national average at $280,552. The median household income (after-taxes) in Delta is $71,590, quite higher than the national average at $54,089.
As of 2016, Delta's population is 102,238. About 36% of Delta's population are visible minorities, of which there are approximately 20,500 South Asians and 7,700 Chinese Canadians. There are also about 2,200 Aboriginal peoples, some from Tsawwassen First Nation, who still hold a fraction of their former traditional territories on the Tsawwassen First Nation at the mouth of the Fraser River, which are shared with the Hwlitsum First Nation from the Gulf Islands. Forming over 20% of the population, Delta hosts the fourth largest South Asian population in British Columbia after neighbouring Vancouver, Surrey and Abbotsford.
|Population group||Population (2016)||% of total population (2016)||Population (2006)||% of total population (2006)|
|Visible minority group||South Asian||20,485||20.3%||14,220||14.8%|
|Other visible minority||310||0.3%||70||0.1%|
|Mixed visible minority||810||0.8%||645||0.7%|
|Total visible minority population||36,300||36%||25,980||27%|
|Aboriginal group||First Nations||2,230||2.2%||955||1%|
|Total Aboriginal population||3,385||3.4%||1,655||1.7%|
Delta is located 27 kilometres (17 mi) south of Vancouver and 22 kilometres (14 mi) north of the Canada–US border at Peace Arch, Surrey. It is bordered by water on three sides: The Fraser River to the north, the Georgia Strait to the west and Boundary Bay to the south. At 364 square kilometres (141 sq mi), Delta is the largest municipality in the GVRD; the second largest is its neighbour to the east, Surrey, at 317.4 square kilometres (122.5 sq mi).
Delta's flat, fertile land has made it one of the most important agricultural areas in Greater Vancouver. The Agricultural Land Reserve regulations preserve most of this land for agricultural use, preventing its conversion to suburban housing. North Delta is also home to the Burns Bog, 40 square kilometres (10,000 acres) of natural wetlands that are important for wildlife.
Delta includes Annacis Island, an industrial island reached via the Alex Fraser Bridge, which connects Delta with Richmond and New Westminster. Delta also includes a peninsula on the east side of the Fraser River at Delta's northern city limits, which is only accessible via Surrey.
Delta is known for its relatively dry and sunny climate compared with other locations in Metro Vancouver. For example, it receives nearly 40% less precipitation than downtown Vancouver and less than half of that of North Vancouver. It has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb) with cooler summers and milder winters than other areas on the Canada–U.S. border, and features some of the mildest winters and lowest diurnal temperature variation in Canada.
|Climate data for Delta (Tsawwassen Beach) 1987–2010 normals & extremes|
|Record high °C (°F)||14.5
|Average high °C (°F)||7.2
|Daily mean °C (°F)||5.1
|Average low °C (°F)||2.9
|Record low °C (°F)||−9.5
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||134.6
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||124.3
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||10.4
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)||18.5||14.3||15.5||14.2||11.7||9.7||6.2||5.6||6.7||15.2||18.8||18.6||155|
|Average rainy days||17.7||13.9||15.5||14.2||11.7||9.7||6.2||5.6||6.7||15.2||18.5||17.5||152.4|
|Average snowy days||1.6||1.0||0.5||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.1||0.6||1.6||5.4|
|Source: Environment Canada|
Government and politicsEdit
Delta is governed by the Delta City Council, led by a Mayor and six Councillors, elected for four-year terms, and there is also an elected school board. The current mayor is George Harvie. Unlike most communities in Canada, but like Vancouver and Richmond, Delta has a system of locally based election slates such as TriDelta, IDEA, One Delta, Delta Residents Association, Delta Connect, DIVA, Independents Working For You, and Achieving For Delta.
In the House of Commons of Canada, Delta is part of the Delta electoral district. As of the 2015 Federal general election, Delta's seat is held by Carla Qualtrough of the Liberal Party. In the 2017 Provincial general election, the North Delta seat went to Ravi Kahlon of the British Columbia New Democratic Party while the South Delta seat went to Ian Paton of the British Columbia Liberal Party.
