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This list of peace activists includes people who have proactively advocated diplomatic, philosophical, and non-military resolution of major territorial or ideological disputes through nonviolent means and methods. Peace activists usually work with others in the overall anti-war and peace movements to focus the world's attention on what they perceive to be the irrationality of violent conflicts, decisions, and actions. They thus initiate and facilitate wide public dialogues intended to nonviolently alter long-standing societal agreements directly relating to, and held in place by, the various violent, habitual, and historically fearful thought-processes residing at the core of these conflicts, with the intention of peacefully ending the conflicts themselves.

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Helen Caldicott
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  • Shirin Ebadi (born 1947) – Iranian lawyer, human rights activist, Nobel peace laureate
  • Albert Einstein (1879–1955) – scientist, Nobel Prize laureate in physics
  • Daniel Ellsberg (born 1931) – American anti-war whistleblower, protester
  • James Gareth Endicott (1898–1993) – initiator, organizer, protester
  • Hedy Epstein (1924–2016) – Jewish-American antiwar activist, escaped Nazi Germany on the Kindertransport; active in opposition to Israeli military policies
  • Jodie Evans (born 1954) – co-founder of Code Pink, initiator, organizer, filmmaker
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  • Jean Jaurès (1859–1914) – French anti-war activist, socialist leader
  • Kirthi Jayakumar (born 1987) – Indian peace activist and gender equality activist, youth peace activist, peace educator and founder of The Red Elephant Foundation
  • John Paul II – Polish Catholic Pope, inspiration, advocate
  • Helen John – one of the first full-time members of the Greenham Common peace camp
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Abie Nathan
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  • Phil Ochs (1940–1976) – American anti-Vietnam war singer/songwriter, initiated protest events
  • Paul Oestreicher (born 1931) – Canon emeritus of Coventry Cathedral, Christian pacifist, active in post-war reconciliation
  • Yoko Ono (born 1933) – Japanese anti-Vietnam war campaigner in America and Europe
  • Ciaron O'Reilly (born 1960) – Australian pacifist, anti-war activist, Catholic Worker,served prison time in America and Ireland for disarming war material.
  • Carl von Ossietzky (1889–1938) – German pacifist, Nobel peace laureate, opponent of Nazi rearmament
  • Laurence Overmire (born 1957) – poet, author, theorist
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  • Ludwig Quidde (1858–1941) – German pacifist, 1927 Nobel peace laureate
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Nicholas Roerich
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  • Jo Vallentine (born 1946) – Australian politician and peace activist
  • Mordechai Vanunu (born 1954) – Israeli whistleblower
  • Lanza del Vasto (1901–1981) – Gandhian, philosopher, poet, nonviolent activist
  • Stellan Vinthagen (born 1964) Swedish anti-war and nonviolent resistance scholar-activist
  • Kurt Vonnegut (1922–2007) – American anti-war and anti-nuclear writer and protestor
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  • Peter Yarrow (born 1938) – American singer/songwriter, anti-war activist
  • Adam Yauch (1964–2012) – Musician, Buddhist, advocate for peace
  • Ada Yonath (born 1939) – Israeli Laureate of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 2009, pacifist
  • Neil Young (born 1945) – singer/songwriter, anti-war advocate, other causes
  • Edip Yüksel (born 1957) – Kurdish-Turkish-American lawyer/author, Islamic peace proponent
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