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Alberta Provincial Highway No. 1, commonly referred to as Highway 1, is a major east-west highway in Southern Alberta that forms a portion of the Trans-Canada Highway. It runs from the British Columbia border near Lake Louise through Calgary to the Saskatchewan border east of Medicine Hat. It spans approximately 534 km (332 mi) from Alberta's border with British Columbia in the west to its border with Saskatchewan in the east.[3] The route is a divided expressway throughout the province with the exception of a section in central Calgary where it is an arterial thoroughfare. Twinning of the final 8.5 km (5.3 mi) of Highway 1 between Lake Louise and the British Columbia border was completed by Parks Canada and opened to traffic on June 12, 2014.[3]

Highway 1 shield

Highway 1
Trans-Canada Highway
Alberta Highway 1 Map.png
Highway 1 highlighted in red
Route information
Length533.8 km[2] (331.7 mi)
Major junctions
West end Hwy 1 (TCH) at BC border
East end Hwy 1 (TCH) at SK border
and rural
I.D. No. 9, Bighorn No. 8 M.D., Kananaskis I.D., Rocky View County, Wheatland County, Newell County, Cypress County
Major citiesCalgary, Brooks, Chestermere, Medicine Hat
TownsBanff, Canmore, Strathmore, Bassano, Redcliff
Highway system
Provincial highways in Alberta
Hwy 986Hwy 1A


Route descriptionEdit

Westbound to the Rocky Mountains
Eastbound near Canmore

Highway 1 is designated as a core route in Canada's National Highway System.[4]

Southwestern AlbertaEdit

British Columbia Highway 1 becomes Alberta Highway 1 as it crosses Kicking Horse Pass into Alberta.[3] It generally travels in a southeast direction along the Bow River through Banff National Park (Improvement District No. 9), passing by the Hamlet of Lake Louise and the Town of Banff.[5] The segment of Highway 1 through the national park is maintained by the Government of Canada.[6]

Upon exiting Banff National Park, Highway 1 is maintained by Alberta Transportation for 91 km (57 mi) until it reaches Calgary.[5][7] This segment of the highway generally travels in an east direction through the rural municipalities of the Municipal District of Bighorn No. 8 and Rocky View County.[8] It also briefly crosses a portion of Kananaskis Improvement District.[8] For urban communities, this segment passes by the Hamlet of Harvie Heights, through the Town of Canmore, and by the hamlets of Dead Man's Flats and Lac des Arcs.[5] Highway 1A, the original Highway 1 from Canmore to Calgary, is an alternate route to this segment of Highway 1, providing access to the Hamlet of Exshaw, the Summer Village of Ghost Lake, and the Town of Cochrane.[5]


In Calgary, Highway 1 is 16 Avenue N and maintained by the City of Calgary. Certain stretches of 16 Avenue N function as either a freeway or an expressway, while other stretches function as an urban arterial road, particularly between Bow River and Bowness Road and between Crowchild Trail and Deerfoot Trail where there are numerous at-grade intersections.[3] As a result, speed limits on 16 Avenue N drop as low as 50 km/h (31 mph). The recently completed northwest and northeast legs of Stoney Trail (Highway 201) provide an alternate higher speed route across the city. The length of Highway 1 within Calgary is 27 km (17 mi).

Calgary to Saskatchewan borderEdit

Upon exiting Calgary, Highway 1 is maintained by Alberta Transportation for 273 km (170 mi) until it reaches the City of Medicine Hat.[5][7] This segment of the highway generally travels in a southeast direction through the rural municipalities of Rocky View County, Wheatland County, the County of Newell, and Cypress County.[8] For urban communities, this segment passes through the City of Chestermere and the Town of Strathmore, by the Town of Bassano, the City of Brooks, and the Hamlet of Suffield, and through the Town of Redcliff.[5] Chestermere Boulevard (formerly Highway 1A), the original Highway 1 from Calgary to Chestermere, is an alternate route to initial portion of this segment of Highway 1.[5]