Delta, unlike most Lower Mainland municipalities, has its own police department.
Former Delta mayor Lois Jackson served from 1999 to 2018 and since 1973 has had a seat on Delta Council. Jackson was elected to council again in 2018.
In Delta is the Arnott Substation (ARN), the mainland terminal of the HVDC Vancouver Island circuit.
- Public transportation in Delta is provided by the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority bus system. There is no rapid transit system in Delta, though the SkyTrain system in Surrey comes within three kilometres of the city's borders.
- Delta is a major transportation hub for the Lower Mainland. Most vehicles leaving Vancouver for the United States pass through Delta's borders. Many vehicles destined for Vancouver Island use the Tsawwassen ferry terminal in Delta.
- Highway 99 links Richmond to Delta via the George Massey Tunnel, built in 1959. North Delta is linked to New Westminster and Richmond by Highway 91 and the massive Alex Fraser Bridge (opened in 1986). Delta is linked to Surrey, Langley, and all points eastward by Highway 10. Traffic congestion during rush hour is quite common, although improvements area being made to Highway 91 interchanges at 72 Ave to remove a traffic light as well the ramps from Nordel Way.
- Highway 17 in Delta provides a connection to the Tsawwassen B.C. Ferry terminal, which provides car ferry connections to Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands. In December 2013, north of the current junction with Deltaport Way, Highway 17 will be rerouted upon completion of the "South Fraser Perimeter Road", and will primarily run parallel to River Road through Tilbury and North Delta to all points east. The remaining stretch of Highway 17 north of that point will be renamed Highway 17A.
- River Road is also another connector through the municipality. River Road starts in Surrey and heads westbound through North Delta, under the Alex Fraser Bridge, north of Burns Bog, and then terminates at 62B Street, which then turns into Highway 17A.
- Like River Road, the western communities of "South Delta" (Ladner and Tsawwassen) are linked to North Delta and communities to the east by Ladner Trunk Road; east of its crossover of Highway 91, the road becomes Highway 10.
- 56th Street is another major artery in the community, bisecting the Tsawwassen region; it is the only road leading into the community of Point Roberts, south of the Canada–US border.
- Delta is also home to Boundary Bay Airport, Canada's seventh busiest airport by aircraft movements. Boundary Bay Airport is primarily used for private aircraft, commercial charters, and flying lessons.
Delta is the westernmost community served by Fraser Health Authority which operates Delta Hospital in Ladner and also funds home and community care. The Delta Hospice Society operates a facility near to the hospital.
Delta Public Schools operates Anglophone public schools in the city.
The Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britannique operates one Francophone primary school in that city: école du Bois-joli.
Sports and recreationEdit
Delta has many minor sports teams in ice hockey, soccer, football, field hockey, baseball, softball, field lacrosse and box lacrosse. Over 160 young people play ringette in Delta. The Delta Ringette Association has 13 teams in 2005. Notable professional sports players from Delta are Jeff Francis (MLB), James Paxton (MLB), Justin Morneau (MLB), Brent Seabrook (NHL), Troy Brouwer (NHL) and Mitch Berger (NFL).
Delta's unique and varying terrain provides a challenging test for many of the world's best cyclists in the Tour de Delta (one day races, for men since 2001, and for women since 2011). Since its first event in 2001, the Tour de Delta has grown to be Canada's largest cycling event, held annually in July as part of BC Superweek.
