Open main menu

List of capital cities by elevation

This is a list of national capitals ordered by elevation. Higher elevations typically have social, economic, and architectural effects on cities, in particular colder temperatures in winter. Low elevation cities are often seaports or are close to the sea.

The first country on the main list, Bolivia, is a country with multiple capitals; La Paz is the seat of the government while Sucre is the constitutional capital. If La Paz is considered the national capital, then it is ranked number one on the list. However, if Sucre is specified, then Ecuador's capital, Quito, is the national capital at the highest elevation.

The second list below contains several states with limited recognition. Tibet, which is internationally recognized as a province-level autonomous region in southwest China, is first on the list.

Between the recognised and limited recognition states, Tibet's capital, Lhasa, is 16m higher than La Paz, Bolivia's seat of government.

Contents

ListEdit

Member and observer states of the United NationsEdit

Country Capital Elevation (m) Elevation (ft)
  Ecuador Quito 2,850 9,350
  Bolivia Sucre 2,750 9,022
  Colombia Bogotá 2,625 8,612
  Ethiopia Addis Ababa 2,355 7,726
  Bhutan Thimphu 2,334 7,657
  Eritrea Asmara 2,325 7,628
  Yemen Sanaʽa 2,250 7,382
  Mexico Mexico City 2,240 7,350
  Iran Tehran 1,830 6,003
  Kenya Nairobi 1,795 5,889
  Afghanistan Kabul 1,790 5,873
  Namibia Windhoek 1,721 5,646
  Lesotho Maseru 1,673 5,489
  Rwanda Kigali 1,567 5,141
  Guatemala Guatemala City 1,529 5,016
  Burundi Gitega 1,504 4,934
  Zimbabwe Harare 1,483 4,865
    Nepal Kathmandu 1,400 4,593
  Mongolia Ulaanbaatar 1,350 4,429
  Madagascar Antananarivo 1,288 4,226
  South Africa Pretoria 1,271 4,170
  Zambia Lusaka 1,270 4,167
  Eswatini Mbabane 1,243 4,078
  Uganda Kampala 1,190 3,904
  Costa Rica San José 1,146 3,760
  Tanzania Dodoma 1,120 3,675
  Brazil Brasília 1,079 3,540
  Malawi Lilongwe 1,024 3,360
  Andorra Andorra la Vella 1,023 3,356
  Honduras Tegucigalpa 990 3,250
  Armenia Yerevan 989 3,246
  Botswana Gaborone 983 3,225
  Turkey Ankara 938 3,077
  Venezuela Caracas 909 2,982
  Tajikistan Dushanbe 789 2,589
  Palestine East Jerusalem and Ramallah [Note 1] 779 (and 880) 2,557 (and 2,890)
  Nigeria Abuja 777 2,549
  Kyrgyzstan Bishkek 771 2,530
  Jordan Amman 759 2,490
  Israel Jerusalem 754 2,474
  Cameroon Yaoundé 726 2,382
  Syria Damascus 691 2,267
  Spain Madrid 667 2,188
  El Salvador San Salvador 658 2,159
  Saudi Arabia Riyadh 624 2,047
  Australia Canberra 605 1,985
  Bulgaria Sofia 580 1,900
  South Sudan Juba 550 1,800
   Switzerland Bern 542 1,778
  Chile Santiago 521 1,709
  Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo 518 1,699
  Pakistan Islamabad 507 1,663
  Uzbekistan Tashkent 459 1,506
  Liechtenstein Vaduz 455 1,493
  Georgia Tbilisi 451 1,480
  Sudan Khartoum 377 1,237
  Central African Republic Bangui 369 1,211
  Mali Bamako 349 1,145
  Kazakhstan Nur-Sultan (Astana) 338 1,109
  San Marino City of San Marino 328 1,076
  Burkina Faso Ouagadougou 305 1,001
  Chad N'Djamena 298 978
  Slovenia Ljubljana 281 922
  Luxembourg Luxembourg 273 896
  Czech Republic Prague 244 801
  Macedonia Skopje 243 797
  Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa 240 787
  Côte d'Ivoire Yamoussoukro 217 712
  Turkmenistan Asgabat 215 705
  India New Delhi 210 689
  Niger Niamey 207 679
  Micronesia, Federated States of Palikir 207 678
