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Castle Junction is a locality where the northern extent of the Banff-Windermere Highway (Highway 93) intersects with the Trans-Canada Highway (Highway 1), the Bow River, and Bow Valley Parkway (Highway 1A) in Banff National Park, Alberta.[1] It is named after the nearby Castle Mountain, clearly visible from the junction. The area is also referred to as Castle Mountain; however, the official location is located approximately 1.6 km (1.0 mi) southwest of Castle Junction along the Canadian Pacific Railway.[2][3]

Castle Junction

Castle Mountain
Eisenhower Junction (1946-1979)
Castle Junction is located in Alberta
Castle Junction
Castle Junction
Coordinates: 51°16′7″N 115°55′9″W / 51.26861°N 115.91917°W / 51.26861; -115.91917
Country Canada
Province Alberta
RegionAlberta's Rockies
Census division15
Municipal districtI.D. No. 9
(Banff National Park)
Government
 • TypeUnincorporated
 • Governing bodyImprovement District No. 9 Council
Time zoneUTC−7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Area code(s)+1-403, +1-587
HighwaysHwy 1 (TCH), Hwy 1A, Hwy 93

Work started here in 1910 on the Auto Route of the Great Divide, a project to build a highway across the Rocky Mountains, when construction began on a road from Castle Junction to Banff. Following an interruption caused by the outbreak of World War I, construction wrapped up in 1923 when the newly constructed road between Calgary and Banff was joined to the Windermere Highway via the road between Castle Junction and Banff.[4][5]

Prime Minister Mackenzie King changed the name of Castle Mountain to Mount Eisenhower in 1946 to honour the World War II general Dwight D. Eisenhower.[6] Correspondingly, Castle Junction was called Eisenhower Junction. Castle Mountain was officially restored to its original name in 1979, at which time Eisenhower Junction was also renamed Castle Junction.[7]

A group of lodges and the Castle Mountain campground are located within a kilometre of the junction. Several hiking trails are available in the vicinity. The trailhead for hikes to Silverton Falls and Rockbound Lake is located approximately 200 metres east of Castle Junction.[8] The remains of Silver City, a 19th-century settlement founded by prospectors at the base of Castle Mountain, are located nearby.[9] Also nearby is the site of the Castle Mountain Internment Camp used during World War I.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Place names - Castle Junction". Natural Resources Canada. Government of Canada. October 6, 2016. Retrieved October 19, 2017.
  2. ^ "Place names - Castle Mountain". Natural Resources Canada. Government of Canada. October 6, 2016. Retrieved October 19, 2017.
  3. ^ Google (October 19, 2017). "Castle Junction, AB to Castle Mountain, AB" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved October 19, 2017.
  4. ^ Crag & Canyon - July 7, 1923
  5. ^ Liddell, Ken (1953-06-24). "Mountain Road Built to Fit the Contour". Calgary Herald. Calgary, Alberta. p. 14. Retrieved 2012-09-21.
  6. ^ "Majestic Mount Eisenhower Is Home of Chinook Wind, Legend Claims". Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa, Ontario. 1946-01-11. p. 19. Retrieved 2012-09-21.
  7. ^ "It's Castle Mountain Again". Milwaukee Sentinel. Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 1979-11-27. p. 2 (Part 3). Retrieved 2012-09-21.
  8. ^ "Hiking Trails in the Castle Junction Area". Parks Canada. 2009-11-15. Retrieved 2012-09-21.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ Luxton, Eleanor Georgina (2008). Banff: Canada's First National Park (2 ed.). Summerthought Publishing. pp. 56–57. ISBN 9780978237547.

Coordinates: 51°16′07″N 115°55′09″W / 51.26861°N 115.91917°W / 51.26861; -115.91917 (Castle Junction)