Bedford, Nova Scotia
Bedford is a suburban community of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. It was an independent town from 1980 to 1996. Bedford is on the northwestern end of Bedford Basin, an extension of the Halifax Harbour, which ends just before Nova Scotia Highway 102 and the Bedford Bypass, next to Lower Sackville. Bedford is at the junctions of Trunks 1, 2, and 7.
Waterfront development in Bedford, NS at the tip of the Bedford Basin
Location of Bedford in Halifax Regional Municipality
|Municipality||Halifax Regional Municipality|
|Incorporated||July 1, 1980|
|Amalgamated||April 1, 1996|
|• Governing Body||Halifax Regional Council|
|• Community Council||North West Community Council|
|Highest elevation||107 m (351 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC-4 (AST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-3 (ADT)|
|Postal code span|
B4A to B4B
|Median Income||$100,131 CDN |
|Telephone Exchange||832, 835, 444|
The area of Bedford has evidence of indigenous peoples dating back thousands of years. Petroglyphs are found at Bedford Petroglyphs National Historic Site. The Bedford area is known as Kwipek to the Mi'kmaq First Nation.
Father Le Loutre's War began when Edward Cornwallis arrived to establish Halifax with 13 transports on June 21, 1749. By unilaterally establishing Halifax the British were violating earlier treaties with the Mi'kmaq (1726), which were signed after Father Rale's War. The British quickly began to build other settlements. To guard against Mi'kmaq, Acadian and French attacks on the new Protestant settlements, British fortifications were erected in Halifax (1749), Bedford (Fort Sackville) (1749), Dartmouth (1750), Lunenburg (1753) and Lawrencetown (1754).
The history of Bedford began when Governor Edward Cornwallis organised his men and began the construction of a road leading to Minas Basin on the Bay of Fundy after establishing the garrison at Halifax. To protect it, he hired John Gorham and his Rangers to erect a fort on the shore of Bedford Basin. It was named Fort Sackville after Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset. The area around the fort became known as Sackville until the mid-1850s, when it became Bedford.
In 1752, among the first to receive a large land grant was military officer George Scott in the Fort Sackville area. Scott later participated in the Expulsion of the Acadians, specifically the St. John River Campaign (1758). His brother, Joseph, was paymaster at the Halifax Garrison in the 1760s, received two grants in 1759 and 1765. And built Scott Manor House in 1770.
Anthony Holland established the Acadian Paper Mill on the Basin around 1819 to provide paper to produce the Halifax newspaper Acadian Recorder.
When the railway went through the station named Millview, the Moirs, Son and Co. moved a part of the Moirs Mill factory to Bedford. The Moirs Mill generating station built in the early 1930s to supply the necessary electricity required to run the factory.
The village adopted the name Bedford around 1850. The name is in honour of John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, Secretary of State for the colonies in 1749. In 1896, the name became official by an Act of Legislation.
Bedford was incorporated as a town on July 1, 1980.[contradictory] On April 1, 1996, Bedford was amalgamated with Halifax, Dartmouth, and Halifax County Municipality to form the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM) for the municipal level of government. The place name still exists, however, for 911, mail, legal, and other services.
The March 23, 1997 issue of Maclean's magazine rated Bedford as being the "Best Community to Live in Canada."
- Median household income in 2000 was $64,963.
- Unemployment rate in 2001 was 6.7.
- Average house value in 2001 was $179,881.
Sports and recreationEdit
There is a popular walkway along much of the Bedford Basin waterfront that begins at DeWolf park, and continues as the Bedford-Sackville Connector Greenway, a crushed gravel covered trail that meanders along the Sackville River. There is an outdoor 25m pool and smaller splash pool located at the Lions Park on Shore Drive. In the summer there are numerous lakes suitable for swimming. The topography of the area limits the possible locations for soccer and football fields. However, there are fields at Basinview Drive Community School, Sunnyside Elementary (Eaglewood location), Rocky Lake Junior High, Charles P. Allen High School, Bedford South School, and Range Park. The community is currently home to six ice surfaces, at the Lebrun Centre, the Gary Martin Dome and the BMO Centre. Bedford is a well-established sailing community, and is home to the Bedford Basin Yacht Club and Marina.
Bedford Days has occurred annually at the end of June and beginning of July for over 30 years. Currently, most events take place at DeWolf Park. There is an Opening Celebration, Rubber Duck Dash, Free pancake breakfast, Dog show, Scott Manor House Tea Party, Kids' Extravaganza, Kids' Triathlon, Movies in the Park, and a Canada Day Celebration.
