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Lilongwe (UK: /lɪˈlɒŋ.w/; US: /lɪˈlɔːŋ.w/ or /lɪˈlɑːŋ.w/) is the largest and capital city of Malawi with an estimated population of 1,077,116 for 2015. The city is located in the central region of Malawi, near the borders with Mozambique and Zambia, and it is an important economic and transportation hub for central Malawi.[2] It is named after the Lilongwe River.

Lilongwe
Parliament Building of Malawi.jpg
K.a.r-.clocktower-in-lilongwe.jpg
Lilongwe Area 2.jpg
Parliament of Malawi, King's African Rifles War Memorial, Old Town
Lilongwe is located in Malawi
Lilongwe
Lilongwe
Location of Lilongwe
Coordinates: 13°59′S 33°47′E / 13.983°S 33.783°E / -13.983; 33.783Coordinates: 13°59′S 33°47′E / 13.983°S 33.783°E / -13.983; 33.783
Country  Malawi
Region Central Region
District Lilongwe
Government
 • Mayor Desmond Bikoko [1]
Area
 • Total 727.79 km2 (281.00 sq mi)
Elevation 1,050 m (3,440 ft)
Population (2015)National Statistical Office of Malawi
 • Total 1,077,116
 • Density 1,479/km2 (3,830/sq mi)
Time zone CAT (UTC+2)
Climate Cwa
Website www.llcitycouncil.org/

Contents

HistoryEdit

Lilongwe had existed for centuries as a small fishing village on the banks of the Lilongwe River. During British Colonial Rule, the settlement became an administrative centre due to its strategic location. Formally founded in 1906[3] as a trading post, Lilongwe was officially recognised as a town in 1947.[4] After gaining independence, it increasingly developed into an important trading centre in Malawi's central region. Its growth was encouraged when the country's former head of state, Hastings Kamuzu Banda, established it as Malawi's new capital city in 1975.[5] The last government offices were relocated to Lilongwe in 2005.[6] The city's population is increasing rapidly, with an annual growth rate of 4.3%.[2]

PoliticsEdit

Local governmentEdit

Lilongwe is governed by Lilongwe City Council, which is dominated by Malawi congress party

ParliamentEdit

The Malawian parliament is in Lilongwe. It was built by the Chinese.

DemographicsEdit

Year Population[2][7]
1966 19,425
1977 98,718
1987 223,318
1998 440,471
2008 674,448
2015 1,077,116
2020 (projected) 1,324,314

GeographyEdit

TopographyEdit

Lilongwe is located on a plateau in Central Malawi, forming part of the East African Rift Valley situated at an altitude of 1,050 m (3,440 ft) above sea level, along Lilongwe River.

ClimateEdit

Lilongwe features a humid subtropical climate that borders on a subtropical highland climate (Köppen: Cwa), with pleasantly warm summers and mild winters. Due to the altitude, temperatures are lower than would be expected for a city located in the tropics. Lilongwe features a short wet season that runs from December to March and a lengthy dry season that covers much of the remainder of the year, particularly June and July which are cooler than the rest of the year. However, the city sees heavy downpours during its rainy season, seeing around 200 millimetres (7.9 in) of rain in a month during the wettest months.[citation needed]

Climate data for Lilongwe (extremes 1981–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.5
(90.5)
31.2
(88.2)
30.2
(86.4)
30.5
(86.9)
31.5
(88.7)
28.0
(82.4)
29.2
(84.6)
29.5
(85.1)
33.1
(91.6)
34.5
(94.1)
34.2
(93.6)
32.4
(90.3)
34.5
(94.1)
Average high °C (°F) 24.8
(76.6)
24.9
(76.8)
24.7
(76.5)
24.7
(76.5)
23.2
(73.8)
22.0
(71.6)
21.4
(70.5)
22.6
(72.7)
25.9
(78.6)
27.4
(81.3)
27.3
(81.1)
25.6
(78.1)
24.6
(76.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
21.1
(70)
21.1
(70)
20.2
(68.4)
18.3
(64.9)
16.2
(61.2)
16.1
(61)
17.3
(63.1)
20.6
(69.1)
22.4
(72.3)
22.9
(73.2)
21.8
(71.2)
19.8
(67.6)
Average low °C (°F) 18.2
(64.8)
17.7
(63.9)
17.3
(63.1)
15.8
(60.4)
13.1
(55.6)
10.1
(50.2)
9.9
(49.8)
11.1
(52)
13.8
(56.8)
16.8
(62.2)
18.5
(65.3)
18.3
(64.9)
15.1
(59.2)
Record low °C (°F) 11.8
(53.2)
11.7
(53.1)
11.3
(52.3)
8.1
(46.6)
3.0
(37.4)
0.5
(32.9)
0.1
(32.2)
1.4
(34.5)
5.1
(41.2)
7.9
(46.2)
10.0
(50)
11.8
(53.2)
0.1
(32.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 223
(8.78)
187
(7.36)
128
(5.04)
44
(1.73)
12
(0.47)
1
(0.04)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.04)
10
(0.39)
63
(2.48)
199
(7.83)
869
(34.21)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 18 16 15 8 4 1 1 1 0 2 8 17 91
Average relative humidity (%) 83 83 82 78 74 69 65 60 52 53 62 78 69
Mean monthly sunshine hours 136.4 144.1 170.5 213.0 263.5 243.0 241.8 263.5 294.0 282.1 234.0 139.5 2,625.4
Mean daily sunshine hours 4.4 5.1 5.5 7.1 8.5 8.1 7.8 8.5 9.8 9.1 7.8 4.5 7.2
Source #1: Deutscher Wetterdienst[8]
Source #2: Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)[9]