Within the City of Medicine Hat, Highway 1 is named Trans Canada Highway and maintained by Alberta Transportation.[7] Stretches of the highway function as a freeway, while stretches between the South Saskatchewan River and Seven Persons Creek function as an urban arterial road. One at-grade intersection exists beyond 13 Avenue SE at Dunmore Road/South Boundary Road before exiting the city. The length of Highway 1 within Medicine Hat is 13 km (8.1 mi).[5] East of Medicine Hat, Highway 1 is maintained by Alberta Transportation for 48 km (30 mi) until it enters the Province of Saskatchewan,[5][7] continuing as Saskatchewan Highway 1.[3] This segment of the highway generally travels in an east direction through Cypress County.[8] For urban communities, this segment passes through the Hamlet of Dunmore and by the hamlets of Irvine and Walsh.[5]


A review of historical Alberta Official Road Maps shows that Highway 1 was numbered Highway 2 prior to 1941 (while Highway 2 as it is known today was numbered Highway 1 prior to 1941).[1]

Exit numbering along Highway 1 began in 2005.[9][10] As of March 2010, only the stretch of Highway 1 between Banff National Park and Calgary had been assigned exit numbers.[5]

Between 1964 and 1972 A completely new route from Calgray to Canmore was built. The route includes new overpasses,bridges,The Canmore Bypass,and 4 lane divided highway. In 1976 parks canada began twinning Highway 1 through Banff National Park. The majoriy of the work was done between 1982 and 1991. Between 1973 and 1980 the highway was twinned from Calgray to Saskatchewan Border


Parks Canada completed twinning the final 8.5 km (5.3 mi) of Highway 1 between Lake Louise and the British Columbia border in 2014, with the new alignment opened to traffic on June 12 of that year.[11]

Planning is underway to realign Highway 1 around the Town of Strathmore.[12] Strathmore is the only low-speed signalized section of the highway between Calgary and Saskatchewan without a bypass plan.[13] The route under consideration for the realignment begins northwest of Gleichen, continuing west to run south of Eagle Lake and then continuing northwest where it will rejoin the existing alignment near Cheadle, between Highway 24 and Strathmore. The proposed plan also contemplates a link to the Highway 22X corridor.[13]

Construction of an interchange at Dunmore Road / South Boundary Road in Medicine Hat started in the fall of 2012, with completion by the spring of 2014.[14]