The Light Up Bedford Parade is an annual parade that runs along the Bedford Highway from Bedford Place Mall and ends at DeWolf Park. At the park there is a hot chocolate stand, Christmas carol singing, contests, and prizes. At the conclusion of the parade, a Christmas Tree is lit. In addition to bringing the community together to celebrate the beginning of the Christmas season, the parade serves as a fundraiser for the Turkey Club Society, which raises funds to ensure all residents of HRM are able to provide a Christmas dinner for their families. The parade takes place on the Sunday following the Light Up Halifax Parade, which is usually mid-November.
Depending on where they live, students may attend the following schools in the Bedford area:
- Fort Sackville Elementary - Grades Primary and grade one, entirely French immersion Since 2015 but began in 2001
- Waverley Road Elementary - Grades Primary to 3 (closed in 2012)
- Basinview Drive Elementary School - Grades Primary to 5
- Bedford South School - Grades Primary to 6
- Eaglewood Drive Elementary - Primary to grade 6, but offers early French immersion in grade two
- Rocky Lake Junior High School  - Grades 6 to 9
- Charles P. Allen High School - Grade 10 to Grade 12
- École Beaubassin - Grades Primary to 6, entirely Francophone
- École Sommet - Grade 7 to grade 12, entirely Francophone
- FLEC's (Flexible Learning Education Centres) - Grades 10 to 12, "A Different High School Option" (closed in 2013)
- BFEC (Bedford and Forsyth Education Centers) - Grades 10 to 12, Ages 16 and up, the replacement for FLEC's
Bedford area also has two private schools :
- Bedford Academy - Grades Primary to 9
- Sandy Lake Seventh Day Adventist Academy - Grades Primary to 12
Bedford is served by Halifax's transit authority, Halifax Transit. Routes 66, 80, 81, 82, 86, 89, and 90 directly serve Bedford while many more routes serve the nearby Cobequid terminal in Lower Sackville.
There is a fast ferry service planned for the Mill Cove area that would connect to the Ferry Terminal in Downtown Halifax. However, this proposed service is controversial due to disputes over projected costs and ridership levels.
Bedford is well serviced by taxis, buses, roads, highways, and sidewalks/walking paths.
- Francene Cosman - First Mayor of Bedford, former MLA and cabinet minister, former President of the NS Status of Women.
- Brendan Croskerry - Musician.
- Harry DeWolf - first captain of HMCS Haida (G63).
- Ante Jazic - Soccer player for MLS team Chivas USA.
- Shawn MacKenzie - Professional hockey player.
- Geoff Regan - Member of Parliament for Halifax West, which includes Bedford and the 36th Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons.
- Kelly Regan - Member of the Nova Scotia House of Assembly for Bedford-Birch Cove, which includes Bedford.
- Laura Regan - Canadian movie star and multiple televised guest star
- Nancy Regan - television host and self-employed
- "Nova Scotia Community Counts". Province of Nova Scotia. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
- "Nova Scotia Community Counts web page - data modeled from Statistics Canada, National Household Survey, 2011".
- "Bedford Petroglyphs National Historic Site of Canada". HistoricPlaces.ca. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
- "Welcome to Mi'kma'ki". thecoast.ca. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
- Grenier, John. The Far Reaches of Empire. War in Nova Scotia, 1710-1760. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 2008; Thomas Beamish Akins. History of Halifax, Brookhouse Press. 1895. (2002 edition). p 7
- Wicken (2002), p. 181; Griffiths (2005), p. 390; "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-14. Retrieved 2014-02-05.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Cutherbertson and Architects, p. 48
-  Archived 2013-10-05 at the Wayback Machine, Censuses 1981-2001
- , Census 2006
- Bedford Days web site
- Grenier, John. The Far Reaches of Empire. War in Nova Scotia, 1710-1760. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 2008.
- Griffiths, N.E.S. (2005). From Migrant to Acadian: A North American Border People, 1604-1755. McGill-Queen's University Press. ISBN 978-0-7735-2699-0.
- Murdoch, Beamish (1866). A History of Nova-Scotia, Or Acadie. Vol. II. Halifax: J. Barnes.
- Wicken, William C. (2002). Mi'kmaq Treaties on Trial: History, Land and Donald Marshall Junior. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-0-8020-7665-6.