  St. Lucia Castries 204 669
  Belarus Minsk 198 650
  Austria Vienna 170 558
  Cyprus Nicosia 170 557
  Ukraine Kiev 168 551
  Congo Brazzaville 155 509
  Peru Lima 154 506
  Greece Athens 153 502
  Laos Vientiane 174 570
  São Tomé and Príncipe Sao Tomé 141 463
  Mauritius Port Louis 134 440
  Slovakia Bratislava 131 430
  Croatia Zagreb 130 427
  Lithuania Vilnius 124 407
  Russia Moscow 124 407
  Serbia Belgrade 116 381
  Comoros Moroni 110 361
  Equatorial Guinea Malabo 107 351
  Albania Tirana 104 341
  Hungary Budapest 102 335
  Haiti Port-au-Prince 98 322
  Ghana Accra 98 322
  Poland Warsaw 93 305
  Moldova Chișinău 80 263
  Myanmar Naypyidaw 77 253
  Belize Belmopan 76 250
  Belgium Brussels 76 249
  Sierra Leone Freetown 76 249
  Nicaragua Managua 83 272
  Canada Ottawa 74 243
  Palau Ngerulmud 72 236
  Romania Bucharest 70 230
  Oman Muscat 68 223
  Mozambique Maputo 63 207
  Togo Lome 63 207
  Montenegro Podgorica 61 200
  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur & Putrajaya 60 (and 35) 197 (and 114)
  Lebanon Beirut 55 180
  Malta Valletta 54 186
  Paraguay Asunción 54 177
  Jamaica Kingston 53 174
  Morocco Rabat 53 174
  China PR Beijing 44 144
  Uruguay Montevideo 43 141
   Vatican City Vatican City 41 135
  Iraq Baghdad 40 131
  Papua New Guinea Port Moresby 39 128
  Benin Porto-Novo 38 125
  Estonia Tallinn 37 121
  Senegal Dakar 37 121
  France Paris 34 112
  Germany Berlin 34 112
  South Korea Seoul 33 108
  Solomon Islands Honiara 29 95
  Somalia Mogadishu 28 92
  Finland Helsinki 25 82
  Vietnam Hanoi 25 82
  Grenada Saint George's 25 82
  Egypt Cairo 22 72
  Japan Tokyo 17 56
  Iceland Reykjavík 15 49
  Portugal Lisbon 15 49
  Sweden Stockholm 15 49
  Cambodia Phnom Penh 15 49
  Italy Rome 14 46
  United Kingdom London 14 46
  Qatar Doha 13 43
  United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi 13 43
  Norway Oslo 12 40
  East Timor Dili 11 36
  Argentina Buenos Aires 10 33
  New Zealand Wellington 10 32
  Nauru Yaren 9 30
  Republic of Ireland Dublin 8 26
  Latvia Riga 8 26
  Philippines Manila 7 23
  Bahrain Manama 6 20
  North Korea P'yongyang 6 20
  Barbados Bridgetown 6 20
  Angola Luanda 6 20
  Libya Tripoli 6 20
  Mauritania Nouakchott 6 20
  Denmark Copenhagen 5 16
  Kuwait Kuwait 5 16
  Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenapura-Kotte 4 13
  Cuba Havana 4 13
  Bangladesh Dhaka 3 10
  Indonesia Jakarta 3 10
  Marshall Islands Majuro 3 10
  Bahamas Nassau 2 7
  United States Washington, D.C. 2 7
  Algeria Algiers 1 3
  Thailand Bangkok 1 3
  Suriname Paramaribo 1 3
  Monaco Monaco 0 0
  Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan 0 0
  Maldives Malé 0 0
  Singapore Singapore 0 0
  Antigua and Barbuda Saint John's 0 0
  Dominica Roseau 0 0
  Dominican Republic Santo Domingo 0 0
  Guyana Georgetown 0 0
  Panama Panama City 0 0
  Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre 0 0
  St. Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown 0 0
  Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain 0 0
  Cape Verde Praia 0 0
  Djibouti Djibouti 0 0
  Gabon Libreville 0 0
  Gambia Banjul 0 0
  Guinea Conakry 0 0
  Guinea-Bissau Bissau 0 0
  Liberia Monrovia 0 0
  Seychelles Victoria 0 0
  Tunisia Tunis 0 0
  Fiji Suva 0 0
  Kiribati Bairiki 0 0
  Samoa Apia 0 0
  Tonga Nuku'alofa 0 0
  Tuvalu Vaiaku 0 0
  Vanuatu Port Vila 0 0
  Netherlands Amsterdam -2 -7
  Azerbaijan Baku -28 -92

