Alberta Highway 1
Alberta Provincial Highway No. 1, commonly referred to as Highway 1, is a major east-west highway in Southern Alberta that forms the southern mainline of the Trans-Canada Highway. It runs from the British Columbia border near Lake Louise through Calgary to the Saskatchewan border east of Medicine Hat. It continues as Highway 1 into both provinces. It spans approximately 534 km (332 mi) from Alberta's border with British Columbia in the west to its border with Saskatchewan in the east. The route is a divided expressway throughout the province with the exception of a section in central Calgary where it is an arterial thoroughfare. Twinning of the final 8.5 km (5.3 mi) of Highway 1 between Lake Louise and the British Columbia border was completed by Parks Canada and opened to traffic on June 12, 2014.
Highway 1 highlighted in red
|Length||533.8 km (331.7 mi)|
|West end||Hwy 1 (TCH) at BC border|
|East end||Hwy 1 (TCH) at SK border|
|I.D. No. 9, Bighorn No. 8 M.D., Kananaskis I.D., Rocky View County, Wheatland County, Newell County, Cypress County|
|Major cities||Calgary, Brooks, Chestermere, Medicine Hat|
|Towns||Banff, Canmore, Strathmore, Bassano, Redcliff|
|Provincial highways in Alberta
British Columbia border to CalgaryEdit
British Columbia Highway 1 becomes Alberta Highway 1 as it crosses Kicking Horse Pass into Alberta. It generally travels in a southeast direction along the Bow River through Banff National Park (Improvement District No. 9), passing by the Hamlet of Lake Louise and the Town of Banff. The segment of Highway 1 through the national park is maintained by the Government of Canada.
Upon exiting Banff National Park, Highway 1 is maintained by Alberta Transportation for 91 km (57 mi) until it reaches Calgary. This segment of the highway generally travels in an east direction through the rural municipalities of the Municipal District of Bighorn No. 8 and Rocky View County. It also briefly crosses a portion of Kananaskis Improvement District. For urban communities, this segment passes by the Hamlet of Harvie Heights, through the Town of Canmore, and by the hamlets of Dead Man's Flats and Lac des Arcs. Highway 1A, the original Highway 1 from Canmore to Calgary, is an alternate route to this segment of Highway 1, providing access to the Hamlet of Exshaw, the Summer Village of Ghost Lake, and the Town of Cochrane.
In Calgary, Highway 1 is 16 Avenue N and maintained by the City of Calgary. Certain stretches of 16 Avenue N function as either a freeway or an expressway, while other stretches function as an urban arterial road, particularly between Bow River and Bowness Road and between Crowchild Trail and Deerfoot Trail where there are numerous at-grade intersections. As a result, speed limits on 16 Avenue N drop as low as 50 km/h (30 mph). The recently completed northwest and northeast legs of Stoney Trail (Highway 201) provide an alternate higher speed route across the city. The length of Highway 1 within Calgary is 27 km (17 mi).
Calgary to Saskatchewan borderEdit
Upon exiting Calgary, Highway 1 is maintained by Alberta Transportation for 273 km (170 mi) until it reaches the City of Medicine Hat. This segment of the highway generally travels in a southeast direction through the rural municipalities of Rocky View County, Wheatland County, the County of Newell, and Cypress County. For urban communities, this segment passes through the City of Chestermere and the Town of Strathmore, by the Town of Bassano, the City of Brooks, and the Hamlet of Suffield, and through the Town of Redcliff. Chestermere Boulevard (formerly Highway 1A), the original Highway 1 from Calgary to Chestermere, is an alternate route to initial portion of this segment of Highway 1.
Within Medicine Hat, Highway 1 is a controlled access highway with maintained by Alberta Transportation. The majority of the highway is a freeway; however, a section between the South Saskatchewan River and Seven Persons Creek still has a few at-grade intersections. The length of Highway 1 within Medicine Hat is 13 km (8 mi). East of Medicine Hat, Highway 1 is maintained by Alberta Transportation for 48 km (30 mi) until it enters the Province of Saskatchewan, continuing as Saskatchewan Highway 1. This segment of the highway generally travels in an east direction through Cypress County. For urban communities, this segment passes through the Hamlet of Dunmore and by the hamlets of Irvine and Walsh.
Between 1964 and 1972, a completely new route from Calgary to Canmore was built. The route included new overpasses, bridges, the Canmore Bypass,and 4 lane divided highway. In 1976, Parks Canada began twinning Highway 1 through Banff National Park, with the highway twinned to Banff by 1985 and to Castle Junction by 1997. Twinning of the 33.5 km (20.8 mi) section between Castle Junction and the British Columbia border was completed in 2014, with the final 8.5 km (5.3 mi) of Highway 1 between Lake Louise and the British Columbia border opening to traffic on June 12 of that year. Between 1973 and 1990 the highway was twinned from Calgary to the Saskatchewan Border.