Major intersectionsEdit

Rural/specialized municipalityLocationkm[2]miExit[5]DestinationsNotes
I.D. No. 9
(Banff National Park)
0.00.0  Hwy 1 (TCH) west – Yoho N.P., Field, Golden, KamloopsContinental Divide; continuation into British Columbia
Kicking Horse Pass – 1,627 m (5,338 ft)
5.93.7Crosses the Bow River
6.74.2(7)  Hwy 93 north (Icefields Parkway) – Jasper, Rocky Mountain HouseInterchange;
west end of Hwy 93 concurrency
Lake Louise9.35.8(10)  Hwy 1A east (Bow Valley Parkway) / Lake Louise Drive westInterchange
12.37.6Crosses the Bow River
34.721.6(35)  Hwy 93 south – Kootenay N.P., Radium Hot Springs
  To Hwy 1A (Bow Valley Parkway) – Castle Mountain
east end of Hwy 93 concurrency
56.735.2(56)Sunshine Road – Sunshine VillageInterchange
58.736.5Crosses the Bow River
58.836.5(59)  Hwy 1A west (Bow Valley Parkway)Interchange;
seasonal travel restrictions[15]
Banff64.540.1(65)Mount Norquay RoadInterchange
66.541.3(67)Industrial area (Compound Road)Eastbound right-in/right-out
68.642.6(69)Banff AvenueInterchange
81.450.6East gate of Banff National Park
M.D. of Bighorn No. 8Harvie Heights82.651.383Harvie Heights RoadInterchange; no eastbound entrance
Canmore85.353.086Bow Valley Trail – Harvie HeightsInterchange; former Hwy 1A
85.853.3(87)Mountain AvenueEastbound exit and entrance
88.254.889Town Centre (Palliser Trail, Benchlands Trail)Interchange
90.156.091  Bow Valley Trail (Hwy 1A east) – Exshaw, CochraneInterchange
91.556.9Crosses the Bow River
92.657.593  Three Sisters Parkway (Hwy 742 south)Interchange
97.260.498Dead Man's FlatsInterchange
104.564.9105Lac Des ArcsInterchange
Kananaskis I.D.Bow Valley
Provincial Park
113.270.3114  Hwy 1X north / Ranch Road – Seebe, ExshawInterchange
Stoney Nos. 142, 143, and 144
(Stoney-Nakoda First Nation)
117.372.9118  Hwy 40 south (Kananaskis Trail) – Kananaskis Country, Kananaskis VillageInterchange
123.876.9124unnamed roadInterchange
Morley130.781.2131Morley RoadInterchange
136.284.6137Bear Hill RoadInterchange
M.D. of Bighorn No. 8140.187.1Scott Lake Hill – 1,410 m (4,630 ft)
Rocky View County142.688.6143  Hwy 68 south (Sibbald Creek Trail)Interchange
155.096.3156Jumping Pound RoadInterchange
159.899.3161  Hwy 22 (Cowboy Trail) – Cochrane, Redwood Meadows, Bragg CreekInterchange
Springbank168.0104.4169Range Road 33 – Calaway ParkInterchange
171.2106.4172  Old Banff Coach Road (Hwy 563 east)Interchange
City of Calgary175.0108.7(176)Valley Ridge Boulevard / Crestmont BoulevardInterchange
176.2109.5177  Stoney Trail (Hwy 201 north) – Edmonton, Medicine HatInterchange; Hwy 201 exit 36
177.8110.5(179)Canada Olympic Drive / Bowfort Road – Canada Olympic ParkInterchange
179.3111.4(180)  Sarcee Trail to Hwy 2 southInterchange
Freeway ends
180.2112.0Crosses the Bow River
182.6113.5Shaganappi Trail / Memorial Drive / Bowness RoadInterchange
183.1113.8  West Campus Boulevard – Alberta Children's HospitalInterchange
184.1114.4  29 Street NW / Uxbridge Drive – Foothills Medical Centre
184.6114.7University Drive to Crowchild Trail south – McMahon Stadium, University of CalgaryInterchange
185.3115.1  Banff Trail to Crowchild Trail north (Hwy 1A west)
186.5115.914 Street NW – City CentreFormer Hwy 1A
187.2116.310 Street NW
188.8117.3Centre Street N – City Centre
189.2117.6Edmonton Trail
191.2118.8   Deerfoot Trail (Hwy 2) – Airport, Red Deer, Fort MacleodHwy 2 exit 258
192.2119.419 Street NEInterchange proposed
(no construction timeline)[16]
193.0119.9Barlow TrailInterchange; former Hwy 2A
194.4120.836 Street NEInterchange
196.0121.852 Street NEInterchange
197.7122.868 Street NE
198.7123.5  Stoney Trail (Hwy 201) – Edmonton, Banff, LethbridgeInterchange; Hwy 201 exit 78
Rocky View County202.0125.5Garden Road (100 Street NE)Traffic signals
City of Chestermere208.4129.5Chestermere BoulevardInterchange; former Hwy 1A
Rocky View County212.3131.9  Hwy 791 (Range Road 280) – Indus
218.8136.0  Hwy 9 north – Drumheller, Saskatoon
  Hwy 797 south – Langdon
Wheatland County228.6142.0  Hwy 24 south – Cheadle, Lethbridge
Strathmore238.3148.1  Wheatland Trail (Hwy 817) – Carseland
239.9149.1George Freeman Trail
248.1154.2  Hwy 21 north – Rockyford, Three Hills, Drumheller
260.5161.9  Hwy 561 east – Standard, Hussar, Rosebud
Gleichen277.9172.7  Hwy 547 south – Siksika Nation, Arrowwood
282.3175.4  Hwy 901 west – Siksika Nation
292.1181.5  Hwy 842 – Chancellor, Cluny, Milo
308.1191.4   Hwy 56 north / Range Road 201 – Hussar, Drumheller, Crowfoot Ferry
Newell CountyBassano325.1202.011th StreetEastbound exit only
326.4202.86th AvenueFormer Hwy 847
330.1205.1  Hwy 550 east / Township Road 212 west – Rosemary, Bassano
364.2226.3  Hwy 36 (Veterans Memorial Highway) – Hanna, Vauxhall, Taber