Other states (including autonomous region and dependencies)Edit

Country Capital Altitude (m) Altitude (ft)
  Tibet Autonomous Region Lhasa 3,656 11,995
  Somaliland Hargeisa 1,334 4,377
  South Ossetia Tskhinvali 860 2,820
  Xinjiang Autonomous Region Ürümqi 836 2,743
  Nagorno-Karabakh Stepanakert 813 2,670
  Kosovo[a] Pristina 603 1,977
  Martinique Fort-de-France 535 1,755
  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Tifariti and Laayoune 490 (and 68) 1,610 (and 223)
  Hong Kong Hong Kong 479 1,572
  Saint Helena Jamestown 426 1,397
  Iraqi Kurdistan Erbil 390 1,280
  Saba The Bottom 253 830
  Donetsk People's Republic Donetsk 169 554
  Northern Cyprus North Nicosia 130 428
  Luhansk People's Republic Luhansk 105 344
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint-Pierre 103 339
  Wales Cardiff 65 213
  Sint Eustatius Oranjestad 62 204
  French Guiana Cayenne 52 172
  Montserrat Brades 52 170
  Scotland Edinburgh 47 154
  Tristan da Cunha Edinburgh of the Seven Seas 42 137
  Bermuda Hamilton 38 125
  Macau Macau 26 85
  Transnistria Tiraspol 26 84
  Niue Alofi 21 69
  Ascension Island Georgetown 17 56
  England London 14 46
  Zanzibar Zanzibar City 14 46
  British Virgin Islands Road Town 10 32
  Northern Ireland Belfast 9 30
  Anguilla The Valley 9 30
  United States Virgin Islands Charlotte Amalie 7 23
  Turks and Caicos Islands Cockburn Town 7 22
  Greenland Nuuk 5 16
  Taiwan[Note 2] Taipei 5 16
  Abkhazia Sukhumi 5 16
  Aruba Oranjestad 4 13
  Cayman Islands George Town 3 10
  Guadeloupe Basse-Terre 0 0
  Curacao Willemstad 0 0
Saint Martin Marigot 0 0
  Bonaire Kralendijk 0 0
  Sint Maarten Philipsburg 0 0

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognized as an independent state by 112 out of 193 United Nations member states, while 11 states have recognized Kosovo only to later withdraw their recognition.
  1. ^ The State of Palestine (according to the Basic Law of Palestine, Title One: Article 3) regards Jerusalem as its capital. But the documents of the PLO's Negotiations Affairs Department (NAD) often refer to East Jerusalem (rather than the whole of Jerusalem) as a future capital, and sometimes as the current capital. One of its 2010 documents, described as "for discussion purposes only", says that Palestine has a '"vision"' for a future in which "East Jerusalem ... shall be the capital of Palestine, and West Jerusalem shall be the capital of Israel",[1] and one of its 2013 documents refers to "Palestine's capital, East Jerusalem", and states that "Occupied East Jerusalem is the natural socio-economic and political center for the future Palestinian state", while also stating that "Jerusalem has always been and remains the political, administrative and spiritual heart of Palestine" and that "The Palestinian acceptance of the 1967 border, which includes East Jerusalem, is a painful compromise".[2]
  2. ^ In 1949, the Republic of China government led by the Kuomintang (KMT) lost the Chinese Civil War to the Communist Party of China (CPC) and set up a provisional capital in Taipei, which serves as the seat of government to this day. The CPC established the People's Republic. As such, the political status of the ROC and the legal status of Taiwan (alongside the territories currently under ROC jurisdiction) are in dispute. In 1971, the United Nations gave the China seat to the PRC instead of the ROC: most states recognize the PRC to be the sole legitimate representative of all China, and the UN classifies Taiwan as "Taiwan, Province of China". The ROC has de facto relations with most sovereign states. A significant political movement within Taiwan advocates Taiwan independence.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ PLO-NAD, June 2010, Jerusalem Non-Paper Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine on Statements and Speeches Archived 24 June 2013 at Archive.today, nad-plo.org; accessed 25 November 2014. Extracts from page 2:"This paper is for discussion purposes only. Nothing is agreed until everything is agreed.

    Palestinian vision for Jerusalem
    ...
    Pursuant to our vision, East Jerusalem, as defined by its pre-1967 occupation municipal borders, shall be the capital of Palestine, and West Jerusalem shall be the capital of Israel, with each state enjoying full sovereignty over its respective part of the city."
  2. ^ PLO-Negotiations Affairs Department (NAD), August 2013, East Jerusalem today – Palestine's Capital: The 1967 border in Jerusalem and Israel's illegal policies on the ground Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, nad-plo.org; accessed 25 November 2014, Quotes:" ... Palestine's capital, East Jerusalem ... The Palestinian acceptance of the 1967 border, which includes East Jerusalem, is a painful compromise: ... Jerusalem has always been and remains the political, administrative and spiritual heart of Palestine. Occupied East Jerusalem is the natural socio-economic and political center for the future Palestinian state."