Alberta Transportation has long term, conceptual plans for Highway 1 to have a phased upgrade to a freeway standard within its area of jurisdiction (outside Banff National Park and Calgary city limits). Currently, areas that have been studied are a proposed interchange located between Garden Road and Conrich Road, Rainbow Road near Chestermere, and Highway 36 near Brooks. There is not timeline for construction of these interchanges.
Alberta Transportation has plans for a bypass around the Town of Strathmore. Initial proposals included a realignment northwest of Gleichen, continuing west to run south of Eagle Lake and then continuing northwest where it will rejoined the existing alignment near Cheadle, between Highway 24 and Strathmore, as well as a link to the Highway 22X corridor. The final proposal is a more scaled back realignment around Strathmore to the south, bypassing approximately 8 kilometres (5 mi) of existing Highway 1, and the right-of-way is currently designated as Highway 1X. There is no timeline for construction.
The Trans-Canada Highway has a few remaining signalized intersections within Medicine Hat, Alberta Transportation is studying both a long-term realignment of Highway 1, as well as possible upgrades to the existing alignment. The realignment would bypass Redcliffe, Medicine Hat, and Dunmore to the south, bypassing approximately 33 kilometres (21 mi) of existing Highway 1, and the right-of-way is also currently designated as Highway 1X. Possible upgrades to the existing alignment include a new interchange at 1 Street SW and intersection closures at 6 Street SW and 16 Street SW. There is no timeline for the bypass construction or any upgrades to the existing alignment.
|I.D. No. 9|
(Banff National Park)
|||0.0||0.0||Hwy 1 (TCH) west – Yoho N.P., Field, Golden, Kamloops||Continental Divide; continuation into British Columbia|
|Kicking Horse Pass – 1,627 m (5,338 ft)|
|5.9||3.7||Crosses the Bow River|
|6.7||4.2||(7)||Hwy 93 north (Icefields Parkway) – Jasper, Rocky Mountain House||Interchange;|
west end of Hwy 93 concurrency
|Lake Louise||9.3||5.8||(10)||Hwy 1A east (Bow Valley Parkway) / Lake Louise Drive west||Interchange|
|||12.3||7.6||Crosses the Bow River|
|34.7||21.6||(35)|| Hwy 93 south – Kootenay N.P., Radium Hot Springs|
To Hwy 1A (Bow Valley Parkway) – Castle Mountain
east end of Hwy 93 concurrency
|56.7||35.2||(56)||Sunshine Road – Sunshine Village||Interchange|
|58.7||36.5||Crosses the Bow River|
|58.8||36.5||(59)||Hwy 1A west (Bow Valley Parkway)||Interchange;|
seasonal travel restrictions
|Banff||64.5||40.1||(65)||Mount Norquay Road||Interchange|
|66.5||41.3||(67)||Industrial area (Compound Road)||Eastbound right-in/right-out|
|||81.4||50.6||East gate of Banff National Park|
|M.D. of Bighorn No. 8||Harvie Heights||82.6||51.3||83||Harvie Heights Road||Interchange; no eastbound entrance|
|Canmore||85.3||53.0||86||Bow Valley Trail – Harvie Heights||Interchange; former Hwy 1A|
|85.8||53.3||(87)||Mountain Avenue||Eastbound exit and entrance|
|88.2||54.8||89||Town Centre (Palliser Trail, Benchlands Trail)||Interchange|
|90.1||56.0||91||Bow Valley Trail (Hwy 1A east) – Exshaw, Cochrane||Interchange|
|91.5||56.9||Crosses the Bow River|
|92.6||57.5||93||Three Sisters Parkway (Hwy 742 south)||Interchange|
|||97.2||60.4||98||Dead Man's Flats||Interchange|
|104.5||64.9||105||Lac Des Arcs||Interchange|
|Kananaskis I.D.||Bow Valley|
|113.2||70.3||114||Hwy 1X north / Ranch Road – Seebe, Exshaw||Interchange|
|Stoney Nos. 142, 143, and 144|
(Stoney-Nakoda First Nation)
|||117.3||72.9||118||Hwy 40 south (Kananaskis Trail) – Kananaskis Country, Kananaskis Village||Interchange|
|||136.2||84.6||137||Bear Hill Road||Interchange|
|M.D. of Bighorn No. 8||||140.1||87.1||Scott Lake Hill – 1,410 m (4,630 ft)|
|Rocky View County||||142.6||88.6||143||Hwy 68 south (Sibbald Creek Trail)||Interchange|
|155.0||96.3||156||Jumping Pound Road||Interchange|
|159.8||99.3||161||Hwy 22 (Cowboy Trail) – Cochrane, Redwood Meadows, Bragg Creek||Interchange|
|Springbank||168.0||104.4||169||Range Road 33 – Calaway Park||Interchange|