Brooks372.6231.5  2nd Street W (Hwy 873) – DuchessInterchange
375.8233.5  Cassils Road (Hwy 542 west)Interchange
385.0239.2  Hwy 875 south – Rolling Hills
393.4244.4  Hwy 876 – Tilley, Patricia
Cypress CountySuffield438.6272.5  Hwy 884 north – CFB Suffield, Ralston, Jenner
465.2289.1  Hwy 524 west – Hays, Rolling Hills
Redcliff471.0292.7Mitchell Street
471.9293.2Broadway Avenue
City of Medicine Hat472.9293.8Boundary Road
475.2295.3Box Springs RoadInterchange
476.5296.13 Street NWInterchange
477.1296.5Crosses the South Saskatchewan River
477.7296.81 Street SWAt-grade; uncontrolled
Proposed interchange[17][18]
478.6297.46 Street SW / 7 Street SWTraffic signals
Proposed intersection closure[17][18]
479.1297.7   Gershaw Drive (Crowsnest Highway) (Hwy 3 west / Hwy 41A east) – LethbridgeInterchange
479.7298.116 Street SWTraffic signals
Proposed intersection closure[17][18]
481.5299.2College Avenue / South Ridge DriveInterchange
483.0300.113 Avenue SEInterchange
484.5301.1Dunmore Road / South Boundary RoadInterchange
Cypress CountyDunmore491.4305.3Eagle Butte Road
493.0306.3  Hwy 41 north (Buffalo Trail) / Township Road 120 – OyenWest end of Hwy 41 concurrency.
509.0316.3  Hwy 41 south (Buffalo Trail) – Cypress Hills P.P., Elkwater, HavreEast end of Hwy 41 concurrency.
533.8331.7  Hwy 1 (TCH) east – Swift Current, Moose Jaw, ReginaContinuation into Saskatchewan
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Department of Public Works (1939). "Highway Map of Province of Alberta Canada" (PDF). Retrieved April 14, 2010.
  2. ^ a b Google (October 18, 2017). "Highway 1 in Alberta" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e Alberta Official Road Map (Map) (2011 ed.). Alberta Tourism, Parks and Recreation. § L–3, L-4, L–5, L–6, M–6, M–7, M–8, and N–8.
  4. ^ "National Highway System". Transport Canada. December 13, 2009. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved February 12, 2011.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Provincial Highway 1-216 Progress Chart" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. March 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 10, 2016. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  6. ^ "The Trans-Canada Highway". Transport Canada. December 13, 2009. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved February 20, 2011.
  7. ^ a b c d "August 2009 Contract Maintenance of Provincial Highways" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. May 28, 2009. Retrieved February 20, 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d "Alberta Provincial Highway Projects". Alberta Transportation. Retrieved February 20, 2011.
  9. ^ "Exit Numbering – Recommended Practices" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. November 2004. Retrieved February 12, 2011.
  10. ^ "TSB Newsletter – Volume 4, Issue 1" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. March 2005. Retrieved February 12, 2011.
  11. ^ Schmidt, Colleen (June 13, 2014). "Crews complete twinning of Trans-Canada through Banff National Park". CTV News. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
  12. ^ "Highway 1 Alignment and Area Network East of Calgary, Highway 842 to Highway 797, Planning Study". Alberta Transportation. Archived from the original on December 4, 2010. Retrieved April 14, 2010.
  13. ^ a b "Open House #1 – Highway 1 Alignment and Area Network, Highway 842 to Highway 797 Planning Study" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. Retrieved April 14, 2010.[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ "Dunmore Road interchange drives forward in Medicine Hat". Government of Alberta. February 29, 2012. Archived from the original on January 15, 2013. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  15. ^ "Bow Valley Parkway Seasonal Travel Restriction - Banff National Park". Parks Canada. Government of Canada. April 1, 2017. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
  16. ^ "16 Avenue N.E. Functional Planning Study – Deerfoot Trail to Barlow Trail". Transportation Planning. City of Calgary. April 2, 2013. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
  17. ^ a b c "Highways 1 & 3 Existing Route Improvements: Highway 1 – 1 Street to 16 Street (Option 1 Revised)" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. Stantec. April 2009. Retrieved August 10, 2016.
  18. ^ a b c "Highways 1 & 3 Existing Route Improvements: Highway 1 – 1 Street to 16 Street (Option 2)" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. Stantec. April 2009. Retrieved August 10, 2016.

External linksEdit

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata
Preceded by
BC Highway 1
Trans-Canada Highway
Highway 1
Succeeded by
SK Highway 1