DivisionsEdit

 
The City Centre of Lilongwe

Lilongwe is divided into a New and Old City. The former hosts hotels, embassies, governmental institutions and offices while the latter has markets, bus stations, cafes and restaurants. The modern shops of the City are contrasted by the street and walled markets of Old Town.[5]

EconomyEdit

See also: Economy of Malawi

While Blantyre is the commercial Capital of Malawi, Lilongwe's economy is dominated by the government and public institutions. Kanengo, in the north of the city, is the main industrial area, where food processing, tobacco storage and sales, maize storage, and other activities related to light industry take place. Finance, banking, retail trade, construction, transport, public administration, tourism, and tobacco manufacturing are the main economic activities in the city. 76 percent of Lilongwe's population live in informal settlements, while poverty stands at 25 percent and unemployment at 16 percent.[6] The civil service employs about 27 percent of all formal workers, while 40 percent work in the private sector and 2 percent are self-employed.[2]

Society and cultureEdit

 
A craft market in Lilongwe

Leisure and entertainmentEdit

A variety of bars and night clubs offer opportunities for live music and parties.[10]

TransportationEdit

 
Lilongwe to Johannesburg bus

AirportEdit

Lilongwe International Airport (LLW) is located to the north of the city.[11]

BusesEdit

There are regular bus services from Lilongwe to Blantyre, Zomba, Kasungu and Mzuzu.[12]

RailEdit

There is a rail service to Lilongwe. To the west the line runs towards Zambia, and to the east to Salima.[13]

EducationEdit

There are 38 private and 66 public primary schools with a total of 103,602 pupils as well as 29 secondary schools with 30,795 students in Lilongwe.[2]

SportsEdit

A new national stadium with a capacity of 40,000 has been constructed with the help of a $70 million loan from the Government of the People's Republic of China.[14]

House numbering and suburbsEdit

AreasEdit

The city of Lilongwe is divided into areas which are assigned a number. The numbers are assigned chronologically, not geographically, so Area 1 would be the first area, Area 2 the second and so on.

House NumbersEdit

Houses in Lilongwe are given a number: Area number / random number. So a house in Area 43 might be called 43/123.

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Lilongwe is twinned with:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Malawi Mayoral polls: MCP’s Bikoko elected mayor for Lilongwe City Council, promises forensic audit for past three financial years". MaraviPost. 
  2. ^ a b c d e http://www.zaragoza.es/contenidos/medioambiente/onu//issue06/1136-eng.pdf
  3. ^ "Lilongwe Malawi – Travel Guide – Tourist Information". wawamalawi.com. 
  4. ^ "Lilongwe". expertafrica.com. 
  5. ^ a b "Lilongwe – Malawi Tourism – Malawi Safari – Malawi Attractions". malawitourism.com. 
  6. ^ a b "Malawi Reports: Urban Profiles of Blantyre, Lilongwe, Mzuzu and Zomba". UrbanAfrica.Net. 
  7. ^ http://media.wix.com/ugd/672989_62cfa13ec4ba47788f78ad660489a2fa.pdf
  8. ^ "Klimatafel von Lilongwe (Int. Flugh. Kamuzu) / Malawi" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  9. ^ "Station Lilongwe" (in French). Météo Climat. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  10. ^ "Entertainment in Lilongwe". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 17 February 2015. 
  11. ^ "(LLW) Lilongwe International Airport". flightstats.com. 
  12. ^ "Getting there & away". Lilongwe. Lonely Planet. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  13. ^ "(Malawi Rail Map)" (PDF). Railroad Development Corporation. Retrieved 24 September 2014. 
  14. ^ "Malawi, China sign loan agreement to construct new stadium". Malawi Nyasa Times – Malawi breaking news in Malawi. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. 
  15. ^ "Taipei City Council". tcc.gov.tw. 
  16. ^ http://allafrica.com/stories/200408200493.html
  • Gerke, W.J.C. & Viljoen, Charl J. Master Plan for Lilongwe the Capital City of Malawi (Johannesburg: Swan Publishing, 1968)

External linksEdit

  Lilongwe travel guide from Wikivoyage