|||171.2||106.4||172||Old Banff Coach Road (Hwy 563 east)||Interchange|
|City of Calgary||175.0||108.7||(176)||Valley Ridge Boulevard / Crestmont Boulevard||Interchange|
|176.2||109.5||177||Stoney Trail (Hwy 201 north) – Edmonton, Medicine Hat||Interchange; Hwy 201 exit 36|
|177.8||110.5||(179)||Canada Olympic Drive / Bowfort Road – Canada Olympic Park||Interchange|
|179.3||111.4||(180)||Sarcee Trail to Hwy 2 south||Interchange|
|180.2||112.0||Crosses the Bow River|
|182.6||113.5||Shaganappi Trail / Memorial Drive / Bowness Road||Interchange|
|183.1||113.8||West Campus Boulevard – Alberta Children's Hospital||Interchange|
|184.1||114.4||29 Street NW / Uxbridge Drive – Foothills Medical Centre|
|184.6||114.7||University Drive to Crowchild Trail south – McMahon Stadium, University of Calgary||Interchange|
|185.3||115.1||Banff Trail to Crowchild Trail north (Hwy 1A west)|
|186.5||115.9||14 Street NW – City Centre||Former Hwy 1A east|
|187.2||116.3||10 Street NW|
|188.8||117.3||Centre Street N – City Centre|
|191.2||118.8||Deerfoot Trail (Hwy 2) – Airport, Red Deer, Fort Macleod||Hwy 2 exit 258|
|192.2||119.4||19 Street NE||Interchange proposed|
(no construction timeline)
|193.0||119.9||—||Barlow Trail||Interchange; former Hwy 2A|
|194.4||120.8||—||36 Street NE||Interchange|
|196.0||121.8||—||52 Street NE||Interchange|
|197.7||122.8||68 Street NE|
|198.7||123.5||—||Stoney Trail (Hwy 201) – Edmonton, Banff, Lethbridge||Interchange; Hwy 201 exit 78|
|Rocky View County||||202.0||125.5||Garden Road (100 Street NE)||Traffic signals|
|City of Chestermere||208.4||129.5||—||Chestermere Boulevard||Interchange; former Hwy 1A|
|Rocky View County||||212.3||131.9||Hwy 791 (Range Road 280) – Indus|
|218.8||136.0||—|| Hwy 9 north – Drumheller, Saskatoon|
Hwy 797 south – Langdon
|Wheatland County||||228.6||142.0||Hwy 24 south – Cheadle, Lethbridge|
|Strathmore||238.3||148.1||Wheatland Trail (Hwy 817) – Carseland|
|239.9||149.1||George Freeman Trail|
|||248.1||154.2||Hwy 21 north – Rockyford, Three Hills, Drumheller|
|260.5||161.9||Hwy 561 east – Standard, Hussar, Rosebud|
|Gleichen||277.9||172.7||Hwy 547 south – Siksika Nation, Arrowwood|
|282.3||175.4||Hwy 901 west – Siksika Nation|
|||292.1||181.5||Hwy 842 – Chancellor, Cluny, Milo|
|308.1||191.4||Hwy 56 north – Hussar, Drumheller, Crowfoot Ferry|
|Newell County||Bassano||325.1||202.0||11th Street||Eastbound exit only|
|326.4||202.8||6th Avenue||Former Hwy 847|
|||330.1||205.1||Hwy 550 east – Rosemary, Bassano|
|364.2||226.3||Hwy 36 (Veterans Memorial Highway) – Hanna, Vauxhall, Taber|
|Brooks||372.6||231.5||—||2nd Street W (Hwy 873) – Duchess||Interchange|
|375.8||233.5||—||Cassils Road (Hwy 542 west)||Interchange|
|||385.0||239.2||Hwy 875 south – Rolling Hills|
|393.4||244.4||Hwy 876 – Tilley, Patricia|
|Cypress County||Suffield||438.6||272.5||Hwy 884 north – CFB Suffield, Ralston, Jenner|
|||465.2||289.1||Hwy 524 west – Hays, Rolling Hills|
|City of Medicine Hat||472.9||293.8||Boundary Road|
|475.2||295.3||—||Box Springs Road||Interchange|
|476.5||296.1||3 Street NW||Interchange|
|477.1||296.5||Crosses the South Saskatchewan River|
|477.7||296.8||1 Street SW||At-grade; uncontrolled|
|478.6||297.4||6 Street SW / 7 Street SW||Traffic signals|
Proposed intersection closure
|479.1||297.7||—||Gershaw Drive (Crowsnest Highway) (Hwy 3 west / Hwy 41A east) – Lethbridge||Interchange|
|479.7||298.1||16 Street SW||Traffic signals|
Proposed intersection closure
|481.5||299.2||—||College Avenue / South Ridge Drive||Interchange|
|483.0||300.1||—||13 Avenue SE||Interchange|
|484.5||301.1||—||Dunmore Road / South Boundary Road||Interchange|
|Cypress County||Dunmore||491.4||305.3||Eagle Butte Road|
|||493.0||306.3||Hwy 41 north (Buffalo Trail) – Oyen||West end of Hwy 41 concurrency.|
|509.0||316.3||Hwy 41 south (Buffalo Trail) – Cypress Hills P.P., Elkwater, Havre||East end of Hwy 41 concurrency.|
|||533.8||331.7||Hwy 1 (TCH) east – Swift Current, Moose Jaw, Regina||Continuation into Saskatchewan|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Department of Public Works (1939). "Highway Map of Province of Alberta Canada" (PDF). Retrieved April 14, 2010.