The Delta Triathlon is also a very popular event, selling out each year in April. The event takes place in Ladner from the Ladner Leisure Centre. Over 500 participants take part, including many from the local South Delta Triathlon Club.
|Delta Ice Hawks||Ice hockey||PIJHL||Ladner Leisure Centre|
|Delta Islanders||Box Lacrosse||BCJALL||Ladner Leisure Centre|
|Ladner Pioneers||Box Lacrosse||WCSLA||Ladner Leisure Centre|
- Vince Abbott, former professional American football player; kicker for the San Diego Chargers (1987–1988)
- Dylan Ainsworth, CFL player
- Mitch Berger, former professional American football player; punter for eight National Football League teams
- Adam Braidwood, professional Canadian football player; defensive end for the Edmonton Eskimos
- Troy Brouwer, former professional hockey player
- Tyler Connolly, Musician, Singer, Songwriter, Guitarist; vocalist and guitarist for the rock band, Theory of a Deadman
- John Cummins, Canadian politician; Formerly the Conservative Member of Parliament for the riding of Delta—Richmond East, Former leader of the BC Conservative Party
- Martin Cummins, Canadian actor
- Kevin Eiben, professional Canadian football player; linebacker for the Toronto Argonauts
- Jeff Francis, professional baseball player; starting pitcher for the Colorado Rockies
- Michael Lee, Canadian field hockey player
- Brandon McMillan, professional hockey player; forward for HC Neftekhimik Nizhnekamsk
- Tyson Mulock, professional hockey player; centre who has played in the Deutsche Eishockey Liga
- Gary Nylund, former professional hockey player; defenceman for the Toronto Maple Leafs, Chicago Blackhawks, and New York Islanders
- Kyle O'Reilly, professional wrestler
- Jason Priestley, Canadian actor and director
- Dave Randorf, Canadian sportscaster, currently works for Rogers Sportsnet
- Byron Ritchie, former professional hockey player
- Mark Rogers, former professional soccer player, Men's National Team Assistant Coach
- Davis Sanchez, professional Canadian football player; cornerback for the BC Lions
- Will Sasso, Canadian comedian and actor
- Brent Seabrook, professional hockey player; defenceman for the Chicago Blackhawks
- Rob Short, Canadian field hockey player
- Marie Warder, writer and founder of the Canadian Hemochromatosis Society
- Brendan Gallagher, professional hockey player; forward for the Montreal Canadiens
- Nehemiah George Massey, former MLA for Delta serving from 1956 to 1960. George Massey Tunnel is named for him.
- Nic Petan, professional hockey player; forward for the Toronto Maple Leafs
- "Order of the Lieutenant Governor in Council". Province of British Columbia. 22 September 2017. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
- "Delta". Government of Canada. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- "Census of Canada Historical Census Populations Municipalities from 1921 to 2011".
- 2011 NHS/Census Profile of Delta: http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=5915011&Data=Count&SearchText=delta&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&A1=All&B1=All&Custom=&TABID=1
- , Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada – Census Subdivision
- https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/search-recherche/results-resultats.cfm?Lang=E&TABID=1&G=1&Geo1=&Code1=&Geo2=&Code2=&SearchText=delta&SearchType=Begins&wb-srch-place=search Census Profile, 2016 Census Delta, District municipality [Census subdivision]. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
- "NHS Profile, Delta, DM, British Columbia, 2011".
- "Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000 Station Data". Environment Canada. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
- "Station Results | Canada's National Climate Archive". climate.weatheroffice.gc.ca. Environment Canada. 4 February 2013. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
- Environment Canada — Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010, accessed 2 September 2017
- "Carte des écoles Archived 17 August 2015 at the Wayback Machine." Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britannique. Retrieved on 22 January 2015.
- Johns, Fred (21 November 2010). "Kyle O'Reilly's long journey ends with ROH deal". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved 7 December 2010.
- "Corporations of Delta, Mangalore sign pact". The Hindu. 13 October 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
- "Delta looks to India for twin city". DeltaOptimist. 7 April 2010. Retrieved 17 May 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "Twinning". British Columbia Trade and Investment Representative Office. Retrieved 17 May 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "Mangalore, Delta in sisterly embrace". DNA. 13 October 2010. Retrieved 13 October 2010.
- BC Stats. (2005) British Columbia Municipal Population Estimates 1996–2005
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