- Google (October 18, 2017). "Highway 1 in Alberta" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
- Alberta Official Road Map (Map) (2011 ed.). Alberta Tourism, Parks and Recreation. § L–3, L-4, L–5, L–6, M–6, M–7, M–8, and N–8.
- "National Highway System". Transport Canada. December 13, 2009. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved February 12, 2011.
- "Provincial Highway 1-216 Progress Chart" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. March 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 10, 2016. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
- "The Trans-Canada Highway". Transport Canada. December 13, 2009. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved February 20, 2011.
- "August 2009 Contract Maintenance of Provincial Highways" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. May 28, 2009. Retrieved February 20, 2011.
- "Alberta Provincial Highway Projects". Alberta Transportation. Retrieved February 20, 2011.
- "Exit Numbering – Recommended Practices" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. November 2004. Retrieved February 12, 2011.
- "TSB Newsletter – Volume 4, Issue 1" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. March 2005. Retrieved February 12, 2011.
- "Trans-Canada Highway Twinning Project: Phase IVB | Fact Sheet" (PDF). Parks Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved December 24, 2019.
- Schmidt, Colleen (June 13, 2014). "Crews complete twinning of Trans-Canada through Banff National Park". CTV News. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
- McElhanney Consulting Services Ltd. (November 22, 2010). "Highway 1 Interchange at Garden/Conrich Road | Recommended Plan" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. Government of Alberta. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
- AECOM (April 2008). "Highway 1 at Rainbow Road Functional Planning Study | Recommended Interchange Configuration and Rainbow Road Alignment" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. Government of Alberta. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
- UMA Engineering Ltd. (September 2007). "Highway 1 and Highway 36 Interchange Functional Planning Study" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. Government of Alberta. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
- McElhanney Consulting Services Ltd. (November 2013). "Highway 1 Functional Planning Study (Highway 842 to Highway 797) | Executive Summary" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. Government of Alberta. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
- "Open House #2 – Highway 1 Alignment and Area Network, Highway 842 to Highway 797 Planning Study" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. June 21, 2010. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
- "Highway 1 & 3 Functional Planning Study – Medicine Hat | Overview of Bypass Plan" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. Stantec. June 8, 2009. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
- "Highways 1 & 3 Existing Route Improvements: Highway 1 – 1 Street to 16 Street (Option 1 Revised)" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. Stantec. April 2009. Retrieved August 10, 2016.
- "Highways 1 & 3 Existing Route Improvements: Highway 1 – 1 Street to 16 Street (Option 2)" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. Stantec. April 2009. Retrieved August 10, 2016.
- "Bow Valley Parkway Seasonal Travel Restriction - Banff National Park". Parks Canada. Government of Canada. April 1, 2017. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
- "16 Avenue N.E. Functional Planning Study – Deerfoot Trail to Barlow Trail". Transportation Planning. City of Calgary. April 2, 2013. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
- Media related to Alberta Highway 1 at Wikimedia Commons
BC Highway 1
| Trans-Canada Highway
SK Highway 1